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Publication numberUS1437782 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 5, 1922
Filing dateApr 29, 1919
Priority dateApr 29, 1919
Publication numberUS 1437782 A, US 1437782A, US-A-1437782, US1437782 A, US1437782A
InventorsRobert L Smith
Original AssigneeRobert L Smith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination furniture
US 1437782 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




' Patented Dec. 5, 1922.


j 5 4 8 5 M a g 20 2 /0 UK) I y a 5, /5 I g 6- /0 v R. L. SMITH.



1,4373%. Patented Dec. 5,1922


A Patented Dec. 5, 1922.



Application filed April 29, 1919. serial No. 298,447.

To all whomit may concern Be it known that I, ROBERT L. SMITH, acitizen of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination F urniture, fully described and represented in the following specification and the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the same.

This invention relates to improvements in combination furniture, particularly intended for infants use.

lhe invention consists in the features, details and combinations of parts which will first be described in connection with the accompanying drawings and then particularly pointed out in the claims.

In the drawings Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the device arranged as a swingand table device;

Fig. 2 aside elevation partly in section of the same;

Fig. 3 a detail transverse sectional view of the same apparatus;

Fig. 4 a detail elevation;

1F ig. 5 a detail horizontal section of the connection device for detachably holding the legs and bottom rails together; and

Fig. 6 is a longitudinal vertical section of the device arranged as an infants bath tub.

Referring to Figs. 1 to 5, the device comprises a collapsible or knock-down frame work consisting of top rails 1, legs2, bottomrails 3, top spindles 4 and bottom spindles 5. l

The legs are connected to'the top rails by a hinge device so arranged as to allo the legs to be folded inward and upward against the top rails, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2, when the bottom rails have been removed.

The hinge device which is employed in the present example, comprises an L-shaped hinge-leaf 6 secured by rivets 7 to the corresponding leg and pivotally movable on a pivot pin 8 suitably secured inthe corresponding top-rail as by riveting the pm.

In order to permit the bottom rails to be connected to the legs so as to hold all parts very securely, and yet to be capable of ready removal, a special form' of connection is employed, this constituting an important feature of the invention.

Each connection is made as follows: Each end of each bottom rail is joined to the leg 11 the latter is locked in place.

by a mortise'and tenon connection. In the present example the end of the side rail carries the tenon or dowel, indicated at 9, Fig. 5, and the leg is provided with the correspondlng mortise. To hold the leg and rail against accidental disconnection a holding and locking means is provided, this consisting in t e present example, of a hinged hook device having a stationary member 10 secured to the rail and a hook-member 11 hinged to the stationary member andhaving its turned over end or hook arranged to engage the proper outer face of the leg. When the hoolnmemberis swung outward the tenon may be pulledfrom the mortise, thereby allowing the bottom rail to be removed. When the hook-member is in engagement with the leg as showtn in Fig. 5 the leg is firmly locked to the bottom rail and the whole frame work is rigid.

In order to prevent accidental opening of the hook-membensuitable fasteners are employed. In the present example a turn-button 12 is rotatably mounted in the leg and arranged to pass through a slot in the hookmember 11. When the head of the turn-button 12 is at right angles to the hook-member By rotating the turn-button so that its head is parallel to the slot, the hook-member 11 may be swung out on its hinge and the leg is freed so that it may be separated from the bottom-rail.

The under faces of the top rails and top.- spindles are provided with a series of studs, as indicated, for example, at 13. A flexible bath-tub 14, Fig. 6, has its margins arranged to pass overthe top of the top rails and spindles and to turn down under the said rails and spindles, the said margins of the tub being provided with spring sockets for engaging the studs.

It will be clear from Fig. 6 that by carrying the margins of the tub over, around and beneath the top spindles and rails, the frictional hold of the margins of the waterproof cloth of which the tub is made, will be very great, and the direction of pull on the studs and sockets will bein the direction transverse to the studs, so that there is no tendency to pull the sockets from the studs. At the same time, when it is desired to remove the tub it is easy to separate the socket.

and stud fasteners by pulling downward on the free margins of the cloth.

