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Publication numberUS1461905 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 17, 1923
Filing dateMar 22, 1919
Priority dateMar 22, 1919
Publication numberUS 1461905 A, US 1461905A, US-A-1461905, US1461905 A, US1461905A
InventorsHughes Arthur Sheridan
Original AssigneeHughes Arthur Sheridan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Truck body
US 1461905 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July '17, 1923.

A. S. HUGHES TRUCK BODY- inal Filed March 22, 1919 2 Sheets-Sh t 1 WITNESSES flrilzamsi fzgfis, INVENTOR,

ATTORNEY July 17, 1923. 1,461,905

A. S. HUGHES TRUCK BODY Original Filed March 22 1919 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY Patented July 17, l923.

ARTHUR SHERIDAN HUGHES, OF MANSFIELD, OHIO.

TRUCK BODY.

Application filed March 22, 1919, Serial No. 284,298. Renewed May 15, 1923.

T 0' all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ARTHUR S. HUGHES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Mansfield, in the county of Richland and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Truck Body, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has reference to truck bodies particularly designed for automobiles, and its object is to provide a construction of truck body permitting its formation of sheet metal without interior projections which is at the same time of superior strength and rigidity besides permitting ready replacements of worn or damaged parts.

In accordance with the invention, sheet metal, such" as sheet steel, is employed, the sheets beiiig pressed into the proper shapes and numerous sheets are used in order to provide a construction in which ribs on flanges may be formed to materially contribute to the strength of the body and permit the use of light gage material. The invention contemplates the formation of the bottom of the body of a plurality of strips of sheet metal flanged at the edges and there brought together, with cross bars of channel form also made of sheet metal and inter-.

locked with the bottom flanges so as to hold the body sections together from lateral spread or longitudinal displacement, and

further provides for the attachment of the body to the chassis frame of the automobile.

The construction permits spot-weldlng of the sheets wherever connections are desirable, thus avoiding interior projections even to the extent of rivet heads so that the interior of the body is practically smooth and no obstruction is oii'ered to either loading or unloading.

The invention also includes means for securing the parts of the body together in such manner as to prevent rattlin and also to permit the ready dismantling of the body when necessity for such dismantling occurs.

The invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, with the understanding, however, that the invention is not confined to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawings. but may be changed and modified so long as such changes and modifications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.

In the drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view of the body.

Figure 2 is a longitudinal central section of the body.

Figure 3 is a.bottom plan view of the body.

Figure 4 is a cross section on the line 4:" 4 of Figure 2.

Figure 5 is a detail view showing a modification of a connection employed.

Referring to the drawings, there is shown a truck body 1 comprising side members 2, a head or front member 3, a tail gate a, a bottom formed of members 5, and cross beams 6, all made of sheet metal which may, in most-part, be pressed or rolled into shape.

The members 5 of the bottom are formed of metal sheets of channel shape, that is, each sheet is of a length approximating that of the body and is extended lengthwise of the body, and on each long side there is formed a longitudinal flange 7 forming the sides of the channel and, in the assembled body, these flanges project downwardly. In the particular form shown in the drawings, three such channel bottom members are indicated, and while the invention is not limited to any particular number of such channel members the commercial form of the invention contemplates the employment of three such channel members, particularly for a truck body designed for a Ford automobile chamis.

The sides 2 are wider than the interior height of the body and are continued to the bottom of the outer flanges 7 and are each there formed with an inturned flange 8 underriding the flange 7, thereby forming a finish, and, furthermore, contributing markedly to the strength of the sides of the body, preventing them from bulging under heavy loads.

