Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1424458 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 1, 1922
Filing dateMar 15, 1921
Priority dateMar 15, 1921
Publication numberUS 1424458 A, US 1424458A, US-A-1424458, US1424458 A, US1424458A
InventorsHorace T Fleisher
Original AssigneeHorace T Fleisher
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Utilization of hosiery mill waste
US 1424458 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


20. 1 sand dozen pairs of stockings per year, soV


a citizen of the United States,

and one-half square inches t sA i HORACE T.' FLEISHER,. 0F `IE'LKINS PARK, PENNSYLVANIA.


To all whom may concern:

Be it knownthat I, HORACE T. FLEISHER,

Elkins Park, county of Montgomery and .State ofPennsylvanla, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Utilization of Hosiery Mill Waste, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, refer- -ence being had to the accompanying drawin s, which form a part of this specification.

his invention relates to a method of economically and commercially utilizing the looper rounds cut from-hosiery just prior to looping up the toe. Y The average size ofv these rounds orlcut bandsis about three-quarter inches wide by ten inches in circumferenceor about seven per stocking. One of the mills in the cltyl of Philadelphia manufacturers about five hundred thouother textile articles without further treatment of the rounds.

*The* nature of the inventionl can be best 'y explainedwith the aid of the drawings hereto annexed, wherein- Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a half hose as it comes from the knittingmachine.

F .2 is a perspective view of one of the or bands cut from a stocking.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a round.

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a portion of a strand formed from a plurality of rounds.

Fig. 5 isl a plan view of one form of rug made from the strands.

As is welfknown to those familiar with the art, half hose are made ontwo machines. The cus or ribbed tops are made in strings on ribbers, cut to length'and transferred to the needles of a plain circular machine on which the remainder of the leg, the heel, foot and toe are knit, as well as'suflicient fabric, to enable the looper or operator to place the loops of the opened ends on the points of a looping machine to loop or .close the toe. I

In Fig. l of these drawings, the reference character A designates the cud' or ribbed top of a half hose, B`the plain portion of residing at Specication of Letters'Patent. lmggpiggfnigqgd` Aug, 1, 1922 pplication filed March '15, 1921. Serial No. 452,570.

the leg, C the heel, D and F thel looper' round.

Each loop of the top A, in one round along the'llne 2, is placed ona point of 'a transfer ring; thel number of points being equal to the number of loops in each round of knitting or the numberof needles in the machine Lonvwhich the cuff was lmit. The points of th transfer ring are then placed 1n position on thel needles on' the knitting machine on which the stocking is-to be completed, there being an equal number of needles and points, and the loops are transferred from the transfer ring to the needles. The machine is set into motion and the remainder of the leg to the lines 3,'4 and 5 are knit round by round, at which time the machine is doing what is known as circular work. The machine is caused to reciprocate to knit-the heel or gusset C, on some of the needles, between lines 3, 4 and 6. The machine is again caused to rotate to knit the body ofthe foot D between the lines 4, 5 and 6, and 3, '4% and'.- The toe or gusset E between lines3, 4a and 6a is knit in the same vmanner as the heel. yThe looper round F beyond lines 5, 4a and 6 is then knit in the same manner as the portions B and D, and when a suicient length for looping has been knit the stocking is cast olf the machine. The loops along the lines from 4'a to 5 and from 4L to 6a are placed together 'on the points of the looplng machine, and the looper round F, which forms the hand-hold for the operator, is then cut from the stocking, and is in the form of a continuous band F', such as shown in Fig. 2. These bands ane formedof a pluralityof rounds of knitti and are about three-quarter inches wide alii?` in which the wales extend transversely the foot, E the toe' l across the face of the band.

After the rounds are cut .from the ends of the stockings, the ed es-will naturally curl under as shown lin `g. 3, so that the ravwedges of the rounds or bands will be turned over and covered.

I have discovered that if these bands are loopedto each other to form long strands, as shown at in Fig. 4# the strands may be used for making rugs for floor coverinlgs, by crocheting or braiding, as shown in i 5.v The strands are also adapted to be us as wefts for weaving floor coverings similar to ra carpet.

eretofore these rounds have been sold as Waste, but the-use of my invention they 1. The method ofl utilizing loope-r rounds 30 can be utilized in the manufacture of rugs, cut from hosiery comprising looping a se-i etc. AS these rounds are usually cut from rles of these endless rounds to each other stockings knitin the natural color of yarn, form a sstrand of sufcient length for use 1n the strands-may be dyed in any colors and the manufacture of fabric.

