US 1452906 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Apr. 24, 1923.l
.1,452,906 O. BUTLER ET AL SPLICING APPARATUS Filed Aug. 28 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 3 ZIIIII Z i f. 4
rweow/ 0. 3207er 615601 mags' Apr. 24, 192:3.
O. BUTLER ET AL SPLICING APPARATUS Filed Aug. 28 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 itj /9 3" fnn lil.
WIWI/A 'vmlfow Patented pr. 24, 1923.
OBADIAH1^BUTLER`AND AMOS yMORIN', OFKILLINGLY, CONNECTICUT.
Application filed Aiigust 28,1922'. serial Nb. 584,932@
To .all whom t may conc/ern: y
and Anios MORIN', citizens or' the United States, residing-at Killingly., in the county of, Windham and State otConnecticut', have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Splicingrkpparatus, of which the following isa specification, reference had! therein to the accompanying ydrenntlgs.
This invention relates to a splicing. ap'- paratus, andthe object ofthe inventionis the construction of anapparatus,whereby the-ends-r of'theyarn may be quickly spliced or fastened together. A
Another object of the inventionl is lthel elli'cie'nt fastening otl the broken ends oiithc i yarn together to make acontinuousstf' ,fW'ith thesei and otherobjects in vieliv, our invent-ion comprises certain novel coinbinaiV tions, Constructions Iarranghements, oi'
parts as will be ,hereinafterdescribed, illustrated inthe vaccoinfpanyijng draw'ingavand more', partielil'arly pointed outfin the appended claims-1 y i' inthe]drawingsz r l. y F'gu're 1 is ya perspective viewer our ap-j paratus'. y o j Figure 2 isa'n end y'view vof the apparatus. Figure?) is asectional viewftaken on line Fig'. 1, andl looking in the direction oi? Figureeis asectional view,talren on line' 174, Fig. 1, and looking in the direction oi the arrows. p o p ,y
Figures 56 and? are plany views ofthe apparatus showing'in diagram the proeess Referringto the drawings by numeralspll designatesA the frame, which comprises the base v2 and ends 3L` Secured 'to theiront off theends- 3y are. front flanges/1. The upper edgesoivth'e endsf are bent into ahoriz'ontal position forming horizontal flanges 5.
v Secured upon these flanges 5 are `horizontal plates 6.A
Vertical standards Af are secured to the base 2,1and/these standards are provided wvit'h clamp'l deyices, 9 .and 10. u p Eachoi the clamp devices, 9 and 10 comprises an inner clamp plate 11, and lan outerclamp' plate 12; these clamp plates are secured together near their bottom by screws 13. A buttonk device 14 is provided tor slightly moving thev outer plate '12`avay', at its upper portion, from, the innerplate 11'7 as shownby dotted linesv 15', Fig. 3, Vand this button device comprises a stem1 16 wvith a` head1? and a bottom 1 8, yFig".y 3. `,"lh'e hie-ad;k 1'( extends through the inner plate 11 and bears against the inner 'faee ofthe-outer plate l12, wherebywhen the operator presses inwardly upon the bottom 18,tlie outer plate 12 Will be moved tothe position shown lby dotted lines`15, allowing thestrandtliatyis betveen the plate'sto be easily removed from oli the clamp device.` l n y 'Y To thy iront ofthe front flanges 4 islastened a vertical clainp plate. 19. 'Thisv clamp plate 19` is'useuredy to th'e'liange 4 by screws 20,With its upper end let. free to be slightly moved aivay from the Iflange 4, in al similar manner to the.` vrvay plate12 ishrnoved away' from plate 11 bythe buttonfdevioe. f
*y Horizontalclam'p plates 21 are1k fastened,
at their'cemer, by'riv'ets este the top or the horizontall plates ,6. Qnfthe tiangesand plates @contiguous to'v the fends ofthe clamp plates 21, are` formed`holdin [notches 23 into vvhich the Vyarnmay be 'p'a'cech at the willI of 1thev operator, as hereinafter described. Mounted upon the horizontal p'late's'f', near their outer ends, are verti'calwpinsvj2et; each pin 241s provided'ivi'th ayarn-receivi`ng notch 25 iormednear its base'.y X V yIn carrying outour.pro'cesslwhentwo ends of yarn are to bek spliced'or fastened together, We preferably have the yarn on spools 2G and 27. The yarn 28 on spool' 26 ispassedunder (Figs. 5 to?) th'e'uter` end of p'late 21 thencearound pin 24, resting the notch 25, thence yarn'k Ais ,brought across the apparatus anldplacedlunder the n l plate 21 .at the opposite end ofthe frame, Fig. 5,4 and securedby its knotted end in notch 23.
lrlfheyarn 42.9 on spool 27 isthenpla'ced (similar to yarnw28) ,under the routerend of plate 21, at'the left-hand endpflthje para'tus, andfsaidy yarn k29 is their1 passed around'the leftfhand pin`211` and thence' is positioned across theapparatus andplaced underlthle inner end of plate 21 atthe right# hand of the apparatus, as clearly shown in Fig. 5, and secured by its knotted end in notch 23.
