|Publication number||US1430011 A|
|Publication date||Sep 26, 1922|
|Filing date||Feb 2, 1922|
|Priority date||Feb 2, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1430011 A, US 1430011A, US-A-1430011, US1430011 A, US1430011A|
|Original Assignee||Frank Heath|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
SARDINE TURNING APPARATUS. APPLICATION map FEB. 2. I922.
1,430,01 1w Pa ente s pt- 26, 1922.
2 3 F 1 id Z 2 o 16 I 16 H 9 INVENTOR. Fewvz f/EATH.
A TTORNEY e To all whom it may concern:
ll atented Sept. 26, 1922.
insure stares 1,430,011 ear-Eur oFF cs.
FRANK HEATH, OF NATIONALMCITY, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed February 2, 1922. Serial No. 533,573.
sardines from a tank or other receptacle and turn them into chutes so that they all move head foremost; second, to provide such an apparatus in combination with a means'for turning said sardines on their backs; third, to provide an apparatus of this class which receives the mass of sardines moving in difierent directions and turns them all in one direction; fourth, to provide an apparatus of this class which tends to hold and move the sardines in their course head foremost ,andfifth, to provide an apparatus of this class which is very simple and economical of construction, durable, easy to install, which is automatic and positive in its action and which will not readily deteriorate or get out of order.
With these and other objects in view as will appear hereinafter my. invention consists of certain novel features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts and portions as will be hereinafter described in detail andparticularly set forth in the appended claims reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the characters of reference thereon which form slightly modified form of my apparatus.
Similar characters of reference refer to similar parts and portionsthroughout the several views of the drawings.
The conveyer 1, drum 2, shaft brackets 3, pulley 4-, chutes 5 and G, sliding members 7, brushes 8, guide members 9, guide supports 10, tie bars 111, connecting bars 12,
crank shaft 13, shaft brackets 14, pulley 15,
chutes 16 and 17 and guard 18 constitute the'principal parts and portions of my structure, I
The belt conveyor 1 is mounted on afdrum 2 which is fixed tothe shaft 2. conveyor is provided with cleats 1 adapted to receive the sardines from atank'or holy per, not shown on the drawings, and carry the same over said conveyors onto the chutes 5 and 6. p in the shaft bracket 3 and is driven by the pulley 4. These chutes 5 and 6 are-positioned in rows in staggered spaced relation as shown and the extended ends of said chutes 5 and 6 communicate with brushes 8 secured to two sets of sliding members 7 above and below. Said brushes are preferably made ofmetallic blades or, other material of suitable stilfness andv secured in block 8 perpendicular with'the direction of I motion of said sliding ,members. Said brushes are inclined at an angle to the vertical plane and placed in pairsopposite each other on the sliding 'members 7. Said brushes are so placedas to form a V-shaped recess or pocket adapted to receive the fish 'or sardines from the chutes 5 and 6 respectively. a gether transversely by' the cross pieces 9.
and are supported at their ends by the su The guide members'9 are tied toport 10, one ofsaid supports also serving as a guide for the sliding members The brushes 8 are further mountedin pairs superimposed in staggered relation with each other, said upper brushes adapted to receive the sardines or 'fish from the upper chute 5 and the-lowerbrushes adapted to receive the sardines or fish from the lower chute 6 intermediate the said upper chutes. The slide members carrying the brushes above and below areconnected on either side'by the tie bars 11 respectively; Saidtie bars areprovided with bossesll adapted to .receive connecting rods 12 which are'pivotally mounted therein. The other ends of said connecting rods are revolubly mounted on the crank shaft 13 which is also revolubly mounted on the shaftsupports 14. Said crank shaft is driven bythe pulley 15 secured to said shaft.
.It is obvious that by this means of opera tion there is in'iparted' reciprocating motion to the slide members alternately with each ,other; that directly below'and extending beyond either end of said pairs of brushes there are provided downwardly extending,
Said belt Said shaft 2 isrevolubly mounted gradually deepening, curved bottom chutes for receiving the sardines as they fall from the brushes head foremost, tending to keep the sardines with their heads in that course and further to turn the sardines on their backs; that the center of gravity of a sardine is near its back so it naturally follows that the sardine Will assume a position with the center of gravity at its lowest point if allowed to turn freely.
