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Publication numberUS1432619 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 17, 1922
Filing dateMar 26, 1919
Priority dateMar 26, 1919
Publication numberUS 1432619 A, US 1432619A, US-A-1432619, US1432619 A, US1432619A
InventorsAuguste Racine Paul Felix
Original AssigneeAuguste Racine Paul Felix
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for storing and distributing dangerous liquids
US 1432619 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



v 1 432 1 Patented Oct. 17 ,1922.

t1 1 V I 5? 1 t T L 2 a 001 Felix Awg Lute, Racine,

i flzwefi Patented Get. 17, 1922.



Application filed March 26, 1919. Serial No. 285,396.

T all whom it may concern: l

. Be it known. that I, PAULFELIX Aneus'rn RACINE, citizen of the Republic of France, and resident of Marseille, 32 Rue Breteuil, France, have invented a new and. useful Apparatus 'for- Storing and-.- Distributing Dangerous Liquids; which improvements are fully set forth in the following speci fication.

Thisinvention relates to a devlce for storing dangerous liquids, by means of whlch evaporation of the liquid, and its escape through the wall of the tank, can be avoided.

Evaporation of dangerous liquids is avoided by always keeping the tank full owing to an auxiliary liquid which makes up for the dan erous liquid discharged and can, if it be advlsable, be used to displace the dangerous liquid without the latterhaving to 1pass through pumps.

scape of the dangerous liquid through the wall of the tank is avoided by surround ing the tank with a safety liquid, the pressure of which is higher than that of the dangerous liquid. In case of a crack or porosity of the wall, it will be the safety liquid that will get in, and not the danger ous liquid that will get out.

The safety liquid may or may not be the same as the auxiliary liquid. i

If the nature of the dangerous liquid, or the impermeability of the tank, make it possible, either the auxiliary liquid or the tom part the auxiliaryliquid (water).

'T' is a tube communicating with the bottom of the tankR in which the auxiliary liquid rises and balances the pressure of the liquids contained in the tank R It is .through the said tube that takes place the movement (admission or discharge)'of the auxiliary liquid. It will be observed that this tube or pipe T includes a portion which is disposed vertically in the space between thetwo tanks R v and R and that it is-w=this vertical portion which opens at its lower endv into the bottom of the tank Rfijsaid portion term nating at its upper end at a-point substantially level with the top of-the. tank R This arrangement, has

the eflect of protecting the aforesaid verti cal portion against injury, accidental or otherwise, slnce S&1d"pOI'l310Il is disposed within the'confines of the outer tank R and it also renders the apparatus somewhat morecompact for the same reason.

It is the tube in which takes place themovement (admission or discharge) of the petrol. v

In the construction illustrated, the working is as follows:

In order to store petrol, the tank R? being full of auxiliary liquid (water), thecock T is kept open, and the cock t closed, and petrol is oured into the funnel t petrol will flow into the tank, and an equivalent quantity of water (auxiliary liquid) will be discharged through the overflow In order cock 'I or by any other means. to deliver petrol, the cock t is opened, the overflow T is closed, and through the funnel T or any other means water (auxiliary liquid) is introduced into the tank R this water will expel the petrol which will escape through the cook (3. g

If cracks appear in the tank R 'it will be water from R that will get into the tank R at the bottom of which it will collect, and it will be discharged, if necessary through the overflow T or any other means.

As already stated, the accompanying drawing is merely an example, and the principle will be adapted to suit the indivldual cases, particularly when the densities of the dangerous liquid, of the safety andof the auxiliary liquids are in proportions other than those in the example described.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is Apparatus for storing and dispensing liquids, comprising an outer receptacle tov containliquid; an inner receptacle disposed within the outer receptacle; and solely two pipes connected to the apparatus, both of which pipes are connected to the inner receptacle and one of which has a portion disposed verticallyin the space between the outer and inner receptacles said vertical portion opening at its lower end into the hottom of the latter receptacle and terminating at its upper end at a point substantially 'level with the top of the inner, receptacle other pipe being disposed%- the inner;

receptacle and opening at its outlet end into the top thereof to alternatively; snplp non-miscible liquid thereinto upont e top of theliquid suppliedibiythe first-named pipe or discharge the non miseible liquid therefrom; said inner receptacle being com pletelysubmerged 'in-the liquid contained in the outer receptacle but entirely devoid of communication with the same sq as. to

lyzac constantly 'maintain at all ointsi on the outer surface of the wall 0 the inner receptacle a pressure which is constantly greater than the" ressure exerted by the specification in the presence of two subscrib- 1 ing witnesses.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4605126 *Oct 1, 1984Aug 12, 1986Hoover Universal, Inc.Pallet and tank assembly
U.S. Classification137/205, 376/287, 220/506
International ClassificationB65D90/38, B65D90/22
Cooperative ClassificationB65D90/38
European ClassificationB65D90/38