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Publication numberUS1460630 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 3, 1923
Filing dateApr 13, 1922
Priority dateJul 25, 1921
Publication numberUS 1460630 A, US 1460630A, US-A-1460630, US1460630 A, US1460630A
InventorsRobert W Wiederwax
Original AssigneeGeist Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Oil burner
US 1460630 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jul 3, 1923; 1.460.630 v R. W. WIEDERWAX OIL BURNER Original Filed July 25, 1921 WWW.

Patented July 3, 1 923.

4 ROBERT W-w1nnmewnX-, or A rLnurIooIrY; NEWJ EBSEYy 'nssrsnon ro qnlS $II- urnorumns yooivrrenx, or nun-Negro CITY, nnw JERSEY, n nonsense-rower DELAWARE;

ana -ee e n cafioni le lnlr mm, eri n6! 8 nanum insemination mammal '13,

In e said appli at on; I selos d anim ed yr -s burne con isti g easing fo ming va rcembustion. chamber, the

15 rear, of the geasing .bein g open to {permit ,in-. troduction of air. iro nt ofethercasi-ng is rech cedincross section and a-yap rizing retort, is 3 formed avithin the ,Walls of a the reduced portion. This reduced portion is so designed that the flame Jfrointheburner ,will strilie' the wallsofthe combustion chambejr at the rear end oi the .reduced portion, whereby theentire' vaporizing retort is snbjectedlto a high temperature and theoil immediately apo i d- In. the ordinary typeof oil. burner. the .retort is generally gfiormedlinaeoil. T .he;.oil

, 5 passes into rhis coiliand is partially iglasified. This gas, beingvlighterlthan oil', attemptsto rise to the:top,-but it is impossible forthe oil' and gas to separate while flowingiaround the coils. This mixture of .o-il with the vapor causes a lowering o ii ternperature to such an extent that complete combustion is impossible and depositi'on of carbon results In the vpresent invention, the oil passes into a retortwhich is maintained at a very hightemperature and is immediately vapor-' ized. A uniform temperature is maintained 40 throughout the retort and mixture of oil and vapor is prevented as the oil is vaporized as soon as it passes into the retort. I This gives a vapor which burns Without deposi tion of carbon. The burner construction above described is shown but not claimed in my co-pending application, and forms the subject matter of the present application.

An object of the invention is-the provision of an oilburner in which the oil will be completely and properly vaporized before] being admitted to the burner A further object is the provisionv of a burner casing in which the vaporizing retort ted lines 14, in Figure 1 of the drawings.

is ,-ar1"1ngB-d, at the front of; the;casing1inathe zone of l1i'gh*heat..-

. 1 e o accompanying drawings, 1;I.- ;have 4 sho vnone embodiment of the-invention; :ln thisjshowiingz o a I "Figure "l is a central-vertical seetional view -Of"-ll'lG blI I{ILBI, a i I z 7 EigllreQ is ahorizontal,sectionalmieW-Lon 1i-ne,22 of Eigurel,; and-, 1-, K 1

Figure is ;a, vertical-sectional view h oug th vapor z ng tort, ron-kline efis of Figure 1. a ,V Referring to theidrayvi-ngs, the reterence numeral 1 i n t a bu fcaeinea hieh issubstantially circular in cross tlqn at" h ze n l n; a i i aedai'2, f rtile admission off-air. lllhe top and'bottomavails.

of the ycasing converge toward the front; as

indicated at 3, and the; sidewalls-diverge, as indicated at 4:, providing a broad-outlet 5,:of restricted height. -Illhe burner;casing-ali i y be. arranged on a suitable support 6. V, A retortspace 7 is provided 'n;the front portion of the '"burner casing and this retort space.,communicate s, with a main ,oilflfeed I I P p 8- T 6 .oiltlm y v he delivere filmQ-ilgl t pipethe to ywlny sui a l means,

n outletlp ipe .cQ 1munic1ating'Wit e valve casing 9? r e at -m rtini th eel ing. As, shown, the valve casing is provided with ,a nozzle 11', having. a, needle" i z'aly'e thegfein. The; needleealm- 18' teontro-lledyby a suitablehan'dle 13. v The line of'fiame pm jecting from the burner is indicated by dot- In operation, fuel to be burned is delivered to, the retort 7 through pipe 8. The provision of a retort arranged entirely at the front of the casing, forwardly of the point Where the flame strikes the Walls of the cas- ,ing insures a temperature Within the-retort sufficiently high to immediately vaporize the oil; vThis provides a fuel Whichwill burn properly without deposition of carbon.

