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Publication numberUS1455696 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1923
Filing dateSep 28, 1922
Priority dateSep 28, 1922
Publication numberUS 1455696 A, US 1455696A, US-A-1455696, US1455696 A, US1455696A
InventorsWright Alice M
Original AssigneeWright Alice M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric oven for hair
US 1455696 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 15, 1923.

1,455,696 A. M. WRIGHT ELECTRIC OVEN FOR HAIR Filed Sept. 28. 1922 ca/2C; l." 72 12 Patented May 15, 1923.

UNITED STATES.

ALICE M. WRIGHT, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.

ELECTRIC OVEN FOR HAIR.

Application filed September 28, 1922. Serial No. 591,051.

T 0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALICE M. \VRIGHT, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Detroit, in the county of Vayne and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electrio Ovens for Hair, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This'in'vention relates to an oven adapted to be used in imparting what is known as a ermanent Wave or curl in hair.

it has for its primary object to provlde a heater adapted for use upon hair upon the head of the operator.

Another object of the invention is to provide a heater capable of being readily modified for use in various locations with curls orwaves of various forms and with locks or tufts of hair of different sizes.

A further object of the invention is to provide a heater in which hair wound upon any suitable form of hair curler may be subjected to moisture and heat, but in which steam roduced .may readily escape.

Furt ier objects ofthe invention will appear in the specification, the drawing illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention, together with certain desirable modifications and attachments.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device as it appears while in use;

Fig. 2 is a perspective view. parts being broken away of one of the sections with the removable heating plate detached;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a preferred form of heating plate shown in position in Fig. 1; 1

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a modified. form of plate;

Fig. 5 is a perspective view illustrating a preferred form of cloth and curler for use with the oven;

6 is a transverse sectional view through one of the hollow casings or shells to which the heating plates are. attached;

Fig. 7 is a plan view of an attachment shown as secured to one ofthe oven sections;

Fig. 8 is a side elevation showing two of the attachments illustrated in plan in Fig. 7, secured in position upon the heater, and

Fi 9 is a section of a modified heating mem er. 7

The heater comprises a pairof hollow shells 1, 2, preferably made of aluminum or of one of its alloys. Secured to each of theseshells 1 and 2 or preferably formed integral therewith are handle members 3 and 4 to which may be secured handles 5 and 6 of wood or other heat insulating material.

As illustrated most clearly in Figs. 2 and 6, the shell 2 is provided with a lining 7 of asbestos or other heat insulating material and the top of the shell is preferably provided with -a cover plate 8 of thin metal secured within the shell in any suitable manner. Within the formed by the lining 7 and the cover plate 8 is mounted an electric heating elementfi of any suitable constructionhaving outside terminal posts 10, 11, which maybe connected by wires 12 with any suitable source of electricity. Upon the confronting faces of these heating sections are secured plates 13, these plates being held in position by any suitable means as by spring clips let engaging within suitable depressions 15 in the ends of the plates.

In Fig. 5 a curling pin 16 is shown in which a central wire 17 lies between two outer parallel wires upon which the hair may be wound and held by the engagement of the end of the .wire 17 'with a loop portion 18 of the curler. The wire 1? extends through an open ended pocket formed at one end of a cloth 19. After the hair is wound upon the curler, the moistened cloth 19 is secured to the wire 17 which is then placed within the loop 18.

box-like structure The cloth is then wrapped around the hair twisted upon the curler. The .roll formed by the hair andcloth is then grasped be tween the heating plates 13, the temperature of which is suiiicient to raise the water in the cloth 19 almost to the boiling point. Any steam that may be formed can escape at the sides or ends of the oven constituted by the space between the heating plates, and by proper regulation of the temperature no injury will be done to the hair. The handle members 3 and 4 are normally forced apart by a spring 20 so that when the device is applied to the hair the plates 13 are separated to receive the hair with its wrapping and the operator may apply as much pressure as is desired by pressing together upon the handles 5 and 6.

