Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1438833 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 12, 1922
Filing dateMar 29, 1921
Priority dateMar 29, 1921
Publication numberUS 1438833 A, US 1438833A, US-A-1438833, US1438833 A, US1438833A
InventorsPaul Kaminski
Original AssigneeSiemens Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Controlling system for simultaneously firing a number of guns from a central station
US 1438833 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

P. KAMINSKI. CONTROLLING SYSTEM FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY FIRING-A NUMBER OF GUNS FROM A CENTRAL STATION.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 29, 192i- Patented Dec. 12, 1922.

l i v I I I' Patented Dec. 12, 1922.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

PAUL KAMINSKI, OF BERLIN-PANKOW, GERMANY, ASSIGNOR TO SIEMENS & HALSKE, AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, OF SIEMENSSTADT, NEAR BERLIN, GERMANY, A GERMAN CORPORATION.

CONTROLLING SYSTEM FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY FIRING A NUMBER OF GUNS FROM A CENTRAL STATION.

' Application filed March 29, 1921. Serial No. 456,752.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, PAUL KAMINSKI, a citizen of the German Empire, residing at Berlin-Pankow; Germany, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements in Controlling Systems for imultaneously Firing a Number of Guns from a Central Station (for which I have filed application in Germany on April 13th, 1916), of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to a system of connection for simultaneously firing a plurality of guns by means of electricity, all the guns being fired by closing a contact disposed 15 at a central station.

The firing of a gun requires a rather great amount of energy and a multiple thereof is consumed in firing a plurality of guns at a time so that it becomes necessary to use a heavy switch for switching the current on and off.

On the other hand, the contact device at the central station is required to be easily operable, for inst, after the manner of a mouth contact or' a light hand contact. Provision should further be made for an immediate firing of-the guns as soon as the contact is closed since even a short delay will untavourably infiuencethe accuracy of fire, the more so if the guns are mounted on board a-ship rolling in the sea.

I attain the object in view by employing a relay acting instantaneously as soon as the contact at the central station is closed and which will on the other hand keep the firing circuits closed for some time, thus ensuring the firing of the guns even if the central contact is immediately opened again. This effect is preferably obtained by allowing the relay armature when attracted, to execute an unobstructed movement, whereas on returning'to its normal osition it is acted upon by a retarding evice in a manner known per se. The relay may be connected with the source of current, which supplies the electrical energy for the firing. In the drawings aflixed to this specification and forming part thereof two systems of connection embodying my invention are illustrated by way of example in a purely diagrammatic way.

In the drawings Figs. 1 and 3 are dia ams disclosing each one modification, whfie Fig. 2 illustrates in side elevation in detail the relay according to Figs. 1 and 3; and the retarding device connected therewith.

Fig. 2 shows aforesaid retarding device in end elevation.

'Referring to Fig. l, five guns I, II, III, IV, V are shown as being controlled from the central station Z as regards firing. The

' firing of the guns is effected by supplying current to a coil S'provided at each gun.

The current may be supplied from any suitable source Q of direct or alternating current, preferably from the existing net work. In the system disclosed in Fig. 1 the 00115 S are permanentlyconnected with the one pole of the source of current, whereas their connection with the'other pole is effected by a relay R. The winding W of the said relay is connected at one end directly with the source of current Q and at the other,

and by way of contact 0, and armature a ,and by way: of an easily movable contact is provided at the central station -Z,with the other 1e. When the contact is is closed the relay is excited and attracts its armature a, thereby interrupting contact at c, and immediately closing the contact 0 whereby the circuits ofthe firin coils S connected in parallel are closed a so, and whereby at the same time the circuit through relay R is interrupted. A

In order to keep the firing current flowing long enough when the central contact k is opened again immediately after having been closed, the return motion of the armature a is influenced by a retarding device of suitable construction. In. the instance illustrated in Figs. 2, 2" the retarding device consists of a gearing influenced by a vane w. A toothed quadrant b fixed on'the spindle d of the armature a meshes with a pinion 1' carrying a ratchet mechanism e, w.

