US 1457191 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 29, 1923. 1,457,191
P. SINCLAIR HAIR CURLER Filed May 6, 1922 Patented May 29, 1923.
:PAUL sINoLAIR, OF'WILLIAMSPORT; PENNSYLVANIA, 'AssIGNoRTOSINo#im HAIR liasiiai A ""CURLVER 'oOMBANYjzroriwILLIAMseoR'r,- PENNSYLVANIA, 'l
. ",nppiiationafuee .May 6,
liamsp'ortt .-in l'the county '.off Lycoming and;
completed form will be relatively flat, while the tip-s thereof are so constructed and arranged to prevent the ends of the sheath from ravelling or the cores working ytherefrom, the device or articlel being readily flexible so that it can be bent into the desired shape for the crimping, waving or otherwise arranging of the hair.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a device or article of this character, wherein the construction thereof is quality, easy application for the dressing of the hair and will avoid any discomfort in v the use thereof to the user.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a device or article of this character, which is extremely simple in its construction, practical, thoroughly efficacious in its purpose', strong, durable, neat and attractive in appearance, and inexpensive to manufacture.
With these and other objects in view the invention consists in the features of construction, combination andarrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter more fully described,` illustrated in the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the claim hereinto appended.
In the accompanying drawings Fig. 1 is a plan view of a curler,waver or crimper, constructed in accordance with the invention,
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l showing portions of the sheath and enveloping coverings for the cores partly broken away,
novel in form, to assure maximum wearing CURLER.
1922..v f Serial "No: 5519,019.
' Fig. 3 isa sectional x'iewon'theflinei 3 3 `Fig.-4; is a viewfsimilarrto Fig-2 showing f a zs'lightggmodification fof llthe, invention,
-A Fig. 5::is: a sectional,|` viewl on. theglne.- 5:-5 ofFig.4. @1
Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views in the drawings. Referring to the drawings in detail, particularly to Figs. l to 3, inclusive, A designates generally a hair curler, crimper or Waver, constructed in accordance vwith the'` invention and comprises several strands or single lengths of wires 5, preferably made from copper, brass or lead, havingthe required flexibility to permit the bending thereof for the purposes intended of the in- Y vention. These wires 5 are covered with an insulation 6, preferably o-f rubber, yet the covering may be of other desirable material and yin the use of the several wires is independent of eachother. The wires and covers 6 are of the required length, it being understood that. the same may be long or short as the occasion kmay require and are disposed in `contacting paralle-l relation to each other as is shown in Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawing. Y
Disposed relatively taut about the several coverings 6 of the cores formed by the latter and the` Wires is a sheath 7 of woven, braided or otherwise formed fabric constituting a housing, the opposite ends being outwardlytaperedv as at 8 while the ter-Y minals of the said housing are closed through the medium'of tips 9, preferably formed by shellac or other hardened substances. The tapered ends of thev device or article are effected by compacking the insulated end portions of the. wires 5 in the weaving proce essof the housing 7 while the ldisposition of the wires with the insulation 6 thereon in said housing presents a flattened body to the curler, crimper or waver, Vthereby rendering the same more effective for its purpose in use.
In Figs. 4 and 5 of the drawing, there is" shown a slight modification of the device or article, wherein there is employed three wires 10 forming the cores, whichv are arranged in close parallel relation to each other and are confined collectively in an insulated covering l1, while surrounding the latter is the housing 12 of Woven fabric. By this particular construction the device Or article is Wider than that 'shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 of the drawing. f
It is to becunderstood that any number of Wires may be employed and the same may be separately insulated or collectively in the manufacture should it be found desirable.
By reason of the constructions herein described, it will be seen that the device or article tapers at its end portions from the central widened portion and since the greater stress or pull will be intermediate the ends, the said device or article will be prevented from being pulled apart or dismembered as is Well understood. v
From the foregoing, it is thought that the construction and manner of use of the device will be obvious, therefore a more extended explanation has been omitted.
What is claimed is A device or article of lthe character de- Y scribed, comprising a plurality of flexible cores arranged in parallelism with each other, means enveloping the cores, a Woven fabric housing concealing said means and tips closing the ends of said housing, the means covering the cores being compressed Within the housing at the end portions thereof for outward tapered formation thereto.
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature hereto.