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Publication numberUS1424365 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 1, 1922
Filing dateApr 5, 1920
Priority dateApr 5, 1920
Publication numberUS 1424365 A, US 1424365A, US-A-1424365, US1424365 A, US1424365A
InventorsLoftin Edward H, Lyon Henry H
Original AssigneeLoftin Edward H, Lyon Henry H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1424365 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




31 %2%,365, Patented Aug. L 1922 2 SHEETSSHEET S i i i E. H. LOFTIN AND H. H: LYON.








Application filed April 5,

T 0 all who-m it may concern Be it known that We, EDWARD H. LOFTIN and HENRY H. LYON, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively, of the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, and Hyattsville, in the county of Prince Georges and State of Maryland, have invented an Improvement in Radiosignaling, of which the following is a specification.

Our invention relates to radio antennae systems, and relates more particularly to stations employing low horizontal antennae or lineal collectors.

In a co-pending application Serial No. 371,557, filed April 5, 1920, we have pointed out the necessity for selecting an optimum length for the horizontal component in such antennae for tuning to obtain the best results on given wave lengths. In the publications embodying the prior art, noted in our co-pending application, the directional qualities of such antennae have been fully discussed. The purpose of our invention is the devising of a system of antennae for a radio station whereby advantage may be taken with facility and efficiency, of these qualities of such antennae for general communication with a number of stations employing various wavelengths and having various directions. Figure 1 shows a general diagrammatic plan view of a receiving station equipped to take advantage of both the optimum length and directional qualities of low horizontal antennae or lineal collectors.

Figure 2 shows the details of connections of the antennae to a control box in the receiving station.

Figure 3 shows two wires connected together to form an antenna in a northeastsouthwest direction.

Figure 4 shows the details of two panels a of the control box, and details of the equipment for connecting the receiving instruments to the antennae through the medium of the control box. j

Figure 5 shows the combination of antennae which is. obtained by plugging in the jacks in the positions shown in Figure 4. Like numerals and letters represent like parts thorughout the several figures.

In Figure 1, reference characters 1, 2 and 3 are lineal collectors of different lengths, and here shown in four groups extending northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest; 4 is a pit or space in which the lineal Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Auga'i, 1922. 1920. Serial no. 371,558.

collectors terminate under the receiving house; 5, 6, 7 and 8 are control panels on a cubical box; 9 is a table, having the form of a Geneva cross, on which the control box and receivers rest, suitable to accommodate fouroperators, each one in frontof a panel of the control box; 10 indicates the manner in which the northeast collector 2 is connected by four leads to like jacks on the four panels of the control box, all other conductors being connected to the four panels in the same way; 12, 12 12 and 12 are the containers for suitable receiving instruments; 14 and 15 are leads from the receiving instruments to which are attached the plugs and plug cords 14 14:", 15 and 15 22, 22 22 and 22 are distant control keys whereby each operator may control a nearby transmitting station, operating in conjunction with the receiving station, for answering calls or sending messages; 23, 23", 23 and 23 are chairs for the operators in reach of the control panels 5, 6, 7 and 8 and the receiving instruments 12, 12*, 12 and 12.

In Figure 2 reference characters 1, 2 and 3 are lineal collectors terminating in a pit orspace 4. G is a ground plate or other ground connection. Illustrative details are shown of how the collectors and ground plate are "all connected to corresponding jacks on the four panels of the control box by following out the connections shown for collector NE 1 and collectors SW 1 and SW 2. The panels 5, 6, 7 and 8 of the control box are shown in projection for illustrative purposes. 12 illustrates the variable coupling coil of a receiver, the primary being connected to the control box by the leads 14 and 15.

In Figure 3, collector NE 1 and collector SW 2 represents a long northeast collector connected to a short southwest collector to give an antenna of total optimum length of the combination, and coupled to the receiver throu h the medium of the coil 12.

In igure tit will be seen that the jacks are grouped and marked NE 1, 2 and 3; SE 1,2 and 3; SW 1,2 and 3; NW 1,2 and 3, to correspond to the directions and lengths of the lineal collectors, this to aid the operators in quickly selecting any desired combination. The jacks 9 connect to ground. The jacks 16 are idle jacks in which anyone of the plugs 14*, 14:,15" and 15" can be placed when idle. The plugs and jacks may be one similar to those ordinarily used on telep on NE 1, a light would show on the panels 6, 7 and 8 at NE 1, and the operators on these panels would not interfere by plugging in a busy collector.

In Figure it is intended to merely illustrate the antennae combination obtained by plugging a receiving instrument as shown in Figure 4, the dotted lines 18 and 20 being illustrative of the possible effective resultant obtained by such a combination.