While the plates 13 ar e preferably vided with a concave face as shown in 3, it will be evident that plates having different configurations may readily besubstituted therefor. In 'Fig. 4, plates 21 are shown having corrugated interfitting faces suitable for use upon a strand of hair which has not been wound u on a curler, and in such cases the damp c oth may be omitted if desired. a

In Fig. 7 a plate 2 2 is shown attached by spring clips 23' to the shell 1. This plate 23 1 may consist of a thin sheet of aluminum hair treated at a singleoperation.

It Will be observed that the device described is intended to be held within the hand of the operator, and that its structure renders it particularly suitable for non-professional as distinguished ,from previous devices which are suitable for'use only by an operator other than the person whose hair is being treated;

It is. obvious that by means of this device I the hair may be subjected either to moist or dry heat and it is also obvious that by suitable modification of the configuration of the plates 13 the device may be adapted to any type of curler though it is also obvious that by the use of plates having an undulating surface such as shown in Fig. 4, the use of such a curler as shown in Fig. 5 may be dispensed with. While'in the preferred embodiment of my invention, the heating mem bers 1 and 2 have been described as hollow shells containing electric heating elements, it will be obvious that when electric current is not available, the device may be made with the-members "1 and 2 of solid metal as shown in Fig. 9 which can be heated over a'lamp, a gas jet, an alcohol burner or by any other source of heat, the removable plates and attachments evidently having the 1 same form and function as when the electric heating elements are used. device of the charact r herein shown and described can be use upon short hair as well as upon long hair, though when the hair is short it will be moreconvenient to coil the hair on insulated wire from the ends of the hair toward the head and then to' grasp the coils with the portion of the tool opposite the handles. The .use of curlers worn over night is avoided by the apparatus herein described, and asbefore stated, it is primarily designed for use in the home be cause of its convenience for use upon the head of the operator.

It is very evident that many modifications may be made in the structu're'of my device without sacrificing any of its advantages or departing from its principle of operation. It is therefore intended that the invention shall be claimed broadly within the legitimate and valid scope of the appended claims.

I claim 3 l. A heater comprising two sections having handle portions crossing each other and pivotally secured together, a heating element mounted within each section, and a heating plate detachably secured upon each of the opposing surfaces of said sections.

2. A heater comprising a pair of hollow shell sections each havingan insulating lining and a heat conducting cover plate, a pair of plates detachably mounted upon the hollow shells adjacent to said cover plates,

and resilient meansnormally operative to hold said plates apart from each other.

3. A heater comprising a pair of plates having complementary surfaces adapted to receive a fold of hair therebetween, said plates being separated from each other at all points whereby vapor may freely escape from between the plates.

4.- A heater comprising a pair of handle members pivotally secured to each other in crossed relation, a pair of hollowshells upon the portion of the handle member beyond said pivot, each of said hollow shells con-' taining a heating element, the plates having curved opposing faces detachably secured upon the confronting surfaces of said hollow p shells, and means for supplying a current to each of said heating elements.

5. A heater comprising two sections having handle portions crossing each other and pivotally secured together, and a heating plate detachably secured upon each of the opposing surfaces of said sections.

