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Publication numberUS1429828 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 19, 1922
Filing dateSep 28, 1921
Priority dateSep 28, 1921
Publication numberUS 1429828 A, US 1429828A, US-A-1429828, US1429828 A, US1429828A
InventorsBaker Charles L
Original AssigneeBaker Charles L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Top notch and runner
US 1429828 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patnte-Sept. i9, i922..

Patented Sept. 19, 1922.




Application led September 28, 1921. Serial No. 503,723.

To all w from t may concern Be it known that I, CHARLES L. BAKER, a citizen of the United States,v residing at Lancaster, in the county of Lancaster and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Top Notches and Runners, of which the following is a specification.

This invention pertains to lrib-Joint devices for umbrellas and parasols. f

Heretofore it has been customary to make umbrella top-notches and runnerspof a construction adapted to receive ribs and stretchers having either pivot-eye or ball ends. The particular purpose of the present invention is to provide atop-notch or runner intended to receive either all pivot-eye or all ball-end ribs or stretchers, or if desired, one or more of the pivot-eye type may be used with the ball-end type, orl vice versa. The great advantage of this combination construction will readily be seen, as with it, should an umbrella ribI or stretcher be broken and another of the type used in the umbrella be not available, the umbrella can readily be repaired by the insertion of a rib or stretcher of the other type.

In the accompanying drawing which represents a practical embodiment of the invention, and wherein like reference numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views,

Figure 1 represents a side elevation of an umbrella top-notch embodying my invention lin its preferred form;

Fig. 2, a similar view illustrating its application to the runner;

Fig. 3, a horizontal view of the top notchk shown in Fig. 1 'with a portion thereof broken away for clearness;

Fig. 4, a partial vertical section of the construction shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 5, a partial vertical section of the construction shown in Fig. 2;

Fig. 6, the same view as Fig. 4, the umbrella'ribs and the pivot-wire being omitted for clearness;

Fig. 7, ahorizontal section taken on line 7 7 0f Fig. 6;

Fig. 8, the same view as Fig. 5, the umbrella stretchers and the pivot-wire being omitted for clearness;

Y Fig. 9, a horizontal section taken on line 9--9 or" Fig. 8; and

f of the usual pin 3 which passes through suitable holes provided in the stick and ring 'for this purpose. Top-notch or notch ring 2 isformed at its lower portion with a series of radial rib-receiving slots 4 corresponding in number to the ribs used in vthe umbrella.

For sake of clearness, certain of the ribs are omitted from the drawing, only two of the ball-end type and one ofthe pivot-eye type being shown. The pivot-eye rib is indicated by 5, and is provided with the usual flattened end 5a. An annular groove or slot 6 is provided in the upper portion of top-notch 2 and serves to connect the several` vertical slots 4.v Annular slot 6 is intended to receive the usual pivot-wire 7, one end thereof vbeing passed through the pivot-eye 8 o'f rib 5 and secured to its opposite end at 9 so as to pivotally support the upper end of rib 5 within its corresponding vertical slot 4..

Should additional pivot-eye ribs be used,

they wouldbe secured in place in the same manner.l f

A portion' of a ball-end rib or stretcher is shown in Fig. 10. In order to receive this type of rib, socket recesses are formed in top-notch 2in connction with vertical slots 4. Vertical slots 4 and annular slot 6 form a series of radial partitions or lugs 10 on top-notch 2. In the opposing vertical -aces of these partitions 10 facing on slots 4, :there are provided elongated recesses 11 extending from the upperledges of partitions 1U to within a short distance of their lower edges, the lower ends of the recesses being rounded as indicated `at 12.

Slots 4 and annular slot 6 also form a second series of radial `,partitions or lugs 13 overlying and corresponding to lugs 10. The side faces of lugs 13 facing on slots 4 are providedwith rounded recesses 14 invertical alignment with recesses 11 of lugs 10. Thus it will be seen that recesses 14 afford enlarged passageways in conjunction with vertical slots 4 whereby the ball ends 15 of sockets formed by recesses 11 in the opposing walls of lugs 10. The ball-end ribs hav- .ing been placed in position in their sockets first, the pivot-eyeribI or ribs are-secured in slots 4 'of top-notch 2 by means of pivot-wire 7 as heretofore explained. In addition .to

securing the ends of .thepivoteyeribs yin`r` place, pivot-wire`7, it" willlbe' seen, prevents the upward movement of theball-,end ribs out of their sockets. The flattened portions 5a and 17 at the upper ends otpivotyeand vball-end ribs 5 and 16 respectively, allow ofthe spring-catch'20.' Runner-sleeve 18:

