US 1426690 A
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MACHINE FOR RUBBING TISSUES.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT-2.1921.
1,226,690,, PatentedAug'. 22, 2922.
. tion in France aaaeee,
-- entree era-res Parana orrrca CADGENE, 0F FATERSON, NEW JERSEY.
rracnrnn' m. nurture TISSUES.-
To all whom it may concern:
-Be it known that T, MARIUS VERNAY, a citizen of the FrenchR-epublic, and resident of Cornillon-Beauj eu, Department of Rhone, France, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for Rubbing Tissues, for which I have filed an applica- October 7, 1913, No. 173,709; Switzerland, December 24, 1918, No. 82,415; and Austria, September 1, 1920, and of which the following isa specification. I
After dyeing the silk fabrics are generally rubbed with a plug previously imbibed with a suitable liquid such as a solution of ben- I zine, to take o'fi' the spots which appear on thetissue after dyeing, to equalize the tint, and to restore the brillinacy and softness of the silk. This operation is performed man ually, and all attempts to realize it mechanically have hitherto failed.
' The present invention has for its object the provision of a machine for the realization of this operation. Said machine is diagrammatically shown in the accompanying drawing, Fi 1 in elevation and Fig. 2 ina plan view. T ig. 3 is a detail sectional view of the plug.
1 designates a rubbingmember having reciprocating movement which it receives by means of two connecting rods 2 and two crank shafts 3 keyed on a shaft 4: on which is also fixed a pulley 5 moved by a belt 6 and a suitable motor. Y
The member 1 is crossed by a pin 7 the ends of which are connected to the connecting rods 2. Said plug consists of a wick of cotton or other suitable absorbent material surrounded by layers of cloth, felt, etc, constituting the rubbing surface. The upper part of the plug is formed by a plate 9 having a number of holes receiving the tubulures of funnels 20 the lower part of which is immediately over the wick. At the centre of the plate 9 isa hand lever 10, and on opposite sides of said lever lead bars 21, 22 are fixed to the plate 9.
The sectional view of the member 1 illus trates that such member is hollow and receives wicks 23 of cotton or ether suitable material, surrounded by'layers of cloth, felt or the like, 8. The upper part of the member is formed by a plate 9 fixed by screws 24:, and having a number of holes 25 receiv- Specification of Letters Patent.
erasure Patented Aug 22, 11922.
Application filed September 2, 1921. Serial No. 497,943.
ing the tubes of funnels 20, the lower ends of which are o'verthe wicks 23.
The tissue is unrolled from a cylinder 11 and its tension is regulated by means of'a weight 12. It passes on a table 13 where it is rubbed by the member 1, then on the rollers 14, 15,16 and 17, on the table 18 where it"is inspected, and finally is rolled on a cylinder 19.
The operation of the machine is as follows: The liquid employed for the treatment of the tissue is poured into the funnels 20 and saturates the wick, and by capillarity the cloth, felt or other rubbing material 8. When this latter is in a proper condition the machine is put in operation. The tissue unrolls from the cylinder 11 in the direction indicated by the arrows Fig. 1, and the member 1 receives a reciprocating movement from the connecting rods 2 and thecrank shafts 3. When the plug goes from the position indicated in full lines to that indicated in dotted lines it inclines to the right owing to the heavy lead bar 21, and when it returns in opposite direction, it inclines to the left owing to the lead bar 22 and the pulling action of the connecting rods 2.
It results that in its reciprocating movement the member 1 works on its whole rubbing surface in contact with the tissue which moves on the table 18, so that the wear of the member 1 is absolutely equal in its whole surface.- The lead bars also assure a convenient pressure of the said member to the tissue.
As the tissue passes on the table 18 it is examined by the attendant, and if necessary it goes again to the machine for another treatment.
The run of the plug is regulated by fixing the trunnions of the connecting rods 2 in one or the other of the holes 3' of the crank shaft 3. L
lit is to be understood that the reciprocating movement of the plug may be obtained by other means than that above described without departing from the spirit of the invention. I
W hat T claim is 1. ln machines for rubbing tissues the combination of a rubbing member having a meme centre of the plate, heavy lead bars on the plate on each side of the hand lever, a table under the said member, and means for giving'to the tissue a longitudinal displacement 15 over the table between the latter and the said member.
In Witness whereof l aihx my signature. MARIUS VERNAY. Witnesses GUrLLAUME P1001 115, JULIAN KEMBLE FRIEDBERG.