When the device is to be used as a swing .or baby-walker the tub is. removed and a swing-device attached to the top-rails. This swing device comprises a top frame 14 of any suitable shape, for example rectangular as shown, from which hangs a cloth receptacle for the infant. This receptacle has its bottom 15 provided with two leg openings, and its front 16 also provided with two leg openings. A flexible flap 17 is secured to the bottom and may be turned down flat on the bottom to cover the leg openings therein as shown in section in Fig. 2, thus forming a seat for the infant, when its legs are extended through the front openings or may be turned upward and back as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 2 to allow the infants.

legs to be extended through the bottom openings of the receptacle. The flap 17 may be locked in place, when down, by snap fasteners as indlcated at 18, Fig. 2.

.The top frame 14, is hung up by four straps 19 which pass over the top-rails as shown and have their ends held to the standing part of the straps by buckles 20 as shown.

A table orshelf device 21 may be provided to hold toys and the like. This is secured to the bottom rails in a detachable manner, by passing the ends of the cloth over and around the bottom rails and securing the ends to the main portion of the cloth by snap fasteners indicated at 22. a

When the swing is in place on the frame the infant may be put in the receptacle with its feet projecting forward through the front leg openings. If the device is to be used as a baby walker the bottom flap 17 may be turned up and the childs legs inserted through the bottom openings so that the child may stand on the fioor. It can then propel the framework along the floor, the friction being decreased if desired by providing the lower ends of the legs of the framework with the so-called domes of silence or similar antifriction devices, as indicated at 23.

It will be noted that the swing device may swing without disturbing the table or shelf, so that toys thereon will not be knocked off by the swinging movement.

memes It will be noted that the rece tacle may be adjusted in height relative to t e floor by means of the buckles which hold the supporting straps. Thus it is possible to use the device with children of difierent sizes by adjusting the straps so that the childs feet Wil be on the floor when its legs extend through the bottom openings. At the same time, because the shelf is supported on the bottom rails, this shelf will be at a height convenient for the child so that it can play with its toys on this shelf, whether sitting in the swing or standing up therein.

A further feature of the apparatus is that by arranging the studs for the bath-tub on the bottom faces of the top rails, there is no interference with the straps which support the receptacle, and hence the straps may be slid along the top rails, so as to support 7 the receptacle at any desired place.

What is claimed is:

1. The combination, with a framework having top-rails and bottom-rails and legs supporting said rails, of'a childs swing device suspended from the top rails and a table detachabiy connected to the botton rails in front 0 said swing device.

2. The combination, with a framework arranged to move along a floor, of a receptacle swung from said framework and having two separate leg openings in its front Wall and le openings in its bottom and also having a ap arranged to turn down to cover the openings in the bottom and to turn up inside the receptacle, said receptacle being adjustable in height relative to said framework, and a shelf carried by the framework in front of said receptacle and materially below the top of the framework.

3. The combination, with one-piece rigid top-rails, and legs hinged to said top-rails and arranged to fold against them, of bottom-rails detachably connected to said legs by mortise and tenon joints, and releasable locking means for holding said legs to the bottom rails, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2466956 *Feb 28, 1946Apr 12, 1949Milton LambertCombined chair and table
US2591911 *Sep 19, 1946Apr 8, 1952Joseph J BlockChair for handicapped persons
US2644506 *Apr 25, 1950Jul 7, 1953David BrandConvertible article of furniture
US3024035 *Apr 25, 1960Mar 6, 1962Tapiovaara OsmoCollapsible chair or wheel chair for children or adults
US4659143 *Jan 27, 1986Apr 21, 1987Maclennan DianeFood catcher for attaching to table
U.S. Classification297/174.00R, 297/274
International ClassificationA47D11/00, A47D13/10
Cooperative ClassificationA47D11/00, A47D13/105, A47D11/002
European ClassificationA47D11/00B, A47D11/00, A47D13/10D