is provided intermediate its ends with an annular 'rib 21..Runner ring or notch-ring l 22 is mounted on the upper end of sleeve 18' and krests `on rile` 21, while upward movement ofthe ring thereon'is'prevented bylan annular` iiange 23 OrmedpOn the upper mld, osleeve'lS, Y 4

v Runner ring 22 is practicallyifthe' same astop-notch 2. except that it is'iiivertedw Ring 22,i's provided with a series of radial vertical slotsf24 =corresponding ytov slots "4 of top*-` notchf2, and an annular' slot 25 joining slots 24 and corresponding to slot` 6 oif-top-notch 2. rlhe side faces ofthe upper series oi lugs 26, thelatter being formed by slots 24` andannular slot25, are provided with recesses127similaito those formed in lugs 10 ofthe top-notch 2. VA second "series of lugs 28, underlying and .corresponding to` lugs 26, Aare formed on the' runner ring 22 by vertical rslots 24 and annular slot 25. The sidel faces of lugs 28 facingmon slots -24 are pro-' vided with recesses29 'corresponding to those in llugs'l?) of the' top-notchA 2.

`With the runner construction described,

itl willbe seen. that stretchers, either of the pivot-eye type or theball-.endtypeor the two types together may readily be secured in thev runner'by means-of pivot-wire 7'5in` thegsame manner' as the :ribs arev ,securedin the'top-notchl2. ff i. v

l It` is intended that the terms rib and stretcher shall be Y regarded as"lsynonylmous wherever they appe'arin the description or in the appendedv claims.l The same also applies to the terms top-notch, ruinner and-notchv ring]7 n Although a practical embodiment-of the invention has been shown yand described,-it

contemplated that the detail constructions may be modiied without departing from the invention, except as the same is limited by the appended claims. y

Claims: Y i

l. al rib-joint device for umbrellas have ing .means for pivotally securing thereto pivot-eye andf'ball-end ribs.

2., A, ribj Quint device -i'or umbrellas having combination socket-and-slot recesses therein -to receivepivot-,eyeand ball-end yribs and means for securing said ribs in place;

` 3. A rib-joint device for umbrellas having combination socket-and-slot. lrecesses therein for either pivot-eye or ball-end ribs, said recesses being connected-by an annular slot, and a pivot wire secured in said slot to .hold saidribs iny place. f l f 4. A rib-joint device comprising a notchring having a series of regularly-spaced vertical ribrreceiving slots y, and an. annular pivot-wire slot connecting said rib-receiving slots, whereby an upper and :a lowerseries oiradially projecting lugs arejformed on said ring, the yopposed iacesof said lower seriesof'lugs facingon said rib-receiving slots being providedfwith recesses forming rib-receiving sockets opening into said pivotwireislot.,y w Y.'

5. vA rib-joint device comprising a notche ring having a series of regularly-spaced verticall rib-receiving `slots and an 'annular pivot-'wire slot connecting said rib-receiving slots, whereby an upper 'and a lower ,series of radially projecting lugs are formed on.

i said ring, said lower series of lug'sbeing provided .with rib-receiving soclets opening into said vpivot-wire'slot, and a pivot-wire A'lior'securing ribs in 4said verticalslots, said wire,` when in place, servingto partially close the upper ends of said ribereceivingsockets. .6. Arib-Joiiit device comprising anotchs kring having a yseries of'regulailyspaced ver` tical rib-receiving slots' and.. an-annular pivot-wire slot connecting said rib-receiving slots, whereby` an 'upper and a lower series of radially projectingglugs are formedon said ring, vthe `opposed "faces of said :lower series of lugs facingl on'said riblreceivin'g slots being'provided *with recesses forming rib-receiving sockets openingintosaid pivot-y wire slot, and-the VVopposed lfaces of said' upper yseries of lugs facing .on said rib-ref .ceiving slots beingrecessed tov permitthe insertion of .ball-end ribs. into said rib-receiving sockets. l

. v1n testimony whereof I have sig-ned'my name. to this specification.y

CHARLES L'.l Bingen-Q

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2831455 *Aug 4, 1955Apr 22, 1958Philco CorpMasking means
US5193566 *Feb 28, 1992Mar 16, 1993Ocean Import Export Inc.Umbrella frame
US5247956 *Dec 30, 1991Sep 28, 1993Vincent William BGale-proof umbrella with canopy inverting and restoring mechanism
US6397867 *May 7, 2001Jun 4, 2002Ching-Chuan YouVented umbrella
U.S. Classification135/28, 135/30
International ClassificationA45B25/00, A45B25/06
Cooperative ClassificationA45B25/06
European ClassificationA45B25/06