' It will be apparent that the vaporizing chamber or retort ishighly, heated by the flame'from the burner and theoil is vaporized as soon as it' .reaches ,the retort. There is no oil present at any time ithin the retort and mixture of oil -and vapor is pre-" vented. JIn addition, the oil enters at the bottom and the vapor is removed at the topq so I as by pressure. Iheretort is;pr0,v ided,Wil h (I i The vapor being lighter than the oil, flows freely to the top and there is no tendency to carry oil into the burner mixed with the vapor. A substantially uniform temperacasing and disposed forwardly of the point where the flame strikes the walls provides a burner by means of which a higher temperature may be obtained than in a construction where the retort extends rearwardly of the point where the flame strikes the walls.

As stated, the deposition of carbon is reduced to a minimum and the length of time that a burner may be operated without stopping to remove carbon from the burner casing is materially increased.

It is to be understood that the form of my invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes in the shape, size, and arrangement of parts may be resortedto without departing from the spirit of my invention or the scope of the subjoined claims. i A

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

v 1. A burner comprising a casing forming a combustion chamber, a nozzle mounted adjacent the rear of said casing, a vaporizing retort surrounding said casing and terminating at substantially the point where the flame from said nozzle strikes the wall of said casing, a feed pipe connected to said retort exteriorly of said casing, and a pipe connecting said retort and said nozzle, said pipe extending exteriorly of said casing.

2. A burner comprising a casing forming nozzle against the wall of the a combustion chamber, the rear of said casing being open for the introduction of air, the forward end of said casing being formed of'double walls to provide a vaporizing retort, a feed pipe connected to said retort exteriorly of said casing, a. nozzle mounted in the rear of said combustion chamber,- a pipe connecting said retort to said nozzle, said pipe extending exteriorly of said casing, and means for directing the flame from said combustion chamber adjacent said retort.

3. A burner comprising a casing forming a combustion chamber, the rear end of said casing being open, the forward end of said casing being reduced and provided with spaced walls to form a vaporizing retort, a

feed pipe connected to said retort exteriorly of said casing, a nozzle arranged adjacent the rear of said combustion chamber, and a pipe connecting said retort and said nozzle,

said pipe extending exteriorly of said ca'sing, said retort terminating at substantially the point where the flame fromsaid nozzle strikes the wall of the combustion chamber.

4. A burner comprising a casing forming a combustion chamber, a nozzle arranged adjacent the rear of said combustion cham: ber, the 'walls of said casing converging vertically forwardly of said nozzle anddiverging horizontally to provide a broad outlet of restricted height, a vaporizing retort surrounding the forwardend of said casing, said retort terminating at substantially the point where the flame from said nozzle strikes the wall of the combustion chamber, means. for conveying fuel to said retort, and means for conveying vaporized fuel from said retort to said nozzle.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

ROBERT W. WIEDERWAX Witnesses j, ELEANOR A. BUFFER,

MORTON COLLINS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2489031 *Mar 29, 1947Nov 22, 1949Carl H HillringhouseOil burner
US2569194 *Dec 23, 1948Sep 25, 1951Int Harvester CoApparatus for plant cultivation
US3088514 *Jul 28, 1959May 7, 1963Fredrick Feilbach EarlVaporizing burner with distributor block
US5472341 *Jun 1, 1994Dec 5, 1995Meeks; ThomasBurner having low pollutant emissions
Classifications
U.S. Classification431/243, 431/246
International ClassificationF23D11/44
Cooperative ClassificationF23D2700/024, F23D11/44
European ClassificationF23D11/44