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Publication numberUS1441975 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1923
Filing dateJun 11, 1921
Priority dateJun 11, 1921
Publication numberUS 1441975 A, US 1441975A, US-A-1441975, US1441975 A, US1441975A
InventorsEdelin Benedict F
Original AssigneeEdelin Benedict F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic toy pistol
US 1441975 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jam.. 9, 1923, LMLQY.. '13. F. EDELIN.



nl f@ W i lll - panying drawings, described in the following specification, and particularly claimed," and in such variations *l and modifications.v thereof as will be obvious to those skilledin` nnnnnror r. nnnmmor-estimaron, marmer or contamina.,`

rammnarro rior --riaron f appneauaaniea .rane n,

Another object ofmy invention-iste provide a toy pistol in which the mechanical parts are so arranged'that the vpistol simu-v lates in form and yaction a real automatic pistol. y z 'a V lnother object of my invention is to provide a pneumatic toy pistol inwhich the air release means controls also the feed from the magazine.

Still another object of the inventionis to produce a pneumatic toy pistol in .which a selective range of power is 'provided` v With the above and other objects in view, my invention consists in the improved pneumatic toy 'pistol illustrated in the accomthe art tol which my invention relates.- ln the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this specification, andwherein the preferred embodiment of my invention is illustrated: f

Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of my invention. I l

Figure 2 is a plan View in section showing my improved air release mechanism.

Figure 3 is a plan view showing the air chamber partly in section.

Figure 4 is a section of the air chamber taken along the lines 4 4 of Figure 1.

Figure is a perspective View of the key for operating the pistol. A

ln the drawings numeral 1 represents the air cylinder of the gun which is a hollow member permanently closed at the top, preferably oval inform as shown in Figure 2,

and sli htly inclined to form a convenient grip. ttached in any suitable manner to one side of the air cylinder is the barrel block 2 bored, as at 3A to form the barrel of the gun and provided with a hollow cylinmail. aerial no. trama'.

drical bore-.4 comprising. a magazine fork holding the round projectiles or shot 5. Be-

low the magazine is the trigger loop 6 which connects with an elongated guard or cover 7 6o of lll-shaped cross section extending down along the side of the grip and forming therewith an enclosure for the-lower part 8 of the trigger mechanism. Extending rearwardlyfromthe top of the grip member are the ears tween them being preferably filled with a wooden block 10 appropriately shapedto f i finish the grip of the gun.

'.lhe bottom of the air cylinder is closed by the metallic cover plate11. of a-y shape' correspondlng; to that of the 4air cylinder having anges 12 entering withinsaid air cylinder said flanges and cylinder being' apertured with aligned threaded openings 75.

13 for the'reception'of screws 14 which hold said cover plate in place. The middle of ceives in sliding relation thereto a rod 16 of the piston by` .which air is compressed a withln the air cylinder. `Within the air cyl- "17 maintaining the rod 16 in tensioned position inwardly of the grip member. rllhe abut-ment plate 18 is apertured to allow passage therethrough of the rod 16.

Thel piston 17 comprises a vplurality of washers arranged on the reduced end 20 of the rod 16 which end isllattened on one side this cover plate is apertured atl and r'e-v as shown in Figure 2 to cooperate with like shapedapertures through the centers ofthe washers. -By this 'means the rod 16 isprevented from rotation. @ne of the washers is preferably of flexible material lian ed" outwardly as at 21 in order to more e ectively seal the space between itself and the inner wall ofthe air cylinder along which reduced end 20 of the rod 16 by a nut 22 i which has a sloping contour to its upper surface for a purpose hereinafter to be described. rlhe rod 16 is notched at several points along the side facing of the trigger c5 9 arranged in parallelrelation, the space be- .-1

aperture 30. Within the reduced portion of mechanism by means of notches 23, 24 and 25 having sloping -faces as shown. These notches. are adaptedv when the rod 16is" l wall of the air chamber 7 into which it ex-- Its inner end' is closed as shown at 29 except for a squared tends a short distance.

