US 1454651 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. PANYITY TRAVELING BAG FASTENER May 8,, 1923.
Filed May 16 2 Sheets-Sheet l May 8, 1923.
G. PANY|TY TRAYELING BAG FASTENER Filed May 13, 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented May 8, 1923.
UNITED ST GEORGE rANYrrY, or COLUMBUS, OHIO.
Application filed May 13,
T 0' all whom it may concern:
Be it known that GEORGE PANrrrY', a citizen of the United States, residing at C0- lumbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, hasinvented certain new and use ful Improvements in Traveling-Bag Fasteners, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention is directed to improvements in traveling bag fasteners, and has for its object to provide a device of this character soconstructed that the several latching devices can be conveniently and simultaneously actuated to lock or unlock the jaw frames of the bag.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of this character which will effectively lock the bag jaws firmly together in a simple and substantial manner.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a fastener of this kind wherein the end latches are concealed from view thereby presenting a comparatively smooth and non-obstructed surface.
lVith these and other objects in view, as will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists in the novel features of construction, combinationsof elements,
and arrangements of parts, and hereinafter to be fully described and pointed out in the appended claims. In the accompanying drawing: Figure 1 is an elevation showing the jaw frames of a bag in the open position,
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view through the central locking mechanism,
Figure 3 is a sectional View online 3 3 of Figure 1,
Figure 4 is a sectional view on line 4-4 of Figure l,
Figure 5 is a sectional view on line 5-5 of Figure 1,
Figure 6 is a detail perspective view of the lock member," v
Figure 7 is a similar View of the cam head,
Figure 8- is a similar view of one of the finger pieces,
Figure 9 is a fragmentary perspective view of the handle attaching plate,
Figure" 10 is a top view of the central locking mechanism, v
Figure 11 is a sectional View on the line 11l1 of F igure 2, and Y Figure 12 is a sectional view on the line 1212 of Figure 2.
1522.. Serial no. 560,586,-
Referring to the drawings, 1 and 2 desigmate the jaw frames which are hinge'dly connected, as at 3, the jaw 2 having carried thereby catches 4'and 5, the latter being paired and located centrally of the jaw frame. 7 I
Fixed'to the jaw frame 2 in any suitable manner is the bottom plate 6 of the elongated open ended main lock casing 7, said plate having transverse loops 8 formed' therein and to which are connected the ends of the handle 9, Theplate 6 has formed therein opposed longitudinal slots 10 which register with similar slotsll formed in the jaw frame 1, the purpose of which will appear later,
Having their lower ends fixed to the plate 6 is a pair of spaced vertically disposed posts 12, said posts being located inthe casing 7. A strip 13 is connected to the posts, as shown in Figure 2 said strip having a central opening 14 formed therein. p I
Located in the casing 7 is a member 15 having a central opening 16 formed therein,
said member being provided with lateral slots 17 whereby comparatively narrow.
diagonally disposed ribs 18 are produced, the ends of said member having perforatlons 19, formed therein for slidably engaging the posts 12, there being springs 20 encirclmg the posts and interposed between the member 15 and strip 13. These springs serve to normally hold the member 15 in its lowermost, position.
Y 'Operatively associated with the member 15 is-a head 21, said head having carried thereby a tubular post 22', which is engaged in the respective openings 16 and 14 of the member15 and strip 13, and also in the opening 23 formed in the top of the casing 7, said post having a longitudinal slot 124 formed therein. The head has formed integral therewith diametrically opposed walls 25- and oppositely inclined cam faces'26 as more cle'arlyillustrated in Figure 7 of the drawings. A stud 27 is provided and has its lower end fixed to the plate 6, said pin being axially arranged in the post 22. a I
Slidab'ly engaged in the ends of the easing 7 are finger pieces 28 of box like formation, and" since these finger pieces are identical in construction the description of one will sufli'ce for both. Depending from the finger pieces is a web 29, said web hav ing formed integral tliierewith a vertically disposed rectangular plate 30, there being a longitudinal slot 31 formed in the plate and aligned therewith is the perforation 32. The webs 29 are slidable in the slots 10 formed in the plate 6, there being a casing 33 carried by the jaw frame 1 for enclosing the plates 30, said casin having aligned horizontal slots 34: forme in their front walls, the purpose of which will appear later.
