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Publication numberUS1426736 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 22, 1922
Filing dateFeb 10, 1921
Priority dateFeb 10, 1921
Publication numberUS 1426736 A, US 1426736A, US-A-1426736, US1426736 A, US1426736A
InventorsHess William H
Original AssigneeHess William H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Grating
US 1426736 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. H. H'ES'S.

GRATING.

APPLICATIQN FILED FEB.1,0., 1921.

1&42483366 y PatentedAug. 22,1922.

' 2 SHEETS-SHEET l.

` i @if W. H. HESS.

GRATING.

APPLICATION FILED FEB. Io, I92 I.

A/SI, Patented Aug. 22Y 1922,.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

WIELIA@ 351. HESS, OIF CHICAG, IJMNES,

GRATING.

Macnee.

Specification of Letters Patent. Pgatmbd Aung'. 22, HQQQH Application'led February 10, 1821. Serial No. 443,896.

To all whom t may cofrtcemf'.'

Be it known that l, WILLIAM H. Hass, a citizen of the United States, residing` at 5824 'Harper AAvenue, Chicago, in the county of' Cookv and State of Illinois have invented a new and useful improvement in Gratings,

of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates more particularly, though Vnot exclusively, to ,improvements 1n registers formed as a part of hot air furnace installations, and more especially to registers which are located in floors, and wherein it is desired that the upper surfaces of the various portions of the register extend in the same plane; and my primary object is to provide a novel, simple and eco-,

nomical construction lof grating, the parts of which may be quickly assembled to form vthe finished structure, and which will be durable land serve its purpose in a satisfactory manner.

Referring to the accompanying drawlng:

Figure 1 is a plan view of a register constructed in accordance with my invention, Figure 2 is an enlarged, broken section taken at the line 2-2 on Fig. 1 and viewed in the direction of the arrows, andy Figure 3 is a; similar view taken at the cline 3-,3 on Fig. 1 and viewed in the direction of the arrows. Figure 4 is an enlarged perspective view of a portion of the register construction of Fig. 1. Figure 5 is an enlarged sechighly tion taken at the line 5-1-5 on Fig. 3 andl viewed in the direction of the arrows; and Figure 6, a broken perspective view-of a portion of one of the similar bars of which the structure is formed. I

lln the particular construction illustrated the register is formed of aframe 7 shown as of general rectangularshape and made from four bars 8, 9, 10 and 11, each of angle shape as represented in Fig. 2 to provide the depending portion 12 and the horizontallyextending portion 13, the ends of the frame members referred to being preferably mi-` tered together at the corners of the frame, as for example by welding them. Located within the opening in the frame 7 is a series of bars 14 shown as extending parallel with each other and to the frame sides 9 and 1-1 and spanning the Space from the members 7 to 10 these bars being preferably equidistantly spaced, and a second series of bars 15 shown as extending at' right angles to the bars 14 and into intersecting'relation therewith, from theframe member 9 to the frame member 11. 'llhe bars '14 are relatively wide as compared with the bars 15 as illustrated, each alternate bar 14 containing a series of openings 16 preferably of general rectangular shape as shown, with oi'set portions represented at 17 and `forming shoulders 18, the shoulders 18 being located at the same side of each opening 16 as shown The other ones of the bars 14 are similarly recessed as represented at 19 withofset portions represented at 20 and forming 'shoul-p ders 21, these shoulders being located at the same sides of the openings 19 but opposite to the sides at which the shoulders 18 are located. p rlhe openings 16 and 19 are shown as ofsuch size as to permit the bars 15 -to be threaded therethrough, and f the shoulders 18 and '21.are so located that these shoulders will extendv into alinement witlheach other in the finished structure, so that the bars 15 may, in strai ht condition,

lbe supported from'these shoul ers as shown.

