US 1440014 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H KAILIO MINERS KNIFE. man APR-*5, 1920.
Dec. 26, 1922.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
. INV EN TOR.
#amw mum ATTORNEY.
Dec. 26, 1922.
. 1,440,014. H. KALLIO.
MINERS KNIFE, FILED APR- 5, 920.. 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- lllilll h llllllllllll llllllllllllllll INVENTOR. 3 i BY ATTORNEY.
variety oi good and useful purposes.
further object is toprovide a coinloina- I Patented nae. as; was a All" "y iini nv' KALLIQ, or riiiiisni un, MICHIGAJSL MINEBS i Application-filed April 5, 1920. Serial No. 371,350.
T 0 all whomit md i concern Be it known that 1,,HENRY KALLIO, a
declarent citizen ofthe United States (formerly a subject of Finland), residing at Painsdale, in the 'county of Houghton and State of Michigaii, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Miners Knives, of which the following s a SPGOlilcation.
This'invention relates to. a tool of the combination type andaiins to providewan implement of novel construction embracing a number of tools particularly adapted to theneeds of a m ne and capable or being employed to ygood advantage and tor a tion tool havingthe characteristics of a pocket knife thus perm tting g t to be conveniently carried on the person and availi alole for use whenever needed.
An additional object is to provide an ire pleinent in awhich the auxiliary, tools are carried by pivotally connected support inennloers the latter being tens on-ably adjusted to spring open for .iiiimediat'e' use. "when released and combinationtoolconstrueted in accordance with my invention;
Fig. 2 a bottom plan thereof;
Fig. 3 a side elevational view with one side of a pocketremoved to disclose the pivoted punchy, g
Fig. 4c a side view of the pivoted sup-. porting members; i
Fig. 5 isa vertical cross-section taken on line 5-5 of 3;.
Fig. 6 is a view from the opposite side of the pivoted member; p p
Fig. 7 disclosesthe kniie blade and pocket carried. upon the side of the iin leinent illustrated inFigFG; 1
Figs 8 and 9 are perspectives illustrating the manner in which the support ineinhers are fitted together; and i Fig. 10 isa vertical The invention is. constructed primarily of in. engagement with cross-section taken on line 10-.10 of Fig. 6. V
the tWo main supporting members 01? plates 1. and 2 which are similar in construction as shown and are adapted to be placed side to side for relatively lateralmovement. Each plate is provided with an opei ing ,3 through which extends a pivot 4 which joins one plate to the other. The free. end
of each plate is cutaway as at5 to accom moda-te an offsetportion 6 projecting inwardly from the inner face of each plate,
The platel has abill provided at itsfree end which. is adapted tocooperate. with the hill 8; formedo plate? to provide cutting j aws having the beveled cutting edges 9 and 10 respectively. The upper. edge 9 is convexed while the lower edge 10 isconcaved shown thetwo edges adaptedlto' movelaterally of each other with their beveled sides outwardly. and functioning after, the
manner of scissors. Between the connected ends of the plates coiled about the pivot l isa spring'll, one liali" ofwhichis adapted" to fit into the groove seat 12 ofthe plate 1 while the other half is accommodateduin a similarly formed seat 13 in plate 2. 'This springis tensionedso that the arms 14 and 15 tend to spring ..outwai'dly from each other; separating plates v1 and, ZWhen the .85
clasp is released Thisclasp consists oi an endless wire loop having side strips. respec-' tivel venlarged intermediate their ends, to
provide hubs it from which tlielooped ends and 18 extend in -ight angular relation to each other. shown. The clasp straddlesthe bill"? of plate 1 to which it is pivoted.
asindicated at :19 with theloop 17 projecting outwardly and adapted to he connectedv to watch chain, etc, while the loop18 is adapted to be hooked over theloill 8 of plate 2, as maybe seen to advantagein Figs. 2 ends. To enable the loop 18 to hetter grip the bill Sthenotch 20 is p ovid d h latter andthe pressure of thecspring arm.
15 tends to force the plate 2 outwardly, thus keeping the notched portion ofathehill tween the edge 10 of the hill and thepivotcarried collar '9]. as clearly shown in Fig.
sn'liiciently to" displace the loop from the the. loop and at the v ,v same] time providingilor a slight play hei os I 10L so that the plate can he moved inward notch when the plates are to he released. Thus far described, the invention comprisesa pair of scissors or Snips, the springtends ing to hold the cutters 7 and fj open as dis} elosed in Fig. -t. By holding, the device in the closed list with the lingers pressing upwardly against plate 2 and the thumb presslng downwardlyagainst plate 1, the cutters" 7 and 8 may be brought together like the blades of a scissors and with a similar cutting efiect. It is obvious that this cutting action may be accomplished with as much rapidity or snap as the operator desires, it
'beinggoverned entirely by the contraction of the thumb and fingers as previously pointed out. These Snips are useful for cutting fuses, and may obviously be cmployedror otherpurposes as well where cutting is necessary.
