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Publication numberUS1429683 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 19, 1922
Filing dateNov 1, 1920
Priority dateNov 1, 1920
Publication numberUS 1429683 A, US 1429683A, US-A-1429683, US1429683 A, US1429683A
InventorsMegenity Ralph A
Original AssigneeMegenity Ralph A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stud for concrete construction
US 1429683 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. A. MEGENITY.

STUD FOR CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 1. 1920.

3,429,683; Patentedsept. 19,1922;

Patented ept 19, 1922.

as Wis.

STUD FOR CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION.

Application filed November 1, 192i). Serial No. 420,970.

To all whom it may concern: 7

Be it known that I, RALPH A. MEGENITY, a citizen of the United States, residing in Kansas City, in the county of J ackson, in the State of Missouri, have invented an Improvement in Studs for ConcreteConstruction, of which the following is a specification.

The invention relates to concrete construction, more particularly to studs, such as are embedded wholly or partially in a concrete wall structure and having portions which provide for the attachment of securing means to hold facings, fixtures and the like in position against the wall. I

The object of the invention is to provide a stud of this character which will be so shaped that a number of studs will nest closely for'economy of space in packing for storage or transportation.

The invention will be illustrated as embodied in a stud for use in the face of a fiat wall, the stud having a number of portions arranged for the attachment of facings, fixtures or the like, which portions lie relatively exposed in the wall, and connecting portions which conveniently may, and preferably do, serve as anchor portions to be embedded in the concrete or other structure in which the stud is employed.

The invention will be best understood from the description of a specific construction illustrating and embodying the invention.

In the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof- Figure l is a perspective view of a stud, embodying the invention, shown as secured to a form against which the concrete is to be poured.

Figure 2 is a plan view showing a number of studs arranged in nesting relation.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of a similar stud having different shaped anchor portions, in order to provide for vertical nesting, as well as horizontal nesting.

Figure 4 is a view in elevation showing the relation of studs vertically nested.

Referring particularly to the embodiment shown in Figure l, the stud 10 consists of wire, rod or other suitable material bent to provide portions 11, to which trim, fixtures and the like may be secured, which portions for convenience of description will be termed attachment portions, and connecting portions 12, which preferably are embedded in the wall to serve as anchor portionsf the stud illustrated is intended to be embedded in a wallstructure by being attached to the form before the pouring of the concrete. The attachment portions in use are secured against the face of the form, the stud being bent to bring such portions against the form, if necessary.

It is one feature ofthe invention that the shape of the stud is such that a plurality of similar studs may be packed close together, side by side, the bends of one stud fitting againstthe corresponding bends of the next. This feature provides a close nesting in a horizontal direction.

In the illustrated structure two features contribute to the compactness with which the studs may be packed; first, the anchor portions 12 which connect the attachment portions extendin substantially the same direction from thecorresponding ends of adjacent attachment portions, that is, viewing Figure 1, the several connecting portions extend in substantially the same direction from the right end-of the attachment portions 11 nextto the left; second, the attachment portions and the anchor portions all lie in planes oblique to the length of the stud as a whole.

It will be seen that so long as the various parts of each stud lie in a direction parallel to, or oblique to the length of the stud, similar studs will nest side by side, the bends of one fitting in corresponding bends in the next;

The more nearly perpendicular to the length of the stud the oblique portions lie, the less closely a number of studs will nest, provided the ends are maintained even; or if the oblique portions are nearly perpendicular and the studs are nest-ed close together laterally, then the ends of the studs will not be even, but the end of one stud will project beyond the end of the nextadjacent stud. This is illustrated in the plan view shown in Figure 2.

A wide variation in or departure from the particular shape shown may, of course, be made without departing from the principle illustrated.

The stud shown is designed to provide an attachment on one face of a fiat wall and therefore the attachment portions are preferably arrangedto lie all in one plane, which for convenience of description may be termed the main plane of the stud. The attachment portions shown are relatively long but from the desired position. For this reasonthe length in practice is immaterial, it being suflicient if they are 'long enough to afford the connection desired.

It is also desirable that thestudshould be of such shape that when secured to a form it will not easily be turned orftwisted the attachment portions'l'l-are so arranged that they are not in one line but are laterally spread to afiord a bearing, against the form, of substantial width laterally with respect to the length 01"- the stud. As illustrated in the drawing, this extended lateral bearing is afforded by arranging the attachment portions oblique to the length of the stud, all such portions being conveniently, but not necessarily, parallel to each other, and prefer'ably lying in successive planes perpendicular to the main plane.

Referring again to Figure '1, ii the attachment portions 11 be treated aslying in planes perpendicular to the main plane,

\ thenthey maybe considered as lying in successive parallel planes, which, as shown, are equally spaced from each other. The anchor portions 12 connecting the successive attachment' portions 11 are so shaped that when several studs are placed side by side, the an chor portions of adjacent studs will lie side by side incompact relation.

" i The nestingfeatures so far described provide for aclose packing of the studs in what,

' for convenience, may be termed a horizontal direction. .Anumber of studs, such as shown in Figure'l, when placed close together in horizontal nested relation would have the relation indicated in Figure 2.

The principle ofthe invention may obviously be carried further to provide close packing in a vertical direction. A; stud embodying such further feature is illustrated in Figure 3, in which a stud is shown having attachment portions 15 and anchor portions 16, which in function aresubstantially the equivalent of the corresponding portions of the studs shown in Figure 1. The anchor portions of the stud shown in Figure 3 are constructed as to have all parts oblique to thedirection of piling. As shown, the anchor portions are V-shaped with the point of the V arranged to beembedded in the wall structure. i

It will be clear that if both legs of an inverted l-shaped anchor portion (see Figure are of "the same obliquity with. respect to the'baseplane, one stud may rest directly on top of another stud and the direction of piling will be vertical, whereas if one leg is, for example, perpendicular to the base plane and the other leg is oblique close nesting is possible, and a formof pile results which ordinarily is less advantageous and less economical of space.