said barrel block is slidably arranged a valve l block 31 which is round in cross section fit- ,11.5,

ting the bore 3 of the barrel in air tight relation thereto-but freely slidable therein as best shown vin Figure 2. The valve block 31 is open at its inner end and closed at its v outer end from whiehprojects a squared .20 30`in the end 29 of the reduced portion, and

valve stem 32 fitting the squared opening slidable therethrough. vA light spiralspring 33 surrounds this stem and vabuts ment 39 and 40 respectively. The abutment 39 has a flat face 4l adapted to push against the shot in the magazine and impel them into the tube 37 causing the foremost shot to v position itself in the bore 3 of the barrel, ad- 70 at one of its ends against the closed end 29, f

theother end being held under compression by la' pin 34 by means of which spring vthe valve block is held normally against' the closed end of the reduced portion of the 'barrelblockL The strengthof this springl is suiiicient to prevent the valve block being opened( by the pressure of the compressed air in the air chamber. The end-of the valve stem is bevelled and adapted tocoact, withv the slopinlg valve bloc when the rod 16 is projected up,-

. wardly by release of the helical spring'19.

At a point remote from its closed end 29 the reduced portion of thebarrel is apervalve block 28 is hollow and apertured at af tured as at 35 to place said barrel'in communication with the air chamber 7. vThe point 36 which is normally out of registry with the aperture when the valve block is in retracted position but adapted to be placed in registry with the aperture 35 wh'en the valve block is moved forwardly a shortv distance, opening communication between I the air chamber and the b ore 3 of the barrel.

The magazine portion of the gun comprises the cylindrical bore 4 com1nunicatin near its inner end with atubular vportion 3 extending at first longitudinally thereof and then bending vertically upward. The ,end of the tubular portion facing the magazine is flared to facilitate vthe entrance ofshot therein. This tubular portion opens into the bore 3 of the barrel member 2 at a point immediately adjacent the open end of the valve block 27 when the latter is in normally retracted position. When the valve block is actuated in the manner hereinafter described it is adapted-to overrun the tube 37 and cut ofi' its communication with the bore 3: Within the magazine is a spiral spring 38 attached at each end to an abutjacent the open end of the valve block. The other abutment has an external portion 42w Servn as a knob o1 handle by which the magazine is opened, and is provided with a pin 43 working in a bayonet slot 44 adjacent the outer end of the magazine member by which the knob 42 is secured in place in the end of said member.

The upper end of the trigger mechanism 8 comprises a finger piece 45 integral therewith exposed within the trigger loop G, said trigger being pivotally secured by the pin 46, within the tubular guard 7 A leaf spring 47 lies in a recess in the back portion of the finger piece 45 and reacts between said finger piece and the outer wall of the air chamber 1. This leaf spring maintains the lower end 26 of thetrigger in engagement with the rod 16 and impels it into engagementy with one of the notches 23, 24 or 25 when the rod 16 is pulled outwardly from the lower end of the air chamber 1. The lower end vof the rod 16 is provided with a head 48 transversely apertured at 49 for the reception of the key or operating transverse handles' 51 'on opposite sides contour of the nut, to open said .4 ed to fit withln the aperture 49.

ytively. chosen by the operator according-to block is again permitted to retract by withthereof andan angular projection 52 adapt- In the operation of the device the rod 16 is withdrawn until the .lower end of the trigger 26 falls into one of the notched portions ofthe rod,the notches being selecl0 the degree of compression desired. When the finger piece 45 is pressed inwardly the trigger piece 26 will be withdrawn from the notch with which it was enga d permitting the piston to be forcibly lmpelled by the helical spring 19. This compresses alr in that portion of the air chamber between the piston and the upper closed end of said air chamber. At the moment the sloping surface of the nut comes in contact -with the valve stem 3l it causes the valve block to be moved outwardly against the tension of the spring 33 putting the aperture 36 of said valve block into registry with the operture 35 in the reduced portion of the barrel permitting-a sudden release of the compressed air through said apertures against the shot which lies adjacent the open end of said valve block driving said shot through the barrel of the gun. -The sameforward motion of the valve block closes the upper end of the feed tube 37 and prevents another shot from taking the place of the one just fired until said valve .iat-nere drawal ofthe nut trom cI intactV- with v, the I beveledemi `of the,fsame.f f lilhe magazine .is load'edfby.jturnlngl the knob luntilfthe pin "i3" congresw in; alignment; with the longitudinal portion oi the '[bay-4 oneft slot vthen withdrawing Vthe knob t2 with 'the sprin '38 and the abutment il'. .The

