US 1445738 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' J. E. ADAMS.
FILED MAY 6. I922.
Feb, 2U, 1923.
5 SHEETS SHEET 1- IN V EN TOR.
N M MT wT WA Feb, 2U, 1923.
J. E- ADAMS.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
FILED MAY 6,1922.
M w: Rims.
IN V EN TOR MMS Feb, 2@, 1923. 1,445,738.
, J. E.ADAMS.
HLED MAY 6. 1922. 5 SHEETSSHEET 3 IN V EN TOR. H J/wv A'TJMMS J. E. ADAMS.
FILED MAY'6. 1922. 5 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
Feb. 2U, 1923.. 1,445,738..
of the sections.
ntent Fe. 2d, 192..
we; STA -E PA ron'rannn none r or nnrnnnan'nnn, Wisconsin.
Application flied mayo, 1922. Serial no. i e.
To all whom it may concern. Be itknown that l, Jenn ADAMS, a citizen of the. United States, residing at Rhinelander in the county of Uneida and State of -W1sconsin, haveinvented certain new. and useful Improvements in Portable Bungalows, oi which the following is a specification.
This invention relates portable bungalow and one object of the invention is to provide a bungalow having an improved construct the sections'th'at they will be provided with dead air. chambers between inner and outer facing panels, the outer panel of each section being formed of split logs secured to a section frame and stripped to prevent air passing between the logs and the inner panel being also formed of split logs orplaster boardbacked with'building. paper and, providing sections which; will be 'airtigltt and serve very efi'ectively to exclude col l Another object of the invention is to .so construct the sections that when set up and connected the walls will each, resent 'the appearance of being formed of ogs placed vertically inside to side contact andthe bungalowwhen finished of a log cabin. p Another objectofthe invention is to so construct the sections that if desired the inner anels thereof may be left ofi and thus provi e a bungalow wit walls having unfinished inner faces without weakening the wall sections or necessitating change in the construction of the frames or joint structures Anotherobject of the invention is'to so construct the sections that they may-be very easily and quickly set up or taken apart and when set upand joined provide a substantial structure which will not accidentally comeapart. v
This improved bungalow is illustrated in the accompanyingdrawings, wherein:
Fi ure 1 is a perspective view of the assemb ed "bungalow with the roof removed.
,sembled forwar Another object ot'the invention is to so' in place.
have the appearance- Figure 2 is aview showing in perspective the sections forming a forward corner of the bungaloythe sections being separated.
Figure-3 1s a perspective view of the ascorner sections looking from theinside of the bungalow.
F1 ure 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing e sections so arated.-
lgure 5 is a gerspective view showing certain of the wall sections separated and loo'lringat' their outer faces. F1gure 6 is a perspective view looking at the inner faces-of the separated sections -sho'wn in F ig. 5.'
. gur 7 Fig. 6 put together. a
, igure 8 is a perspective view showing the sections forming a rear corner. I
Figure 9 is a-perspective-v-iew showing the sections of Fig. 8 put together and cap strips about to be put in place.
I igu're 10 isa view showing the cap strips Figure 11 is-a' transverse section through one ofthe sections.
1s a view showing the sections of Figures 12 and 13 are similar views showing modifications.
This bungalow may be provided with a suitable foundation including supporting s sts and aflo'oring carried thereby which m be formed in sections it so desired and space below the flooring closed by boarding or left'open. The invention however does not reside in the flooring-or floor supports at but resides in the construction of the walls and porch, the walls and porch being formed .in sections which arose constructed that they may be readily put together and securely connected by'joints at their adjoining ends or sides. These joints are so constructed that when-fasteners such as nails-or screws are put in place, the sections willv be prevented from having movement towards and away from' each other and also prevented from having vertical movement.
The rear wall is provided with end sections-1 and between the end sections 1 will be placed one; or more sections 2, the number being in accordance with the, size of the bungalow it is desired to build. These sections may be provided "with windows '3 or may be formed as solid sections, the windows bein of a conventional construction and set in p ace when building the sections.
The side walls are provided with forward and rear sections 4L and 5 whichin the form shown are directly connected. It is to be understood that intermediate sections similar to the sections 2 may be provided between the sections 4 and 5" if it is desired to have a deeper building. The rear sections 5 are connected with the end sections 1 of the rear wall and the forward sections 4 are connected with the front wall and end portions of the porch.
