|Publication number||US1443346 A|
|Publication date||Jan 30, 1923|
|Filing date||Jun 10, 1921|
|Priority date||Jun 10, 1921|
|Publication number||US 1443346 A, US 1443346A, US-A-1443346, US1443346 A, US1443346A|
|Inventors||Albert H Coble|
|Original Assignee||Albert H Coble|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 30, 1923.
A. H. COBLE.
COLOR GAME. FlLEn JUNE l0, i921. 2 sHl-:gTs-SHEET 2 Patented Jan. 30, 1923.
r UNITED STATES inane PATENT orifice. 5
ALBERT H. coBLn, or rnanxronr, INDIANA.
coton Application led .Tune 10,
y chief objecty thereof is to provide playing elements which are suitably colored for color matching purposes.
The chief object of the invention is to utilize colors upon suitable playing elements so that said elements may be employed `in a game wherein the elements are matched ac-` cording to color so that the game will be interesting as well as instructive The chief feature ot the invention consists in providing a color game with a plurality ot playing elements each havinga portion. ot its surface suitably colored, whereby said playing element-s may be employed in a game.
The ifull nature ot this invention will be understood `from the accompanying drawings and the :lolhnving description and claims. i
In the drawings Fig. l, is a plan View of a box andthe playing elements therein. Fig. 2 is a plan view oi' the inside of the cover of they box shown in -Fig. l. Fig. 3 shows one oi the gaines played with the elements and shows said elements in the processot playing. f
1n the drawings l0 indicates a rectangular box which is substantially square and contained therein are thirty six blocks designated `generally by the numeral k11. The boX 10 is provided with a cover 12 and the inside or' said cover depicts the following: In the lett hand portion oi' the cover there lisshown a plurality of parallel rays passing through two prisms which have their apices adjacent eacli other, each showing the dispersion of the light rays of all the rays passing through the kprism except that ray which passes through the apices ot' the prism, which is a white ray. right hand portion `ot the cover 'there is shown a pair oit similar prisms placed vbase to base and the plurality of parallel light rays which are passed through these prisms are directed inwardly together and iorrn Vsecondary and primary colors.
In the GAME.
1921. Serial No. 476,396.
black. In the central portion of the cover there is shown a plurality of parallel rays striking a prism while after passing through the same are dispersed into the respective colors that include, as shown, 'thefprimary and secondary colors, to wit, violet, blue.
gwen, yellow, orangey and red in the order nained.t Positioned beneath all'of the aforesaid is a rectangular portion divided into' eight divisions, each division beingsuiti ably colored as indicated and each'havinga numerical value arbitrarily assigned thereto. vision, and black, which is the right hand division, are arbitrarily'assigned values one and eight respectively. Yellow, violet, orange, green, red and blue are assigned the values 2 to .7 inclusive respectively for playing purposes. These values are purely arbitrary and may be varied` asdesired.
Thus, white, which is the left hand di- While the invention broadly includes a plurality ot playing elemnts, these elements, while they may be in the form of cards, are preferably in the form of blocks and it has been i'ound that rectangular blocks which are substantially in length twice the width thereof `lend themselves more readily to playing purposes. The blocks therefor' inf clude any playing element of any convenient torni or material. `The blocks, and in the resent instance, the rectangular blocks, are i f tains areas which are colored with the secondary colors. Vhile a third group oi"- blocks contains areas which are colored with Two additional groups of blocks are also provided and one of these groups includes blocks having one playing area provided withwhite4 colors and thev other playing area provided with another color, either primary or secondary or black. Similarly the other group ot blocks or playing elements has one por-` tion of its area colored blaclr and the other portion provided 'with one of the colors. either primary or secondary. i i
Another block is provided which takes the place ot the double black block although the saine may be provided ii desired. This block arbitrarily assigned the numerical value l5. This block, as shown in bothFigs.
Therein said block is designated by the numeral 13 in Fig. 3 and is termed the joker One end thereof is suitably colored with the prim-ary colors, while the opposite end thereof is suitably colored with the secondary colors, of the block are colored with both white and black pigment for a purpose hereinafter to be described. Thus, the game includes six primary colored blocks, siX secn ondary colored blocks, nine compound color blocks, fourteen blocks each having white or black on one' portion thereof, and the joker block, making a total of 36.` The game lmay be extended beyond the aforesaid elements since it is to be noted that while red and yellow, primary colors, combined make orange,- and red and blue, primary colors,
i combined make violet or lavender, orange lcontinues from right to left.
and violet in turn when combined together make russet or a tertiary color. The tertiary colors are citron, olive and russet. These colors also may be included in the game and combinations thereo-f in turn may be included in the game, thus extending the game to a larger number than 36 blocks.
From the foregoing it will be noted, therefore, that this game is instructive and educational since it teaches the difference between the several colors and also whether said colors are primary or secondary colors or whether they contain any color or all the colors. Various kindergarten andprimary accessories may be worked out with the use of these colored blocks and by their use color blindness can be readily determined inthe child aS well as the adult. lso many unique designs and figures may be made with the color blocks arranged in the box containing the same. These blocks also teach color blending.
Hereinthere is given the rules for three games which are typical of those which may be played .with the colored elements. The colored blocks or elements are all turned color side down and back up upon a suitable support, such as' a table or stand and are shuffled until well mixed. Two or more players may play the game and it has been determined that each player should draw from the color camp which includes all of the color blocks upon the table, not less' than five color blocks, and in a two handed game it has been determined that ten color blocks provide the greatest interest. The game is played by matching colors and when completed the values of the colors is ascertained by the arbitrary scale heretofore mentioned and described.