ing one ci them as shown at.l 5' into loperal 1 tive position relative tothe valve block 28. v 'llhe position oi thisone shot prevents theaY -k feeding or more 'than one shot into,fthe.. rbarrel ata time. j i

lt is obvious that the specific details oi" `f-ponstruction and congurationjoi partsde- 'scribedherein .may be modihed in various vways without sacricing theadvantages of theinvention yor departing from the scope vthereof as donned in the appended claims.

`ao v Patentisa-f i, p i v y l. ln .a` pneumatic pistol, an aircoma `presser having a `movable. element, a `barrel ,communicating'with said air compressor, a`

.35 valve controlling. fthe communication be-l ltliaving described my invention what lill claim as newand desire tov sf'acure1 bylietters tween-,said barreland air compressor, said movable element being constructed to de# liver a hammer blow to said valve at the cylinder having-a closed end, a'barrel com#v peak oi compression to open said valve. v 2. lin a pneumatic pistol,` a compresslon municating with said cylinder adjacent its closed end, a piston within said cylinder having a piston rod extending throughout the cylinder, means impellin-g said piston rod inwardly to compress air between itself andv the closed end o the cylinder,v a'cam member' on said pistoma valve normally closingl i communication between said compresslon chamber and barrel, a member projecting from said valve and into the path oi said cam member, said `member being so located as to' coact with saidcam member at the top oi the compress-ion stroke oi said piston to open said valve.

3. lin a pneumatic toy pistol, arhollow i member forming an oval compression chamber having a closed top and an apertured-bottom, arod extending'l through said apertured bottom, into said compression chamber, said rod having a non-circular inner end, a pis-v Y ton secured to said non-circular end including a washer tting the shape of the compression chamber and having an aperture iitting the non-circular end of the rod by ing an aperture pli,thefrod .by which means rotation oi the fred relative to the compression chamber is lpreventedgf y and vmeans engaging which ,meansy rotation oit the rod relative to [the compression chamber is prevented.

j4. ln'y ay pneumatic toyv pistol, a hollow vmember forming an voval compression chamjber havinga closed top and an'apertured bottom,'arod extending through said aperturedbottom into said compression chamber,

said rodvhavin'g a non-circular inner end .a 'triggerpivotally mounted on said hollow7 member arranged toswing in the path ot said rod', a notch in said rod 'on the side ad- ]acent' said trigger, a piston on said non-cir cular end 'including a washer tting the shape 4ot the compression chamber and hav tting the nonecircular end vonlin fapneumatic toy` pistol, a hollow member forming; a compressed air chamber, a gun barrel having an extension proj ecting v withinfsaid chamber provided with a closed .endfand a lateral I v portya valvev having a port adapted to bemove'd into and out oi registry withthe port in said barrel to con trol communication between said air chamber andbarrel, the closedv end ofthe enten sion having a non-circular aperture, a non- -ci-rcular valve stem secured yto said valve land extending slidablyvthrough said aperture,ja' spring cooperating with said valve stem-'to hold the valve in` yclosed position with said' valve stem for'opening said valve. y o. lin combination a hollow member torming an air compression chamber, a magazine for holding shot arranged adjacent said chamber.2 a barrel having adjacent ports communicatmg respectively with the air compression chamber and with the shot magazine,l a valve in said barrel movable to simultaneously open the port to the air chamber and obstruct the'port to the shot ma azine, means for 'compressing air in sai compression chamber, means in said magazine for feeding shot'to said barrel said valve beingactuated by said air compressing means.-l

