|Publication number||US1447828 A|
|Publication date||Mar 6, 1923|
|Filing date||Oct 13, 1921|
|Priority date||Oct 13, 1921|
|Publication number||US 1447828 A, US 1447828A, US-A-1447828, US1447828 A, US1447828A|
|Original Assignee||William Westbury|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Mal'. 6, 1923. 1,447,828. W. WESTBURY. CYLINDER CAPPING DEVICE.
, WILLIAM VVES'JJBURY,` OF CANEY, KANSAS.
i CYLINDER-CAPPING- DEVICE.
Application led October 13, 1921. Serial lNo. 507,404.
' To aZZ 'whom t may concern: the crossed ends of the applied cracking Be it known that I, WILLIAM WESTBURY, wire. y
a citizen of the United States, residing-at `Referring now more particularly to the Caney, in the county of Montgomery and drawing, 1 represents in general a capping State of Kansas, have"invented new and horse of any ordinary or approved construc- 60 useful Improvements in Cylinder-Capping tion, that shown in the present instance Devices, of which the following is a speci being provided with suitably arranged and fication. Y spaced saddles 2 to receive the glass cylin- This invention-relates to an electrical capder 3 which rests therein. Properly mountping devicefor use in severingy glass cylined at one side of the capping horse is a rod 65 ders into suitable lengths preparatory to 0r bar 4:, which is arranged at one side of opening and flattening the cylinder sections the capping horse above the level of the for the production of window glass. More saddles and extends parallel with the cylinespecially the invention relates to a capping der 3.
device of thatkind employing an electri- The capping device comprises a socketv 70 cally heated cracking wire which is passed member 5 made of fiber or any other suitaround the cylinder at the point where the able electric insulating material, and having cylinder is to be cut. contained therein a Contact spring 6 of One object of the invention is to probrass or other suitable material, with which vide a simple, inexpensive and efficient type is connected one of the electric conductors 75 of device of this character which may be or feed wires 7. This socket member 5 is readily and conveniently applied for use .supported upon the rod or bar 4 by means and which' is adapted 'for use in connection of a two-part clamp 8, the parts of which with cylinders of 'different diameters. are adjustably and detachably connected Afurther object of the invention is to proby mea-ns of a screw or bolt 9, whereby 80 vide a capping device whereby the heat may the socket piece may be fixed in posibe applied as required to thick and thin tion or loosened for removal or adjustportions of a cylinder, thereby preventing ment as occasion may require. A single the fractures and waste caused in the use of socket piece of this character may be pro- 3o ordinary capping devices wherein the heat vided and adjusted longitudinally along the 85 '50 therein.'
55 ef Figures Shaving, the @sagement af @getwis uniformly transmitted by the cracking rod or bar 4 to any point4 along the wire without regard to the relative thicklength of the cylinder where the cut is to nes's ofportions of the part ofthe cylinder be made; or a series of such socket pieces, encompassed thereby. suitably spaced apart, may be provided for The invention consists of the features of the application of the cracking device at 90 construction, combination and arrangement proper points along the length ofthe cylinof parts, hereinafter fully described and der. claimed, reference being had to the accom f A capping stick is provided for detachpanying`drawing,in which able Vconnection with the socket piece and Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portion consists of a head portion 10, a shank por- 95- of a capping horse and a portion `of a glass tion 11 and an arm 12 connecting said head cylinder resting therein, showing the apand shankportions. The head and shank plication of the invention. portions are preferably made of fiber or Figure I2 is a cross sectional view thereof, some other suitable electric non-conducting a5 showing-fthe device as arranged for use, and material, while the varm 12 may be composed 100 also showing the circuit closing element, V of a bar ofmetal of proper kind and thick- 5`i'gure 3 is a longitudinal section through ness to give the necessary strength and the socket and aside elevation of the shank rigidity. The fshank portion 11 is of a portionof thecapping stick adapted to fit form to t within the socket piece 5 and is 'l l provided with a' stop or abutment 1B to 105 "Figure l 4is a perspective' view, the adlimit its insertingmovement. The shank justable nose piece,` or conductor on the portion 11 carries alv spring metal contact StickA .14 for engagement with the contact 6 `in `Fitalia 5 is a aan einenV on une 5 5 the socket pieces Whenfsaia parte are raad bow form. Said nose piece'l ispvotally' mounted, as at 16, at the anglevof intersection of its arms 17 and 18 upon the head piece 10, and the arm 1-7= thereof isconnected l with the spring Contact 14: by a conducting side of the electric circuit.r
