|Publication number||US1459485 A|
|Publication date||Jun 19, 1923|
|Filing date||Mar 7, 1922|
|Priority date||Mar 7, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1459485 A, US 1459485A, US-A-1459485, US1459485 A, US1459485A|
|Inventors||Whitney Gary M|
|Original Assignee||Whitney Gary M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jum19, 1923. v 1,459,485
G. M. WHITNEY EMPTYING DEVICE 0R EMPTIER Filed March 7. 1922 z Sheets-Sheet 1 June 19, 1923. 1,459,485
G. M. WHITNEY EMPTYING DEVICE OR EMPTIER 7.
Filed March- 7. 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 lea 40 I shape that when rolled over, will form the Patented J une 1 9, 1923.
PATENT- QFFICE. 7
GARY M. WHITNEY, OF GREYBULL, WYOMING.
EMPTYING DEVICE OR EMPTIER.
Application filed March 7, 1922. Serial No. 541,739.
T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, GARY M. WHITNEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Greybull, in the county of Big Horn and State of Wyoming, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Emptying Devices or Emptiers, of which the following is a specification. I
This invention relates to emptying devices, or emptiers,-for the rapid emptying of containers such as bottles, jugs, carboys, cans, or other necked receptacles, of their contents. 1
An object of the invention is to provide a simple and cheap device that will facilitate the rapid and safe emptying of containers. o
A further object is to make an emptier that is portable and durable, and of sizes to fit different sized containers.
A further object is. tov provide an emptier that will deliver air-.to the air space within an inverted container. V
A furtherv object is to provide a support upon which ajplurality or battery of emptiers may be placed, either ,detachably, or permanently, and by means of which a number of containers may be quickly emptied of their contents at a single operation.
Other objects of the invention will be evident upon reading the description.
In the accompanying drawings,
Figures 1 and 2 are side and front views respectively of the emptying device placed on a container, showing the neck of the container and the air pipe in dotted lines.
Figure 3is a view in elevation of the emptier showing the air pipe in dotted lines within the cone; Fig. 4 represents a sheet of metal cut in a cone of the emptier.
F ig. 5 shows'a modification of Fig. 3 in which the air pipe is detachable.
Fig.6 is a view in elevation, showing a bottle being emptied, with the liquid being collected ina receiver.
Figs. 7and 8 are longitudinal and trans verse vertical views, in elevation, of a frame or support holding a pluralityor battery of containers and emptying devices discharging into a conduit or launder.
Fig. 9 is an end view in elevation of a modification in which the frame for holdins a battery of co tainers is shown hinged or pivoted permitting it to be tilted back for receiving the containers; and
Fig. 10 is an end View in elevation of the frame folded back showing the insertion of a container upon the frame.
The emptying device may ,bemade' of metal, for example, sheet copper, or brass, or tinned iron, or of such non-corrodible metals as Monel metal, or may be made of,
glass or glazed porcelain. When made of metal, itmay also be enamelled if desired, to reducejthe liability of corrosion.
A convenient form of the device is shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, in which the funnel portion, shown at 11, consists of a metal sheet shaped as shown in Fig. 4, and bent upon a form or mandrel to give it the shape of a hood or cone, truncated on a right line 12 towards its apex, and havingan oblique base 13. Secured to the baseis ahandle 16 of suitable material. When made ofmetal the edges of the cone, and the wire handle are secured either by soldering, brazing, welding, etc. The air duct or air pipe li'iS made of suitable material, for example metal, and welded, brazed, or soldered to the cone, as shown, the entire structure being enamelled or japanned if desired. Or if the funnel is made of glass or porcelain, the air pipe may be integral therewith, or may be 'made. ,detachable and secured to the cone by a rubber stopper 15, see Fig. 5. In the latter case, the rubber stopper may be covered with parafline to protect it from corrosive liquids. With glass or porcelain cones, the handle may be integral, of glass or porcelain, or it may consistof a metal handle having a ring or socket that surrounds the cone. The air tube is preferably secured to the shorter side of the conepas shown, this position permitting the quick discharge of a-small amount of liquid it receives on its insertion in the container, allowing the liquid to draininto the receiver when inverted as shown in Fig. 6. In Figs. 6 and .9, the air tubeis shown projecting toward one side-of the bottom of the bottle, where an air spacewould naturally be on inverting the container. With standard 32 oz. bottles, it was found that the funnel gave very satisfactory results when itsinclina'tion was about, degrees from the axis of the bottle, but this angle would naturally vary with'cones for dif'fer- I ent shaped containers. WVith a straight cone, with the hand emptier, if the bottle is placing as: shown in the dotted The frame all of the emptiers,
returned to normal position before complete emptying, a little liquid runs down the sides of the bottle.
