US 1441675 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 9; 1923. 1,441,675. 1. D. GARVEY.
FILED JAN.1 5, 1921.
it, lite? JAMES n. or CHIGAGQ, ittinors.
Application filed January 15, 1821. Serial No. 437,524.
To alien/10m, it 'ntag concern.
lie it known that 1, JAMES D. GARVEY, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useiul Improvements in Fountain Brushes, oi? which the following is a description, reference lireinghad to the acoonnpanying drawing, which forms a part 01 my specification.
My invention relates to improvements in fountain brushes wherein the reservoir or container may be located at a distance from the brush proper; the container beingintended to be suspended or arranged in plane above the point where the brush or brusies are intended to be employed.
Hy invention has for its object the provision of a construction whereby a plurality of brushes may be simultaneously and yet independentlysupplied with the liquid in the container; each brush supply being separately controllable, at the will of the operator, at a distance removed from the container or receptacle portion of the device.
.1; further object of my invention is to rovi(le a sin'zple and easily operable construction more especially adapted for use as a paint, varnish or staining brush, either in a factory or building in erior or for use. on scaffolds, ladders and the like; the invention possessing advantages which will be readily apparent from the detailed des iption, of the accompanying drawing, wherein I Figure 1 a perspective view of the receptacle portion of my improved fountain brush.
Figure is a vertical sectional view there oi with a brush secured thereto.
Figure 3 is a detail sectional plan view,
aken on the line of l igure 2 looking is a detail view in perspective moved from each other, but all securing their supply of paint, varnish and the like :rroin a single container which consists of a suitable sized receptacle preferably provided with cylindrical side walls, as shown at 10. lbs container is also preferably provided with a dished bottom as at 11 so as to cause the paint, varnish and the like to readily flow toward the central portion of the bottom and therefore not become lodged at the point of juncture between the side walls and bottom. In the particular exemplification of the invention, the bottom is substantially saucer-shape and arranged to overlap the outer sides of the side wall 10, to which it is secured n any suitable manner, as for erample by soldering or otherwise to provide a fluid-tight joint. The flat or inter mediate portion 01 the bottom is provided with a plurality of openings, for example three in number in the drawings, each of which is shown provided with a flanged nipple as at 12. The nipples are preferably disposed through the openings so as to have the flanges 13 extend flush with the bottom to which the flanges are soldered or otherwise secured to provide fluid-tight connections. The apertures or openings in the nipples are flared at the upper or inner ends thereof to provide suitable valve-seats as at "1 1, see Figure 2, adapted to receive the swing-controlled frusto-conical valves or stoppers 15 which are secured to the lower end of rods 16. The rods 16 are preferably of length to extend to a point in proximity to the top or lid-portion 17 of the receptacle or container 10.
The interior of the container 10, at a point somewhat above the bottom thereof, is provided with a diametrically disposed strip 155, the ends whereof are shown secured or held in place by means of angle members or brackets 19, 19 which latter are soldered or otherwise suitably secured to the wall ll) so as to have one portion or leg oi? each angle disposed in a direction. transversely ot the containerdnterio-- and at diametrically opposite points. The ends of the strips 18 arcshown secured to the in wardly disposed legs or portions of the aug'le men'ibers 19 by means of suitable LL shaped clips or members 20, see Figures 2 and 41-, which are adapted to embrace the ends of the strip member 18 as well as the tree portion or leg of the members 19 and these clips or members are in turn removably held in place in any suitable man ner, as for example by cotter-pins 21. The strip 18, at points coincident with the valve operating rods16, are provided with apertures for the passage of said rods The strip not only acts as a guide for the valvestems but also intends to maintain springs disposed about the valve-stems, under comreturnedto their seats when the stems are relieved. oil theupward pull; the valves being maintained on their seats by the constant pressure exerted the springs.
In addition to serving as a guide forthe valve-stems and to maintain the springs under pressure, the member orstrip 18 also providesmeans-for securing and maintaining cylindrical screens 23 iii-place. These screens 23 are secured to the strip, or member 18 and-. held on the bottom 11 of the container-in 1 any suitable. manner; the screens 23be1ng of an internal diameter somewhat larger than the external diameter of the valves 15 so as to permit free move-' ment or operationoi the valves to and from their seatsi The screens prevent foreign matter or heavy sediment from becoming lodged about the valve-seats where it would interfere with a proper seating oi' the valves as well as possibly clog the conduits or tubes 241 which extend from the members .12 to the different hand brushes, one of which is shown at 25 in Figure 2. The conduits 24E-are intended to be flexible and preferably consist of rubber tubing, with one end suitably attached to the members 12, as illustrated for example in Figure 2, where the member 12, at the left hand side of the figure, is shown provided with the tube 21:.