wire 19,. whereby when theicapping stick-is fitted in the socket member the nose piece or conductor 15 will be electrically connectedwith the feed wire 'T forming. one
lThe arm lof the nose piece 15 is con`1- parativ-ely broad and provided 'withan aro# uateslot 2Q .through which passes a clampingscrew -or-bolt 21 carried bythe head piece 10,wliereby1said nose piece or conductorlds adj ustab-lymounted on theI head piece 10'so'thatits` arm llinayl be disposed atfdifi'erent/working Yangles to*v adapt' the cracking wire 22 to be properly disposed and passed aroundglass-cylinders varying in diameter, thus-making the device applicable, without adjustment of the capping stick per se, to different diameters of cylinders".` As shown. the crackingwire 22, which is made of high resistance metal, is secured at one end 23to the arm lof the nose piece or conductor 15, and saidw wire is thence passed` forv use' oncearound the cylinder 3 so that its'- opposite end 24 vwill extend beyond or across the end 23.- -The end 24 of the arm thence passesarounda pulley or otherguide member 25 carried by-aI Vcoiled spring 26 securedto the-shank 11 and is finally fas tened in any removablemanner tothe head portionf10,fas bymeans' of-a clamp screw or other suitable fastening device 27. The portionf24fof the wire is thus looped or guided forrunningf. connection with the guide 25 and is adapted to be drawn upon by the spring 26, the parts 25 and 26 serving as anautomatictakefup device for taking up anyv slack in the wire 22 which may occur after the wirefis' applied and the current turned `on, l such slack A commonly occurring asa result of the expansion of the wire. A. circuit-closing device 2S is provided for completing the circuit forfcausing the elec trie-current togpass entirely throughtheY wire 22or-through fa determined' portion thereofg-'lvliis circuit.closingedevice/ 28 cousists' of afiber on other' non-conducting block,preper-lyf shapedso that it may be easily heldsin'thehand ofthe operatorysaid blockhavingspaeed circuit contacts adapted to be'conneetedbya snap switch 29fwhereby the current may,v beturnedkonand off. .f One off-said; contacts is connected with;v af second feed wire 30,v whilethe other cntact Vis-"con-u heated-withefcentet'Point 31- It will be'observed that the arin '-conducvztor 15 is provided with an insulated Ynei/insee covering 32 against which the end 24:0f the cracking wire 22 bears at the point where it crosses the end 23 of said wire, the saia ends 23 and 24 of the cracking wire bein thus insulated from each other. 'The en 23 of the wire being connected with the conductor 15A, which 1s connected with the feed Wire `7, it will be evident' that when the contact point 31 of the circuit closing device 28 is brought -into 4contaot'with the end 24 of the wire 22,"and the'switch 29 is turned on, an electric circuitwill\be-"cDmpleted entirely through the wire22, whereby said wire will be'heated throughout.- In such operationit will be apparent that' the entire circumference of the l'cylinderygat the point where it is encompassed by the jwire 22, will ybewheated for Vthe cracking Joperation. The construction described, however, adaptsthe vdevice for juss-in heatingonly .a portion of the wireyand'-consequently a be applied at any point around thewire 22 i in which event the current; will pass onlyLV through that portion of the wire' through which the current is appliedl between the conductor' 15and the contactpointl, thus enabling' a thickportion of;a cylinder to be heated before a comparatively thinner part is heated. Itfrequently happens that the glass of the cylinder isfuneven-in thickness, the cylinderbei'ngthicker-at one side atV the pointtobe cracked thanit isf at thekother side.- If, under-such conditions; the cylinder ris heated to theA sanneintensityall around, the thin part will be heated suf# ciently for cracking, but the'thick will not `be heated sufliciently to-breQak-clean, whileif the thick `part of thel-cylinder is heated sufficiently for a clean break the, thin part will vbe burnt, `causing -checks'or' flaws therein. By means of my device-,3 these ob jections'may be avoided, `as the thick Vpart of thel cylinder may'first be heated -to apreliininary extent while the thin part remains unheated, andthen; the? current may be turned fullyfon-'throughout the whole-of the wireto *heat the fcylinderallthe 'wayaround thus heating both the-,thick and-thiny Lparts tothe; exact degree required rto secure` a clean break all around the cylinder. 4
ltwwillfbe-understood, of course,ithat,but a single socket vpiece needbe-employed for'use in;` conjunction with ak detachablev capping stick forhsevering any lengthy ofeylinder at proper points along its'length, since the socket-piece is adjustable-on the rod-or' bar for lengthwise movement of the.VV cylinder,
. but it is also to be understod that a series of socket pieees-f-- arranged atdesireddis.