" combined into a multiplication of designs. 2. The method of utilizing looper rounds 35 The strength and softne` of the strands cut from hosiery which comprises arranging make them especially adapted for thei manul the rounds in a series of links to form a confacture of floor coverings. tinuous chain and attaching each link to an As before stated, one mill in the city of adjacent link by passing each through and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, has disposed in around the other, the chain when completed 40 a single year of .about 12,000,000 rounds as forming a flexible, elastic and elongated waste, prior to my invention. Twelve mil-` double strand adapted for use in the manulion bands or rounds will make 'a strand of facture of fabric. A about 1,666,666 yards. Assuming that there 3. A strand of relatively short two strand are about two hundred'and one wefts to the portions of sufficient length for use in the 45 yard in a rag carpet or rug madefrom this manufacture of textile fabric, formed of a stantial floor covering.

material, the rounds from this one mill series of endless looper rounds lo'oped to would provide suiiicient weft material for each other. making 8,291 square yards of heavy and sub- 4. A strip composed of a series of loops of waste ends of tubular knitted fabric, each 50 The advantages of my invention resultl loop having both its edges free, and being from the provision of a method whereby I connected to the adjacent loop by aI figure am enabled to utilize, in the manufacture of of eight knot. marketable articles, bmaterial which was In testimony of which invention, I have heretofore disposed of as waste. v hereunto set my hand, at Philadelphia., Pa., 55

Havin now fullydescribed my invention, on this 11th day of March,v 1921. what I aim and desire to protect `by Let- 4 ters Patent'is: HORACE T. FLEISHER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2421189 *Jun 8, 1945May 27, 1947Robertson Dillon HarrySupporting frame for fabricating material
US2599597 *Nov 14, 1949Jun 10, 1952Price Wilson HiramDouble knothead twiner
US2601617 *Apr 1, 1948Jun 24, 1952Int Cellucotton ProductsMethod and apparatus for forming sanitary napkin attachment loops
US2710439 *Dec 3, 1954Jun 14, 1955Price Roy CLooper clip chaining machine
US3126860 *Jul 11, 1962Mar 31, 1964 shepperton
US4706843 *Nov 7, 1986Nov 17, 1987Thornton Theodore WDispensing chain of loop lengths of dental floss or the like and method of forming same
US4870978 *Apr 25, 1988Oct 3, 1989Atwell Sharon LMethod of forming an adjustable tourniquet device
US5295280 *Jul 2, 1992Mar 22, 1994Bilange, Inc.Washing device for scrubbing the body
US6923026Nov 23, 2004Aug 2, 2005Daisy M. ClarkeMethod for hand-crafting a rug
US7861634 *Jan 30, 2008Jan 4, 2011Gilles SaindonToroidal cloth
US8312802Nov 25, 2010Nov 20, 2012Gilles SaindonToroidal cloth
US8485565 *Sep 8, 2011Jul 16, 2013Cheong Choon NgBrunnian link making device and kit
US8622441Sep 5, 2013Jan 7, 2014Choon's Design LlcHand held link making device and kit
US8684420Jul 26, 2013Apr 1, 2014Choon's Design LlcBrunnian link making device and kit
US8899631Sep 25, 2012Dec 2, 2014Choon's Design Inc.Brunnian link making device and kit
US8931811Mar 26, 2014Jan 13, 2015Choon's Design Inc.Monster tail loom for forming Brunnian links
US8936283Jul 11, 2014Jan 20, 2015Choon's Design Inc.Brunnian link making device and kit
US8955888Jul 10, 2013Feb 17, 2015Choon's Design Inc.Brunnian link making device and kit
US8973955May 6, 2014Mar 10, 2015Choon's Design LlcDevice for forming brunnian links
US9149096Jul 15, 2014Oct 6, 2015Choon's Design LlcHand held link making device and kit
US20090188381 *Jan 30, 2008Jul 30, 2009Gilles SaindonToroidal cloth
US20100275651 *May 1, 2009Nov 4, 2010Wright Roberta RRing securing device and method
US20110067558 *Nov 25, 2010Mar 24, 2011Gilles SaindonToroidal cloth
US20120112457 *Sep 8, 2011May 10, 2012Cheong Choon NgBrunnian link making device and kit
USD745066Oct 4, 2013Dec 8, 2015Choon's Design LlcBrunnian link forming loom
USD748158Oct 1, 2013Jan 26, 2016Choon's Design LlcBrunnian link forming loom
USD748159Dec 30, 2014Jan 26, 2016Choon's Design LlcLoom
USD755258Jun 18, 2014May 3, 2016Choon's Design LlcHand loom for forming brunnian link articles
U.S. Classification28/140, 28/143, 15/208, 289/1.5, 28/166
International ClassificationD04G3/00
Cooperative ClassificationD04G3/00
European ClassificationD04G3/00