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Publication numberUS1458975 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 19, 1923
Filing dateSep 24, 1920
Priority dateSep 24, 1920
Publication numberUS 1458975 A, US 1458975A, US-A-1458975, US1458975 A, US1458975A
InventorsWilliam Clauson
Original AssigneeFriendly Service Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mixing apparatus
US 1458975 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 19, 1923.

W. CLAUSON MIXING APPARATUS Original Filed Oct.

'7, 1919 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 @0625: widmin/ Zzms a June 1923 w. CLAUSON MIXING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Original File d Oct. 7. 1919 a J J 2 0 Patented June 19, 1923.

UNlTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM GLAUSON, OF EVERETT, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO THE FRIENDLY SERVICE 00., OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATION OF MASSACHUSETTS.

MIXING APPARATUS.

Continuation of application Serial No. 329,148, filed October 7, 1919. This application filed September 24, 1920. Serial No. 412,497.

T0 all wh m/'1: it may concern Be it known that I, VVILLIAM CLAUSON, a subject of the King of Sweden, residing at Everett, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mixing Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to a mixing or spraying apparatus for use in spraying or wash ing objects with a liquid or a liquid solution. The object of my invention is to provide an improved device or apparatus of this kind adapted for use in washing automobiles and other vehicles, in washing floors and walls, spraying trees and other work involving the application of a liquid or a liquid solution.

I am aware that mixing and spraying devices of various kinds have been heretofore invented which are devised to operate by diverting from a main stream of liquid under pressure a branch streainwliicli flows into a container or chamber containing chemical orsoap, the diverted liquid with the chemical or soap which it'entrains then reuniting with the main stream. N one of the e devices, however, have the combination of elements of my new apparatus upon which I rely for its successful operation.

The utility of my device is well demonstrated by its use inthe washing of automobiles and other vehicles.

Heretofore in washing automobiles and other vehicles it has beenthe usual practice to apply a mixture of soap and water by means of a sponge, the soap commonly used being furnished to garages by the barrel and in the form of a paste. The worlnnan engaged in washing a vehicle usually scoops up a handful of the soap paste from the barrel and deposits it in a pail. containing water in which latter the soap is dissolved by stirring. No measurement is made of the soap used for each pail. of water other than the amount selected by the workman in scooping a handful from the barrel, and no great care is used in dissolving the soap in the Water with the result that the workman in most instances uses more soap than neces sary and almost invariably an undissolved quantity ofthe soap remains unused 1n the bucketand is thrown away when the latter is emptied. As a result a great'amountof soap is wasted. In my invention is embodied a cally to mix soap With the water as the latter, passes through said apparatus, and to throw onto the automobile a spray of soap suds. In its preferred form the apparatus is supplied with a control valve which controls the flow of .Water and the flow of soap suds whereby the apparatus may deliver clear Water directly from the source of supply, or soap suds from the container, or any desired mixture of the two.

lVith this and other objects in view my invention consists in the combination of parts set forth in the following specification, and particularly pointed out in the claims thereof.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure l is a plan view of a mixing apparatus constructed in accordance with my invention Figure 2 is a section on line 2--2 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a section on line of Figure 2; I

Figure 4: is a section on line t4 of Fig ure 3;

Figure 5 is a section on line 55 of Figure 2; and c Figure 6 is a section on line 6-6 of Figure 2.

The apparatus herein shown comprises a vessel 1 of sheet metal closed at its top by a cover 2 which may be soldered to said vessel. To the cover 2 is secured, as by rivets, a non zle 3 having an enteriorly threaded end 4 adapted to be coupled to the end of a flexible hose pipe by means of which the nozzle is connected with a faucet or other supply of water under pressure or head. Within this inlet end of the nozzle 3 may be provided a screen disc 5 made from wire cloth. Nozzle 3 is made with a main port 6 therethrough of relatively large size which is controlled by a tapered valve 7 rotatably mounted within a transverse valve chamber 8. At its outer larger end the valve 7 is made with a handle 9 by means of which it is manually rotated, said larger end'being also provided with a laterally projecting pin 10 co-operating with a lug 11 on the body of the nozzle for the purpose hereinafter set forth. At its smaller end the valve 7 is formed with a stem 12 that is transversely p'erforatedto receive a cotter pin 18 which holds a washer 1a in place on said stem. On this stem 12 is also mounted aspring' 15 one end 01 which bears against the washer 14 and the other end against another washer 16 keyed in the usual fashion to the stem. The spring 15 servesto hold the valve seated within its chamber.