It is further obvious that as the sardines are brought from the storage tank or hopper over the conveyerthey drop onto either the upper or lower chutes 5 and 6 respectively andthen onto the upper and lower brushes, since said brushes are reciprocably mounted alternately with each other and provided wi h comparatively sharp edges thereon and since the sardines are provided with scales the blades of said brushes will engage the scales when moving forwardly on the sar dine tending to move the sardines between the brushes head foremost into the-chutes below.
In Fig. 4 of the drawings I have shown a modification of my apparatus with a chute 5 comparatively shorter and the chute 6 eliminated or reversed forming the guard 18 to deflect the sardines as they fall from the conveyor onto the brushes which are oil set and slightly below, the upper brushes. The slide and guide members, the operating mechanism, and the chutes 16 and-17 are similar to those described above.
Though I have shown and described a particular construction, combination and arrangement of parts and portions and a certain modification thereof I do not Wish to be limited to this particular construction, combination and arrangement nor to the modification but desire to include in the scope of my invention the construction, combination and arrangement substantially as set forth in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Let ters Patent is:
1. An apparatus of the class described, including brushes placed opposite each other adapted to receive 'fish between said brushes and mounted to reciprocate alternately with each other, and means for reciprocating said brushes.
2. An apparatus of the class described, including oppositely mounted horizontal brushes vertically inclined toward and reciprocating alternately with each other,
'means on said brushes adapted to alternately engage the outer edges of the scales offish moving the same headforemost 1n the direction of the engaging brushes to- 'ward the ends of said brushes.
.to reciprocate alternately with respect to each other, a plurality of brushes secured opposite and in spaced relation with each other to each of said members, each pair of oppositely disposed brushes inclined with each other adapted to receive fish there between, adapted to alternately engage the outer edges of the scales of the fish moving the same headforemost in the direction of the engaging brushes toward the end of the latter.
'5. 'An apparatus of the class described,
including parallel slide members, means for slide members alterother, a plurality of reciprocating said nately with each brushes secured opposite and in spaced relation with each other to each of said members, each-pair of oppositely disposed brushes inclined with each other adapted to receive'fish there between, adapted to alternately engage the outer edges of the scales of the fish moving the same headforen'iost in the direction of the engaging brushes toward the end of the latter, and a conveyer adapted to discharge fish from a supply means on to said brushes.
(3. An apparatus of the class described, including parallel slide members, means for reciprocating said slide members alternately with each other, a plurality of brushes secured opposite and in spaced relation with each other to each of said members, each pair of oppositely disposed brushes inclined with each other adapted to receive fish there between, means on said brushes adapted to alternately engage the outer edges of the scales of the fish, moving the same headforemost in the direction of the engaging brushes toward the end of the latter, a conveyor adapted to discharge lish'i'roi'n a supply means on to said brushes and downwardly extending, gradually deepening curved bottom chutes directly below and extending in width beyond either end of said pairs of oppositely disposed brushes.
7. An zupparatus of the class described, including parallel slide members, means for reciprocating said members alternately with each other, a plurality of brushes secured opposite and in spaced relation with each other to each of said members, each pair of oppositely disposed brushes inclined with each other adapted to receive fish there between, means on said brushes adapted to gradually deepening curved bottom chutes directly below and extending in Width be- 10' yond either end of said pairs of oppositely disposed brushes.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at San Diego, California this 27 day of January 1922.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3315299 *||Mar 1, 1965||Apr 25, 1967||Arenco Ab||Arrangement with fish handling machines, designed to sort the fish into a definite orientation|
|US4051952 *||Sep 5, 1975||Oct 4, 1977||Neptune Dynamics Ltd.||Fish characteristic detecting and sorting apparatus|
|US4613031 *||Sep 14, 1984||Sep 23, 1986||Nordischer Machinenbau Rud. Baader Gmbh & Co. Kg||Device for sorting fish|
|US6119842 *||Mar 18, 1998||Sep 19, 2000||Ishida Co., Ltd.||Article alignment device|
|US6271485||Aug 1, 2000||Aug 7, 2001||Ishida Co., Ltd.||Article alignment device|
|U.S. Classification||198/400, 452/98, 193/2.00R, 198/775, 193/45, 452/179|
|International Classification||A22C25/12, A22C25/00|