US 1460574 A
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July 3., .1923.
A. COSEGLIA COIN CONTROLLED VENDING MACHINE Filed Aug. 18 191r7 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 L l/VVE/VTO/i nflon g Cosegzim r385 BY ATTORNEY Patented July 3, 1923.
ANTHoNY COSEGLIA, or WEST HoBoKnN, N W
MENTS, 'I'O AUTOSALES CORPORATION, A" CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
COIN-GONTROLLED VENDING MACHINE.
Application filed August 18, 1317. Serial Nb. 135,843.
T 0 all w ho'm. it may concern 7 Be it known that I, ANrHoNY CosnGLIA, asubject of the King of Italy, and a resident of- Vest Hoboken, in the county of Hudson, in the State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin Coin-Controlled Vending Machines, of which the followingris specification. 7 H
My invention relates to. coin-controlled vending machines,-and has for its object the provision of a machine of small dimensions, especially adapted for use in theatres and other places where but little space is available for accommodating such machines. The machine of my invention isparticularly, although not exclusively, adapted for the sale of cylindrical packages of confection or other commodity. v
The various, features of novelty which characterize my invention will become apparent from a detailed description of the accompanying drawings which illustrate .a preferred embodiment of my invention. In these drawings, 7 f g Fig. 1 shows a rear View; of a machine embodying my invention, the back wall of the casing being removed to show the interior parts, and the parts being in normal position; 1 V
Fig. 2 is a side View in section taken 11, line 2 -2 of Fig. 1, looking in thebdirection of the arrows; p 1
Fig. 3 is a transverse cross-section on: line 33 of Fig. 1, looking downwardly;
Fig. 4 is a transversecross-section on line 44:, looking downwardly;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary detail view showing how the coin-operated lever and the slide bar for the delivery member enter, into locking engagement with each other under certain conditions;
Fig. 6 is a IGSI'VIBW of the machine, showing the coin-controlled mechanism inposition after ejecting thelowermost package; Fig. 7 is a longitudinal cross-sectionbn line 7 7 of Fig. 6, looking in the: direction of the arrows; and v p Fig. 8 is a fragmentary detail view show;
ing the coin-receptacleinto which drop the discharged coins. v The outer casing of the machine is preferably constructed in'two -sectio-ns,.-"a front section-Aand-a rearsection B. I The front section'A comprises afront plate 1, side JERSEY, ASSIGNOR, BY M'nsNE- s'srGN pieces 2, and a bottOmB which terminates at the point indicated at din Figs. 2 and 7. The rear section'B ofthe. casing consists of a rear :plate 5., a top 6', side-flanges 7 and bottom flange 8. .The'top, 6 is provided witha front flange 9 which meets the plate 1 ofthe front sectionon tlie line indicated at,10 in Figs. 2 and.7-;
VVhen ft-he two sections A and. Bare assembled, the side pieces 2 of the front section A abut against the side flanges 7 of the rear section B along the line indicated at 11 in FigsQ and 7. In this way a closed casing is formed. The two sections are held locked togetherby any suitable locking mechanism, which I have not deemed neces sary to sho-w,,as it forms no part of'my inv'ention.v J
WV-ithin the casing is mountedthe goodscompartment ,or, magazine indicated as a whole'by This magazine ispreferably formed out of sheet metal and comprises a front wall l2, rearwardly extending side walls 13 and 14', and; inwardly extending rear flanges 15,. The magazineM is secured to the removable front sectionof the casing being pivoted, as shown at 16,.totheside pieces 2- 'f ,the, section A.' By being thus pivoted near its-upper'=-end, the magazine may bereadily 'swungyoutlofk the casing whenever desired, as indicatedby the dotted] lines N in Fig. .7; In'order to allow-.1 limited rearward movement of the maga: zine M, as when it"isfldesired to-remove the deposited coins (as will hereinafter bemore fully explained), the side wall 13 of the magazinev is provided with :aflslot 17- in which engages, a button 18 formed in one of the side pieces of the front, sec-tion A,[as best shown in" Fig. 3. This constructional} lows a slight-I rearward swinging of the magazine: without interfering with the j full rearwardYmovement thereof, asthe button will ride 'out, of the slot" 17 when themagazine is swung into the position shown" in dotted lines Fig. 7. v a
The magazine 'M .is adapted to contain packagesP which are shownin the drawings as cylindrical in form. The flanges 1'5 pre'-' in form, (being adapted. to receivethe pack ages P. For the sake of convenience. I will hereinafter call the member D the delivery cylinder. I do not, however, mean to imply by this that the member D must be strictly cylindrical in form, it being only necessary that it be so constructed as to receive the packages P, of whatever form or size they may be. The delivery cylinder D, in the form illustrated, consists of a semi-cylindrical shell-member 19 and side disks 20 and 21. The shell-member 19 is adapted to receive the lowermost package when the cylinder D is in normal position. The disks 20 and 21 are provided with pivot pins or studs 22 and 23, by means of which the delivery cylinder is pivoted in the side members 2 of the front section A, as best shown in Fig. 4. To the side disk 21 of the delivery cylinder D is secured a pinion 24 by means of pins 25 or otherwise. The teeth of the pinion 24 mesh with the teeth 26 of the rack bar 27 which is partof, or secured to, the actuating slide 28. This slide is mounted to reciprocate vertically and oscillate the delivery cylinder D. The slide 28 is mounted on one of the side walls 2 of the front section A of the casing by means of pins or studs 29, which engage in slots 30 of the slide 28. The actuating slide 28 is normally held in uppermost position, as shown in Fig. 2, by the contractile spring 31, The lower end of the spring 31 is fastened to the lug 32 at the upper end of the slide 28, while the upper end of the spring is secured to the lug 33 carried by the front section A.
