US 1458243 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
june H2', 9523. E'fSSZ W. F. REACH ROLLER SKATE Filed June 9. 1921 2 Sheets-Sheet l June l2, i923. 3,45%,243
W. F. REACH ROLLER SKATE Filed June 9, 1921 v 2 SheetsSheet 2 Wizz am E Rem/h,
Patented .lune l2, i923.
NETE@ STATES rasata rrnr errno.
WILLIAM F. REACH, -0F/SIRING'lIlIli.LID, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO A. G. Sl? n ING & BROS., 0F YORK, N'. Y., A. CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
Application filed June 9, 1921. Serial No. 478,358.
To all 'whom 'it may concern Be it known that I., WILLIAM F. REACH, a citizen of the United lStates, and resident of Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and' useful Improvements in Roller Skates, of which the following is a specification.
It is an object of my invention to provide a roller skate of simple construction, economical of manufacture, easy to assemble and4 easy to adjust.
The invention consists in the features and combination and arrangement of arts hereinafter described and particular y pointed out in the appended claims..
ln the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a side view of ya roller skate frame embodying my invention.
Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view.
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view.
Fig. 4 is a view taken from the rear.
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view on line 5-5 of Fig. 1 looking in the arrow direction. Fi 6 is a sectional view on line 6--6 of Fig. F/
7 Fgig. 7 is la sectional view of ig. 6 on lme Fig. 8 shows details.
ln these drawings the toe plate is shown at 1, the heel plate at 2 and at 3 is shown a bar or slide member which connects these plates adjustably. Both of the plates 1 and' 2 are formed with a flange 1, 2 extending downwardly at their edges this flange on the toe plate extending around the front and along both sides and that on the heel plate extends around its rearedge and along both sides. rllhe rear edge of the toe plate and the fron-t edge of the heel plate are not downwardly Banged. The slide 3 is of a width to fit between the vterminals of the Hanges on to the toe plate,
the toe and heel plates, and this slide itself is provided with edge flanges 3 extendingv downwardly to sti'en the plate. rlihis plate is guided in and held by the brackets 4 forming wheel standards which are secured, one and the other to the heel plate, and which furnish the supports for the bearings 5 for the journal pins of the rollers not shown. rlhese brackets are of sheet metal, and are stamped up into form.
to provide shoulders at 4 between which and the toe or heel plate, as the case may be, the slide or extension bar 3 is mounted as which' lugs pass throughv openings in the toe or heel plate and are suitably secured.
These lugs may project above the surface of the plate to provide for riveting.
For locking the connecting bar 3 to the heel and toe plates, a locking member or detent 7 1s pivoted at 8 to the standards or brackets 4 and these members have upwardly extending portions 7 provided each w1th a lug 9 to enter any one of a series of openings 10 in the slide or connecting bar 3. 'I hls locking member is stamped u'o out of a. single plece of metal and with its pivots or plntles 8 integral therewith, and these pintlesbear in the sides of the brackets or standards 4. The toe and heel plates are provided with openings` near their inner ends into which the lugs 9 project after they have passed through the openings in the connecting plate, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. The assembly is readily made.
'I he locking member has shoulders at 7 which bear on the under side of the slide Iand acts to clamp the slide firmly in place taln'ng up any looseness that may exist. The locking member is held in its clamping or locklng position by a clamp 11 consisting of a plate having pintles 11 journ-alled in the sides of the standards 4. This clamping -member has a flat upper edge and when turned to clamping position it has a camming action along the lower flat face of the pivoted locking member 7 and forces it rmly up into place with the flat upper edge bearing fully on the face of the locking member inl which position the clamping plate will maintain itselil in position.
lt now stands with its upper end slightly on an inclination to the vertical line passing through the pivot 11 so that it is in self locking position.
lit is subjected to little strain as the stresses exerted upon the locking member 7 are horizontal or in other words in the direction of the length of the extension bar or plate.
The clamping member 11 is arrested in its clamping position, that is, when thrown slightly past center as above described by shoulders 11* on the plate coming against the edges of the sides of the standards or brackets.
There is one of these adjusting or locking means for both the heel and toe portions of the skate which secures them to the connecting bar 3.
The swinging 'bracket or hanger 12 in which the roller journal pin is mounted at 5 is stamped up with sides which embrace the inclined standards or brackets 4 at the open sides of the latter, and rubber blocks or bumpers 13 are interposed between the cross portion 12 of this swinging hanger and the lower end plate or portion 4X of the standard or bracket 4.
