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Publication numberUS1444913 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1923
Filing dateMar 21, 1921
Priority dateMar 21, 1921
Publication numberUS 1444913 A, US 1444913A, US-A-1444913, US1444913 A, US1444913A
InventorsHampel Karl
Original AssigneeMichael Zakman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1444913 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 13, 1923. 1,444,913

' I K. HAMPEL GAME Filed Mar. 21, 1921 wuwnkoz Qttouuqa Patented Feb. 13, 1923.




Application filed March 21, 1921. Serial No. 453,912.

. To all whom it may] concern."

the county of Wayne and State of Michigan,

have invented certain new and useful Improvements. intGames, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention'relates to a game apparatus 'in which: a dart is thrown against. a target, the dart being. so constructed that When'its needle point has become embedded in the surface of' the target and an attempt is made to withdraw the dart, the needle point will remain sticking in the materialof the target and will be withdrawn from the dart so thatthe same may be used successively with a plurality of points fand the I total score obtained by a number 'of throws may be readily determinedv at the conclusion of the series by assigning to each of the needles :remaining in the target. the values as determined by its location on the target. The objeetof my present invention is to providea simple-form. of socket at the'tip of thedart which will hold theneedle firmly enough to prevent it dropping out with ordinary handling-but in which the friction betweenthe needleand the socket will be less then the friction between the needle and the target so that when the dart is withdrawn the needle will cling to the target instead of to the dart. I ,i

A further obje'ct-iof-1ny invention is to providea simple construction of the vanes for guiding the flight of the dart through the air.

appear'in the specification, the invention.-

consists of the features of construction, the parts and combinations thereof, and the mode of operation, or their equivalents. as hereinafter'described and set forth; in the claims. l I

In the drawing, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a preferred' formof dart ;-,v

Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the rear end i of the dart; I y

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section, partly in elevation of the front end of the dart; and

Fig. 4c is an elevation of the/target. Y The dart consists preferably of a cylindrical wooden shaft 1, having a kerf at its rear end to receive the vanesQ, which may be of celluloid or other suitable light stiff or resilient'material. The vanes maybe se cured in'the kerf by any suitable fastening means, as for example a staple 3. .The other or front end of the dartis provided with a diametral kerf or slit/l and a bore 5-extending a lessidistance than the kerf into the dart. Placed at the bottom of the bore is a cylindrical block of a resistant material, such as a short length of wire, which forms an abutment against which the needle 7 engages when it,is placed in'the outer end of the bore." A sleeve 8 preferably of metal surrounds the body of the dart opposite the end of the kerf 4 and .not only serves to prevent splitting of the dart but also adds a certain weight near the point of the dart. It is preferably split to permit limited outward movement of the split ends of the dart.

The bore 5 is preferably of such size that the ordinary-metallic phonograph needles may be'used for the points 7 andtor this purpose used'needles will be entirely satiswill not bev worn enoughto make them too dull .to stick into a target of the :kind intended to be used for the game.

1 The bore will of course be slightly smaller indiaineter than that of the needle; so that the walls of the bore will be spread when the needle is inserted, the kert permitting such outward movement.

The-block 6 engages the bottom of the bore 5 with a flat end. It thus serves-as an. abutment to prevent the needle '7 frompbeing driven into the bore 5 by the force of its contact with thetarget far enough to hecome wedged so tightly as not to be readily withdrawn from the dart. The block 6 also limits the extent to which the needle can be inserted into the shaft 1 so as to assure that the needles will project theproper distance beyond the end of the wood. It also aids in 6o 1 I l From the above descri tion, it will beap parent that there is thus provided-a device preventing splitting of the "wood or i1ijuryto the bottom of the bore 5,'wliich might occur if such block were absentand' the needles were driven against the wood 'atthe bottom of the bore withCQns-iderable force such as might be exerted by; contact of the point of the needIe with some harder suit-,1

facemthan that? ofthe target.

by the sharp needle points yet having sutficient firmness to retain therpoints with sufii cient friction so that the needles will remain in the target when the dart is withdrawn.=

This material must also be of suflicient strength to preve-nt penetration by the wooden end of the-dart.

. Suitable materials for this :purpose are cork,- corrugated paste-board, certain varie-' ties ofwall board,:ora softwood- Upon the'surface'of the target will be printed a design on which will preferably be indicated the amount to be scored'by the player whenever the needle point strikes within certain boundaries; As shown in the dr'awing',=the highest score will be made when, the needle point strikes within the *willbe'counte'd, and so von as indicated for 'each'of the areas of thetarget.

central circle, this counting twenty-five! If" the needle strikes outside thiscentral area but within the next ring a score of'fifteen d a certain Each player may be allowe number of trials at'the target and the dart may be thrown "in any way desired; The manner of. throwing-the dart and the distance at which the player shall sit or. stand whilethrowing'the dart may be agreed upon to suit the players.