The handle of the brush 25-is provided with a suitable duct disposed longitudinally therethrough and terminating at the base portion of the bristles of the brush. The duct in the handle portion. may be provided with a short metallic tube adapted to extend beyond the outer end of the handle to re ceive the end. of the tube'2et. The container 10 is provided'with a suitable bail at 26.
As is evident from the construction shown in Figure2, ready access to any or all of thegvalves in thecontainer may be had and if necessaryany onall of the valves and springs easily removed for repair or replacement by. simply, removing. the cotter-pins whereby the Clips.20 and the member or strip 18 are secured to the angle members 19. The removal of the cotter-pins will enable the strip 18 with the valves and valvestems, as well as the strainer members 23, to be taken out through the top of the container.
The lid or cover 17, like the bottom 11, is preferably somewhat saucer shaped, with the curved sides arranged to fit over the outside of the container, as shown in Figure 2. In the construction shown, the lid or cover 17 is preferably held in place by means of suitable cord or wire 27 which is adapted to be laced or passed about projections or buttons secured to thesides of the cover or lid 17 and to the sides of the container 10 at suitable Points and in staggered relation, as shown in Figure 1, when the cover or lid 17 is in proper position on the container or receptacle. The cord or wire 27 may have one end secured to one of the projections or buttons either on the container or-cover, and then passed in the zigzag manner shown in Figure 1; for example, we will assume that one end of the cord or wire;27 is secured to the projection 28 secured to the cover or lid 17, in which instance the wire or cord will then be passed about a projection 29 on the container and thence upwardly about a second projection 28 on the cover or lid and down about a second projection 29 on the container and so on until the wire or cord has passed about the container in the zigzag or laced manner, whereby the lid or cover will not only be firmly held in place, but may be easily and entirely removed.
At points coincident with the valve-stems 16, the cover or lid 17 is provided with suit able openings for the passage of the flexible elements or chains 30 which are secured to the upper ends of the valve-stems 16. The cover or lid 17, at a point in proximity to each opening therein, is provided with the U-shape brackets 31 and shown in detail in Figure 5. The lower ends of the sides of the brackets 31 are disposed at right angles to the main portion so as to extend parallel with the lid or cover 17 to be riveted or otherwise secured thereto. The brackets 31 are each provided with a roller 32; the rollers 32 being rotatably arranged in the brackets 31 so as to have the perimeters thereof disposed in proximity to -the vertical planes of the valve-rods and therefore also to the openings in the lid or cover 17, in order that the'flexible elements or chains .30 may pass over the rollers32 and transmit a straight upward. pull on the valve-stems 16., The sides of the containerlO, adjacent to the, cover 17 at points coincidentwith-thedirec tion in which. the respective pull chains 30 are disposed, is provided with brackets 33 whichmay be similar to brackets 31 and tiese brac each provided with a.-
roller 34: over which the respective chains pass and are kept out of frictional contact with the edges of the cover 17. The chains may be oi any desired length to permit oper ation of the valves at a considerable distance removed from the container 10 commensurate with the length of the flexible conduits or tubes 2a.
In the particular exemplification of the invention as disclosed in Figure 1, where the fountain brush is provided with three outlets or valves, the pulley brackets 31 are secured to the cover or lid so as to have two of the brackets disposed in opposite directions at diametrically opposite points, while the third is arranged at a point intermediate of the two mentioned brackets and disposed in a direction substantially at right angles to the two first mentioned brackets, thus leavbig one side of the pail or container free to contact with a side wall when suspended thereagainst. The brackets 33 are therefore also secured to different sides of the container so as to be in line with the pull chains or cords 30, the ends whereof may be provided with rings or handles if desired.
In order that the container may be properly supported when not suspended by its bail, I show the container provided with supports or legs 35 which are disposed in the sloping manner shown so as to prevent the container from being readily tipped over. The supports or legs 85 may be of the type shown and described in my copending application, or of any suitable construction consistent with lightness.
