US 1425549 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G, E. SCRUBY.
PAPER BOARD BOX.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 24, 1921. 1 ,425,54. Patented Aug. 15, 1922.
2 SHEETSSHEET 1.
G. E. SCRUBY.
I PAPER BOARD BOX. APPLICATION men 1uNE 24, 1921.
1 ,425 549 Patented Aug. 15, 1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
UNITED STATES FFEEG GEORGE E. SCRUBY, OF BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, ASSIGNOR 0F ONE-FOURTH TO ROBERT E. TAYLOR AND ONE-FOURTH T0 THOMAS M. MOCLELLAN, BOTH OF BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA.
PAPER- BOARD BOX.
Application filed June '24, 1921.
Board Boxes, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to boxes made of paper board and especially to boxes so made that are used for containing hats and other millinery.
The object .of this invention is to provide a pasteboard box which is strong and durable and may be easily constructed from a fiat blank with minimum waste of material.
According to this invention I form a blank which is scored to define the required number of panels to form the body of the box, flaps of two sizes to form the bottom and flaps adapted to interlock and to hold the parts in position when bent to the required shape. Preferably the box is of octagonal shape and there are eight panels for the sides or body of the box, twolarge bottom forming members, four smaller reinforcing bottom forming members and two flaps which are adapted to interlock and hold the parts in position. All of the eight panels are of the same size, one of the panels being formed with a flap which is overlapped by a panel on the opposite end of the blank. Two of the panels join the two larger bottom forming members, four of the panels join the four reinforcing bottom forming members, and two of the panels join two securing flaps.
WVhen the blank is bent into shape, the four smaller bottom forming members are arranged inside the box and serve to reinforce and stiffen the bottom and also serve as means for holding a hat or other article in place. The larger bottom forming members overlap each other and the locking flaps overlap the bottom and hold the parts in place. lVhen the box is completed, the interlocking flaps arranged on the outside of the bottom co-operate with the four reinforcing bottom members inside the box in holding the main or larger bottom forming members in place.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 15, 1922.
Serial No. 480,050.
In the accompanying drawings J Figure 1 is a perspective view of a box embodying my improvements, with a cover applied and secured in place.
Figure 2 shows a section of the box on the line 22 of Figure 3.
.Figure 3 is a plan view of the interior of the box.
Figure 4 is a view of the scored and cut blank from which the box is made.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the blank partially bent to shape.
Flgure 6 is a perspective view showing other parts of the blank bent.
Figure 7 is a perspective view looking at the sides and bottom of the box, showing how the interlocking flaps are connected.
The box A is preferably of octagonal form as indicated and it is provided with a suitable cover Z. The particular cover shown is of novel construction and is claimed in my application for patent filed June 27, 1921.
An important feature of the box is in the construction of the bottom thereof. As indicated in Figure 3, there are parts in the bottom which serve to hold in place a hat H or similar article. When millinery is placed in a box without being secured thereto damage often occurs. I have provided simple and efficient means w ereby this may be avoided.
The manner in which the blank and box are constructed will now be explained. The blank shown in Figure 4 is adapted to form a box of octagonal shape. The blank is scored at a in eight places and also along the line a to define eight panels A, A A A, A A, A, A which form the sides or body of the box and also form at one end a flap E, which when the blank is bent is cemented or secured to the opposite end of the blank.
The upper part of the blank in Figure 4 is not scored but is slit to form two relatively large bottom forming members B and B, four relatively small bottom forming members B B, B and B and two locking members C and C The bottom member B is arranged between the bottom forming members B and B and the bottom forming member B" is arranged between the members 13 and B The members C is arranged at the end of the box while the member C is arranged between the members 13 and B". The members B and B are of the same sha e and size and all of the members B B, and B are of the same shape and size thou h much smaller than the members 13 and The stock is cut out on opposite sides of the members B B above the outer ends of the members 13*, B, B and B and into the spaces thus formed the members C and C extend.
ilhe member C is formed with a slot 0 and the member C is formed with a tongue D of general triangular shape which is slotted at al from its outer end inwards and also formed with an oval hole d. The tongue D joins the body of the member C by a relatively narrow neck (Z thus producing shoulders d for interlocking purposes.
A blank of the kind shown in Figure 4 and above described may be easily and quickly formed by machinery and there is but little waste of material. The manner in which the blank is bent is indicated in Figures 5, 6 and 7. First the bottom forming members B B, B and B are bent inwards in the manner indicated in Figure 5 until they assume positions at right angles to the panels of the body. m ext the member B is bent over upon the members B and B and the member B is bent over upon the members B and B, then the blank is bent until the outer end of the member B overlaps the flap E which is cemented to the member A in any suitable way. Then the members C and C are bent in the manner indicated in Figure 7 over the bottom of the box, the two members of the tongue D being made to overlap at their outer ends to reduce the width of the tongue, which is then inserted in the slot 0 and pressed forward until the shoulders 03 are inside the slot, then the two members of the tongue are allowed to expand and the members C and C are then held flat against the bottom of the box which is now complete.
It is obvious that blanks such as shown in Figure 4 may be produced with great rapidity. The blanks in the condltion shown in Figure 4: may .be shipped to the user while occupying a relatively small space and it is a simple operation, quickly performed, to set the box intovusable condition, or the flap E may be first secured to the panel A and the blank folded once. In this condition the blanks will occupy ottoms formed in the v with slots y so that the tapes may be knotted on the inside, passed through the slots, brought over the cover and tied'in the manner shown.
I claim as my invention;
'1. A box having a body formed of a series of panels and its bottom of a plurality of inner reinforcing members and outer members of larger area which are overlap ped by the inner members, two of the body panels being formed with overlapping locking members bridging the bottom.
2. A box having a body formed of a series of panels and its bottom of a plurality of inner reinforcing members which,
also serve to hold articles within the box and outer members of larger area which are overlapped by the inner members, two of the body panels being formed with overlapping locking members which bridge the bottom of the box.
3. A box having a body formed of a series of panels of'the same size and shape and its bottom formed with two hexagonal members which overlap each other and four reinforcing members which overlap the bottom formmg members on the inside, two of the body forming panels being prolonged to form two locking members which bridge the outside of the bottom of the box.
4. A box formed from a blank scored to form eight panels of the same size and shape, slit and cut away to form two hexagonal bottom forming members, four quadrilateral bottom reinforcing members and two locking members, said blank being bent to form a box of octagonal shape with the bottom forming members overlapping each other and overlapped byth e quadri lateral members while. the locking members bridge the bottom on the outside-L 5. A box formed from a single-piece of paper board scored, slitted and cut to form side panels, overlapping bottom members and reinforcing members of smaller area than thebottom forming members, and which have free outer ends within the box to serve as holders for a hat or other article.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name.
GEORGE E. sonUBY.