The bars 15, which are. narrower than the bars 14, contain in their upper surfaces notches 22 which are spaced apart the same distance that the bars 14 are spaced apart and are so proportioned that when the bars 15 are positioned to seat on the shoulders 18 and 21, the upper portionsof the strips 14 at their recessed portionsextend into the notches 22, whereby the upper surfaces of the bars 14 and 15 extend in the same plane. The 'opposite ends of the v bars 14 and 15 are provided with lugs represented at 23 and 24 respectively, these lugs beinglocated'between the upper and lower edges ot the bars and extending through slots 25 in the bars 8 and 10 and through similar slots (not shown) in the bars 9 and 11, respectively, their outer ends bein bent back against the outer surface of -t e frame to securely hold the bars 14 and 15 in fixed position.

The parts of the grating are assembled by threading the rods 15 through thefopenings 16 and 19 of the bars 14 and raising the bars -15 and shifting the bars 14 and 15 relative to each other in crosswise direction, to cause the bars 15 to extend across the shoulders 18 and 21, with the upper portions of the bars 14 extendin into the recesses 22. After assembly of t e bars 14 and 15 as stated, the

bars extending through the openings in the frame members `provlded therefor, and the lugs thereupon upset and the .frame memf Qtion, the bars of one series containing aperbers united together 'to form a solid traineV structure.

llt Awill benoted that in the particular illustrated embodiment of my invention the ybars 15, by reasonoi the arrangement of the shoulders 18 and 21 at opposite sides of the openings 16 and 19, as hereinbefore explained, are held against accidental dispositioned in intersectingrelation and does not require any vfastening?"devices at these points, the bars becominginterlocked in the o desired position by` merely adjusting them relative to each other" toseat the" kbars 15 'on the shoulders 18 and 21". lf l. .i

lf desired the notches 22""may 'open downwardly instead y of upwardly.r in which case' the upper edges of the'bars'l would extend below the uppersurfacesv of the bars 14,' or,

if desired, in additionfto` the upper opening l notchesy 22v downwardly'f opening notches (not shownj)finll vertical line therewith may be rovided.'y u l hile llhaveillustrated describedv a particularV construction embodying my invention, I o notiwish'tobe understood as intending to limit it "thereto Ias the same may by Letters Patent, is

be lvariousl modified an'dalteredv Vwithout departin l romk the' `spirit of my invention. Whatv 'claim as ne'w,1and des1re to secure V1.y A grating ".torrneijl;` of ries ofpbars extendingvin intersecting relaturesf resenting "shoulders, o said shoulders being o'catedy betweenthe upper and lower ends of 'said apertures and the bars of said other |`[series being inserted through said apertures into 'intersecting'relation with the bars containing saidA apertures and extend# in across said i shoulder's'fand meansl fori ho dingsaidl bars in said intersecting relation.-=`x'. l, V l,

' 2. grating formedf'ofa plurality of se'- v ries of. bars extending v in intersecting relation,'th'e-bars of one seriesfcontaining apertures, said apertures being of enlarged width at portions thereof between their upper and lower ends and presenting shoulders and the'. lbars ofsaid other series being' inserted l. through said apertures into intersecting ref. A. lation with the bars containing said aper-,j 65

tures .and extending'across said Shoulders,

va plurality of sev and means for holding said bars in said intersecting relation. l

3. A grating formed of a plurality of Series of bars extending in intersecting relation, the bars of one series containing apertures presenting shoulders, said shoulders being located between the upper and lower ends of said apertures and the bars of said lother series beingK inserted through vsaid apertures intointersecting relation with the bars containing said apertures and extending across said shoulders y and containing notches into-which the portions of said apertured bars beyond said shoulders extend, and means for holding said bars in said intersectin relation. y

4. grating formed of-a plurality of series of bars extending in intersecting relation, the bars of one series containing apertures presenting shoulders between their upper and lower ends, the shoulders of certain saidbars being located at the sides of the openings therein opposite to the sides at which thefshoulders' at the openings in the others of said bars are located, and the bars of said other series being inserted through said apertures into intersecting relation with the bars containing said apertures and extending across said shoulders, and means for holding said bars iny said intersecting relation.v

rating 4formed or a plurality ofscars extending inintersecting relaries of tion, the bars of one series containing apertures presentingv shoulders between their upper and lower ends, vthe shoulders of alternate onesvof said bars being located at the.

