US 1429416 A
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T. w. FADE.
COMBINED HINGE AND 060R HOLDER! APPLICATION FILED N22, I922.
1,429,416, Q I PatntedSept 19,1922,
[NV/ENTER Patented Sept. 19, 1922.
THOMAS WILLIAM rannor LONDON, ENGLAND.
. coivrnrnnn HINGE Ann noon HOLDER.
Application fi1ed January 2, 1922. Serial No. 526,459.
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS IVILLIAM F ADE, of 18 Reporton Road, Fulham, London, S. IV. 6, a subject oftheKing of Great Britain and Ireland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combined Hinge and Door Holders; and I hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same.
i This invention relates to hinges and while it is particularly designed for doors which are liable to the action of wind pressure (as for example ships cabin doors) it will be clear that it is capable of general application to any door orother part which is required to be hinged and which it is desirable should be capable of being temporarily held in any desired position within the limits of movement of the hinge. A
The invention consists in a hinge so c011 structed and arranged that it will be self-' looking or self-holding in any 7 position within the limits of the movement of the hinged members.
The invention also consists in a hinge so constructed and arranged that it. may be moved into any position within the limits of itsmovement by the application of pressure and will be self-holding as soon as such pressure is released.
The invention also consists in a hinge em bodying a ratchet connection between the parts adapted to be secured respectively to the two partsto be hinged.
The invention also consists in the arrange-' ment of hinge hereinafter described and illustrated.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is an elevation showing one convenient form of hinge constructed and arranged in accordance with the invention, and
Figure 2 is a view showing a detail.
In carrying my invention into eifect in one convenient manner I construct my improved hinge with the usual side. members AA, such members being pivotally united by means of a non-rotatable bolt G which passes through the lugs BC at the upper part of the members and the lug D at the lower part of one of'said members. The
lug D is serrated or toothed or otherwise.
suitably formed so that it co-operates in the manner of a ratchet with a movable collar E correspondingly 1 serrated or toothed. The collar E is slidable upon but notrotatable on the bolt G,the latter being square or otherw se formed to co-operate with a similarly formed aperture in the col'larE whereby the desired" result is obtained, it being understood that the lug C is formed with a square bore to prevent the rotation of the pin or bolt. The collar E is pressed by a spring F into engagement with the lug D to cause the serrations of the collar to interlock or interengage with those of the lug.
It will be evident that with such ahinge the parts to be hinged will be held relatively to one another in any position in which the force-producing movement of the hinge is releasedand the resistance to movement of the hinge from such position against. the application of a steady pressure will depend upon the angle of the cooperating ratchet teeth and the strength of the spring F tending to maintain such teeth in contact.
The application, however, of a compara-,
tively small force suddenly applied to disengage the serrations will enable the hinge to be moved so that the parts may be closed or opened or otherwise adjusted relatively to one another.
'My improved hinge, therefore, is par% ticularly suitable for use in connection with ships cabin doors, for example, since with the hinges so arranged thedoor will remain I fixed in any posltlon 1n whlch it may be set against the application of wind pressure, for example, or any other steady pres sure which is within the limits of the clevice, while at the same time the sudden application of a comparatively small pressure a will be suflicient to release the holding device and enable the hinge to function in the usual manner.
It will be clear that the invention is not I to be confined to any particular form or construction of hinge nor to any particular purpose for which the same is to be employed.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A hlnge comprising two hinge members provided at one end with lugs and one of the members attheother end provided with a lug having a clutch face, a nonrotatable hingebolt passing through the lugs and'hingedly connecting said memhere, a non-rotatable clutch member movable lengthwise on the hinge bolt into and out of engagement with the clutch of last mentioned lug, and a spring coiled on the hinge bolt pressing on said clutch member.
2. A hinge comprising two hinge members each provided at one end With a hinge lug and one of the hinge members provided at the other end with a hinge lug having a clutch face, a non-rotatable hinge bolt passing through the lugs and hingedly connecting said members, the hinge bolt adjacent to the last mentioned lug having a multilateral surface, a non-rotatable clutch member lengthwise movable on the multilateral surface of the hinge bolt into and out of engagement with the clutch member of said lug, and a spring coiled on the hinge bolt pressing the clutch members into engage nient.
Dated at the city of Toronto, Province of Ontario, Canada, this 31st day of December, A. D. 1921.
THOMAS lVlLLlAli/I FADE. lVitnesses:
CHAS. I-l. RroHEs, ROBERT MCCLINTOOK.