The nozzle-Sis madewith another port 17 opening into valve chamber 8 at right angles to the port 6, said port 17 communicating with a pipe 18 01 relatively large capacity which in turn has connected with it the upper end of a pipe 19 of relatively smaller capacity Whose lower end is near the bottom of vessel 1 and inclosedby a porous hood 80prefer'ably made from wire cloth.

This lowerend of the pipe 19 constricted as shown, permitting a comparatively'sniall outlet from the pipe 1,9"into".the vessel;

l/Vithi'n the poroushood 2O arranged the. lower end of another pipe 21 wlt ich extends upwardly tothe nozzle 3 where its upper end opens into a chamber 22 provided at the discharge end of the nozzle. This chamber 22 communicates with the port 6 through a horse-shoe shaped slit 28, Figures2 and 5, which is in-close roximity to the discharge end of pipe 21. I

One end of 'a by-pass 32, of relatively small capacity, is connected to the lower end of pipe 18 and'the opposite end'ot pipe 32 opens into pipe 21 so-as to discharge toward the outlet end thereof. The pipe 32 is of smaller capacity than pipe 21. The constriction at the lowerend of pipe 19 and the relatively small size of the by-pass pipe 32 make the capacity of pipe 18 greater than the other two with the result that a portion of the stream diverted into pipe 18 isforced under pressure through pipe 82 into pipe 21, producing" the action or effect of an injector at 33 which establishes and 'maintains a flow of soap sudsfrom thecontainer up through pipe 21. The capacity of the pipe 21 and the flow produced therein by the ejector 3" is sui'licient to discharge the liquid which flows into the container force pipe 19 as the apparatus operates, so that the container never fills up and overfiows.

The valve 7 is a three-way valve. That "is, it is formed with a transverse port 25,

valve 7 is thus opened, which causes'water to flow from port 6 through ports 25, 26 and 17 and from the latter through pipes 18 and 19 into vessel land through-by-pass 32 with the injector effect above described.

The top of the vessel 1 is made with a door 27 connected with the cover plate 2 by hinges 28. This door 27 normally closes an opening 29 through Whichaquantity of soap paste'is passed into vessel 1. It will thus be seen that the water discharged into the vessel through the pipe 19 is brought into contact with this body of soap, some of which it entrains so that the water leaving thevessel through'pipe21 issoapy.

The soap suds dischargefrom thepipe'21 in the direction of the top of the chamber 22 where they are struck by thespray-ot water which rushes under pressure from the slit 23 and which carries the soap sudswith it onto the automobile or other ob jectto' be sprayed or washed. The arrangement is such that a steady, strong stream of soap suds or soapy water is'throwfn from theend of the nozz1e'8 directly onto the object that is being cleaned.

When it is desired to wash the objectwit'h clear water the valve 7 is moved in a left hand direction into a position ninety degrees from that shown in the drawings which brings the port 25 into alignment with port 6 and closes port v17. Aswill be clear the purpose of the hood 20'is to keep the soap paste within Vessel '1 away "from the lower ends of the pipes 19 and 21 so that the latter cannot become cloggechand at the same'time the porous characterofthis hood permits the water to pass back and forth therethrough as is necessary.

The soapf paste commonly used is more or less stiff and may sometimes be forced into the vessel 1" by a rigid poker tl'ia-twou-ld 'be likely to injure the small pipes 19' and" as well as the hood120'ispermitted to engage the same. Forthi's reason I provide within the vessel 1 a guard 30 in the shape of a wall depending from cover 2- and extend-'- ing downwardly --fai-' enough to shield said. parts. 7

The body of the nozzle 8 is made with a disc-like enlargement 31 bearing four'index marks in the form of arrows as shown in Figure 1, said marks being angular'ly positioned with relation to the handle 9 so as to co-operate with the -la-tter as an index for use in positioning the valve 7, inscriptions Stop, Soap and water, Slow, and Clear water or the like informing-the user as to the action of the apparatus for each position of the handle indicated by the arrows. When the handle 9 is positioned .at the arrow, Soap and water, the maximum amount of soapy water is mixed with the steam discharging from the nozzle, and by moving the handle 9 from this position in a right-hand direction toward the stop lug 11 the amount of soapy water supplied to the discharging stream may be decreased to the minimum which latter is secured when the pin 10 engages the lug 11. This position is useful when it is desired to simply soap the sponge. lVith the handle 9 registering with the Clear water position the size and speed of the stream may be varied by adjustment of the handle and valve in either direction from that position, the engagement of the pin 10 with the lug 11 stopping the valve in position to deliver from the nozzle a slow small stream of clear water such as would be desired in wetting a sponge, or for washing off the soap suds.