After the dart has been L thrown and the point has become embedded in the material of the target; a pull upon the-dart to release it willcause the dart to bewithdrawn from the point since the friction between the point and the dart'will be made less thanthe 'frio f tion existing between the point andthe ma-. terial of the target. After a player has completed his turn, the needlesfmay be with-- drawn bythe fingers and the score computed according to the areas'within which the neef dle POIIItS'lIGJ" If, needles having different colors or other distinguishing characteristics are used each of theplayers may continue using the targetfwi-thout" withdrawing the points, and the total score t-tor each of the players-may be determined at the "conclusion of the gam e'by computing the total score attained by all ofthe-points having the same color or other characteristici f ofthe' character described possessing the particular features of advantage beforeeiiu; merated as -clesirable; I but W.l 1l0h" obviously The" target 9 consists preferably a-jsheet, of paper secured to the surface of abacking material soft enoughto be readily penetrated;

ofthe bore to limit the dart. r g p end a long-itudii is" susceptibleof "modification; in its form, proportions, details of construction, and arrangement of parts without departure from the principle involved or sacrificing-any of its advantages.

- While in order to comply with the statute the invention has been described in language more or less specific as togstri ctural features, itfi's to be understood that theinventionis Z V not limited to the specific details shown but l. Thecombinationwith dart having 'af;

point held therein by friction," of target Y constructed ofa material adapted-to bepenetrated by the point oflthedart, the friction existing between thedart and the point be ing less than the friction between the point and the target, when the point is embedded therein, whereby relativemovementbetween the body of the dart and the target cause the; withdrawal of the point from" the dart.

2. A game apparatuscomprisinga dart" 7 having a needle point-held in one 1 end-thereof by friction-and a target constructed of a material adapted tofbe penetrated byf the needlepoint and adapted to hold the point when penetrated ther eby' -with a greater friction than; thevfriction between the dart.

and the {needle point wherebyth e i'needle point willremain inthe target when the" dart is withdrawn; the apparatus having'inscoring.l;w. Y

3 A dart having atits forward end an ELXlELlbOI'B to receive a separable" P011113, said dicating characteristics whereby to permit p.105

dart having a diametral slitfextending in j wardj from the end 1=of the dart to permitIfyielding of the walls of the bore;

4." A dart; having at one end an'axial bore to receive a frictionally heldpoint and a block of resistant -material of less length than" the bore andpositioned at theinner end thereof tolimit the inward movement of thepoint. op i 5. A dai't havingat one end thereo'f'a longitudiiial bore and a: separable frictionally held point for the dartfadapted tobefiIiSert ed into the bore, the length of' the point being such that, when itsinner end jhas'been ansertedto apoint at which furtherinward movement 18! prevented, apenetrating end projects beyond'the end of the dart. I

' 6. A structure as in claim '5, in whicha resistant body is positioned"at'th'einner-end Adart having-at one I nal bore and a separafible'frictionally held the inward movement or.


1,44a,91s p 8 point for the dart adapted to be partially in needle, the pointed end of the needle form 10 serted into the bore, the inner end of the ing a penetrating point for the dart. I point having a substantially blunt end'and In testimonywhereof'l afiixrmy signature the outer end being provided with a penein presence of two witnesses.

5 trating point. i v v 8. A game apparatus comprising a target KARL E and a dart, the dart being provided at its Witnesses: forward end with a longitudinal bore adapt- Orro F. 'BART EL, ed to receive the blunt end of a phonograph ANNA M. DORR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2525332 *Apr 30, 1948Oct 10, 1950Alger Milton WArchery arrow fletching
US2549235 *Dec 15, 1947Apr 17, 1951Ramsey James CInterlocked multiplate arrowhead construction
US2629600 *Nov 24, 1950Feb 24, 1953Edmonds Charlie RMarker type projectile
US2796262 *Sep 1, 1954Jun 18, 1957Folberth Frederick GArrow fletching
US2882055 *May 27, 1957Apr 14, 1959Parallel Products CompanyArchery arrow
US2976043 *Feb 27, 1959Mar 21, 1961Parallel Products CompanyArchery arrow
US20070126183 *Dec 4, 2006Jun 7, 2007Willett Paul JMethod and apparatus for playing a projectile and board game
U.S. Classification273/408, 473/582, D21/387
International ClassificationF42B6/00, F41J3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF42B6/003, F41J3/0076
European ClassificationF41J3/00D6D2, F42B6/00B