Fixed adjacent the inner ends of the horizontal part of the jaw frame 1 are latches comprising casings 35 which have slots 36 formed in their inner walls, and engaged in these casings are slides 37 in which are formed slots 38.
Having their inner ends pivotally engaged in the perforations 32 of the plates 30 are links 39, their outer ends of which are connected to the slides 37 so that when the plates 32 are slid inwardly corresponding movement will be imparted to the slides. Coil springs 40 are employed and have one of their ends connected with the jaw frame 1, their other ends suitable connected with the forward end of the slides 37, said springs serving to retain the slides and plates 30 normally in their operative or locking positions.
In Figures 4; and 12 the catches 4c and 5 are shown in their locked positions, and at which time the jaw frames are looked as shown in Figure 3. To simultaneously release the main lock and end catches it is only necessary to rotate the head 21, and in order to do this a key having a'tubular shank is placed in the post 22 so that the ward thereof engages the slot 24, whereupon turning the key said head will be rotated. When the head is moved one-half of a revolution the cam faces 26 will force the member 15 upwardly due to the sliding contact with the ribs 18, whereupon the member 15 will be elevated a distance sufficient to permit the finger pieces 28 to be moved inwardly, and simultaneously the plates 30 will be moved inwardly thereby positioning the slots 31 so that the catches 5 may be disengaged, it being obvious that these catches move into and out of the slots 34 of the casing 33 when the jaw frames are closed or open, it being of course understood that when the member 15 is in its lowered position that the ends thereof engage the adjacent edges of the finger pieces and will prevent the same from being forced inwardly. As the finger pieces are moved inwardly strain is imparted to the links 39 thereby moving the slides 37 forwardly so that the slots 38 thereof will be positioned to release the catches 4. Thus it will be seen that the catches 4 are released simultaneously with the catches 5 and upon movement of the finger pieces inwardly, the prings 40 serving to return the slides and finger pieces to their locking positions upon releasing pressure on the latter. Since' the head 21 is capable of making a complete revolution the slides 37 and member 15 may be held in position to prevent, accidental locking of the jaw frames upon rotating the head until the locking member 15 rests on the upper edges of the walls 25, and since this member is held thus elevated the finger pieces can be moved freely inwardly. It will be apparent that when the jaw frame 2 is forced into mutual contact with the jaw frame 1 that the catches 5 and 1 will enter the respective slots 34: and 36 and snap into locking engagement with the plates 30 and slides 37 ther'eby firmly locking the jaw frames together.
I/Vhat is claimed is:
1. In a bag fastener, the combination with a pair of aw frames, of a casing carried by one of the jaw frames, a head rotatably mounted 111 the casing and having cam surfaces thereon, finger pieces slidable in the casing,
catches carriedby the other jaw frame fordetachably engaging said plates, said head a member movable vertically in the casing for contact with the finger pieces,
being rotatable for causing the cam surfaces to raise the member out of contact with the finger pieces as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In a bag fastener, the combination with a pair of jaw frames, of a casing carried by one of thejaw frames, a head rotatably mounted in the casing and having opposed surfaces carried thereby, a member yieldably associated with the head, finger pieces slidable inthe casing for contact with said member to limit the sliding movement thereof into the casing, catches carried by the other jaw, means slidable with the finger pieces for engaging the catches, and means for rotating the head to cause the cam sur- I faces 'to elevate the member, as and for thepurpose set forth.
3. In a bag fastener, the combination with a pair of-swinging aw frames, of a casing carried by one of the jaw frames, a head mounted in the casing and having cam surfaces carried thereby, a member yieldably associated with the head, finger pieces slidable in the casing and adapted to contact with the member, plates associated with the finger pieces, slides carried by one of the jaw frames and spacedfrom the ends of the casing, catches carried by the otherv jaw frame for detachablyengaging the plates and slides, said head being rotatable to;
4:. A bag fastener, the combination with plates and slides for rea pair of hingedly connected jaw frames, of a casing carried by one of the aw frames, 2.
head mounted in the casing and having a tubular post carried thereby, cam faces carried by thehead and located on opposite sides of the post, a member yieldab ly engaged with the head, finger pieces slidable 1n the ends of thecasing and having their inner ends normally engaged with the outer ends of the member, said finger pieces having plates associated therewith, catches car ried by the other jaw frame for locking engagement With said plates, and means forv rotating the head to cause thecam surfaces to elevate the member to disengage the finger pieces, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature GEORGE PANYITY.