The apparatus herein. shown is constructed as an attachment adapted to be coupled to the end of a flexible hose pipe which in turn may be connected with the faucet of a. water system, the apparatus being grasped by one hand and manipulated to direct the stream upon the object being cleaned. F or this reason the vessel 1 is preferably made upon its exterior with a handle 83 across the top of which the hose pipe will extend when the latter is coupled to the nozzle, so that both the handle 33 and the end of the hose pipe are grasped by the hand of the workman when the apparatus is in service. This prevents abrupt or sharp bending of the hose pipe near its junction with the nozzle.

The improved mixing apparatus above described is of simple, efficient and inexpensive construction. Its use not only results in great economy in the consumption of soap and water but makes it possible to perform the operation of washing a vehicle quickly and effectively. not depend upon pressure within the container to discharge the contents of the container from the apparatus so that the container need not be air tight and the entire operation can be cont-rolled by one valve.

WVhat I claim is:

1. A device of the character described com prising a container; a main conduit affording a direct delivery from a source of sup-- ply; a second conduit connecting with said source of supply and delivering into said container; a. mixture delivering conduit leading from said container; valvular means for controlling the flow through the main and second conduits, and a by-pass conduit having its inlet end connected with said second conduit between the discharge end of the latter and said valvular controlling means and its outlet end connected with said mixture delivering conduit so as to constitute an injector for causing a current in said mixture delivering conduit toward the discharge end of the latter.

2. A device of the character described comprising a container, a main pipe, a

Moreover this device does branch pipe tapping the main pipe and leading to the interior of the container, a discharge pipe leading from the container and communicating with the main pipe at a point between junction of the branch pipe with the main pipe and the delivery end of the latter, and a bypass pipe connected at one end with said branch pipe and communicating at its opposite end with said dis charge pipe so as to constitute, an injector for causing a current in said discharge pipe into said main pi e.

3. A device ot the character described comprising a. container, a main pipe attached thereto adapted. to be connezted at one end with a source of supply of liquid under pressure, a branch pipe tapping thcinain pipe and communicating with the interior of the container, a discharge pipe leading from the container and opening into the main pipe near the outlet end thereof, a bypass pipe connected at one end with said branch pipe and communicating at its opposite end with said discharge pipe so as to constitute an injector whereby liquid which enters the container through the branch pipe is caused to flow through the discharge pipe to the main pipe, and valve means in the main pipe for controlling and adjusting the flow of liquid in the main and branch pipes.

4-. A device of the character described comprising a container for holding one or the ingredients of a desired mixture, a main pipe attached thereto having an outlet end, an inlet end adapted to be connected with a source of supply of liquid under pressure, and a restricted orifice at a point near said outlet end, a branch pipe tapping said main pipe and terminating in a restricted oulet orifice inside the container, a discharge pipe leading from the container and opening into the main pipe at a point between the restriction therein and the outlet end, a bypass 01. relatively small capacity connected at one end with said branch pipe and with its out let end opening into said discharge pipe in the direction of the main pipe so as to constitute an injector, and a valve in the main pipe adjacent the inlet end of the branch pipe by which the flow of liquid'in the main and branch pipes may be regulated and controlled, as and for the purposes described.

5. A device of the character described comprising a container, a main pipe attached thereto having a restricted orifice near its outlet end, a branch pipe tapping said main pipe at a point between its inlet end and said restricted orifice and terminat ing in a restricted outlet orifice inside the container, a discharge pipe with its inlet end near the bottom of the container and en" closed by a porous hood and its outlet end opening into the main pipe adjacent the restricted orifice therein, a bypass pipe of branch pipe and is then carried by' the discharge pipe into'themain pipe and carried through the outlet end thereof by the liquid i 01 the main stream after it passes the-restricted orifice in the main pipe.