The front .wall i'sprovided with end sections 6 and? and oneor more intermediate sections 8 and in the form shown the intermediate section is provided with a door frame 9 and the section 6 has been provided with an elongated window frame 10. If de sired this could be reversed and the door provided in the section 6.or the section 6 could bemade shorter, the door carrying section placed next to it and additional sections with or without windows placed between the sections 8 and 7. I i
I The porch will be provided with upper and lower end sections 11 and 12 and upper v and lower front sections 13 and 14. The upper sections 13 are supported by posts 15 placed at the corners and intermediate the length of the porch. By providing additional sections 13 and 14, a porch of the properlength can be provided to accommodate itself to a bungalow having a greater width than the one shown. It will thus be seen that a bungalow of any size and dimensions may be formed by providing the corner sections and the proper numberof intermediate sections and that the desired number of doors and windows may also be pro vided through proper selection of sections.
The sections are provided with upper, lower and intermediate rails or bars 16, 18 and 17 and to which are secured split logs 19. These logs extend vertically of the sec tions and since they have side to side contact and have their uncut faces positioned outwardly the bungalow will have the appearance of being built of logs when the sections are put together. Upper and lower strips 20 and 21 are secured to the rails 16 and 17- and to the ends ofthe split logs 19 thus pro-' viding the sections with finished upper and lower ends and further providing joints as will be hereinafter brought out. After the split logs are secured, thin strips such as laths 22 are nailed to the inner faces of the logs to cover cracks between them and exclude air. The inner faces of the sections may be left unfaced as shown in the principal figures or may be faced as shown in Fig. 12 or as shown in 13. In the form shown in Fig. 12, sheets 23' formed of tar paper or the like are nailed against the bars to which the logs 19 are secured and split logs 24 are then nailed to these bars against the tar paper. This will provide dead air spaces in the sections and in addition will give the bungalow the appearance of being built of solid' logs. In the form shown in Fig. 13, the tar paper 23 and split logs 24 are left off and plaster board sheets 25 substituted. This form provides the air spaces in the sections but does away with the solid log appearance and provides a less rustic appearance from inside the bungalow.
In order to connect the end sections of the rear and side walls each of the end sections 1 of the rear wall has been provided with vertically disposed abutment stri s 26 at the ends of the rails 16, 17 and 18. he rails at this end of the section 1 terminate short of the end of the section thereby providing pockets 27 to receive the ends of the rails of the adjoining side wall section 5. The upper and lower strips 21 have their ends extended and reduced to provide tongues 28 and 29 which overlap as shown in Flg. 9 so that nails or screws may be passed through "sections 4 with the rear sections 5, each section 4 has the rails cut short at the forward end of the section so that the ends of the rails of the section 5 which extend as shown in Fig. 5 may extend behind the split logs of the section 4 against the ends of the rails thereof which terminate short of the end of the section as shown in Fig. 6. The tongues 30 at the ends of the strips 21 of the section 4 extend in overlapping relation to the tongues 31 of the section 5 and when fastener screws are passed through these tongues 30 and 31 and through the extended ends of the rails of the section 5 into the end log of the section 4, the two sections will be securely connected and prevented from having any movement. The ends of the section 2 of the rear wall will be secured to the ad joining ends of the sections 1 and if desired sections may be provided between the sections 4 and 5 and joined to them as described in the same manner that the sections 4 and 5 are secured to each other. The end sections 6 and 7 of the front wall are joined to the forward side wall sections 4 and upper and lower porch sections 11 and 12 as shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 4 and reference will now be had to these figures. Each section 4 has its rails cut short and is provided at its forward end with abutment strips 32 and 33 and a shorter strip or block 34. The rails 16 and 17 of the end sections 11 and 12 of the porch are extended at their rear ends and these extended rail ends extend behind the end log of the section 4. The rail 18 of the lower section 4 and the strip 21 carried thereby has its-extended end reduced to provide a tongue 35 which extends in overlapping relation to the tongue 36 of the'lower strip 21 of the section 4 and beneath the rail 18 thereof. -The tongue 35 is longer than the tongue 36 so that When the porch section 12 is in place with the rail 18-the'reof engaging the rail 19 beneath the strip 33 of the section 4,-a' space or pocket will be left section 12 is in place, the rail 16 thereofand strip 20 carried thereby extend between the strips 33 and 32 to assist,
' ment thereolf'. The rails lo and 1-8 of the low the" block 34: with the rail 18 and strip upper porch section 11 are extended as. shown in Fi 4 and extend above and be- 'the tongue 38 of the section 4 and is of till greater length thanthetongue to provide a seat beyond the end ofthe tongue 38 The end, section of ,the'tiont wallhas its, strips 20 and 21 provided with tongue extensions 39 and 10-- which fit into the seatsv l[ or pockets beyond the ends of the, tongues 36 and 38 and-are secured by screws as shown in Fig; 3. The end log of the .tront wall section is cut toprovide seats 41 and t2 and, a tongue 43, the seats 42 receiving the rails of the section 12 and the tongue 43 intending between the rails 01" the section 11 ith the lower rail thereof fitting into the seat 41. The adjoining ends of the front and side walls and porchsections will therefore be very'firmly prevented from moving vertically, pivotally or towardsand away from each other. The sections 13 and 14 have their outer ends connected with the sections 11 and 12 by overlapped tongues at theends of the upper and lower strips after the manner oi. connecting the end sections of the rear wall with the rear sections of the side walls and the inner ends of the sections 13 and 14 are held iii-engagement with each otherby overlapped tongues after the manner of connecting the sections 1 withfthe sections 5. The posts 15 which support the upper porch sections 11 and 13 are put in place at the corners and intermediate the length of the 'porch and are secured by means of screws flooring. As the sections are put together,
the ends are connected as previously brought out and the fastener screws put in place. Tn addition to thesections forming the wall and porch section, the invention 'contem to the upper edges'of and will be connected by overlapping v p in holding the porch section in place and preventing move-v tions together.
