US 1427968 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
0. A. PEDERSEN. lROOFING TILE.
APPLICATION FILED /IIIIA I5. I92I.
PatentedSept. 5, 1922.
Patented Sept. 5, 1922.
esirw star/s2 v oscaru A. represen, or. NEW YORK, iv. Y..
'Application `iiieiriiprii i5., i921'. serial-ive 461,599?.
To ai] 107mm tf/nay concerns.'
Be it! known that l, @soARf A. Piiomsnn, a citizen of the' United States, .and a resident=` of the citj7 of4 New York, borough of the Bronx, county and-State off' New York, have invented certain new and useful- Improve'- nients in `Roofing Tiles, of which the following` is a full, clear, and exact description.
Among the principal objects which the present invention has in view are: to avoid breakage of the tile in service and in handling; to forni runways for. water; to provide means incorporated inthe structure for aligning the tile; to conceal the junction of the tiles in the separate courses; to kavoid leakage; and to provide a means for anchoring` the tile in service relation.
Figure l is a top plan view of a fragment ot a roofing tile, constructed and arranged in accordance with the present invention;
Figure 2 is a cross section thereof, the
section being taken on the line 9,?-2 in Figure l; y
Figure 3 is a sectional view, the section being taken as on the line 3-3 vin Figure l. and showing in conjunction therewith by dotted lines the relation of an adjacent tile; f
Figure i is a perspective view of Ia tile constructed and arranged in accordance with.
the present invention.
Tile, `when shaped as shown in the draw. ings, are constructed from cement concrete,
which is molded to form lengthwise grooves' 9, 10 and l1. The grooves' 9 andlO form runways for moisture falling on or accuinu` lated on a roof covered by said tile. The grooves l1 are for aligning theadjacent tile. Each tile is provided at one endwith the grooves 1l, and at the opposite end, o'r
As seen best in Figures 3 and 4, the tiler is hollow beneath to form pairs of aligned recesses 14%?,-y one'onI each side of the planes beneath' the tile' and between the samel and' the 'sheathing onwhich it is usuallvinounted.
Intermediate the ends of the tile cross ridges l5 are provided to interrupt the continuity of the recesses i4, wherebyA to form the pairs of the latter, as above stated.y Piercing the cross ridges l5 are perforations 16, designed toreceive atying member suoli as the wire which is passed aroundy the sheathing or convenient element of the structure for securing the tile in place.
From the Jforegoing it will be seen that a roof constructed and arranged in accord,-v
ance"l with the present invention is light and strong, and so arranged that sidedrifting of water such as deposited on the roofby rain, is prevented, and that in consequence the water is` evenly delivered throughout the roof to the drainage gutter with'` which the sainel is furnished.
l; A roong tile comprising a hardened body formed to provide a drainage groove extending longitudinally of its upper face and recesses in its lower aceformed in 'pairs one on each side ot the planes of the opposite side edges formed by said drainage groove, one side edge ofthe tile being 'formed t0 provide an overhanging portion having ridges extending longitudinally of its under face, the other of the side edges having its upper face formed to provide grooves adapted to receive in interloclred rengagementr therewith the ridges of the overhangingportion of an adjacent tile, and a thickened portion forinedbetween the oppositely disposed recesses and extending transversely beneath the said drainage groove to add strength to the tile in its entirety.
2. A roofing tile comprising a hardened body formed to provide `a drainage 'groove extending on the longitudinal center of its upper lface and recesses in its lower face formed in pairs kone on each side ofthe planes of the opposite sideedges formed by said drainage groove, one of the longi-y tudinal sideedges of the tile being formed to provide an overhanging portion having ridges extending in spaced lparallel. relation on its under faire, the other ot the longitudinal side edges of the tile having its upper face formed to provide grooves adapted to receive in interloclred eno-agement therewith the ridges oi' the over-lane". ,1' portion of an adjacent tile, and a thickened portion fornied between the oppositeljf disposed recesses and extending transversel;T beneath the said drainage groove in a manner to add strength Vto the tile in its entirety.
3. A roofing tile comprising a hardened body formed to provide a drainage groove extending on the longitudinal center of its upper ,tace and recesses in its lower face formed in pairs on each sido oi the planes o? the opposite side edges formed by said drainage groove, one of the longitudinal side edges of the tile being formed to provide an overhanging portion having ridges eX- tending in spaced parallel relation length wise of its under face, the other of the longitudinal side edges having its upper face formed to provide grooves adapted to receive in interloclred engagement therewith the ridges of the overhangingportion of an adjacent tile, the portions of the tile disposed between the adjacent ends of the recesses of each pair of recesses having openings therethrough for the insertion and passage or' tying members wherebj,7 each tile of a course of such tiles will be securely held in service.
' OSCAR A. rnonnsnn.