In the first game each player turns Lup a color block and the one haring the highest `value colorblock plays first and the play The next player plays a block end to end against the i vfirst block with the adjacent ends having The intermediate portions colors matched. Thus, a red end block is played on the red end of the first block, if said block has a red end. Blocks having the same color on both ends are called doubles and are played crosswise and after playing on both sides of the doubles the ends may also be played upon. Preferably playing upon the ends of the double is restricted to the first double played in the game. Each time that a player fails` to play a color block on the playing color lines, said player is penalized by being compelled -to take a color block from the color camp. The firstgplayer who is Iable to match his blocks in his turn with those on the board wins the round or game and the blocks retained by the other players are then valued according to any arbitrary scale, such as that shown in Fig. 2, and said players are penalized to the eX- tent of their score. This game may be eX- tended by repeating the play heretofore described and keeping a record of each players score, the player having the lowest score for any predetermined number of completed playsl as heretofore described, wins the game. If the play becomes blocked the player' who holds the lowest valued color cards or colored blocks wins the game.
Another game which can be played with the color blocks includes the joker and the player having the joker plays first, and if no player has the joker then each player turns up a color block to see who plays first. The player turning up the joker plays first and the one so doing returns one of his color blocks to the color camp and shuffies the same therein. lf the joker should not be turned up then the player turning up the color block having the highest value plays first. rlhe first double played is the leader double and may be played on both sides and thereafter on the ends. Then the joker is drawn from the color camp it must be played as a double if there is a White or black playing area exposed at either end of the playing line. lf not then it may be played lengthwise at an end where there is a primary or secondary color having the primary end abutting the primary color or the secondary color matching the secondary color. Therefore, when the joker is played the joker in this manner is the same as one of the compound color blocks. The playing is continued as in the regular game and the count may be made either by games or by Values. i The more scientific game. which also teaches color variations, may be termed the scientific game, of which there may be two variations. The joker is played in this game (see Fig. and after the color blocks have been shuffled. back up and colors face down. the player turning up the highest valued colorblock plays the cker. The next player is arbitrarily limited to play upon the side y thereof` joker have been played upon, the ends oi the joker` may be played as Well as the sides played only on the ends of the joker having` the primary colors, the secondary color block being played only on the end of the joker khaving the secondary color blocks. Compound color blocks may be played on either endso long as they match, but cannot be'played on either of the blackand White lines. No primary colors can be played on the secondary lines in one variation of this game. Thus, ii' the compound orange and blue is played on the secondary side of the joker, or the secondary line, a block colored with blue and yellow cannot be played by matching blue to blue since the blue and yellow block is a primary block. Similarly secondary blocks cannot be played on the j 'irimary line, even thoughxthe secondary l color be exposed on the primary line. Thus,`
inthe restricted scientific variation it is. always y necessary that two compounds be played in succession in order to return in the primary line from the secondary to the primary colors and in ythe secondary line from the primary colors to the secondary colors. The lirst player Who is able to play from his color camp all of his color-blocks Wins the hand and is credited With the values assigned. to the color blocks held by his opponent. lt desired, the value of the'gainemay be `otherwise determined byy giving to the winning player the values of the color blocks held by the other players and assigning a deinite value suchas 100 or 1000 or some `other value as the score to be reached by `had to the, appended claims.
The invention claimed is: j
A game including al plurality of playing elements, each having its surface divided into portions and said portions suitably colored for` color matching purposes, one
The primary color blocks arev group of elements being colored With pri mary colors, another group of elements bel ing colored With secondary colors, a third group or" elements each having a primary and secondary color thereon, and another group of elements each having a White portion and a colored portion.
2. A game including a plurality of playing elements, each having its surface divided into portions and said portions suitably colored for color matching purposes, one group oi' elements being colored with primary colors, another group of elements being colored With secondary colors, a third group of elements each having a primary and secondary color thereon, and another tion and a colored portion. c
3. A gameI including a plurality of play-y ing elements, each rhaving its surface divided into portions and said portions suitably colored4 for color matching purposes, one Vgroupot elements beingcolored With primary colors, another group kof elements being colored With secondary colors, a third group oi' elements each having a primary and secondary color thereon, another group of elements each having a White portion and a colored portion, and another group of elements each having black portion and a colored portion.
Ll. A. game having a plurality of playing elements, each having its surface divided into vportions and said portions suitably colored for color matchingpurposes, one group of elements being'colored With primary colors, another group of elements being colored with secondary colors, a third group of elementsneach having a primary and secondary color thereon, a joker elcment having all the primary colors upon one portion and all the secondary colors upon another portion. f
5. A game including a plurality of play-` ing elements, each having its surface divided into portions and said portions suitably colored 'or color matching purposes, one group of elements being colored with primary colors, another group of elements being colored with secondary colors, a third group of elements each having a primary and secondary color thereon, another group oii'ieleinents each having a White portion Vand a colored portion, another group of elements each havinga black portion 'and a colored portion, and a joker element substantially ALBERT H. c CUBLE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2672344 *||Mar 21, 1950||Mar 16, 1954||Wakefield Fern A||Color combination game apparatus|
|US3330053 *||Dec 7, 1964||Jul 11, 1967||Gertrude Hendrix||Educational system|
|US4693480 *||Jun 18, 1985||Sep 15, 1987||Randolph Smith||Color-coded card game|
|International Classification||A63F9/06, A63F9/20|
|Cooperative Classification||A63F9/20, A63F2009/0605|