The pawl a: 00-0 crates with a loosely its original position. The return motion of the armature a is thus considerably retarded and the contact is not opened until the firing of theguns is ensured.

The system illustrated in Fig. 3 essentially corresponds to the one disclosed in Fig. 1, the only difierence being that the firing of the guns is made dependent upon their actual readiness for firing.- To this end there sponding lamp L does not light up but the gun-associated therewith will also be prevented from being fired even though thecentral contact is be closed.

The firing devices of the individual guns may further be disconnected at will at the central station by means of double switches a, a

I claim:

1. In an electrical system for simultaneously firing a plurality of guns from a central station, means for firing the guns, a current supply connection between said firin means and said current supply and a firing contact at said station adapted to control said connection, and a relay controlled by said firing contact and having an armature and contact and suitable circuit connection for interrupting its energizing circuit when the armature is attracted, said armature also having suitablevcircuit connection for closing, when in attracted position, the firing circuit in parallel to said ring contact, and mechanically controlled retarding means connected to said armature for maintaining the latter in attracted position to keep the firing circuit closed for a predetermined time.

2. In an electrical system for simultaneously firing a plurality of guns from a central station, means for firing the guns, a current suppl connection between said firing means and said current supply and a tracted firing contact at said station adapted to control said connection, and a relay controlled by said firing contact and having an armature and contacts and suit-able circuit connection for interrupting its energizin circuit when the armature is attracted, said armature also having suitable circuit connection for closing, when in attracted position, the firing circuit in parallel to said firing contact, and mechanically controlled retarding means connected to said armature for maintaining the latter in attracted osition to keep the firing circuits close for a predetermined time, and a ready indicating circuit for each gun at -said station connected to its firing circuit and a manually operated switch in the firing circuit for controlling said indicating circuit, and adapted to set the firing circuit for its gun to be closed by said firing contact.

3. In an electrical system for simultaneously firing a plurality of guns from a central station, means for firing the guns, a current supply connection between said firing means and said current supply and a firing contact at said station adapted to control said connection, and a relay controlled by said firing contact and having an armature and contacts and suitable circuit connection for interrupting its energizing circuit when the armature is attracted, said armature also having suitable circuit connection for closing, when in attracted position, the firing circuit in parallel to'said firin contact, and mechanically controlled retar ing means connected to said armature for maintaining the latter in atosition to keep the firing circuits closed or a predetermined time, and a ready indicating circuit for each gun at said station connected to itsfiring circuit and a manually operated switch in the firing circuit for controlling said indicating circuit, and adapted to set the firing circuit for its gun to be closed by said firing contact, and an individual switching devioe for each gun for disconnecting its firing circuit from the control of said firing contact.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.

PAUL KAMINSKI.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2542794 *Nov 18, 1944Feb 20, 1951Bell Telephone Labor IncControl circuit for step-by-step switches
US2703508 *Apr 2, 1943Mar 8, 1955Lauritsen Charles CRocket projector
US3049056 *Jun 9, 1960Aug 14, 1962Evans Paul IWeapon control system
US4205589 *Nov 20, 1978Jun 3, 1980Engler Richard DWeapon control and firing system
US7121464May 29, 2003Oct 17, 2006White Thompkins WAutomated projectile delivery system
US8104216 *Jun 24, 2010Jan 31, 2012Id. Fone Co., Ltd.Integrated control system and method for controlling aimed shooting of sniper and observation of spotter
US20040241622 *May 29, 2003Dec 2, 2004White Thompkins W.Automated projectile delivery system
US20080092727 *Nov 16, 2005Apr 24, 2008Ben GlascockSynchronous weapon firing system
US20110173869 *Jul 21, 2011Hyun Duk UhmIntegrated control system and method for controlling aimed shooting of sniper and observation of spotter
Classifications
U.S. Classification89/28.5, 102/409, 89/41.2, 89/127, 89/135
International ClassificationF41A19/68, F41A19/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41A19/68
European ClassificationF41A19/68