Although in the constructions illustrated, the attachment portions are arranged to lie 1,&29,683

in successive parallel planes and the'co'nnecting anchor portions also lie in successive perpendicular planes, such arrangement, al-

though particularlyadvantageous in certain respects, is when the invention 1s considered in its broaderaspect, merely illustrative, as

numerous variations may be made, while retaming one or more oi the princ ples of the invention, which afiord the nesting relation plane and adapted to be placed substantially flat against the wall of aiorm, and connecting portions joining said attachment portions, said connecting portions lying entirely to one side of said plane, the whole of each connecting portion lying inone plane, the plane's 'ofthe several connecting portions being parallel to each other and oblique to the length of the strip, whereby a number of similar anchor strips can be placed 1n nested relation to each other with corresponding attachment portions incontact and corresponding connecting portions in contact for transportation or storage, sub stantially as described.

2. A. stud'of the character described having attachment portions lying in one main plane but not in one line so as to afford a breadth of bearing to prevent rotation of the stud when placed against-a form and connecting portions joining successive attachment portions and projecting laterally from the main plane to one side thereof to provide anchor portions,the attachment portions and anchor portions lying in such relation that a number of studs'inay be nested side by side with the attachment portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and substantially in contact and with the connecting portions of the adjacent studs substantiall parallel and substantially in. contact.

3. A stud of the character described having parallel attachment portions lying in one main plane and in successive parallel equidistant planes perpendicular to the main plane to afford a breadth. of bearing to prevent rotation of the stud :when placed against the form and connecting portions joining the successive attachment portions projecting laterally from the'main plane to PFOVlClzZLIlCllOI portions, the attachment portions and anchor portions lying in such relation that afnumber of studs may be nested-side by side with the attachment 'por tions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and substantially in, contactand with the connecting portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and substantially in contact.

4. A stud of the character described having attachment portions lying in one main plane and in laterally spaced lines in said plane to afford a breadth of bearing to prevent rotation of the stud when placed against a form, and connecting portions joining successive attachment portions proj ecting laterally from the main plane to provide anchor portions lying in planes oblique to the length of the stud as a whole whereby a number of studs may be nested side by side with the attachment portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and substantially in contact and with the connecting portions of adjacent studssubstantially parallel and substantially in contact.

5. A stud of the character described having attachment portions laterally spaced to aiiord a breadth of bearing to prevent rotation of the stud when placed against a form and connecting portions joining successive attachment portions to provide anchor portions, each connecting portion comprising two parts obliquely related, whereby a number of studs may be nested side by side horizontally in a group with the attachment portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and with the connecting portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and whereby a plurality of such groups may be nested one above the other with the attachment portions of one group substantially parallel to the attachment portions of the next group and with the connecting portions of one group substantially parallel to the connecting portions of the next group.

6. A stud of the character described having attachment portions lying in one main plane and laterally spaced to aliord a breadth of bearing to prevent rotation of the stud when placed against a form, connecting portions joining successive attachment portions projecting laterally to provide anchor portions, each connecting portion comprising two parts, each oblique to the main plane, whereby a number of studs may be nested side by side horizontally in a group with the attachment portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and with the connecting portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and whereby a plurality ofsuch groups may be nested one above the other with the attachment portions of one group substantially parallel to the attachment portions of the next group and with the connecting portions of one group substantially parallel to the connecting portions of the next group.

A stud of the character described having parallel attachment portions lying in one main plane and lying in successive parallel equidistant planes perpendicular to the main plane to afford a breadth of bearing to prevent rotation of the stud when placed against a form, connecting portions joining successive attachment portions projecting laterally from the main plane and lying in parallel planes at an angle to the group substantially parallel to the attachment portions of the next group and with the connecting portions of one group substantially parallel to the connecting por tions of the next group.

8. In a stud of the character described, parallel attachment portions and connecting portions joining such attachment portions, each of said connecting portions extending "in substantially the same direction from one side of one adjacent attachment portion to the opposite side of the other adjacent attachment portion and each consisting of two parts lying on converging planes one of which is oblique to the plane of the attachment portions.

9. An anchor strip of the character described consisting of a plurality of parallel spaced attachment portions lying in one plane, and V-shaped anchor portions con necting adjacent attachment portions and extending laterally to one side of said plane substantially as described.

10. A stud of the character described having parallel attachment portions lying in the same main plane, laterally projecting connecting portions joining successive attachment portions, said connecting portions lying in successive parallel equidistant planes, each perpendicular to the main plane, but comprising two parts, one of which is oblique to the main plane, whereby a number of such studs may be nested side by side with the attachment portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and substantially in contact and with the connecting portions of adjacent studs substantially parallel and substantially in contact and whereby a plurality of groups of similar nested anchor strips may be nested verti' cally with respect to each other.

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification this 28th day of October, 1920.

RALPH A. MEGENITY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8713887 *Jan 18, 2008May 6, 2014Ideas Without Borders Inc.System for reinforcing a building structural component
US20080172973 *Jan 18, 2008Jul 24, 2008Ideas Without Borders Inc,System for reinforcing a building structural component
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/677, 52/856
International ClassificationE04B1/41
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/41
European ClassificationE04B1/41