US 1447462 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- J. BUTSCHER ET AL SAFE - Filed Dec.
10, 1921 2 sheets-sheet 1 flr 'iwiiii g IIII and J0 Mar. 6, 1923.
J. BUTSCHER ET- AL SAFE Filed Dec. 10, 1921 2 sheets-sheet 2 ,llllll ll llllil v Patented 6, 1923.
Application filed December 10, 1921. Serial No. 521,338.
To aZZwlwm it may concern: I
Be it known that we, JosnrH BUTSCHER and Joanna SoHRoDnR, citizens of the United States, residing at Cincinnati, inthe county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safes, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings. 7 c
This invention relates to certain improve ments in safes, and it is an object of the invention to provide a novel and improved device of this general character wherein the body structure is formed from sheet metal and assembledin a manner whereby rivets are not required.
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved device of this general charactenwherein the body of the safe has its sides, top and bottom formed,
froma single sheet of material and in a manner whereby the back of the body and the swinging door associated therewith may be readily and effectively applied in work ing position. b
The invention consists in the details of constructionand in the combination and arrangement of the several parts of our improved safewhereby certain important ad vantages are attained and the device rendered simpler, less expensive and otherwise more convenient and advantageous for use, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
The novel features of our invention will hereinafter be definitely claimed.
In order that our invention may be the better understood, we will now proceed todescribe the same with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a view in perspective of a safe constructed in accordance with an embodiment of our invention, the door being in open position; a
Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken through the device as herein disclosed, with the door in closed position;
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view of the device as herein embodied, the door also bein in closed position; V
%igure 4 is a view partly in elevation and partly in section of the swinging door and illustrating the locking means associated therewith;
Fi re 5 is a view-in plan of the blank from which the top, sides and bottom of the body of the safe are formed;
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 6-6 of Figure 4;
Figure '2' is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 7-7 of Figure 4; and
Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating a further embodiment of the invention. y
As disclosed in the accompanying drawings, the body .of our improved safe has its top wall, 1, its side walls 2 and its bottom wall 3 formed from a single blank or sheet of material, the ends of said blank or sheet being comprised in the bottom wall 3 and se cured one to the other by the splice plate 4 which may be spot welded, riveted or otherwise secured in working position.
The rear marginal portions of the walls, 1, 2 and 3 are bent onthe lines a to provide the inwardly directed flanges 5 and which flanges have their free longitudinal marginal portions bent on the lines I) whereby said flanges 5 are provided with the inwardly oil'- set portions 6. Overlying the inwardly ofi set portions 6 are the marginal portions of the rear plate or wall? brazed, spot welded or otherwise held in desired position. By providing the inwardly olfset portions 6, the outer face of the rear plate or wall 1 and the outer faces of the flanges 5 are substantially flush.
The front marginal portions of the walls 1 are bent on the lines 0 to provide the inwardly directed front marginal flanges 8 and on the lines at to provide the rabbets 9 to receive the marginal portions of the outer or face plate 10 of the main door D. The for ward marginal portions of the walls 1, 2 and 3 are continued from the'rabbets 9 by the in wardly disposed flanges 11 spaced from and substantially in parallelism with the top, side and bottom walls 1, 2 and 3. The inner or free marginal portions of the flanges 11 are bent on the lines 0 to provide a flange 12 extending inwardly at right angles to the flanges 11 and terminating in an inwardly directed flange 14.
Each of the flanges 11 is outwardly offset on the lines f to provide an inwardly facing groove or channel 15,the grooves or channels of all of the flanges being substantially coplanar. After the sheet or blank has been properly bent to provide the top, side and bottom walls 1, 2 and 3, the corners at the front and rear of the body are welded.
C denotes a cabinet of desired dimensions and preferably formed of metal. The forward face of the cabinet is-open. and receives:
the flanges 12 hereinbefore referred to, said flanges being soldered or otherwise suitably secured to the coacting walls of the cabinets Interposed between the rear wall 16 of the cabinet C and therear plate or wall 7 are the Supporting cleats 17 soldered or other Wise held in applied position and-we also employ an additional bracing cleat 17, in-
terposed betweenithe bottom wall 180i the cabinet G andthe bottom wall? of the body.
Thejdoor Dfcomprises a frame, the side.
members, of which vhaveltheir opposite lo ngitludinal marginal portions defined by I theinwardly directed flanges 19 and 20, the lorward. flanges 19 being suitablyaflixed tothe oute r or face plate 10.. The inner fianges20 I have'their freemarginal portions inwardly offset, as, at .21; to receive the marginal portions (of the inner, plate 22 of the door.
Thetop bottom and one of the vertical or end members of the frameof the door are.
inwardly. ofl'set, as as 23, to provide grooves or channels, while the second vertical or end memberqof the .door frame is folded or bent tqllp'royide an outstanding flangeQA, said fiange24, seating withinv the groove on channel-1.15 of "aYvertical or side flange llwhen r reassign is in closed positionand where. by;-means isprovided to prevent mgress ,ot
firewithinthe. cabinet C when the door is.
onter or-free vertical or end memberof said 3 door frame. The base Walls of the grooves or channels 23 areprovided with; the openings 27, through which are directed the outer end portions of-thearms or links 28. A
pail- 0f arms-or links 28 coacts with each of themembers or bolts 26 one of said armsor links being operatively engaged with the stem of the bolt and the second of said arms Or,..1inks with thefootof said I member or bolt; The arms or links 28 of each pair have their inner end portion integrally connected with,.a.-collar or sleeve 29 surrounding an. eccentric 30, the eccentric 30 associated with one pair of armsor links 28 being reverscly related. with respect to the.
second eccentric. The eccentrics 30 are connected for unitary rotary movement so that upon such rotation, all of the arms orlinks- 28 will be caused to travel in a direction to move the b.olts; ;2: either ontwardly or inwardly.