sides of the openings therein opposite to the sides at whichvthegshoulders at the openings in the others oisaidv barsare located, Vand meansffor holding said bars in said intersecting relation.xfl`

'6.'A` ating forniy ries ofl ars extendin of" plurality of se- I1ntersecting rela- ',tion,'tl1`ebarsofone erle lAcontaining aperuldersfbetween their 'tures :presenting the shoulders of alterupper and 4lowerends;

nateponeslotjsaidfbarsbeing locatedat the sides of;thefopenings'ftherein opposite -to the sides at "whi'chffthe, shouldersl at the openings in the others :offs'aid-bars arelocated and containing` notches into'-r w ic of said apertured bars', beyond said yshoulders extend, andi means :fori-,holding said vbars in saidl interseeting relation;

7. A' grating formedio'f.' aplur'ality of series ofbarsextending in intersecting re; lation, the bars `offene series containing apertures presenting Shoulders between their upper and lower ends; the shoulders of c er- .tainofsaid bars being'flocated at the sides of the openings thereinopposite to the sides at'lwhich the shouldersat the openings in the othersotsaid-.barsfare located, and the `bars of' said oth "rl series being inserted h-fI the. portions l essere@ y C@ through said apertures into intersecting rej tures and extendin lation with the bars containing said aperacross said shoulders and containing noto es into which portions of said apertured bars extend, and means for holding said bars in said intersecting rel lation.

`i i' v. tures and the barsof said other series being 8. A grating formed of a plurality of kseries of bars extending in intersecting relation, the bars of one series containing aperinserted through said apertures into interf 1 secting relation with the bars containing the said apertures, and means for holding said bars in said intersecting relation,said apertures being wider than the thickness of the thickness of the bars positioned therein, and Vmeans for holding said bars in said intersectingrelation.

10. A grating formed of a plurality of series of bars extending in intersecting relation, the bars of one series containing apertures, the apertures of adjacent bars being arranged in staggered relation, the bars of said other series being' inserted through said apertures into intersecting relation with the bars containing said apertures, said apertures being wider than the thickne4 of the bars positioned therein, and meansl for holdingfsaid barsin' said intersectin relation, those of the bars which` exten through said apertures containing notches in their upper surfaces into lwhich the bars with which they intersect, extend.

11. A grating formedl of a plurality of vseries of bars extending in intersecting relation, the bars of one series containing apertures and the bars of said other series being inserted through said apertures into intersecting relation with the bars containing said apertures, said apertures presenting lsurfaces opposing the bars extending therethrough and reslsting lateral movement of the 4last-referred-to bars, said surfaces of adjacent bars opposing opposite sides, respectively, of the bars extendin through .said apertures, and means for .ho ding said bars in said intersectin relation.

12. A grating ormed of a series of bars, a second series of bars intersecting therewith, said first-named series of bars containing apertures and said second series of bars extending at portions thereof into Said apertures, the dimensions of said apertures lengthwise of the bars containing them being greater than the thickness of said second series of bars, all of the apertures in certain of said apertured bars being so disposed that said second series of bars extend adjacent the end walls of said apertures at the same ends thereof and all of vtheapertures in the others of said iirst-referred-to bars and alter- 75 nating therewith, so disposed that the said second series of bars extend adjacent the end walls of said apertures at the same ends thereof, but opposite to those end walls as above mentioned.

13.A grating formed of a series of bars, a second seriesof bars intersecting therewith, said iirst-referred-to series of bars containing apertures and said second series of bars extendin at portions thereof into said apertures, said apertured bars presenting portions which extend adjacent the opposite faces of vsaid second series of bars and resist lateral movement of the latter, said portions of some of said apertured bars being located at one side of said second series of bars and said portions of the others of said apertured bars being located at the opposite side of said second series of bars.

