US 1458523 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June l2, w23.
B` L. COUTANT 'EJECTOR Filed NOV. 50 1921 @lll/ l Patented June I2, 1923.
UNITED STATES BENONI L. COUTANT, OF JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
Application led November 30, 1921.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, BENoNr L. COUTANT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Jacksonville, in the county of Duval and State of Florida, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ejectors; and I do hereby declare the following to be full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. n
My invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in ejectors of a type wherein fluids or gases under pressure are utilized for effecting the bodily movement o1 material.
An object of the present invention is to produce an ejector of comparatively simple construction formed of a single casing or housing, the ends of which areeasily packed against leakage and closed by novel end de-v vices which serve to support the suction and discharge nozzles of the ejector and also maintain the packing out of contact with both the inducing medium and the material being moved.
Another object of the invention is the production of an ejector in which the cooperating suction and discharge nozzles are centrally supported in adjustable relation, one toward the other, the adjusting means being located within one of the end closures and readily operated without danger or' distorting the effective relation of the nozzles or disloc-ating t-he packing and causing leakage.
A further object of the inventionv is to provide an ejector comparatively inexpensive. to manufacture and to maintain, in that the several parts used are standard fittings, and the quantity of packing heretofore used is reduced to the minimum,
Other objects will in part be obvious, ret erence being had to the specication and claims hereto appended.
In the accompanying drawings in which I have illustrated an embodiment of my invention, l i 4 Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view through my improved ejector; n
Figure 2-is a transverse sectional. view von the line 2-2 of Figure 1; and y Figure 3 is a transverse sectionalview on the line 3 3 of Figure 1.. i, y
My present invention has been designed with a view to producing an ejecting device capable of many uses, someof whichare Serial No. 518,910.
eral parts as properly fall within my invenf tion as rhereinafter particularly defined.
Referringto the drawings, the ejector includes a sleeve casing 1 about the suction and ldischarge nozzles and serving to house the several parts in a compact and particularly neat manner. The interior of the sleeve forms the chamber 2 into which fluid,y air or other gas is admitted under pressure through the inlet 3, the boss l of which is preferably formed integral with the sleeve 1 as shown. Any suitable conduit may be attached to the inlet, and the inducing material of the ejector admitted from any suitable source of supply (not shown). l
Located within the sleeve 1 are two nozzles cooperatively associated and termed `for purposes herein, a suction nozzle 5 and a discharge nozzle 6. f
The suction nozzle 5 is relatively long and extends into the sleeve 1 a distance slightly beyond the inlet 3 as shown. The outlet end 7 of the suction nozzle 5 is beveled as :shown at 8 and together with the inlet beveled end 9 of the nozzle 6 permits the forming of a hollow cone-like `jet of fluid or gas in its pas sage from the chamber 2 through the discharge nozzle 6, thereby inducing suction in the nozzle 5 andpmovement of the material therethrough in the direction of the arrow shown in Figure 1.
The respective innermost ends of the nozzles 5 and 'are spaced from and supported centrally yof the sleeve 1 by means of the spider-like frame 10.` Each spider is provided with an opening 11 into which the nozzle end 'is fitted, lthe arms or projections 12 bearingagainstthe interior wall of the sleeve as shown. In practice these spiderf like supports can be secured either to the nozzle when assembling and inserted within f the sleeve, or they can be attached to the in? terior oit' the said sleeve and the-nozzle ends inserted therethrough as will be Aunderstood. It will be 'seen however that a rigid support is provided :tor the respective ends of the nozzles which will not interfere with the free passage of the inducingl medium in ythe chamber 2, and that the relative adjustment of the nozzles one toward the other is readily permitted Without distortingthe alinement oi said nozzles. rIChis I regard as an important factor, and together with the additional nozzle supporting means now to be described, constitutes a simple and controllable feature for ejectors never before known.
The respective nozzles 5 and 6 extend through andare supported by novel end closure devices 13 and 14. The closure 13 comprises a collar l5 slidably mounted upon the nozzle 5, and provided with a threaded flange 16. The flange 16 vscrews into the interiorly threaded portion. 1T of: the sleeve 1. Set screws 18 pass through the collar l5 and engage theA nozzle 5 and more especially slightI depressions'l) *formed therein. The collar 15 serves as a support for the nozzle 5v and the set screws permanently establish `its relation to the sleeve as iixed or station- 20 ary.
Associated with the flanged collar 15 is a capsection 2O arranged and adapted to be threaded upon the exterior threads 21 of the sleeve l. A packingmaterial 22 is interposed between the collar 15 and the cap 20, the latter being screwed relatively tight against the packing to prevent leakage.
The hend closure la is ot' similar construe a tion and includes the flanged collar 23 having a threaded portion designed to be screwed into the interiorly threaded portion 24 of the sleeve l. Set screws 25 pass through the collar 23 and are adapted to engage relatively long or groove-like depressions 26 formed in the sleeve 6. rlhe nozzle 6 is slidably mounted in the collar 23 and is adjustably held therein by means of the set screws 25. A cap 27 is associated with the collar 23 and is screwed upon the exterior-ly y threaded end 28 of the sleeve l. Packing material is interposed between the cap end vand collar, said packingbeing easily introduced and removed fromany direct. contact with either the induction material or the substances being` moved. A lock nut 2() is abutted against the cap 27 as shown.r said nut being rscrewed upon the threaded portion 80 of the nozzle 6.
' In operation, any fluid such assteam, or
any gas such as air is admitted under pres- .slui'e'to the chamber 2 from where it finds its way in a hollow cone-like spray between the interior and exterior beveled ends 8 and 9 of thenozzles 5 and 6. The angle of the bevels induces forward travel ot the spray'in the' direction of the arrow strong enough to produce 'suction in the nozzle or pipe 5.