The cross bars 6 are of channel form with sides 9 provided with outturned flanges 10. Each pair of meeting flanges 7 is provided near the ends and at an intermediate point or points with spaced entering slots 11, and each channel cross bar 6 has matching slots 12 in each of its sides or parallel webs 9 so that a channel bar may be applied crosswise of the body under the bottom thereof Y with the meeting flanges 7 traversing the channel bars wherever such flanges occur. The depth of the slots 11 and 12 is so ar ranged that the pairs of flanges 7 enter the cross bars for aportion of the depth of the latter, with the flanges 10 of the cross bars against-the under-face of the bottom of the truck body. I

The meeting flanges 7 of the channels 5 have matching perforations traversed by a locking rod 13 immediately adjacent a web 9 and beneath a flange 10 of each bar 6, thus securing these parts of the truck body rigidly together. One end 14 of the rod 13 f connecting the entire body to the frame or chassis of the truck. The cross bars 6, with the exception'of the rear cross bar which is distinguished by the reference numeral 6,

are of channel form with outstanding flanges on the upper edges of its sides- The rear cross bar 6 has an outstanding flange 10 on theforward side only, and extending along the rear side and across the top of the bar is an.angle plate 15 with a top Web 16 overlying the flange 10 and a. side web 17 ex tending along the bar 6 outside, of the rear face thereof. The floor plates or channels 5 of the bottom of the .body have rear end extensions 18 turned down over the web 17. The outer ends of the top web 16 are I secured to the. lower ends of bracing strips 19, each of which, at an intermediate point of its length, is made .fast to the respective side 2, as'indicated at 20, while the upper end of the strip is made fast to an overhang longitudinal flange 21 outstanding from the upper edge of the respective side 2. That edge of the overhang flange 21 remote from the side 2 from which it extends is returned upon itself to form a strengthening bead 22 contributing materially to the rigidity of the overhang, while the angular relation of the overhang to the sides 2 materially aids in .imparting rigidity to such sides at their upper edges.

While the rear ends of the floor or bottom plates 5 areturned down over the rear face of the cross bar 6 and web 17, the front ends of those floor plates 5 adjacent to the sides 2, have upturned portions 23 to aid in holding the head 3 in place. Such head is made of sheet metal like other parts of the body and* at the upper edge is formed with a longitudinal strengthening bead 24 while the ends of the head have flanges 25 projecting rearwardly therefrom and a longitudinal bottom flange 26 resting on top of the front ends-of the plates 5. To receive the flanges 25 and 26 a stepped strip 27 is made fast to the floor plates 5 crosswise thereof and up alon the inner faces of the sides 2, the strip having a stepped portion 28 spacing said portion away from the parts over which it lies sufiiciently to receive the flanges 25 and 26. To avoid the use of-rivets, bolts or the like, the strip 27.ma-y be spot-welded to the floor plates 5 and the return portions of the beads 22 and 24 may be spot-welded to the flanges 21 and the head plate 3 respectively, such spot-welds being indicated at 29. The head 3 may be further held in place against forward displacement andin contact with the upright stepped portions 28 by punched-out tongues 30 in forward projections 31 of the front ends of the sides 2.

The rear end of each-side 2 above the adj acent floor plate 5 is returned upon itself, as shown at 2 and the flange 21 is similarly returned upon itself at the rear end, as indicated at 21*, these parts effectivel doubling the thickness of the rear ends 0 the sides, thereby stifi'ening such parts and increasing the wearing qualities as well as forming a sturdy abutment for the tail gate 1.

Fast to the end portions of the cross bar 6 are dependent brackets 33 to which are pivoted arms 34: fast to the lower edge of the tail gate 4, which tail gate is formedof sheet metal with marginal outturned flanges 35 servingefi'ectually to stiffen the tail gate. Pivoted to each strip 19 at the fastened portion 20 is an eye end 35 of a threaded rod 36. Fast to the ends of the gate 4 are keepers 37, each with an entering slot 38 in position to be entered by the rod 36 when the gate is closed, and applied to the threaded end of each rod 36 is a handle nut 39 by means of which the gate may be securely held against the rear end of the'body. Each keeper 37 has a tongue 40 on the outer side .of the slot 38, which tongue, at its free end, is bent away or rearwardly from the gate so that when the nut 39 is screwed up there is'no chance of the clamp rod 36 being jolted out of the slot 38 and so loosening the gate.

The construction described is such as to permit the body, without sacrifice of strength and rigidity, being made of relativel light gage sheet metal so that its weig t is relatively small for the capacity of the body and its resistance to damage under ordinary conditions of use is relatively great. Should, however, damage occur the body is capable of being disn'iantled and the parts straightened out in case of bending, or replaced in case of more serious damage.

