US 1449238 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y Mr; 2o,- 1923i.V
' A.'A.j MILLER.
HL'ED SEPLSO. 1921.
` INVENTOR Patented 2G,
l para a ro el lil lltl le, i. il ,si ai laltlld@ ALBERT A. MILLER, OF WELLSBUELG, 'WEST VRGINIA, ASSGNOR TO EAG-LE M 'AN'U- FACTURNG COMPANY, 01E' TNELLLSBUBG, WEST VIRGINIA, A CORLORATION OF vnsvr VIRGINIA.
citizen oi: the United i t. tes, resid. L at lVellsburg, in the county oi' Brooke and State ot lest Virginia, have invented a new and useful improvement in Containers, oi which the following is a full, clear, and e7- act description.
The present invention relat broadly to containers, and more particularly to dispensing containers, such as oil cans and the lilre.
lleretofore various forms o'j oil cans 'have been constructed to permit the discharge oil upwardly therefrom, required roi' lu bricating purposes. Such oil cans have, however, either required a compil u arrangement of valves the operation o'i which was manually controlled, an arrangement dependent upon the production a vacuum tor operation, or a separate cylinder and manually operated plunger entendi diagonally through the oil can and having` an inlet aperture so positioned that when the can became partially emptied the torce was ineffective. Such constructions are not only ineliicient, but they expensive.
The present invention has for its object the provision of a simple, inexpensive, and efficient container overcoming the objections raised to containers of the type referred to at present in use, and capable of discharging its contents upwardly, downwardly, or in any direction intermediate these two extremes, until the container is almost entirely emptied.
preferred embodiment of thepresent invention is illustrated in the accompany-- ing drawings. in which- Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through an oil can constructed in accord ance with the present invention;
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the partition;
Figures 3 and 4 are detail views of one forni of valve for the discharge spout;
Figure 5 is a top plan view ot one o'l the valves for the partition; and
Figure 6 is a detail view of a modilied form of valve construction for the discharge spout.
ln the drawings there is illustrated an oil can comprising a main body portion 2 having a discharge spout 3 secured in any desired manner to the detachable rap f-l. Form- 30, 1921. Serial No. 504,312.
ing part of the discharge spout, is a sleeve 5 carried by the cap l1 in alignment with the upper portion ol the spout and projecting downwardly into the main body of the can.
AdjacentI its bottom edge, the body portion 2 may be suitably enlarged, as by stamping or spinning, to form a shoulder 6 and a downwardly extending' outwardly flanged portion i'. Secured within the main body of the oil can and engaging the outwardly flanged portion 7 thereof and the shoulder 6, is a downwardly flanged partition 8. Extending upwardly :trom the partition and suitably secured thereto is aA second sleeve 9 adapted to slidingly engage the sleeve 5 projecting downwardly from the cap.
A. bottom 10 having a peripheral shoulder' 11 and llange 12 is then placed in position within the partition member and the bottom of the oil can and secured in this position by bending a portion of its flange 12 upwardly to form a seam. By reason of this construction, the bottom 10 forms a closure for the auxiliary chamber 13 and the bottom of the can body at a single operation. It will be apparent that the bottom is resilient or flexible to permit the same to be pushed inwardly a slight distance, as is customary in constructions of this general character.
rIhe partition 8 is preferably provided with a central aperture receiving the sleeve 9, and within this sleeve 'may besecured a cage 14. provided with a check valve 15 of suitable construction controlling the passage of fluid from the auxiliary chamber 13 into the discharge spout 3. It desired, the cage 14 may be eliminated, and the sleeve 9 provided with a transverse pin 16, as illustrated in Figure 6, and the lower portion of the sleeve may be provided with an inwardly extending flange 17 to form a seat for the valve 15. Also formed in the partition 8 is one kor more openings 1S, which openingor openings may be located at any desired position. Working loosely in each opening so provided, is a valve 19 of such length that it abuts against the bottom 10 before it is freed from the opening, and preferably having a head 20 thereon sealing the opening when in one position and preventing the valve from falling into the interior of the body. According to a preferred form ol. the present invention, each ot these `with the interior of the can, whereby movement of the bottom l() inwardly will resuit in discharging some of the oil past the valve into the spout 3, and consequently to 'the mechanism being lubricated. rlihis construction provides a simple and inexpensive dispensing device which is effective lor discharging the contents of the can upwardly through the spout as 'long as there is sufficient liquid within the can to hold the valves 19 in such position that theyv seal communication between the 'auxiliary cham ber13y and the interior ol the can.
When it is desired to use the can in the:
normal way, that is, with the spout downwardly, the can is first moved toa sulstantially upright position to permit oil to how `from the interior thereof into the auxiliary chamber 13, and isthen invertedand the bottom operated in the usual inanner until the auxiliary chamber 13 is dry. Thereafter, the can is moved to its upright position and the operation repeated as found necessary. By positioning the opening or o enings 18 adjacent the edge of the partition 8, it will Lbe apparent that oil coinmences to flow from the interior of the can into the auxiliary, chamber 13 upon `a very slight tilting movement of the can lrom its fully inverted position.
A f'he advantages of the present invention arise from a construction permitting` the contents to be: discharged either upwardly, downwardly, or at any desired angle by operating the can in the usual way; and it will be apparent that any modifications in the construction of the various parts for etectingthis operation may be made within the 'scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1. A container of theA character described, comprising a main body portion having a discharge spout andl a bottom portion capable ol' movement vi'or discharging the contents from the container through the spout, a ported partition within said body forming a chamber between said partition and the bottom, said 4spout ,being in communication with said chamber and a buoy ant valve cooperating with the portin said partition, substantially as described.
2. A container of the character described, comprising a main body portion having-a discharge spout and a bottom portion capable of movement for discharging the contents from the container through said spout, a partition within said body forming a chamber between said partition and vthebottoin, and buoyant means for maintaining a constant level of fluidl in said chamber when the container is in upright position, substantially as described.
3. A container of the character described, comprising a main body portieri having a discharge spout and a bottoni portion capable of movement for discharging the contents from the container through said spout,` a partition within said Abody forming a chamber between said partition'and the bote tom, and float valves controlling the passage o' fluid from said body portion to saidk chamber for maintaining a constant level ot liquid thereinwvlien the container is in upright position,- substantially as described. Y'
Inl testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.