Fig. 6 illustrates the emptying device inuse, With the liquid contents from the container through the cone into a receiver, and air entering the: air pipe 1 4- at its vent 17, either from the atmosphere,
or from a supply under pressure, and pass-- ing to the space at the bottom of the container. The emptying device is placed upon a container, and the latter inverted over a receiver, the cone serving as a tunnel or conduit for the liquid. In a practical test in a laboratory Where many bottles are emptied daily, a thirty-two ounce standard round bottle Was emptied repeatedly in six seconds,including the complete operation of the emptier on the bottle, inverting, discharging the liquid, removing the emptier, and placing it upon: the next bottle, as against seventeen seconds to twenty seconds when Waiting fora bottle to gurg'l'e out.
In the modifications shownin- Figs. 7 and 8, the e'mptiers 18 are secured into the frame 19, With the air pipes 21 projecting upwards. 19 is provided Wi'thbracket arms 20 which partly surround and hold the cont'a-iner in-a vertical position, and may have rubber friction grips ontheir ends to hold the container more securely. For some purposes, this modification may be a permanent fixture, in Which case the containers should be quickly inverted over the air pipe 21 and fitted into the emptier cones 18, the small quantity of liquidthat splashes onthe frame would be collected in the trough or launder 22. With a battery of twelve or fifteen cones, or more for larger size containers, an operator Will be able to put containers upon and replace them, keep ing the entire battery working constantly.
In the modification shown in Fig. 9', the frame 23-, whichv is also constructed to hold a battery of containers, is suitably hinged or pivoted about a rod 24 enabling itto be tilted, and in the inverted position, rests on the support 25; While in the dotted line or. filling position, it rests against the support 26. 'To be operated, the frame is placed or filling position, and a container, for example a bottle, is inserted as shown in Fig- 10, the bottle finally resting on the ledge 27 the frame containing the battery of containers is now inverted to the full line position shown in p F ig. 9; and the contents discharged into the launder 22, the trame'i's then reversed and the bottles exchanged for others to be emptied,
It is; obviousthat those skilled: in the art may vary the details of construction of the apparatus Without departing from the spirit and therefore I do not of the invention,
rushing out shaped container, and
Wish to be limited to the above disclosure except as may be required by the claims.
I claim: i 1. In an emptier, a discharge conduit for the contents of a container, said conduit consisting of a conically shaped tubular support for receiving the neck of a bottleshaped container, and an air duct opening through the Wall of the support to Within the conduit and constructed to enter the discharge opening of the containerand deliver air therein. 7 I
2; In an emptier, a discharge conduit'fofr the contents of a container, said conduitcon-- sisting of a comically shaped tubular sup port for receiving the neck of a bottleair duct opening through the Wall of the: support to within said conduitand having air communication atone end through the Wall: of said conduit, and the other end constructed to enter the discharge opening of the container:
3. In an emptier, a discharge conduit tor the eontentsof a container, said conduit c'onsisting of a conical'lyshaped tubule-r port for receiving the neck" of a bottleshaped container, and an air duct opening through the wall of the supportto within said conduit and having air communication at one endthrough the Wall ofsaid conduit,
the other end constructed to enter the discharge opening otthe container, and means to support said emptier'. 1
4. In an -emptier, a discharge conduit for the: contents of a container, said conduit eons isting' of a conicallyshaped tubular support tor receiving the neck of a bottle-shaped container, and" an air duct opening through the wall of the support to Within said conduit and having air communication at one end through the Wall of said conduit, the other end constructed to enter the discharge opening of theaconta-iner, means to support a plurality of sai'd'emptiers, and said means alsofconstructed to hold a container inoperative relation to each eni-ptieri 5. In an emptier, a discharge conduit for the contents of a container, said-conduit con f sisting of a hood tor the discharge opening of the container, an air duct Within said conduit and having air communication at one end With the region outside ofsaid condui't, the other end constructedto enter the discharge opening of the" container, means to support a plurality of said emptier's', said means also constructed to hold a container in operative relation to eaehemptier,
said means alsoconstructed and arranged to be tilted back-to faeili-ta-te the placing or;
tull containers thereon.
In testlrnony signature.
seer M. Warrant;
whereof-j? I hereby afii iz
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|U.S. Classification||141/100, 222/165, 141/332, 222/567, 141/300, 414/403, 141/333, 141/319, 222/478, 141/284|