`The''material beingv moved is drawn or ysuckedthrough the nozzle 5 and discharged "al`ong with the current of the inducing material out of the discharge nozzle 6. Any i suitable connection can be attached to the nozzle 6 for facilitating the delivery oi lthe Tnaterial to the desired destination. For iny stance, in cleaning cars, as an example, I attacha hose to the nozzle G and allow same to hang out the car window. I then direct a vcurrent of compressed air from the air line of the car through the ejector as the inducing medium, connecting a suitable suction nozzle to the threaded end oi' the pipe or nozzle 5. j
In regulating the flowing intensity of the inducing medium, the cap 2.7 is unscrewed and the set screws 25 loosened, whereupon the nozzle 6 can be moved toward or away 'from the nozzle rIhis movement is etected longitudinally 01"' the ejector and by reason of the collar and spider supports does not permit of any change in the longitudinal alineinent of the nozzles, thereby keeping the annular spray opening of uniform contour, but varyinO necessarily the quantity oi' induction material admitted.
I prefer to have but one ot the nozzles adjustable, but itwill be understood that I do not limit myseli1 to the one shown and described herein; nozzles 5 and 6 may be movably associated toward and away from each other.
Having thus described ,my invention what I claim is:
1. An ejector including a casing formed of a cylindrical sleeve having internal and rexternal screw-threaded ends, closure devices for the ends of" said sleeve, each ot said devices comprising a flanged collar se cured within the vinternal threads of the sleeve and a cap secured upon the external threaded portions of said sleeve, packing material interposed between said collar and cap, and cooperating cylindrical ejecting nozzles arranged within said sleeve and supported by the closure devices.
2. An ejector including a casing formed of a cylindrical sleeve having` internal and external screw threaded ends, closure devices for the ends oi' said sleeve, each oi said devices comprising a flanged collar secured within the internal threads oit the sleeve and a cap secured upon the external threaded portions of said sleeve, packing material interposed between said collar and cap, cooperating cylindrical ejecting nozzles arranged` within said sleeve and supported by the 'closure devices, and means for adjusting said nozzles toward and away from each l other.
3. An ejector including a casing formed of a cylindrical sleeve having internal and external screw threaded ends, closure devices tor the ends ofsaid sleeve, each of said devices comprising a 'anged collar secured within the internal threads of the sleeve and a cap secured upon the external threaded portions of said sleeve, packing 'material interposed between said collar and cap, cooperating cylindrical ej ecting nozzles arranged within said sleeve and'supportedv .by the closure devices, and means for adjust- In some cases both ot the ing said nozzles toward and yaway fromeach other, said means being located between the collar and cap portions of one of the end closure devices. j
4. An ejector including a'casing formed of a cylindrical sleeve, closure devices for the ends of said sleeve, said closure devices being formed of spaced sections, packing material interposed between said sections, cooperating cylindrical nozzles arranged within the sleeve and having onev end thereof supported by the aforesaid closure devices, and means for supporting the other ends of said nozzles Within the sleeve and in close proximity to the spray opening formed between the nozzles.
5. An ejector including Aa casing formed of a cylindrical sleeve, closure devices foi" the ends of said sleeve, said closure devices being formed of spacedA sections, packing material interposed between said sections, cooperating cylindrical nozzles arranged Within the sleeve and havingone end thereof supported by the aforesaid. closure devices, means for supporting the other ends of said nozzles within the sleeve and kin close proximity to the opening formed between the nozzles, and means for effecting the adjustment of one of said nozzles longitudinally of the sleeve, said nozzle being maintained in longitudinal alinement withv the other nozzle by means of the supports aforesaid.
'6. An ejector comprising a cylindrical casing formed with a chamber, closure devices for the ends of said casing, cooperating cylindrical suction and discharge nozzles arranged within the aforesaid chamber and extending through the closure devices in which they are supported, other supports for said nozzles near their inner ends, packing material for t-he said closure devices, said packing being maintained out of contact with the interior of the said chamber and the passageways in said nozzles, and means for admitting an inducing medium to the aforesaid chamber. f y 7. An ejectorV including a tubular casing of the same width throughout its extent and provided intermediate its ends with j means for admitting an inducing medium to the interior of the same, a suction nozzle of less diameter than said casing and ofthe same diameter'throughout its extent, extendi ing into saidy casing and provided at its inner end with an outer beveled surface, a
spider supporting the inner end of said nozi surface of the first mentioned ,nozzle andy spaced from the latter, a spider supporting the inner end of the discharge nozzle and adapted to permit adjustment of the discharge nozzle axially within said casing,and 1 f 70 means for packing and closingthe space between the other endy ofsaid casing and the f discharge nozzle. f
8. An ejector including a casing formed of a section of pipe providedat its ends with rinternal and external screw-threads, land having means intermediate its ends to admit' same, yflanged collars engaging theinternal threads of said casing, caps engaging the externalv threads of said casing and spaced from the collars toprovide packingchambers, ypacking material arranged iny said.
kan inducing medium to the interior ofthe chambers, a suction nozzle formed of a sectionfof pipe, extending through the ycollar and cap at one end of said casing and provided at its inner end with an outer beveled` j surface, a spider supporting the inner end ofsaid nozzle and permitting axial adjustment of the latter, a discharge nozzle formed of a section of pipe, extending through the collar and cap atthe otherr end of said cas- `ing and provided at its inner end with an' internalvbeveled surface arranged adjacent to and spaced from the outer beveled surface of the suction nozzle, anda spider supporting the inner end of the discharge nozzle and permitting axial adjustment of the latter.`
In testimony whereof I affix my signature,
in presence of two subscribino' witnesses.
l BENoNI L. tOUTANT. Witnesses: f v f v H. C. BARNES,
L. M. MAIER. r-