With my improved construction, as illustrated in the drawing, it is apparent that at least three operators may simultaneously use the fountain brush and each operator may be at a distance removed from the container or receptacle portion of the brush as well as from each other, as their supplies are independently controllable by the valve mechanism which controls the flow to the brush proper of the respective operators; the manipulation of the brush proper by an operator being permissible without in any way interfering with the operation of the other operator or operators. The pulley arrangement shown and described will at all times induce a positive upward pull to be exerted on the valve-stems for the purpose of open ing the valves l5. The container or receptaclc 10, in practice, is filled and suspended or supported above the point oi? application of the paint, varnish, stain or the like, so as to induce a flow by gravity of the paint or I other contents through the tubes or conduits (ill 5234.- when the valves 1:") have been operated or removed from their seats by a pull exerted on the chains or flexible elements 30. In the event that the bristles of the brush proper fill with paint, varnish or the like, faster than it can be applied by the manipulator,
the flow into the conduits or tubes 24lniay be quickly shut off by releasing the pull-chains or cords 30 which allow the springs 22 to force their respective valves to their seats; the amount of flow through the valves being also readily controlled by the degree of movement of the valve so that the flow of the paint, varnish and the like into the brush proper is at all times under the control of the operator; with each operator absolutely independent of the other.
It is evident that the number of conduits and hand brushes may be varied to suit the size or capacity of the container or receptacle of the fountain brush, and that other modifications may be made without departmg from the splrit of my invention which has been disclosed in what I belleve at present to be its best form, butl do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact construction shown and described.
/Vhat I claim is 1. A device of the character described. comprising a. receptacle or container, the bottom whereof is provided with a plurality of openings terminating in outwardly disposed extensions, a spring-controlled valve disposed on each outlet within the container, a guide member disposed transversely oi the container and aperturec for the passage of the valve-stems,said guide member being removably secured within the container and adapted to place the valve springs under compression, a cover or lid for the container provided with openings adapted to be in vertical alignment with the valve-stems, guide pulleys secured on the cover or lid at points coincident with said openings, and pullcords or flexible elements secured to the valve-stems and disposedtltirough the openings in the cover or lid and about the pulleys adjacent to the respective openings.
2. In a device of the character described, a container, the bottom whereof is provided with a plurality of openings, itpil'illllfitl e1;- tensions secured in said openings, the inner ends of the apertures in the extensions being flared to provide valve-seats, a cone-shaped valve for each opening, liil valves being provided with. elongated stems disposed upwardly in the container, :1 guide member or strip disposed trai'isversely within the 1ontainer, means whereby said guide member or strip is removably secured in place, a compression spring disposed about each val stem intermediate of the valves and said guide member or strip, screen disposed intermediate ot the guide member or ip and the bottom of the container and encircling each outlet opening so to permit the container and lid at predetermined points, with those on the lid disposed adjacent to each opening therein, and a pull-chain or cord secured to each valve-stein, with each cord disposed about a roller on the lid and a roller on the container, the rollers on the lid being disposed in different directions toward opposite sides of the container.
In a device of the character described, a container provided with a removable top, while the bottom is dished and provided with a plurality of extended outlets, a spring-controlled valve within the container for each outlet movable in the direction of flow through said outlets, each valve being provided with an elongated stem disposed vertically within the container, means this posed transversely within the container at a distance removed from the bottom and removably secured to the side walls of, the container, said means being adapted to act as a guide for the valve-stems, the containertop being apertured at points adapted to register with the valve-stems, guide rollers mounted on said top at points coincident with the apertures therein, and flexible means secured to the valve-stems and disposed through the apertures in the container top and about said rollers.
4. Afdevice of the character described, comprising a container provided with a removable top, while the botttom is provided with a plurality of apertured bosses, a
springcontrolled valve for the aperture in each boss and closable in the direction of flow therethrough, each valve being pro vided with an elongated stem disposed vertically within the container to a point in proximity to the top thereof, a metallic strip disposed transversely within the container at a point removed from the bottom thereof, means whereby said strip is removably scoured to the side wallsof the container, said strip being formed for the passage of the valve-stems therethrough, the container-top being apertured at points adapted to register with the valve-stems, rollers rotatably mounted on the container-top at points coincident with the apertures therein, and fiexi ble means secured to each valve-stem. and
' disposed about the rollers coincident with Cir the respective apertures in said top.