u 7. lin a pneumatic" toy piston, a hollow member forming a, compression chamiber closed at its upped end and apertured at its lower end, a barrel in .valve controlled communication with the compression chamber, a valve in said. barrel., a valve operating rod extending through said apertured lower end of the compression chamber, a guide se- Stil will

llllili lllil litt cured to the inner end of said rod and makinga. substantially air tight joint with the inner wall of said compression chamber, a spring between said guide and lower end ot said chamber normally holding said rod in inward position., a cannon said rod for actuating said valve and means external to said hollow chamber tor withdrawing said rod to put said spring under compression,

a .I v 'Y j 11,441,97e'x A8. In a toy pistol, a hollow member comprising a compression vchamber having a closed top and an apertured bottom,l an apertured partition extending across said chamber in spaced relation to the bottom of the hollow member, an elongated casing extending longitudinally of the hollow member, a barrel block extending angularly of said hollow member and projectin end thereinto, said barrel block .being provided with a bore and embracing a magazine chamber, ports in said bore communicating respectively with said compression chamber and magazine chamber, a trigger loopconnected to said barrel block and said elongated casing, arod reciprocabl'y mounted in said vhollow member passing through the apertures in said partition and the-bottom of vsaid hollowr member, a notchy onl 4said rod on the side adjacent lsaid elongated casing, a piston secured to said rod near its upper end, a cam member secured to the upper end of said rod, a spring vsurrounding said rod bearing at its respective end'against said partition and piston, means on an external portion of said rod adapted to at one.

said latch .portion 1n engagement with the notch in said rod, a valve in said barrel block controlling simultaneously the ports leading tothe compression chamber and magazine and a valve stem for said valve lyin 1n the path of said cam member to be struc thereby for'operatin'g said valve when the latch means are released by pressing the fingerY piece of the trigger.A

Iuntestimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of, two subscribing Witnesses.





Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2542777 *Apr 22, 1946Feb 20, 1951Loew Burl CPellet projecting toy gun
US2580356 *Feb 3, 1949Dec 25, 1951Gayle MartinCork pistol
US2604088 *Jan 12, 1949Jul 22, 1952Daisy Mfg CoAir gun
US3245392 *Jun 25, 1962Apr 12, 1966Daisy Mfg CoAir rifle
US3269379 *Jun 30, 1964Aug 30, 1966Daisy Mfg CoFluid powered gun
US7237545Sep 5, 2003Jul 3, 2007Aj Acquisition I LlcCompressed gas-powered projectile accelerator
US7624726Jul 13, 2005Dec 1, 2009Kee Action Sports I LlcValve for compressed gas gun
US7712463May 25, 2007May 11, 2010Kee Action Sports I LlcSelf-regulating valve assembly
US7886731Feb 6, 2006Feb 15, 2011Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas gun having reduced breakaway-friction and high pressure dynamic separable seal flow control device
US7913679Jun 10, 2005Mar 29, 2011Kee Action Sports I LlcValve assembly for a compressed gas gun
US8191543Jan 18, 2007Jun 5, 2012Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas-powered projectile accelerator
US8272373Jul 15, 2009Sep 25, 2012Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas-powered projectile accelerator
US8336532May 10, 2007Dec 25, 2012Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas-powered projectile accelerator
US8413644Jan 22, 2009Apr 9, 2013Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas gun having reduced breakaway-friction and high pressure dynamic separable seal and flow control and valving device
US8567378Mar 15, 2012Oct 29, 2013Habro, Inc.Air path and safety valve system for toy launchers
US8671926Dec 20, 2012Mar 18, 2014Hasbro, Inc.Toy launcher apparatus with inner and outer tubes
US8739770 *Jun 4, 2012Jun 3, 2014Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas-powered projectile accelerator
US20130092141 *Jun 4, 2012Apr 18, 2013Kee Action Sports I LlcCompressed gas-powered projectile accelerator
U.S. Classification124/67, 124/52, 124/37, 124/73
International ClassificationF41B11/14, F41B11/00, F41B11/02
Cooperative ClassificationF41B11/642, F41B11/51
European ClassificationF41B11/51, F41B11/642