While we have shown buried, non-insulated collectors, We do not wish to be so limited, as we consider it within the scope of our invention to use any form or combination of forms of collectors which combine directional qualities with the quality of best or optimum length of horizontal component for maximum signal, as disclosed in our copending application. I

We have shown four groups of three collectors each, the groups having directions northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest, but the number of groups, number of collectors in each group, directions of the groups and lengths of the collectors may vary widely depending upon the conditions to be met at a particularstation. For example, a particular station may only be intended to receive from a southerly direction,

but on several wavelengths, in which case a.

group of collectors of different lengths extending in a northerly direction would suffice and anyone of these collectors, or any combination of these collectors, may be combined with ground G, Fig. 2 at the receiving station, the ground being led to jacks on the control panels, just as the collectors are so led. In other words, it is not always necessary to have an oppositely disposed collector for a' combination, but where there l o 0 1s a group of oppositely disposed collectors of different lengths, the number of possible combinations is increased.

We have shown the collectors of a group disposed in the same horizontal planeand in the same vertical plane, but it makes no difference if they are disposed in intermediate planes. The separation of collectors in a group may be varied.- We have found that good multiplex reception could be had in a system where the collectors were buried insulated wires spaced ten feet apart.

What has been stated concerning the system for receiving can be reversed for transmitting, it only being necessary to substitute transmitting apparatus for the receiving instruments, and the control. panels and leads by suitable apparatus for high current, high potential work.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is- 1. In a system of radio signaling a station having a plurality of low horizontal antennae whose horizontal components are substantially parallel and of different lengths.

2. In a system of radio signaling a station having a plurality of groups of antennae extending in different directions, each group having a plurality of low horizontal antennae Whose horizontal compenents are substantially parallel and of different lengths.

3. In a system or radio signaling a station having a plurality of buried lineal collectors substantially parallel and of different lengths.

4. In a system of radio signaling a station having a plurality of groups of collectors extending in different directions, each group having a plurality of buried lineal collectors substantially parallel and of different lengths. v

5. In a system of radio signaling having a station employing an antenna whose vertical component is small compared to its horizontal component, means for tuning the antenna to a desired signal wavecomprising a plurality of low horizontal antennae whose horizontal components are substantially parallel and of different lengths and means for selecting from these antennae that comengths and a ground connection, and means for selecting from these components that component or combination of components which, when connected to ground, givesthe desired effective optimum total length.

7. In a system of radio signaling a, receiving station employing grouped components of different lengths from which antenna combinations may be selected, and a plurality of similar control panels to all of which each of the components is, connected.

8. In a system of radio signaling a receiving station employing grouped components of different lengths from which antenna combinations may be selected, a plurality of similar control panels to all of which each of the components is connected, and means for indicating on all other panels when a component has been chosen and is busy on one panel.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2443529 *Jun 25, 1946Jun 15, 1948Bell Telephone Labor IncDirectional antenna system
US2466354 *Jun 28, 1944Apr 5, 1949American Telephone & TelegraphDirectional radio system
US2483504 *Jul 13, 1948Oct 4, 1949Gutschow Arthur HTriple element autodirectional antenna system
US2523455 *May 30, 1944Sep 26, 1950Philco CorpObject locating system
US2585670 *Oct 19, 1951Feb 12, 1952Middlemark Marvin PTelevision and high-frequency antenna systems
US2609503 *Apr 11, 1952Sep 2, 1952Middlemark Marvin PSelective direction television and high-frequency antenna system
US2632105 *Jun 10, 1949Mar 17, 1953Roberts Lawrence FIndoor television receiving antenna
US2654030 *Oct 10, 1950Sep 29, 1953Henri CuvilliezTelevision antenna system
US2661423 *Apr 27, 1953Dec 1, 1953Middlemark Marvin PMultidirectional antenna with included reflector
US2710916 *Sep 29, 1950Jun 14, 1955Admiral CorpTelevision antenna
US2749543 *Aug 15, 1951Jun 5, 1956Middlemark Marvin PDirectional antenna systems
US3594798 *Mar 9, 1966Jul 20, 1971Westinghouse Electric CorpUnderground antenna
US4809010 *Jun 23, 1982Feb 28, 1989Canon Kabushiki KaishaLow profile wireless communication system and method
US4825224 *Sep 2, 1986Apr 25, 1989Eyring Research Institute, Inc.Broad band impedance matching system and method for low-profile antennas
US4829310 *Jun 23, 1982May 9, 1989Eyring Research Institute, Inc.Wireless communication system using current formed underground vertical plane polarized antennas
US4839661 *Oct 9, 1984Jun 13, 1989Eyring Research Institute, Inc.Guided wave antenna system and method
US6025808 *Oct 4, 1993Feb 15, 2000The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyPassive surface deployed variable inductance wire antenna
U.S. Classification343/719, 343/724, 343/829, 343/894, 343/723, 343/876, 343/846
International ClassificationH01Q5/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q5/00
European ClassificationH01Q5/00