Instead of employing rods 13 to lock the sides '2 and the flanges of the plates 5 together, wedge strips 40*, shown in Figure 5, may be employed, these wedge strips being driven through suitable matching slots 41 in meeting flanges 7 beneath the flanges 10, the wedge strips being subsequently fastened in place by turning over their thin ends against the adjacent flanges.

I have herein shown and described a bod construction wherein the bottom is formed of longitudinal plates or bars of channel form connected by transverse bars of channel form. Instead of this disposition of the elements the parts may be reversed with the plates or bars arranged transversely of the bottom and the locking bars longitudinally thereof. Also instead of the sides of the channels being in close contact, they might be spaced apart. These and various other modifications of the invention herein disclosed are embodied impending applications Serial Nos. 347,428 and 347,429, filed Dec. 26, 1919. The claims forming part of application Serial No. 347 ,428 are intended to be generic to the features disclosed in the )resent application and in application erial No. 347,429,-

What is claimed is 1. A. vehicle body having side members of sheet metal, a bottom or floor of sheet metal of channel form and including a plurality of sheet metal channels with edge flanges, some in juxtaposition and others engaging the sides of the body, and cross bars traversing and interlocking both the juxtaposed flanges and the sides of the body where engaged by the flanges, the interlocking connection between the cross bars, the floor channels and the sides-holding said parts in assembled position against movement either lengthwise or crosswise of the body.

2., A vehicle body having'side members of sheet metal, a bottom or floor of sheet metal of channel form and including a plurality of sheet metal channels with edge flanges, some in juxtaposition and others engaging the sides of the .body, and cross bars traversing the juxtaposed flanges and the sides of the body where engaged by the flanges for locking the several named elements of thebody together, said cross bars being also of channel form, and the bars, flanges and sides of the body where engaging certain of vthe flanges having interlocking entering slots, whereby to hold the contacting partsfrom separatin 3. A vehicle Eody having side members of sheet metal, a bottom or floor of sheet metal of channel form and including a plurality of sheet metal channels with edge flanges, some in juxtaposition and others engaging the sides of the body, and cross bars traversing the juxtaposed flan' es and the sides of the body where engage by the flanges for locking the several named elements of the body together, said cross'bars being also of channel form, and the'bars, flanges andsides of the body where engaging certain of the flanges having interlocking entering slots, whereby to hold the contacting parts from separating, and the channel cross bars having outstanding flanges at the upper ends of their sides for contacting with the under faces of the bottom plates.

41 A vehicle body having sides of sheet 1 metal, a bottom composed of a plurality. of sheet metal plates of channel form with their side walls in engagement with each other and with the sides of the vehicle body, and channel cross bars, with the cross bars and meeting portions of the sides and bottom plates provided with coacting entering slots, whereby the body sides and the channel bottom plates are locked together.

5. A vehicle body having sides of sheet metal, a bottom composed of a'plurality of sheet metal plates of channel form with their side walls in engagement with each other and with the sides of the vehicle body, and channel cross bars, with the cross bars and meeting portions of the sides and bottom plates provided with coac-ting entering slots, whereby the body sides and the eh.an-'

nel bottom plates are locked together, said cross bars having outstanding flanges for location' adjacent to the underfaces of the channel bottom plates, and fastening means traversing the meeting portions of the channel plates adjacent tothe outstanding flanges of the cross bars to hold the latter in position,

6. A'vehicle body having sides of sheet metal, a bottom composed of a plurality of sheet metal plates of channel form with their side walls in engagement with each other and with the sides of the vehicle body, and channel cross bars, with the cross bars and meeting portions of the sides-and bottom plates provided with coacting entering slots, whereby the body sides and the channel bottom plates are locked together, said cross bars having outstanding flanges for location adjacent to the underfaces of the, channel bottom plates, and rods traversing thebody sides and the meeting sides of the-channel bottom plates beneath the outstanding flanges of the cross bars, whereb to hold said cross bars against displacement.

7. A vehicle body having sides of sheet metal, a bottom composed of a plurality of sheet metal plates of channel form with their side walls in engagement with each other and with the sides of the vehicle body, and channel cross bars. with the cross bars and meeting portions of the sides and bottom plates provided with coacting entering slots, whereby the body sides and the channel bottom plates are locked together, said cross bars. having outstanding flanges for location adjacent to the under faces of the channel bottom plates, said entering slots receiving the flanges.

