US 1432177 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Oct. T7, T922.,
Wfl/k ai ORNEY GOLDMAN AND E EMPLOYMENT RATING SHEET.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 12, 1919.
Patented MAX M. GOLDMAN, OF SOMERVILLE, AND EDWIN THAYER, OF BRIGHTON,
EMPLOYMENT RATING SHEET.
Application filed May 12, 1919. Serial No. 296,380.
To (LM fwLO/H/ vL may cauce/ra: n
Be it known that we, MAX M. GoLDMAN,
a citizen ot the United States, and a resident oi" Somerville, county ot Middlesex and State oit Massachusetts, and EDWIN R. THAYER, a citizen oit the United States, and
a resident of Brighton, county of Su'lolk and State ot Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Employment Rating Sheets; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description ot theA invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the Same.
This invention relates to rating sheets torservants or employees. it has been the custom, so tar as we are aware, to hire einployees on the 'basis of a mental opinion ormed during an interview. Ngo two persons would form the same opinion in regard to the rating ot a prospective employee, and in fact, the `opinion ot any one person would vary from day to day, even it the 'facts were the same. It will thus be seen that` thereis a large personal factor in following the system heretofore used.
1We have devised a system of rating employees, which is based upon a wide knowledge or the various trades, and the value oit the length o-t experience in such trades, and
is, therefore, accurately indicative, in the great majority ot cases. Uur improved system is based on carefully devised numerical ratings, and by using such system, an employee will get the same rating, regardless of the person making the same. The manner in which wel accomplish this purpose will be explained in the following description, reference being had to the drawings, in
which the single figure is a rating sheet embodying the invention.
At the top of t-he rating sheet are blanks for the designation ot the trade, the insertion ot the name o' the employeeor applicant and the date.y In the drawing these have been given as Machinist, John Doe and Jan 2, 1919, by way ot example. At the left of the drawing is -a column containing the total length of experience in a trade, the numbers being `given as years of service, though any other unit may be adopted, if desired'.
During the early period of a tradesmans employment he is young and ot areceptive tent and this gradually diminishes until a maximum point is reached. It is, therefore, preferable to list each year (in the column Vtor years of experience) YIfor a number ot years, and then to s .rip a year or two until eventually the numbers increase by tives. rhis, however, is not essential, as tar as this invention is concerned, but we have found it to be preferable.
Adjacent to the column containing the total years ot service, we arrange one or more columns containing the rating to be given a tradesman from his experience in particular branches of the trade in question.
@n the drawings wel have shown three colums under Nature ot experience and Rating values, one containing the rating tor av tradesman having all marine experience, a second one containing ratings for a tradesman having partmarine and part general experience and a third for one having general experience only, the rating sheet being made suitable Yfor use in ship yards and other Aplaces where marine experience is of import-ance. ln certain trades, such as with molders, v'there need be only one rating column adjacent tothe column of years of experience, and this would correspond to the column headed All marine7 on the drawing. o
On the rating sheet are a plurality ot subdivisions applicable to various trades, such as Machinistf Electriciam Molderf Copper smith, Plumber and Boiler maker. A greater or less number of trades, of course, may be placed on the sheet.
Referring to the Machinist sub-division, itwill be noted that there are two general branches containing particular kinds of work in which a machinist may have had practical experience, the iirst group relating to shopy experience and the second, ship eX- perience, the sheetA being purposely made up for marine use. In both of the shop and ship branches definite ratings have been assigned opposite each particular class oi work to indicate the value or rating of the employee who has had experience therein.
Referring to the Electrician division, it will be seen that there are two sub-divisions, one listing the branches or the outside work .ILO
these is, therefore, unnecessar and the other that oit' inside work. vlllach of the particular kind or branches of the work has a numerical rating to be assigned to the employee who has had experience therein.
he arrangement of the Vother trades, namely, molder, copper smith, plumber' and boiler maker will be apparent from the drawing, as the particular branches of the work are plainly listed and the ratings to be assigned for each are fully shown in the columns adjacent thereto. A description of At some portion of the sheet (on the drawing they are shown at the right) is a numerical list extending from l to 100, with adjacent checking columns to permit the checking off of the sum total of an employees ratings, andan additional column is provided to permit the classification of the employee as a first, second o1' third class one. The rating in this respect may vary, but we have found it a practical and successful plan to rate all who have a total above 61 as first-class, those from 3l to 60, as second class, and those from l to 30, as third class.