The offsets 6 and 6 carried by the plates land Q'Constitute a capresser for pressing c psupon fuses andieirt'end inwardly of the inner" faces of their respective supporting plates, one above the other, so that when the plates are together, the oifset 6 rests upon offset ,0
plane of the outer face of plate 2 and the outer surfaceof oilset 6 in the pl'ane ofthe onter face of plate 1. Each offset has provided transversely of its flat meeting face 22 eras" respectively a concaved depression or groo've, as indicated at 23 and 237 j which whenthe-ofl'setsare brought into contact by the shutting or the plates form a circularhole or afdimen'sion slightly less than the usual fusercapf In using the capcom- ,pressor the ca is lir'stl placed uppn'the end of the fuse and the plates '1 and 2 then released to permit the offsets to be spread apart'and place'd'one over and 'one below the 7 cap which then be compressed upon the fuse; by contracting the plates and causing the concaveddepressions of the orfsets to grip and bear against the cap. I
in addition to the cap presser the 1nvention embodies a pair of nippers, one on each plate, and these are formed by lIhGlIlOllIletl walls 2% or 24,- of the oilsetswhich as may be seen are inclined outwardly from the nipping edges indicated at .25 and 25. In
the opening and shutting ofthe plates, these edges just clear the shoulders respectively of the free edges ofthe plates; and, as shown to advantage in Fig.4,jxwhen it is desired to clip offthe end of a wire or other obj ect it may be inserted thro igheither the opening at 25 or the'opening at 25. and snapped off as the shoulders are moved inwardly past the edges or'the orfsets, the space between the inclined walls of the ofl sets and the adjacent edges or the plates providing clearing space as indicated at 26 and 26 respectively.
,Pivoted or otherwise fastened by means of pins 27 to'th'e outside or each plate adjacent one edge is an elongated spring bar 28, the
resend or one of said springsis adapted to bear against the tang29 or a knife blade '30,;while-tl1e end or the other springbears againstthe tang 31 of apunch element Both knife andpuncli are pivotally supportwith its outer surface .in the;
ed by the pivot the punch being carried the outside of the'plate 2, and consisting of a tool tapered'to a point and useful as a powderpuncheror for punching holes in ,metal, wood, or other material. The knittehlade is carried upontheoutside of plate 1 and is likewise pivoted at a; the tang of each tool being outwith a shoulder 33 to abutwith the edge of the tensioning spring bar when the tools are respectively swung to open position. Afiixed to eachspring bar.
and depending downwardly to overhang the I for its individual plate bywproviding a large area ofsurface against which the pressure or the thumb and fingersmay be exerted for contracting the plates during the manipulation or the device. l I
It is believed'that theoperation of the invention can be readily understood from the foregoing description, and in connection with-itsnseit-needs only to be explained that when the plates are clasped together, the de vice can be readily used either asa' knife or asa punch merely 'by swinging the required tool to open position, and when it is desired to use either the cutters, cap presser, or nipper, the clasp 18 is simply drawn back to tree the plates'which automatically spring open ready for use. Although the foregoing may be said to embody the pre ferred construction of the invention it is to be understood that various changesin re 'spect to shape, size and fornnand minor de tails ofconstruction may be resorted to, as fall within the scope of the invention claimedj H a Having thus described the invention what I claim as new and desire to seizure by Letters Patent is I l. A combination tool includinga pair of connected plates pivoted to move laterally or each other, cooperative cutting elements at the free ends of-said plates, a transversely grooved. offset portionhaving an inclined race on each plate and adapted to be accommodated in a cut-out portion or its associate plate, said offset portion adapted to be in relative abutment when the said plates are together, so that their grooves are joined to form. a circular opening, and their inclined races providingpassages opening inwardly from the opposite edgesofthe associated plates, a pivoted tool mounted on the gripping means for said tool, means for tensioning said connected plates to normally spring away from each other and catch means for releasably holding said connected plates together.. i
2. A combination tool inchiding a pair 01? spring-actuated members having scissor-like cutting ends adapted to normally spread apart, a shoulder formed on each member, an offset on each member with an edge adapted to cooperate with the shoulder of the opposite member to provide cutting means, said offsets being provided each with a groove adapted tomeet andform a circular opening with the groove of the other oifset when the said plates are together, an auxiliary tool pivoted to the outside or" each such member, side plates providing handle means for gripping and operating said pivoted members, and catch means for holding the cutter ends of said members together when the latter are closed.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses. HENRY KALLIO.
M. P ATHENAY, JOHN BERRYMAN.