connected and will be,
plates the use ot top strips 44 which may be termed binding strips and will be secured the walls and porch tongues at their points of The binding strips for the front and upper porch sections 13 will be con= meeting,
tinuous strips the full length of the bunga and rear walls low and the binding strips for the side wall 1 will extend from the rear wall along the beyond the end of the tongue 36. ,When the ends of the porch. Therefore when the.
binding strips are putin place and screwed to the have been set up the fiooring the roof will be and the bungalow 'is ready for use. The roof'has not been illustrated as it does not form part of the invention and any desired r001 may be provided. While the roof, flooring and foundation does not form part of the stood that they may be supplied with the walls and porch forming sections and a complete bungalow thus supplied in a knockdown condition. g claimi v 1. A portable building having sections having panels, rails extending put in place comprising walls vertically disposed transversely of the panels and secured thereto, strips extending along y the upper and panels and secured to the rails and ends of the panels, the end portions of the strips being extended to provide tongues for extending in overlapping relation when the sections are toners.
2. The structure of claim 1, having the sections each having the rails at one side terminating short of the side edge of the end panel put together and receiving fasrails of an adjoining section and be secured to the same.
rails of an adjoining section and be secured to the same, the end panel at the adjacent side of an adioining section terminating short. of the ends of its rails to provide exwall and porch sections additional meanswill be, provided to secure the sec- After the walls and porchand suitably anchored to present invention, it is to be'underlower ends of the.
having the whereby the end panel at the said 'side may extend in overlapping relation to tended rail ends for abutting the endsjof the rails of the firstsection in back of the end panelthereof.
4:. The structure of claim 1 having the tongues at one side of a section extending for a portion of the width of the end panel, whereby the tongues of an adjoining section may fit against the exposed ends of the panel and when fasteners'are passed through 'the'ov'e'rlapped tongues secure the sections sides of the rails ofthe second corner section, and abutment strips extending verman adjacent the .end of thefirst section for fitting between the railsof the second corner section and bracing the sections against vertical displacement I -7. The structure of claim .l including a porch having upper and lower front and side sections and supporting pillars positioned between and secured tel-the upper and lower sections, said porch sections having adjoining ends provided with" tongue extensions secured in overlapping relation, the side sections having tongue extensions extending in overlapping relation to strips of the corner sections of theside and front walls, and the corner sections of the front wall being provided with cutouts forming sockets receivin rails of the said porch sections and firm y holding the sections togather;
,8, In a portable building walls including a front wall and a side wall having meeting.
end sections, a, porch including an end por-' tion having upper and lower sections engagthe same in strips extending transversely along the ing the said front and sidewall sections at the junction thereof, the sections of the walls and orch each having outer vertically dispanels, rails extending transversely of thesections against the inner faces of the panels and upper and lower strips extended to provide tongues, the rails of the porch sections being extended to fit behind the end panel of the side wall section and the side wall section having vertically disposed abutment strips positioned between the rails of the porch sections to hold the porch sections against vertical movement, the tongues of the porch sections being elongated and the tongues of the front wall section overlapping the tongues of the porch section beyond the ends of the tongues of the side wall section, said front wall section having its end engaged by the abutment strip and panel cut to provide pockets receiving the rails of the porch sections. r
i 9. A portable building section" comprising outer panels, bracing elements secured against the inner faces of the panels to hold place, upper and lower end upper and lower ends of the section and having extended ends providin tongues for extending in overlapping relation to tongue extensions of other sections and receiving fasteners, and strips extending along the upper ends of the section and secured to the same after the extended tongues have been secured together.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
JOHN E. ADAMS.