-tancesapartand adjustablet varyfjtheir d-isconjunction with one or more reniovable`- capping sticks, so that one or more cracking o-perations may be carried out on one cylinder at one and the same time, or the cracking device properly disposed or adjusted for use as convenience or occasion may require.
Having thus fully described my invention I claim z- 1. A cylinder cracking, device comprising a wire band adapted to be passed around the cylinder, and means for passing an electric heating current through any,y predetermined portion of the length of said band.
2. A cylinder cracking device comprising a wire band adapted to be passed around the cylinder, the ends of said band being electrically separated, and one end of the band being connected with one side of an electric circuit, and a movable circuit closing device operable for contact with the other end of the band or with the band at any point between the end of the band connected with one side of the electric circuit and the opposite end of said band.
3. A cylinder cracking device comprising a wire b-and adapted to be passed around a cylinder, one end of the band being normally connected with one side of an electric circuit,
- and means connected with the other side of the electric circuit and adapted for electrical contact with any portion ofthe band.
t. A cylinder cracking device comprising supporting means, a cracking wire carried thereby and adapted to be extended around a glass cylinder, an electric circuit including one end of the wire, and circuit closing means for completing the circuit through the wire at any point in the' length of said wire. 5. A cylinder cracking-device comprising a heating wire adapted ,to embrace the cylinder, a support, means carried by said support for connecting one end of said Vwire with one side of an electric circuit, and circuit closing means connected' with the other side of the electric circuit and adapted for contactwith any portion of the wire between its ends.
6. In a cylinder cracking device', a vcapping stick, a heating wire adapted to be passed around the cylinder, an adjustable conductor on the capping stick having an kcracking wire.
7. A cylinder cracking device comprising a capping stick, a cracking wire adapted to embrace the cylinder, an adjustable elbowshaped conductor carried by the capping stick, and with which one end of the wire is electrically connected, means connecting said conductor with one side of an electric circuit, and a hand manipulated circuit closing device connected with the other side of the electric circuit and adapted for contact with any portion of the cracking wire for passing a circuit entirely therethrough or through a portion thereof.
A 8. A cylinder cracking device comprising a cylinder supporting horse, a socket mounted on said horse and provided with a contact connected with one main conductor of an electric circuit, a stick having a shank portion provided with a cooperating contact adapted to iit within said socket member, an adjustable conductor of elbow-form upon the stick in electrical connection with the contact thereof, said conductor having an arm projecting beyond the stick, a cracking wire adapted to be passed around the cylinder `and having an end portion connected with said arm and adapted to have its opposite end portion secured to the stick out of electrical contact with the firstnamed end, and a circuit closing device connected with the other side of the electric circuit and having a controlling switch and adapted to be engaged with the crackingwire at any point between the ends thereof.
9. In a cylinder cracking device, the combination of a cracking wire, an electric circuit with one side of which one end of the wire is connected, and a contact connected with the other side of the electric circuit and operative for circuitclosing connection with any portion ofthe wire.
In testimony whereof I aiiiX my signature.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4113162 *||Feb 9, 1977||Sep 12, 1978||Libbey-Owens-Ford Company||Method of and apparatus for thermally severing glass|
|International Classification||C03B33/095, C03B33/00|