When the door is closed and the eccentrics 30. rotated in a; direction to move the members 26 outwardly, said members engage within the adjacent grooves or channels 15 of the flanges 11 whereby the door D is effectively lockeddn closed position andthe possibility of fireor the like entering withr,
in the safe, or more pa lcularly the c b ne i rei ed, "Upo e erse ta ion 1 the eccentrics 3O; the bolts 26 arev retracted;
i he p mQ Bnt suflicientto 1pc he c en r cs ing movement of thepdoor 30 may be unde ent-r01? Qtt ePQrm i t e m an may a. e ey n r 1 ed;., -r t therwi as mayfbe preferred;
It is 0t importancethat themove nent of thearmsor links 28 be controlled or guided to effect the desired movement of the bolts 26 and in the present embodiment of our invention each of the arms or links 28, is provided a marginal portion with a notch or recess 31 which'is adapted to rece ive a lug 32 extending outwardly from a lock plate 33 arranged within thh door structure and suitably secured totheinwarclly offset portions 23 and} to the vertical or endfmemher immdiatel-y adjacent the hinged portion of the door. Each. of the: lugs 32', a here in disclosed, has an edge 'perpendicularly re lated to the longitudinal axis" of the co-acting portion of an arm or rod 28.,and with a second edge. arranged on an. angle of substantiallyv 45? with respect to, said longi tud nal axis of the-arm orrod ;28.. The. co,-
acting recess 31 is correspondingly formed to. snugly receive thelug and the inclinedor angular faces of thelug and r-recess co openI ate to. assure the requisite movement of the. bolt .26 and especially the movement ofgsaid boltintolocking, position: It is also to be particularly .noted that the. inclined face of.
the lug 32. is disposed inthesa'meegeneral Y direction as the p I direction. of travel of the. associatedbolt.
Hingedly engaged, asatBl With aver tically. disposed connecting. flange 12 is the inner door A which coaots with; all four of the connecting fianges: 12? tofclose the cabi.
position, the same is 1o cked by the bolt 35,
key. -operated or otherwise,- said holt being I shdably disposed through; a 5 vertical flange; 12 :and lock ng behind; the adjacent connect 7 ing flange 12?.
i In the l V 1n F1gure8, the structureis; substantially the same-as has hereinbe fore.been.- set forth xc pt hemesfiwse t' t er -aud is to be understood thatthe coactinglgframe. of theidoor is to be correspondingly rented;
r he elte s de riptio thought to be obyiousthat a safe constructed 1 in accordance with our invention is par of our nventi eillus ra p 3 111: net C. When the'inner door A s in; closed ticularly well adapted for use by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated, and it will also be obvious that our invention is susceptible of some change and modification without departing from the principles and spirit thereof and for this reason we do not wish to be understood as limiting ourselves to the precise arrangement and formation of the several parts herein shown in carrying out our invention in practice except as hereinafter claimed.
1. A safe of the class described comprising a body having its top, side and bottom walls comprised of asingle sheet of material, the front and rear marginal portions of said walls being provided with inwardly directed flanges, a rear plate securedto the rear flanges the front flanges being continued by inwardly directed flanges, a door associated with the front flanges, a cabinet arranged within the body and having one face open, the open faced portion of the cabinet and the last named front flanges being in telescopic relation, and means coacting with the cabinet and the body for bracing the portion of the cabinet from the open end of the cabinet.
2. A safe of the classdescribed coinpris ing a body having its top, side and bottom walls comprised of a single sheet of material, the front and rear marginal portions of said walls being provided with inwardly directed flanges, a rear plate secured to the rear flanges, the front flanges being continued by inwardly directed flanges, a door associated with the front flanges, a cabinet arranged within the body and having one face open, the open faced portion of the cabinet and the last named front flangesbeing in telescopic relation, and brace members interposed between the cabinet and the rear wall of the body.
3. A safe of the class described comprising a body having its top, side and bottom walls comprised of a single sheet of material, the front and rear marginal portions of said walls being provided with inwardly directed flanges, a rear plate-secured to the rear flanges, the front flanges being continned by inwardly directed flanges, a door associated with the front flanges, a cabinet arranged within the body and having one face open, the open faced portion of the cabinet and the last named front flanges being in telescopic relation, and brace members interposed between the cabinet and the rear wall of the body and between the bottom of the cabinet and the bottom wall of the body.
at. A safe of the class described comprising a 'body having its top, side and bottom walls comprised of a single sheet of material, the front and rear marginal portions of said walls. being provided with inwardly directed flanges, a rear plate secured to the rear flanges, the front flanges being continued by inwardly directed flanges, a door associated with the front flanges, said last named front flanges having inwardly opening grooves extending therealong, the door having an outstanding flange seating within one of said grooves when the door is closed, and means carried by the door and movable within the remaining grooves of the flanges when the door is closed to hold the door against opening movement.
5. A safe of the class described comprising a body having one face open, said open face having walls defining said open face, said walls having inwardly opening grooves extending therealong, a swinging door carried by the body and extending, when closed, into the open face of the body between the walls of said opening, the door having grooves substantially registering with the grooves of the walls of the openings when the door is closed, fastening members seating within the grooves of the door and movable, when the door is closed, within the grooves of the walls of the opening, means for moving said members into or out of the grooves of the walls of the opening and an outstanding flange carried by the door and seating within a groove in one of the walls of the opening when the door is closed.
In testimony whereof we hereunto aflix our signatures.
JOSEPH BUTSGHER. J OSEPH SGHRODER.