5. A device of the character described, comprising a container provided with a removable top, while the bottom is provided with apertured bosses disposed therebeneath and constituting outlets for the container, a valve for each'outlet, closable in the direction of flow therethrongh, each valve being provided with an elongated stein disposed vertically withinthe container to a point in proximity to the top thereof a metallic strip apertured for the passage of the valvestems therethrough, means-whereby said metallic strip is removably secured to the side earers ent side of the container, and flexible means secured to each valve-stem and disposed through itsrespective bracket and about the rollers thereof.
6. A. device of the character described, comprising container having a removable top, vhile the bottom is provided with plurality of apertured bosses formed to provide valve-seats within the container, avalve for each valve-seat seating in the direction of flow tom the container, each valve be ing provided with an elongated stem disposed vertically within the container, a
member disposed transversely of the container at a distance removed from the bottom thereof, means whereby said member is removably secured to the container side walls, said member being apertured for the;
passage of the valve-stems therethrough, a
spring disposed about each valve-stem in termediate of said member and the valve whereby the latter is normally forced to its seat, a foraminated cage disposed interme diateof said memberand the container bottom within which the valves are adapted to move, the container-top being provided with apertures at points adapted to register with thevalve-stems, roller-hold ing brackets mounted on the container-top at points adjacent to the apertures therein, roller-holding brackets secured adjacent to the top of the container on diiferent sides and at points coincident with the rollers on the top, and flexible means secured to each valve-stem and disposed over and beneath the rollers on the top and on the container.
7. A, device of the character describedcomprising a container, the bottom whereof provided with a plurality of outlets, a valve for each outlet seatahle in the direction of flow through the outlets, each valve being provided with an elongated stem disposed upwardly within the, container, a member disposed transversely of the con t ainer at a point removed iiioin the bottom thereof and a aertured for the passa e of said valve-stems to act as a guide therefor, v means whereby said member is removably secured to the side wallslof the container a valve-stems, a bracket secured on the top adjacent to each aperture, With each bracket disposed toward a different side of the con.- tainer, each bracket being; provided With a roller, roller-holding brackets secured to the sides of the container adjacent to the ton and at points coincident With the brackets on the top, a flexible member secured to each valve-stein and disposed over and beneath the rollers in the respective brackets on the top and on the container, each valvestem being provided With a coil-spring disposed intermediate of the valve and said first mentioned member, and a toraniinated cage intermediate oi? said first mentioned member and the containenbottom and dis-- posed. about each valve to permit reeipro catory movement of the latter therein.
8. A device of the character described, comprising a container having a dished bottom provided With a plurality of openings therein, each opening being formed to provide a valve-seat, a valve for each opening, each valve being provided with an elongated stem disposed upwardly Within the container, a guide strip disposed transversely of the container at a point removed from the bottom thereof, said guide strip being apertured for the passage of the valvestems therethrough, means whereby the strip is removably secured to the side Walls of the container, a springdisposed about each valve-stern intermediate oi the valves and said guide strip for normally holding the valves on their seats, dished top removably secured to the cont iner and apertured at points coincident with the valve-sterns, open ended brackets secured on the container-top at points coincident with a diiterent side of the container, rollerholding brackets secured to the sides or the container adjacent to the top and at points coincident with the directions in Which the rollers on the top are disposed, and flexible means secured to each valve-stem and disposed about the rollers in said brackets on the top and onthe containersides.
9. A device of the character described, comprising a container, the bottom Whereoi is provided with a plurality of outlets formed to provide valve-seats, a valve for each outlet, each valve being provided'with an elongated stein disposed vertically Within the container, an unattached cover or top tor the container apertured at points coincident with the valvestems. anti-friction means secured on the container-sides and on the top at points coincident with the apertures therein, flexible means secured to each valve-stein and disposed about said anti-friction means, the anti-friction means for the respective valve-stems being disposed. toward difierent sides of the con tainer, the sides of the container and said top being provided with projections or buttons at predetermined points, With the buttons on the top: adapted to be in staggered relation with those on the container, and flexible means adapted to be laced about the buttons of the container and top whereby the latter is ieznovably secured in place.
JAMES D. GARVEY.
DAVID 1). Burners, Gnonen W. Peron.