This end plate 4 inclinsy inwardly and upwardly from both side walls and therefore forms an angular seat or recess for the bumper, which is provided with an upper side of angular form to fit the angular socket or recess in the end of the standard. This end portion besides having the inclined formation as just described isI formed at its central part with a partly cylindrical recess 14 to afford a bearing for the swivel pin 15, which lies on the upper side of this cross wall portion 4) and is seated in the partly cylindrical recess.
This pin therefore passes through the sides or ears 12 of the swivelled bracket and simply lies in the seat or recess formed in the upper face of the cross wall portion of the bracket or standard 4. The swivel pin is headed at one end and at its other end it is fastened by a cotter pin.
The bearing at 14 for the swivel pin is formed by making a corrugation in the end or cross wall portion 4 of the bracket, and this provides what may be termed a rib and recess interlock between the end wall of the bracket and the bumper which will hold the bumper securely in place. This effect is enhanced by the fact that the construction described provides a recess in which the bumper lies, and the inclined walls of this recess afford bearings for the bumper substantially perpendicular to the direction of the swinging movement of the bumper bracket which of course tends to carry the bumper with it. It will be observed that the tendency of the stresses imposed upon the lrubber bumper by the swinging of the swivelled bracket is to compress the rubber and wedge it firmly down into the recess at the end of the standard. The corrugation takes care of any tendency to side slip on the part of the bumper.
The front clamp is composed of two members 16 of curved form stamped out of sheet metal and passing through openings 17 in the depending flange of the toe plate. Each of these clamp-ing members has an upturned grip 18 and this is curved from front rto rear'with its convex side facing inwardly to ip the shoe sole. Both members are per orated at their front ends. They overlap here and a single stud 19 passes through Maaate their registering' openings and through a slot 20 in the toe plate.
rThe pin is headed at its upper end, to rest on the toe plate. The -pin has a threaded opening receiving an adjusting screw 21 which passes through a plain opening in the flange of the toe plate. By turning the screw, the front clamps can be adjusted to set the grips in or out.
The curved form of the grips will provide a proper bearing on its convex inner side against the sole of the shoe in all adjustments of the clamping plates and prevent sllarp bearing edges being presented to the s oe.
By providing the adjustment for the toe clamps at the front of the skate, l may employ a head of considerable size for turning the screw and this mav be in the form of a. finger piece for convenient operation without a key or wrench. The screw is threaded only in one direction, and both clamping members hinge on the same stud. The downturned flange serves the purpose of strengthening the toe plate and also affording an opening or bearing for the screw, and further of forming a guide .for the clamp.
Reverting to the mounting of the swivelled bracket the end portion 4X of the standard 4 serves not only as the support for the rubber bumper but also the bearing for the swivel pin. .N o bearing holes or ears having bearing holes are needed as a part of the standards formation but simply the partly cylindrical bearing socket.
Instead of forming openings extending clear through the connecting bar, I may employ a bar provided with sockets or corrugations which would give an equivalent engagement with the locking means, and when I refer to openings in the appended claims I do so in a generic sense to cover the openings shown or any suitable formation which will afford similar engagement with the lock.
I claim: 1. In combination in a skate a sectional foot plate, a connecting member havin a plurality of spaced apart openings and s idable on the lower face of the foot plate, locking means to engage in any one of the openings of the connecting member and movable to and from the same, and a clamping member for holding the locking means in place and a frame part connected to the sectional plate and on which'said locking means and clamping member are mounted.
2. In combination in a skate, a sectional foot plate, a connecting bar on the lower face of the foot plate provided with a series of spaced openings, a bracket projecting from the lower face of the foot plate; a locking member pivotally mounted on said bracket swinging vertically and having a the lower face of the foot p locking member,
messes portion to engage'the openings in the connecting member, and a pivoted clamping member for the locking member, substantially as described.
3. ln combination in a skate, a sectional foot plate, a connecting member having spaced openings and slidably mountedon ate, a locking member having a portion to enter the openings, means depending from the lower side of the foot plate b-y which said locking member is movably lmounted and a secondportion integral with the portion first men\\ tioned tobear on the under side of the connecting member toclamp it against the foot plate when said first portion is seated in the opening, and a clamping member for the substantially as decribed.