' In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

ARTHUR MINNICK, EMMA Daonnnoq.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2441817 *Apr 26, 1946May 18, 1948Victor C HuffSealing tongs
US2469877 *Mar 30, 1946May 10, 1949Haberman Harry MCombination tool
US4163896 *Jun 29, 1977Aug 7, 1979The Kendall CompanyWet dressing heating system
US4164952 *Aug 18, 1977Aug 21, 1979Banks Jr Edward DHair waving device
US4513760 *Jun 27, 1980Apr 30, 1985Walter TihonovichHinged hair curling roller
US4866248 *May 19, 1987Sep 12, 1989Wahl Clipper CorporationHair curling iron for providing three-dimensional Z-shaped curls
US5022350 *Jul 9, 1990Jun 11, 1991Sequist David BHorse mane grooming device
US5120933 *Jul 27, 1988Jun 9, 1992Wahl Clipper CorporationCurling iron having flattened heating tube and depressions in selected surfaces
US5783800 *Aug 12, 1996Jul 21, 1998Thompson; Ivan C.Hair braiding tool with mating semi-cylindrical groove pairs having different sizes
US5793018 *Nov 18, 1996Aug 11, 1998Jett; Ricki ReneHandheld hair braid fusing tongs with bell-shaped fusing members
US5861607 *Oct 8, 1996Jan 19, 1999Jarrett; Vera A.Braid singeing clamp
US5894846 *Nov 8, 1995Apr 20, 1999Gang; Heide-RoseApparatus and method for lengthening and thickening hair and for fastening hair pieces
US5934293 *Dec 17, 1998Aug 10, 1999Create Co., Ltd.Hair iron for straight permanent
US6191387 *Feb 13, 1998Feb 20, 2001Conair CorporationHair styling tongs with biased handles
US6313439 *Nov 26, 1996Nov 6, 2001Fernando FischbachBraid cutter-sealer implement and method
US6386206 *Mar 8, 2001May 14, 2002Man Taek LeeHair iron
US6494216 *Sep 6, 1999Dec 17, 2002Phild Co., Ltd.Castanet type hair iron
US6707007 *Jan 10, 2003Mar 16, 2004Laine SiddowayElectrically heated soldering pliers with removably attachable jaw portions
US6952856Nov 6, 2001Oct 11, 2005Create Co., Ltd.Ionic toothbrush
US7036517 *Mar 26, 2003May 2, 2006Bege PrivatstiftungApplicator for replacement hair strands
US7104948Oct 6, 2003Sep 12, 2006Create Co., Ltd.Bracelet that radiates anion and far infrared rays
US7270878Oct 11, 2005Sep 18, 2007Create Co., Ltd.Ionic toothbrush bristles and method of fabricating a toothbrush
US8484851 *Jul 29, 2011Jul 16, 2013Joseph Eugene BuchanHair feathering razor
US8967159 *Aug 17, 2013Mar 3, 2015Nyrisha JenkinsHair styling iron
US20040103910 *Mar 26, 2003Jun 3, 2004Gerhard OttApplicator for replacement hair strands
US20050051188 *Feb 9, 2004Mar 10, 2005Conair CorporationHair styling appliance
US20050081873 *Oct 16, 2003Apr 21, 2005Jih-Sheng ChungHair attaching method
US20050175330 *Jul 12, 2004Aug 11, 2005Kazutoshi KaizukaFacial steam generator
US20060024498 *Oct 11, 2005Feb 2, 2006Kazutoshi KaizukaIonic toothbrush Bristles and method of fabricating a toothbrush
US20100018084 *Aug 6, 2007Jan 28, 2010Leslie SegreteSystem and apparatus for creating a hem
US20120047748 *Jul 29, 2011Mar 1, 2012Joseph Eugene BuchanHair feathering razor
US20130025620 *Apr 7, 2011Jan 31, 2013Kenford Industrial Company LtdMotorised hair styling iron
US20160069013 *Apr 14, 2014Mar 10, 2016Harry Ford-WillcocksIron
EP0346067A2 *Jun 5, 1989Dec 13, 1989Conair CorporationReversible hair crimper
EP0606691A1 *Jan 11, 1993Jul 20, 1994Tetugi NakamuraMethod of straight-perming using a hair iron
EP1236416A1 *Feb 18, 2002Sep 4, 2002Müster & Dikson Service S.p.A.Device for the creation of tight hair curls with uniform spirals
WO2005099509A2 *Apr 12, 2005Oct 27, 2005Conair CorporationFlat iron with pivoting heads
WO2005099509A3 *Apr 12, 2005Dec 21, 2006ConairFlat iron with pivoting heads
WO2008024616A2 *Aug 6, 2007Feb 28, 2008Leslie SegreteSystem and apparatus for creating a hem
WO2009077676A2 *Oct 2, 2008Jun 25, 2009Seb S.A.Hair treatment apparatus
WO2009077676A3 *Oct 2, 2008Feb 11, 2010Seb S.A.Hair treatment apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/224, 219/525, 219/537, 219/527
International ClassificationA45D1/04, A45D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA45D1/04
European ClassificationA45D1/04