By reference to F igs." 1 and 2, it will be seen that when the actuating slide 28 is in normal position, the delivery cylinder D is in such position that the semi-cylindrical shell 19 is in goods-receiving position. In other words, whenthe delivery cylinder is in normal position, the lowermost package rests within it, as indicated atl in Fig. 1. VJhenthe actuating slide 28 is moved downwardly, by mechanism to be presently described, the delivery cylinder is rotated into the position shown in Fig. 7, thereby discharging the bottom package P into the delivery chamber 34 at the bottom of the casing. This delivery chamber has side openings 35, through which the package may be withdrawn. A suitable guiding plate 36 may be provided forguiding the ejected package into the delivery chamber. To facilitate the removal of the delivery package, the front wall 1 of the casing is preferably provided with cut-away portions 37, as indicated in Fig. 1.
When the cylinder Dis in delivery position, as seen in Fig 7, the packages in the magazine are supported on top of the semi-- cylindrical shell-member 19. When the actuating slide 28 returns to normal or upper positionunder the influence of sprmg 31, the delivery cylinder D is rotated backwardly to normal position. As soon as the outer surface of the shell member 19 slides from under the column of goods, the lowermost package drops down into the hollow shell-member l9.
The front wall 1 of the section A of the casing is provided with a pin or stud 38 on which is pivoted the bell-crank lever 39. The arm 40 of this lever is at its outer end provided with a pin 41 to which is secured one end of a contractile spring 42. The other end of this spring is secured to any fixed part of the casing, as the lug 43. By means of the spring 42, the bell-crank lever 39 is normally held in the position shown in Fig. 1. A fixed stop 44, carried by the front wall of the casing, limits the movement of lever 39 under the action of spring 42. The
laterally extending arm 45 of the bell-crank lever 39, is at its outer end provided with a pin or projection 46 adapted to engage in the slot 47 formed in the extension 48 of the slide 28.
Any suitable coin-controlled mechanism may be employed for actuating the bell-crank lever 39. For the sake of illustration, I have shown in the drawings a coin-carrier 49 mounted to rotate in the. coin-passage 50, A suitable member, such as a knob 51, is operatively connected'with the coin-carrier 49 to rotate the same and carry the coin into operative position within the machine; The pin 41 of the bell-crank lever 39 extends into the coin-passage 50 through the slot, 52 formed in the front plate 1 of the casing.
When a proper coin is deposited into the coin-entrance slot 53, which is arranged at the top of the casing, and the coin-car rier rotated by means of the knob 51, the coin is carried through the coin-passage 50 until itstrikes the pin 41 of the lever 39. In Fig. 1, the position of the coin is indicated in dotted lines at C During this movement, the coin has depressed the spring-pressed slide 54, the purpose of which is to lock the coin against return movement after it has been carried into the machine a predetermined distance. As the coin-carrier is further rotated, carrying the deposited coin with it, the bell-crank lever 39 is rocked from the position shown in Fig. l to that shown in Fig. 6. During this movement of the bell-crank lever 39, the slide 28 is pushed downwardly from the position shown in Fig. 2 to that shown in Fig. 7. During this operation of the slide 28, the delivery cylinder D ejects the lowermolst package, as already explained in de tai It will be clear from Fig. 6, that as the coin-carrier is rotated further, the coin C will pass out of engagement with the pin 41 and drop rearwardly through the open' ing 55 into the coin receptacle 56 arranged between the lower end of the magazine and I wardly into positive locking engagement tive movement.
member 59- carried at ills-lower end of the magazine M. For convenience of construction,,the member 59 may be formed as a forwardly projecting fiange at the lower end of the front wall 12 of the magazine M,
as indicated in Fig; 8. The movable member 59 is arranged below the fixed coinsupporting strip 57. In Fig. 1, the deposited coins which have been discharged from the coin-carrier and which rest in the coin receptacle 56, are indicated at C To release.
the coins, it is only necessary to swing back the magazine as far as the slot 17 and the button 18 will allow. This slight movement of the magazine carries the flange member 59 out of coin-supporting position, and by slightly tipping the machine, the coins will roll out of the space or opening 58.