4. In combination in a skate, a sectional foot plate, a connecting member having openings and slidably mounted on the lower face of the foot plate, a lwheel standard below the foot plate, alocking member having a portion to enter the openings, and a portion to bear on the under side ot' the connecting member to clamp it against the foot plate, and a clamping member for the locking member, bot-h of said loc-king and clamping members being pivotally mounted in the standard, the clamping member when set extending substantially at right angles to the locking member.
5. ln combination in a skate, a sectional foot plate, a connecting member having openings and slidably mounted below the foot plate, a wheel standard below the foot plate, a locking member pivoted at one end to the standard and having an upwardly extending portion at its other end to engage any one of the openings in the connecting member and clamping member also pivoted to the standard and having its upper end disposed to press up-wardly against the locking member intermediate ot its ends, to hold the same in locking position.
6. In combination in a skate, a sectional foot plate, a connecting member having openings and slidably mounted below the foot plate, a wheel standard below the toot plate, a lookin member pivoted at one end to the standar and having an upwardly eX- tending portion at its other end to engage any one of the openings inthe connecting member and clamping member also pivoted to the standard and having its upper end disposed to press upwardly against the lockand having spaced apart openings and locking means mounted between the Walls of the standard to engage the openings in the connecting member to hold the same ad justably in place, and clamping means pivotally mounted between the walls of the standard for holding the lockingmeans in place.
8. In combination in a skate, a sectional` foot plate, a standard or bracket connected with the under side thereof having two walls bent to form shoulders on their inner sides spaced from the foot plate, a connect ing member slidably guided between the walls of the standard and resting on the said shoulders, and locking means for the connecting member mounted on the standard for detaehably fixingv it to the standard, substantially as described.
9. In combination in a skate,a sectional foot plate, a two walled standard mounted on the under side thereof, a connecting member slidably mounted between the walls of the standard, locking means to ix he con- .necting member to thestandard, and clamping means also mounted between the sides of the standard to hold the locking means and having stop portions to come against the edges of the walls of the standard, substantially as described.
10. In combination, in a skate, a foot plate comprising a sole and heel sections, a two walled standard carried by the lower side of one section and extending at an inclination thereto, a connecting member connected to the other section and slidably guided between thewalls ot said standard, a locking means mounted between the walls of the standard adjacent the connecting member for lockingsaid connecting member against movement, and an operating device for said locking means, said operating means being mounted between the walls of the standard and projecting beyond the inclined edges thereof.
11. ln combination in a skate, a sectional foot plate, a substantially U-'shaped standard having its side walls secured thereto at their upper ends, a roller bracket pivotally mounted at the lower portion ot the standard, a connecting member slidably mounted between the walls of the standard, and clamping means for said member mounted between the walls of the U-shaped standard, substantially as described.
12. ln combination in a roller skate, a foot plate, a standard secured thereto formed ot two side walls with a lower end wall. said walls and a lower end' wall lying between and with its middle portion above the lower ends of the side walls to form a recess, abumper lying in said recess, a bracket for a roller en'ibracing the bumper and a pivot pin l'or said bracket` said end wall of the standard having a bea-ring for the said pin on its npper side, substantially as described.
14. In combination in a roller skate, a l'oot plate. a standard composed ot two side walls and a lower end wall lying between and with its middle portion above the lower ends of the sidewalls to form a recess, a bumper lying in said recess, a bracket 'for a roller embracing the bumper and a pivot pin for said bracket, said end wall of the standard having a bearing for the said pin on its upper side` said bearing being provided by a corrugation in said end wall which corrugation provides a. rib in the recess for the bumper which bumper is recessed to receive said rib, substantially as described.
15. In combination in a roller skate, a foot plate, a standard on the lower side thereof having side walls and a lower end wall reentrant in respect to the side walls and thereby providing inclined wall sections conrei-gent towards the center line between the side walls ot' the standard, a bumper mounted in said recess and having an angular face to fit the same, and a bracket for a roller supported `pivotally by the said end wall, substantially as described.
16. In combination in a skate, a toe plate, having a slot at its forward end extending longitudinally thereof, a vertically arranged pin passing through the slot, a pair of clamping members overlapping at their front ends and pivotally mounted coaxially on the pin, and a screw on the under side of the foot plate engaging said pin to adjust the same. said clamp having upturned curved grips presenting' their convex inner sides to' the sole of the shoe, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof, I alix my si nature.
WILLIAM F. RE CH.