8. A vehicle body having sides of sheet metal, a bottom composed'of a plurality of sheet metal plates of channel form with their side walls in engagement with each other and with the sides of the vehicle body,

, and channel cross bars, with the cross bars nel bottom plates are locked together, said cross bars having outstanding flanges for location adjacent toqthe under faces of the channel bottom plates, and rods traversing the body sides and the meeting sides of the channel bottom plates beneath the outstanding flanges of the cross bars, and adjacent the webs of the channel cross bars, said rods having their ends lying against the sides and locking the rods in position.

9. A vehicle body comprising side plates of sheet metal, a floor or bottom of juxtaposed sheet metal channel plates between the side plates, and sheet metal bars of channel form traversing and interlocking with the sides and the channels forming the floor of I the body beneath the level of said floor, said sheet metal barsiextending beyond the side plates outside'of the body. 10.,A vehicle body comprising side plates of sheet metal,.a floor or bottom of juxtaposed sheet metal channel plates between the side plates, and sheet metal bars of channel form traversin the sides and the channels forming the 001' of the body beneath the level' of said floor, said bars projecting beyond the side plates and'constituting supporting means for the body and providing means for attachment of the body to the running gear of the vehicle.

11. A vehicle body composed of side members, a bottom made up of a plurality of longitudinal channel beams having their flanges in contact with each other and with the side members, channel cross bars interlocking-with the longitudinal beams and sides, and cross rods engaging with each of the sides and flanges and lying adjacent the cross bars.

12. A vehicle body composed of sidesof sheet metal, a bottom comprising a plurality of longitudinally disposed sheet metal channels inset with relation to the sides of the body and having their side flanges in contact with each other and with the sides of the body where inset-therein, and cross bars traversing and interlocking with the sides of the body and the-flanges of the channel bottom members, said body also having fastening devices coacting with the cross bars and flanges to hold the cross bars in locking position.

13. A sheet metal vehicle body comprising side members, a longitudinally disposedgroup of channel bottom members with their side flanges contacting and also engaging the sides of the body, said group of, bottom members being inset into the vehicle body, and sheet metal channel cross members also inset with relation to the vehicle body, with menace the cross bars, channels and sides of the vehicle body provided with matching entering slots Where meeting to permit the inset of the cross bars with respect to the vehicle body.

14. A sheetmetal vehicle body comprising side members, a longitudinally disposed group of channel bottom members with their side flanges contacting and also engaging the sides of the body, Said group of bottom members being inset into the vehicle body, and sheet metal channel cross members also inset with relation to the vehicle body, with the cross bars, channels and sides of the vehicle body provided with-matching entering slots where meeting to permit the inset of the cross bars with respect to the vehicle body,

said cross bears'having outstanding flanges vehicle body.

16. A vehicle body comprising sheet metal side plates, sheet metal channel plates with the channels opening downwardly and inset between the side plates to constitute the bot tom of the body, a cross bar at the rear end of the body traversing the side and channel plates in int rlocking relation thereto, other cross bars traversing the side and channel plates at the front and intermediate portions of the body," the rearcross bar being of box form with a reinforcing angle part and the other cross bars being, of channel form with outstanding flanges at the open part of the channel and the cross bars and parts traversed thereby having interlocking entering slots, and a tail gate carried by the rear cross bar.

17. A vehicle body having side plates and floor channels all of sheet metal, and cross bars also of sheet metal and interlocking with the side and channel plates, said cross bars being arranged beneath the floor, and a tail gate of sheet metal hinged to the rearmost cross bar below the floor.

18. A vehicle body of sheet metal comprising side plates, a front end plate, and bottom plates with theforward extremities of the bottom plates upturned over the front face of the front end plate, and the side plates extending forward of the front end plate and having tongues projecting therefrom over the front face of the front end late. p 19. A vehicle-body of sheet metal comprising side plates, a front end plate, and bottom plates, with the forward extremities of the bottom plates upturned over the front face of the front end plate, and the side plates extending forward of the front end plate and having tongues projectingtherefrom over the front face of the front end plate, said front end plate having end and bottom flanges bent therefrom and extending along the inner faces of the side and bottom plates and said side and bottom plates having a stepped receptacle for said flanges.