Obviously, it wouldl be permissible to omit the numbers in the total marking values and the rating equivalents, and merely provide blanks for the insertion of the total rating and the class of the applicant, but it is more convenient to arrange it as we have shown it on the drawing. n
Having described the general plan of the rating sheet, we will now assume the case of an applicant for a position, with the resultant rating, as follows:
During the interview, one having charge of the employment bureaus by questioning the applicant, John Doe, learns that he is a machinist. Consequently, the word Machinist is written down after the word Trade near the top of the rating sheet. Further uestioning` will be assumed as follows: Q. ow long have you worked at the trade? A. Ten years. (Check mark No. l
. on the drawing is placed opposite in the length of experience) Has your experience been all marine, marine in general, mixed, or general only? A. All marine. (Check mark No. 2 is placed in the All marine column at the right-hand side of numeral l0, indicating the years of expe rience) Are you a shop man or an outside man A.. Shop man.
has followed, further questioning is limited to the subi-division of this branch). Q. Can
you run an engine lathe? A. Yes. (Check mark No. 3 is placed down opposite Engine lathe Q. Vertical boring mill? A. No Q. f `Horizontal boring 'mill' A. Yes; Q. Planer? A.v Yes; Q. Shaper and drill? A. Yes;r Q. Anytype ofgrinder? A. No; Q. Ever' do erecting work and bench work? A. Yes; 'Q Did you ever operate screw Having learned this branch of the trade that the applicant machines? A. Yes,.l am familiar with both tooling up and operating.
As fast as the questioner receives the answers, he crossechecks in the blank space opposite the rating of each special kind of work in which the applicant is experienced, making no checks opposite those in which the applicant is inexperienced. By referring to the drawings, it will be seen that the cross-check marks are entered up in accordance with the applicants statements. The rating obtained by the applicant from his length of experience as a machinist gives him forty points, and the sum of his ratings given him from his particular knowledge of particular kinds of shop `work amount to twenty-six points. The applicants total or resultant rating is,therefore, the sum of forty and twenty-six which is sixty-six. At the right of the drawing a checky mark is placed opposite numeral 66, to indicate the total rating of the applicant. `This, however, could be written down by the interviewer in a single blank spacev provided for thepurpose, as previously described. Since sixty-six points are above the required number sixty-one, the applicant is given a rating as a first-class machinist, as indicated by la K cross-check in the upper part of the Rating equivalents column. By following out this plan of rating employees and applicants, it is possible to get a mans resultant rating within a minute or so after the interview commences and since the numerical ratings have been carefully worked out from long" experience with tradesmen, more accuratel results are obtained than if the interviewer were of the highest skill in judging from his personal observation. one unskilled in the art ofhiring men, `can rate the applicant fully as well as a skilled person. Consistent results are', therefore, obtained, which are entirely just, both to the employer and the applicant.
'We have assumed the case of an applicant for a position and the rating of him bythe employer, so as to determine the mans pay and classification. This obviously depends upon the answers given by the applicant, but` in any system the rating of an applicant is likewise depen dent upon his statements.
The rating sheet is lfully as useful forrating employeeshas in rating applicants, but in this use of the rating sheet the employee would not be interviewed, as the :foreman or other person in charge is capable of filling out the rating sheet from his own personal knowledge of the employee. The foreman, or other person iilling out the sheet, will not, however, be required to use his individual opinion of the man, but will place down the cross-marks opposite the ratings, just as in the case of the applicant previously described.
It will he apparent that our improved rat- Furthermore,y any ing or classilication sheets can be used in various professions and occupations, and the invention is not to be limited to mechanical trades. The sheets are also capable of use in industrial employment bureaus, in labor unions, in Federal departments and other ofiices. Our improvement will be 'found oi'. particular value in settling and adjusting strikes and various labor disputes and disturbances.
The invention is not limited to the exact details describedl` as these are given by Way of example. Obviously, modifications will be advisable in certain trades, but in general, the system of rating is the same.
Having described our invention, what we desire to claim is:
ln servant rating sheets ior a given occupation, a first column containing numbers to denote the total years of experience o'l a servant in the trade, a parallel column containing numbers indicative of the value of each number of years experience given by the irst column, a third column containing alist of different kinds of Work to be done in the said occupation, a fourth column paralleling the third column, containing numbers indicative of the value of experience in the different kinds of work and a fifth column containing numbers adapted t0 be checked and which checked numbers represent the complete rating of the servant.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed our names this 16th day oi April, 1919. i
MAX M. GOLDMAN. EDWIN R. THAYER.