14. A grating formed of a series of bars, a second seriesof bars intersecting therewith, said first-referred-to series of bars containing apertures and said second series of bars extending at portions thereof into said apertures, the dimensions of said apertures lengthwise of the bars containing them being greater than thethic'kness of said secondnamed bars,r said apertured bars presenting, at their apertured parts, portions which extend adjacent the opposite faces of said second series of bars and resist lateral movement of the latter, said portions of some of said apertured bars being llocated at one side of said second .series of bars and said portions of the others of said apertured bars 110 being located at the opposite side. of said second series of bars.

- l5. A grating formed of a series of bars, a second series of bars intersecting therewith, said first-named series of bars containing apertures and'said second series of bars extending at portions thereof into said apertures, the dimensions of said apertures lengthwise of the bars containing them being greater than the thickness of said second series of bars, all of the apertures in certain of said apertured bars being so disposed that said second series of bars extend adjacent the end walls of said apertures at the same ends thereof and all of the apertures in the others of said first-referredto bars and alternating therewith, so disposed that the said secondseries of bars extend adjacent the end walls of said apertures thereunder at the same ends thereof, but opportions which'extend adjacentthe oppo-v site faces of said second series of bars and resist lateral movement of the latter, said portions of some of said apertured bars being located at one side of said second series of bars and said portions of the others of' said apertured bars being located at the opposite side of said second series of bars, said second series of bars being provided with means resisting lateral movementjof said irst-referred-to series of bars. f

17 A grating formed of a series of bars, a second serles of bars intersectlng therej with, said first-named series of bars containing apertures andsaid second series of bars extending at portions thereof into said apertures, the dimensions of said apertures lengthwise of the bars containing them being greater than the thickness of said second series of bars, allof the apertures in certain'of said .apertured bars being so disposed that said second series of bars extend assess@ 'i I adjacent the" of said 'a srt/uros at j` the same ends' thereof' and all o the apenturesinithe others of vsaid rstsreferred-t'o barsfandiv alternating therewith, so disposed' that thesaidsecond series of bars extend adjacent the "end AWalls of' said apertures thereunder atztheY sainelends thereof, but opposite to those' Vend* Wallsv as above o mentioned, said second series of bars' containing `notches y into y whichy portions' off'said` first-referred-to se movement of thev latter visl resisted.

18. A lgrating yformed ofa series of bar's,-"a`

second seriesV ofV bars intersecting. therewith,

said irst-.re'ferred-to series'. of barscontain'f'` v ing apertures and-said Second series of bars extending'at portions thereof into saidlap'ere' tures, saidv apertured bars.v` presenting por-45D tions 'Whichfextendl adjacent the [opposite ,I faces of said second series of bars and resist.'l`

lateral movement of the latter, said portionsw of some .of said apertured bars beingl 11o.- Acated at one side of said second series of bars and said'portionsof the others of said apertured bars being located at the opposite side lof said second series of bars, said s econd sev ries of bars containing notches into which f portions of said irst-referred-to series of' bars extend and by which lateral movement of themlatter is resisted.

Winni n. nnss.:

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2509732 *Sep 23, 1946May 30, 1950Smith Corp A OGrating construction
US2735522 *Nov 14, 1949Feb 21, 1956 Light control fixture
US2905286 *Oct 7, 1953Sep 22, 1959Gen Motors CorpGrille assembly
US3025045 *Sep 10, 1958Mar 13, 1962Blaw Knox CoFurnace trays
US3469359 *Jul 13, 1965Sep 30, 1969Reliance Steel Products CoFriction locked grating and other open grid structures
US5024550 *Sep 26, 1989Jun 18, 1991Jack MainvilleTrench grate
US5735008 *Jul 23, 1996Apr 7, 1998Mangone EnterprisesWeld-free gratings for bridge decks with improved primary and secondary bars
US6908256 *Jun 23, 2004Jun 21, 2005Aco Polymer Products, Inc.Drainage grate assembly
US8132385 *Jan 13, 2005Mar 13, 2012Southwest Agri-Plastic, Inc.Benchtop panels
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/667, 52/799.13, 5/264.1, 52/668, 52/656.8
International ClassificationE04C2/42, E04C2/30
Cooperative ClassificationE04C2/425
European ClassificationE04C2/42A1B