20. A vehicle body of sheet metal comprising side plates, :1, front end plate, and bottom plates, said front end plate having end and bottom flanges bent" therefrom and ,extending along the inner faces of thesideandbottom plates, and said side and bottom plates having a. receptacle for said flanges.

21. A vehicle body formed of sheet metal, comprising side members, a front member, and a bottom, said front member having vertical flanges and a longitudinal'bottom flange, the vertical flanges extending along the inner faces of the side members and the bottom flan e extending along and above the bottom, an a stepped strip fast to the bottom and extending crosswise of the same and along the inner faces of the side members, said stepped strip receiving the said bottom and vertical flanges.

22. A vehicle body comprising sheet metal side plates, a floor composed of longitudlnally arranged channel plates opening downwardly with the longitudinal edges in close contact, and cross bars of channel form opening upwardly traversing the side plates and floor channels and inset into the atter, the

cross bars and the sides and channel plates having interlockin slots for holding the parts in assemble osition against movement either lengthwise or crosswise of the vehicle body. g

23. A vehicle body comprising sheet metal side plates, sheet metal 0 annel plates w1th the channels opening downwardly and inset between the side plates to constitute the bottom of the body, across bar at the rear end of the body traversing the side and channel plates in interlocking relation there-. to, other cross bars traversing the side and channel plates at the front and intermediate portions of the body, the rear cross bar being of box form with a reinforcing angle part, and a tail gate carried by the rear cross bar.-

24. In combination with longitudinal plates of channel form, the longitudinal flanges thereof forming the sides of the channel being in close contact and with the channels opening downwardly, said flanges having spaced entering slots, and a cross bar of channel form with spaced slots in its sides, said cross bar having its channel opening upwardly, the slots of the cross bar matchin the slots of the flanges of the plates and forming an interlocking connection between said elements.

25. In combination with longitudinal plates of channel form, the longitudinal flanges thereof forming the sides of the channel, and the flanges of adjoining plates being in juxtaposition, the channels of theplates opening downwardly, and said flanges having spaced entering slots, and cross bars of channel form having sides with outturned flan'ges, said sides having slots, the slots of the cross bars matchin the slots of the flanges of the plates and being of a depth to permit said longitudinal flanges to enter the crossbar to a point so that said outturned flanges bear against the inner faces of said plates, thereby forming an interlocking connection between said elements.

26. In combination with longitudinal plates of channel form, the longitudinal flanges thereof forming the sides of the channel, and the flanges of adjoining plates being in juxtaposition, the channels of the plates opening downwardly, and said flanges having spaced entering slots, and cross barsof channel form having sides with outturned flanges, said sides having slots, the slots of the cross bars matching the slots of the flanges of the plates and being of a depth to permit said longitudinal flanges to enter the cross bar to a point so that said outturned flanges bear against the inner faces of said plates, thereby formin an interlocking connection between said gements, and a transverse locking rod passed through the longitudinal flangesbeneath said outturned flanges of the cross bar for securing said parts together.

In testimony, that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto afiixed my signature.

ARTHUR SHERIZLAN HUGHES.

Witnesses:

P. BAGHEUSTOS, OSCAR F. SOHALLER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2502093 *Sep 23, 1946Mar 28, 1950Johnson William DMetal wagon body
US2569965 *Feb 10, 1947Oct 2, 1951Wiedman Edward LTruck body
US2595028 *Aug 2, 1949Apr 29, 1952Avco Mfg CorpVehicle body structure
US3023042 *Sep 11, 1958Feb 27, 1962James S HillAdjustable stop mechanism for end gates
US4294547 *Jul 20, 1979Oct 13, 1981Harkleroad James FMortar/concrete hand-mixing tub
US6022068 *Mar 20, 1998Feb 8, 2000Caterpillar Inc.Lightweight body for a dump truck
Classifications
U.S. Classification296/183.1, 105/404, 292/DIG.290, 296/57.1
International ClassificationB60P1/28, B62D33/02
Cooperative ClassificationB60P1/286, Y10S292/29, B62D33/02
European ClassificationB60P1/28B2, B62D33/02