US 1450279 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' Apr. y3, 1923. 1,450,279
c. CHICK SSSSS R.
Flled Oct 19, 1922 f3 ,y
Apr. 3, 192,3. 1,450,279
W. C. CHICK SHAKER Filed oct. 19, 1922 2 sheets-sheen 2 Patented Apr. 3, 1923.
p WILLIAM C. CHICK, or BOSTON,4 MASSACHUSETTS.
vApplication filed October' 19, 1922. Serial No. 595,664.
To all whom. t may concern.'
Be it known that I, WILLIAM C. CHICK, of Boston, in the county-of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, a citizen of the United States, have invented a new and use-- ful Improvement in Shakers, of which the following is a specification.V
A shaker, that is a vessel in which various liquids are to be mixed together and perhaps chilled with cracked ice, is usually made of very thin metal and henceis liable to be bent more or less out of shape in transportation so that its cover will not t tightly and during the shaking process the liquid will leak out. Drinking cups have also been made of thin metal, but in rings so that they may be collapsed and packed in small compass.v Shakers have not hitherto been made in collapsible form for the reason presumably that during the handling to which they are submitted while in use there is danger that they will accidentally collapse and spill the liquid.
My invention vis intended primarily to provide a vessel of kthis general character with means to prevent its being collapsed while in use, which means will also serve to lock the vessel when in collapsedform so that it will not open out during transport-a4 tion. It will be understood by reference to the drawings in which it is shown appliedv to a shaker and in its preferred form.
Figure 1 is an elevation showing the vessel in its open er usable form;
Fig. 2 being a vertical section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan.
Fig. 4 shows the same vessel in collapsedy position;
Fig.15 being a section on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4, yand f Fig.A 6 being a plan of the collapsed vessel. The vessel as shown comprises three sections 1, 2, 3, and a cover. l y shown comprises a ring 5 and above it a conical portion 6 which terminates in a neck 7 closed by a removable cap 8. The diameter of the neck 7 is somewhat smaller than the ring 5 so as to provide an easy means of emptying the vessel. -The cap 8 has preferably lin its centre a pin 9. The section 1 is closed at the bottom and each section 1, 2 and 3 is slightly smaller than the one next above it, all of them being conical in character and of thin metal, and sections k2 and 3 being open at both ends, So that the lower Vration 1 The cover as edgeof section 2 encloses and makes a ti ht slidingI fit `withthe top of section 1; so a so with sections 2 and 3, this construction being well known inthe collapsible cup art.
The bottom of section 1 is flanged as at 10 and tothe flange is hinged at 4 preferablyy a plurality of braces. f These braces yare in*v two parts 11 and 12 hingedtogether at13,
vthe part12 having a stop 14 cut andbent from itso that' when the shaker is in usable condition as shownin Figs; 1 and 2 these stops will engagetheoutside of' one of the sections, for examplethesection2. as shown,
and limit the'inwardthrowv of the brace. The lower part 11 is longerV thanthe upper `part and both' are made of metaland act much as toggles. The ksection 3 has a per-y y orated lug 15 attached.V to it near its top and the upper kpart 12zo-'each vbrace. has a narrow tongue 16 whichwill'iit into the perfo]- tion of the lug 15 andthe relative lengths of inthe lug Preferably thelocathe parts 11 and 12 are such that when the tongue 16 of each brace lits in'tofthe perfo# ration in its lug 15 the parts 12 and 11,r will` lie at aslight concave angle to eachother,
So slight that it cannotv be indicated in the drawings but suiicient tospring the braces as a whole past their dead centre toward the axis ofthe shaker andfsc lock'themselves l in position to give a iirm support to the shaker as a whole, the longer parts 11 springing slightly for this purpose.
It will thus be seen-that owing tothe flange 10 the shaker has abroad foundation f on which' it may restl on a table for example, i
and owing to the'bra'ces its parts arehe'ld firmly in extended position so that the'vessel cannot collapse. The cover 5 which sets int the top of section 3 and its cap 8 may 'be heldin the hands of the user and the shaker used'in the ordinary waywithout danger of collapsing. A strainer 18 is preferably placed on top of the cover but below-its neck to prevent the ice, etc. from beingpourned out after the shaking operation has taken place.