The operator preferably meistens or wets the yarn before starting the splicing process. rIhe two pieces of yarn 2S and 29 are then separated, and in this instance each yarn is constituted by three strands 30, 31 and 32. This separation of the yarn is preferably done by the operator forcing the twist (by using the finger, or a metal awl, or pencil).
Then the operator, with the left-hand, takes hold of strand 30 of yarn 29 and with a jerk breaks off a portion; then with the right-hand, the operator takes hold of strand 30 of yarn 28 and with a little jerk breaks some of it off. Now, hold these two strands 30 taut, twist them around one another vfrom three to five times, placing the twisted portions in the device 10 and the long or loose ends outside of the device 10 should be snipped olf with scissors or clips, leaving the ends of strand 30 at 33-33. n
Next, with the left-hand, take hold of strand 31 of yarn 29 and with a little jerk break it oil' between the ends of the appa ratus; then with the right-hand take hold of strand 31 of yarn 28 and with a little jerk break itl oif also between the ends of the apparatus, leaving enough of the strand 31, between the endsof the apparatus, to be twisted together; the twisting` operation is accomplished by holding the two ends of vstrand 31 taut, twisting them around one another from three to live times and then placing the twisted portion in the clamp device 9, and the long ends projecting beyond the clamp device 9 should be cut off, leaving the ends at 3l-34- l Next, with the left-hand, take hold of the last remaining strand 32 and in the same manner, as when splicing strands 30 and 31, splice the ends of the strand 32 together placing the twisted ends in the clamp device 8, leaving the loose ends of twisted or spliced strands 32 at 35--35- Next push in. upon buttons 18 thus releasing the three strands which are in the three clamp devices 8, 9 and 10 and the twist will return into the spliced portions of the three strands and it may be aided by rubbing the yarn with the hand from spools 26 and 27 toward the spliced portions.
Now, hold the spliced yarn tight and X it across the front of the apparatus under the two clamp plates 19, as shown in Fig. 7. There will be two short ends of each of the spliced strands flying at each of the places designated A, B and C. With scissors or clips'trim olf these flying ends so close to the yarn that they cannot be seen, then release the yarn from the clamp plates 19. The process is then complete and a splice is made. The yarn may now be wound all 5 upon one spool.
It will be understood that as many vises or clamp devices, like S, 9 and 10, may be employed as there are strands in the yarn. For the purpose of this illustration we have considered yarn twisted from three strands, but it might be yarn made up of two or more strands, without departing from the spirit or scope of this process.
By employing our apparatus and process the work is done' easily, after the twist is forced out of the yarn and it is separated into strands, and if the yarn is wet; therefore, the operator uses wet portions of the yarn where the strands are separated, with a sponge, suitably moistened with water. However, this wetting` is not absolutely necessary.
It is to be noted that the operator can crowd the ends of strands 30, 31 and 32 down into the holding notches 23 if desired, to keep them somewhat out of the way and also to assist in holding the strands taut across the machine.
While we have described the preferred I or changes as shall fairly fall within the' scope of the appended claims.
What we claim is:
1. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame, including a base and ends, said ends provided with front and horizontal flanges, yarn-holding means carried by said front and horizontal flanges, and strand-holding or clamping means on said frame between said ends.
2. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame provided wit-h vertical ends, flanges formed upon the front of said ends,'said en ds terminating at their top in horizontal flanges, horizontal plates carried by the horizontal flanges, clamp plates secured to the front ilanges and also secured t0 the horizontal plates, said hori-A zontal flanges and horizontal plates provided with holding notches, pins positioned upon said horizontal plates, and strand holding and clamping means on the frame between said ends.
3. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame provided with horizontal plates, each of said plates provided with a pair of holding notches, a
clamping plate fastened to each horizontal *i plate contiguous to its holding notches, and strand-clamping means carried by said frame between said horizontal plates.
4. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame provided with horizontal plates, a clamping plate and a pin fastened to each horizontal plate, and and said frame provided with holding strand clamping and holding means on the notches. frame between the plates. In testimony whereof We hereunto aflix 10 5. In an apparatus of the class described, our signatures. 5 the combination with a frame provided With a plurality of Clamping means, pins pro- OBADIAH BUTLER. vided with not-ches carried by said frame, AMOS MORIN.