6. A device Of the character described comprising a container, a main pipe attached thereto having a. restricted orifice near its outlet end, a discharge pipe with its inlet end inside the container and its outlet end opening into the main pipe at a point between the restricted orifice and the discharge end thereof, a branch pipe tapping said main pipe and terminating in two pipes of relatively small capacity, one an inlet pipe opening into the container, whereby a part of the liquid in tl'ieniain pipeinay be diverted into the container, and the other a by-pass pipe With its outlet end opening into said discharge pipe,.\'v-hereby a pin-tot the stream in the branch pipe may be utilized as an injector to cause a current in said discharge pipe, and valve means insaid main pipe for controlling and adjusting the flow of liquid in the-main and branch pipes.

7. A device of: the character described comprising a container, a main pipe attached thereto adapted to be connected with a supply of liquid under pressure and having' a restricted orifice therein, a. discharge pipe with its inlet end near the bottom of said container and its outlet end opening into said main pipe adjacent the said restricted orifice therein, a branch pipe-tapsaid discharge pipe in the direction of said main. pipe, and a valve in the main pipe adj acent the inlet end of the branch pipe for contolling and adjusting the flow of liquid in the mainzand branch pipes.

8. l i device of the character described comprising a'container for holding a supply of soft. soap or the lilze, with an opening lfor filling; the same, a main pipe attached there to adapted? to be connected with a supply oi liquid under pressure and having a restricted. orifice therein, a discharge pipe with its inlet end inside the container and its outlet end opening into said main pipe at a point adjacent said restr icted'orifice and between said restricted orifice and the outlet end of said main pipe, a branch pipe tapping; said main pipe at a point between said restricted orifice and the inlet end of said main pipe, said branch pipe terminatingin two pipes of relatively small capacity, one an inlet pipe terminating in 'a restricted opening inside the container and the other a by-pass pipe opening into the discharge pipe in the direction of the main pipe, and a valve in said main pipe adjacent the inlet end of the branch pipe by which the {low of liquid in the main and branch controlled and adjusted.

Signed at Boston, Massachusetts, this 30th day of March, 1920.

WVILLIAM CLAUSON- pipes may be lit)

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2538948 *Oct 24, 1945Jan 23, 1951Richards Harry WSpray device
US2780493 *Nov 25, 1950Feb 5, 1957Eldredge William FFluid proportioning device
US2869926 *Dec 26, 1956Jan 20, 1959Axel Lundquist BrorDevice for dissolving and mixing soluble solid fertilizers in flowing water
US3037708 *Dec 7, 1959Jun 5, 1962Littlejohn Richard CSpray gun
US3042315 *Nov 25, 1960Jul 3, 1962Besser Joseph RAir and liquid spray gun
US3104823 *Nov 21, 1961Sep 24, 1963 Mixing apparatus
US3104825 *Jun 30, 1958Sep 24, 1963 hayes
US3201049 *Mar 7, 1963Aug 17, 1965Hayes Spray Gun CompanyProportioning eductor
US3381899 *Sep 19, 1966May 7, 1968Hayes Spray Gun CompanySpray gun
US3421738 *Jul 3, 1967Jan 14, 1969Chemie Filter Gmbh VerfahrenInjector
US3468325 *Apr 4, 1967Sep 23, 1969Bowles David ESelective soaper-rinser apparatus
US3921911 *Mar 6, 1975Nov 25, 1975Kerney T SheetsProjectable lawn sprinkler
US4570856 *Mar 2, 1984Feb 18, 1986Regina CorporationLiquid and detergent mixing chamber and valves
US4832230 *Dec 15, 1987May 23, 1989Janowitz C MichaelThreaded cap containing additive for containers
US5213264 *Oct 11, 1990May 25, 1993Chevron Research And Technology CompanySpraying device with a replaceable cartridge
US5505382 *May 16, 1994Apr 9, 1996Sealy; J. MichaelApparatus for distributing liquid solutions
US6012650 *Feb 5, 1998Jan 11, 2000Lego Irrigation Ltd.Dispenser particularly useful for amateur gardeners
DE19739572C1 *Sep 10, 1997Feb 25, 1999Ferdinand GrimmDisplay model for merchandising kitchen units
DE102006027778A1 *Jun 16, 2006May 8, 2008Walter, Siegfried, Dipl.-Ing.Fluid substances i.e. scents, mixing device, has conveyer system for conveying fluid substances and applying mixture on skin, and adjusting device with valve by which inlet is changed in cross section in mixing area
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/317, 137/625.47, 137/118.1, 251/155, 137/268, 137/114, 239/318, 239/433, 137/584, 137/556, 137/605, 239/550, 251/118
International ClassificationB60S3/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60S3/044
European ClassificationB60S3/04C