US 1447636 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' 1,447,636, J. 8. WHITE.
FILED FEB. 16, 1-922-' Patented Mar. 6, 1923.
"entree stares hdt'igifit JESSIE B. WHITE, OF PROVIDENCE, RHOIDE ISLAND.
Application fiiea February 1c, 1922. Serial no. 536,991
Toall whom it may concern:
. Be it known that I, JEssIE B. WHITE,'a. citizen of the United States, residing at Providence, in the county of Providence, and
State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fastener Devices, of which the following is a specification.
j The invention has for an object to provide new andnovelmeans of a satisfactory charactor ,for suspending articles from doors,
, partitions, et cetera, without requiring per manent fixture attachment, and without marring the surface of the structure. It is an important aim of the invention to provide such a device which will be useful to traveling people, particularly, enabling them to hang objects upon doors of closets, or the doors of rooms, so that a kit of appliances or apparel may be hung in a convenient location for use, without requiring them to be spread about, or distributed in drawers of dressing room furniture. Itis a particular aim. of the invention to provide such a de- 5 vice Which may be used without interfering with the closing of a door upon which it may be employed, and which will yet be amply strong and positive in its engagement with the door to afford a safe support for objects 80 of considerable weight. It will thus dispense with the necessity of usingscrews, tacks, or the like, and in case of special articles, and devices requiring more than one supporting element, the supports may be readily adjusted in proper spaced relation to permit the ready handling of such articles.
The device is also useful as a permanent attachment, as it will be less likely to fail than tacks, nails, and screws of the ordinary type used for supporting articles upon doors.
' Additional objects, advantages and features of: invention reside in the particular construction of device embodying my invention, and in the relation of the parts thereof to each other and to an object with which the device maybe engaged.
In the drawings, Figurel is a pers'pectiveview of a closet door upon whlch a multiple pocket device is hung by means of hangers embodying my invention,
Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of one of the hangers, as viewed from above,
Fig. 3 is a front elevational View of the hanger,
Fig. 4 is a side view thereof,
Fig. 5 is a top view of the device applied to a door,
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of another form of hanger device in which the spring is formed separate and subsequently connected to one of the arms thereof,
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of my device formed of wire.
There is illustrated a door 10, in the present instance shown as a closet door, although my device may be applied with equal facility to various doors. Upon the upper edge of the door there are engaged hanger clamps 11, a multiple pocket holder or container 12 for slippers or other articles beingsuspended therefrom, although various other objects or articles may be suspended from the hangers 11. The container 12 is of a character which is adapted to be readily rolled up and disposed in a suit case or trunk, and includes a back piece 13, upon which the pockets 14 are sewed. At the upper corners of the back 13, there are attached loops 15, which are engaged in hooks 16 formed upon the lower parts of the hangers 11. This attachment of the loops 15 to the hangers may be permanent, if desired by turning the hook element 16 inwardly so as to close over the loop 15, or the hooks may be left sutficiently open to receive theloop.
The hanger devices 11 are preferably each stamped from resilient sheet material, and
in some cases are formed integrally from one blank. Each hanger comprises a body portion 17 broadened medially as at 18 (though this is not essential), with its opposite end portionsbent into planesat right angles to each other on a line transversely of the broadened part, and if desired, the central portion may be cut away to save material and lighten the device. One lower portion of the body may be extended ,as at 19 and recurved to form a hook '16 or eye the lower parts of the body may be shaped to provide various useful devices.
The arms 23 may be slightly attenuated at their medial portions, in order to attain proper flexure. The extremities of the arms are also extended downwardly and turned outwardly as at 24, which permits these ends to be adjusted upon the door or other support without marring the surface.
In putting the hangers in place, one is grasped by the lower part 19 and adjusted.
over the top edge of the door which is to serve as a support. The ends of thearms 23 are adjusted against the face of the door opposite the jamb, with the angle in the broad part 18 disposed medially over the door. downward pull on the hook end of the hanger then will cause the part 19 to.
slide into place against the inner face of the door, or that next to the jamb, the arms 23 yielding sufiiciently and easily by this operation to accommodate the, hanger to the thick ness of the door. The arms 23 will also slide downward at the same time, so that the portion 17 of the device will rest snugly upon the top edge ofthe door. Thetwo or more hangers being thus engaged and the article to be suspended being in place, the door may then be easily closed without interference, or obstruction. Y
In practice, the device has been formed of sheet metal one thirty second of an inch in thickness, the span of the arms 23 being about four inches, and the part 17 measuring about two inches between bends. Other materials may be used. however.
In Figures 1 to 5, I have shown the hook blank as formed from a single piece of sheet stock but 1n some lnstances, as lllustrated 111 Fig. ,6, the spring gripping arm members 'may be formed separately and independent ofthe body portion of the hook member and connected thereto by any suitable means. In one instance, a portion of the stock of the front or back may be forced inwardly as at 25 in Fig. 6, forming a loop through. which the separate spring arm 26 may be passed and secured. This also per mits the bodyof the stock to be formed of.
strap stock, or simple blanks cut, with practically no waste, for the particular form shown.
One advantage in forming. the spring,
member separate from the body member is that the spring member may then be made of spring stock while the rest of the body portion may be formed of a more ductile metal which has no spring temper. Then again by forming the spring arm separate and independent of the body portion of the hook, the stock wasted in the operation is reduced to the minimum. The body with thespring inserted as in Fig. 6 may have the form shown in Figs. 1 to 5, if desired.
In Fig. 6 the hanger is formed with a hook on both of itsvertical arms so as to suspend articles therefrom on both, sides of the door, or other support. V I have described, this hook as. being formed of sheet metal, butI do not wish to be limited to forming the same of sheet stock as in some instances a length of. wire may be folded into the desired shape to per form substantially the same function, as
indicated in Fig. 7. In this case, a single piece of wire is bent to form a bight 30. with its opposite portions extended in parallel reiation adistance, the parallel parts are commonly bent to form a hook 31 of which the bight 30 forms the bill with shanks 32 extending vertically. The wires are then bent backwardly at right angles to form top bars 33, then bent downwardly parallel to the shanks 32 forming back bars 34:. The end portions are then bent outwardly in opposite directions, but inclined toward the plane of the shanks '32 formed spring arms 35, and then curved backwardly and each formed with an eye 36, to prevent abrasion of doors or for other purposes; or otherwise shaped for any desired purpose of utility. The top bars may be flattened as far as desired to permit use on doors which must be closed. It may be desirable to flatten the angles at two lines spaced a distance much greater. than the thickness of doorstobe engaged and shaped to provide a thin flat cross plate and substantially parallel spaced door receiving members, onebeing very thin and fiat and having an article supporting means at its lower end, and a bow spring limited only by the terms of the appended member transversely disposed on the other of said members to grip a door, its arms on a curve at an angle to the-arms of the 10 spring, whereby the method of application described may be followed. 7
In testimony whereof I have afiixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JESSIE B. WHITE. Witnesses:
FRED B. WHITE, ROBERT L. WARD.