In order to prevent the coins from accidentally clinging to the front wall 12 ofthe magazine, I provide a stripper 60 which is carried by the strip 57 and which prevents the coins from following the magazine as it is swung rearwardly, thereby insuring their falling through the opening 58.
To prevent operation of the machine when the supply of goods is exhausted, I provide means for locking the bell-crank lever 39 against operation. A pawl 61 is pivoted at 62 to the front plate '1 of the casing. The pawl 61 is at its lower end provided with a locking shoulder 63. A spring 64 tends to force the pawl 61 toward the delivery cylinder D. When there is a package of goods in the cylinder it engages the pawl 61 at the projection 65 and thereby holds the locking shoulder 63 out of locking engagement withthe edge of the semi-cylindrical shell 19. So that, as long as there are any goods in themachine, the pawl 61 does not interfere with the ejecting operation of the delivery cylinder. However, when the last piece of goods has been ejected and the delivery cylinder has returned to normal position'under the action of the spring 31, the spring-pressed pawl 61 is thrust rearwith the delivery cylinder D, as shown in Fig. 2. This. looks the cylinder D, the slide 28 and the bell-cranklever 39 against opera- Should, under these conditions, a coin be deposited in the machine and the coincarrier rotated, the coin will go no farther than indicated at C in Fig. 1 (except for the loose play allowed between the pin 46 and slot 47), and the bell-crank lever 39 is locked against forward move-- ment. While the deposited coin is thus la ked? agai s r h rinwa l movement,
intarr er @iswtree t6 b r ated ever 'e ie se a ein n s Pu c aser may remove his. cointhroug-h the coin slotf In this way, an intending purchaser is sure f h ret rn f: hi inawhen h machsemptm ;,H 5
In order to prevent tampering with the machine in an effort to secure a package of goods without the deposit of a coin, I provide meansfor locking the delivery cylinder when an effort is made to operate it fromv below, as by the insertion of an instrument through the delivery chamber at the bottom 5,-it will be seen that the lateral extension of the casing. By referring to Figs. 1 and 48 of the slide 28 is formed with a shoulder 66, while the pin 46 of the bell-crank 39 is formed with a'shoulder 67. When an attempt is made to operate the delivery cylinder D or the slide 28 from below, a slight downward movement of the slide 28 will bring the shoulders 66and 67 .into positive locking engagement, as indicated in Fig. 5,150 1 thereby locking the slide 28 and the delivery cylinder D against operative movement. As an additional precaution I mayprovide the extension 48 with a'second shoulder 68, so.
that, should the shoulder 66 for anyreason .failto lock with the shoulder 67, the, shoulder 68 willcome into action.
Although I have herein shown and de-. 6
the broader aspect of myinvention, the va-v scribed a specific form of'machine embody; ing the various features of my invention, I willhave it understood that I am not to be limited to such details of construction. It. i obvious to those skilled inthe art thatin in other forms than those "shown and de-j scribed.
Having thus described my invention What Y i I claim as new, and desire tosecure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:
1. In a vending machine, a casing having a magazine for contain ng the 'vendable ar ticles, a delivery cylinder pivoted below said magazine for ejecting the bottom article, a
reciprocable slideconnected with said cylin der for actuating the same into delivery positlon, said slide having a slot provided with a shoulder, -a pivoted lever having'a pin to engage said slot and thereby actuate said slide when the lever is foperated, means for manually operating saidlever from the out- 7 side of the casing, and a""shoulde'r' on'said .pin for interlocking with said first named shoulder to lock said slide against-operative movement, when an attempt is'made to opslide otherwise than through said] erate said lever. i v
2. In a vending machine, a'casing having I amagazine for containing the vendable are tlcles, a delivery cylinder pivoted below-said magazine for ejecting the bottom article, 9. operating means positively locking said reciprocable slide connected With said cylinslide against operative movement when an 10 der for actuating the same into delivery poattempt is made to operated said slide'othersition, a pivoted lever adapted to be manu- Wise than through said lever.
allv operated from the outside of the oas- In Witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe ing, and co-operating means on said lever my name this 3rd day of August 1917. F and said slide for transmitting the move- ANTHONY COEGLIA.
ment of said lever to said slide, said 00-