When it is desired to close this shaker Vfor I packing, thepart 12 of the brace is unlocked from the perforations 16 inV lugs 15 and the vessel yis then collapsed -inte the position `Shown in Fig. 5. Eachpart 12 has a perforation 2O in it sufficiently large to fit over the pin 9, and the length'of the section 11 or' each brace is sufficient to bring its hinge 13 lio substantially on a level with the top of the 1 capv 8 when the vessel is collapsed. Thus the parts l2y of the brace may be folded over horizontally as shown in Fig. 5 and the per'forations 20 slipped over the pin 9 sol with the ypart l1 of `the braces.
It is'beli'e'ved'v that the advantage of this construction will be evident as it results in a deyice iconvenient, for' packing andprotected not fonly bythe'cover and the flange l() at thetwo ends but-"also bythe parts 11 whicliise'rve -to some extent to` keep other articl'ezs'gfromr touching it ina closely packed lunchlbasket 'for example.
Byvmyinventionthe shaker may be made of anydesired number vot'sections and have anyfdesired inunibei" of braces and may be collapsed insuch amanner that it can be enclosed 'in a comparatively small box it' desired.r I lhave Afound three braces arranged an eqiit/il'` distance apart about the shaker to be suticientfor alljfordinary uses, but the number' may/.be varied depending upon the size of the,"device.l
It4 is'apparent that the principle of applyiiig sectional braces to a sectional vessel in the manner above described may be otherwisiefenibodied'and that the shape ot' the cover be.` changed vwithout departing froinfmy inventionA as stated in the claims, thefparticularfeature of novelty being the use'ot bracesiny a sectional vessel which may serve to. hold the, vessel in extended position and if desiiedfm@7 also by engagement with the cover. lock, it when the vessel is in closed positionf While the braces are shown hinged to'theflange theymay be otherwise connected ytherewith to perform their bracing `function.
What l claim as my invention is l. A vessel of the kind described comprising aseriesofsections of graduated size and a plurality otbraces, one end ot each brace being connected to a section at one endI ot the vessel and adapted to engage with a sectionV at the other end otV the vessel whereby said sections will be held in extended relation andfupon the.l disengagement ot sai-:l braces may Vbe collapsed said braces being made in two parts whereby when said sections'are in collapsed position said braces may be folded over the tree end ot the vessel. andfhold it in collapsed position.
A vessel of the kind described comprising a series of sections of graduated size and a plurality of braces, one end of each brace being connected to a section at the end of the vessel and adapted to engage with a section at the other end ot the vessel, whereby said sections will be held in extended relation and upon the disengagement of said braces may be collapsed, said braces being made in two parts permanently hinged together, in
combination with a cover and means whereby when said vessel is in collapsed position and prevent it from moving toward the first 8 end section and when said sections are collapsed to fold over one of the end sections.'
4l. A vessel of the kind described comprising sections of graduated sizeadapted when' extended to form. a liquid-containing vessel and means to hold said sections in extended relation, said means comprising braces located to engage two end sections, said braces being slightly'longer than the'distance' be-` tween the points at which they engage the two end sections when said sections are extended, whereby they will be sprung'into bracing position, in combination with stops located to limit the inwardy movement ot each. brace when in bracing position.
A collapsible vessel having a cover, hinged braces adapted to hold said vessel in extended position and when said vessel is in collapsed position to be folded to meet over the cover of said vessel and hold it in said collapsed position.
6. A. collapsible vessel ofy the kind described comprising a series ot sectionsuot graduated size, a pluralityk of sectional-` braces, one end ot each brace being attached to one of the end sections of said vessel, the7 section at the other end of the vessel havingmeans to engage the tree end of each brace. said braces being` slightly. longer than the distance between these points ot attachment to and engagement with the end sections ol said vessel.y whereby they will be sprung` into position when said vessel is being opened, each brace having a stop to engage the side of said vessel and hold it in proper relation thereto.
WM. C.y CHICK.