US 1462657 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. RAINALTER BOX FASTENER July 24, E923.
Filed April 13, 1921 ,W4/Ma@ T TOI? .NE Y
Patented duly 24, 1923..
EDOLPH RANALTER, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
noir ,rasrnnnn Application filed April 13, 1921.
i To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, RUDOLPH RAINALTER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kansas City, in the county of Jackson and State of Missouri, have inventedl certain new and useful Improvements in Box Fasteners; and Ido declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description ofthe invention, such asy will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to box fasteners and consists in certain novel parts and combina` tions of parts, all of which will be specifically described hereinafter, it being understood that changes in form, proportion and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.
In the drawings,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a case equipped with a fastener constructed in ac cordance with my invention, parts being broken away to show the interior thereof.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view through the lock.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view through one of the hinges.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of one of the hinges, and y Fig. 5 is a sectional view through a corner of the ease showing the tie rod. fastening means and the corner brace.
The case is shown as comprising a bottom 1, ends 2 and 3, back 4 and a front wall 5. `The end walls 2 and 3 are provided with grooves 6 and 7, in which may be located the flanges 8 of Z-shaped braces 9, the flanges 10 disposed opposite to the flanges 8 being adapted to overlap the shouldered portion 11 of the front andl rear walls of the case so that an eliieient metallic bracing means will be provided at the four corners of the case.
The bottom will be secured in any well known manner. The sides and ends are tied together by tie rods 12 and 13, which intersect one another, the rods being provided with threaded ends 14 for the cross rods and threaded ends 15 for the longitudinal rods 13. The ends of the longitudinal rods en` gage threaded nipples or sleeves 16 in one Serial No. 461,126.
end of the case, the opposite end of the rod being-provided with a head. The nipples or sleeves may be screwed onto the ends of the rods 13, as shown in 5.
Similar sleeves 19 may be provided in the front end of the box for the threaded ends 14 of the rod 12. Therefore, tension may be placed on the rods to efliciently tie the parts together, both longitudinally and transversely and if desired, a vertical partition 2O may be provided for the interior of the box, as shown in Fig. 1.
The case is provided with a lid or cover 21, adapted to be hingedly secured to the rear wall 4 of the case. The preferred form of hinge is shown in Fig. 4 as comprising a substantially U-shaped wall engaging member 22 having a front wall 23 and a rear wall 24, connected by a web 25. The rear wall 24 is shown as cut so as to provide upstanding hinge members 26 and 27, terminating in barrels 23 and 29, between the ends of which is an aligning barrel 30 on the end of the strap 31, which is fastened to the cover 21 by the fastening device 32. The barrels 28 and 29 andthe barrel 30 are connected by a hinged pintle 33, as clearly seen in Fig. 4.
rlhe Ushaped member 22 is mounted upon the rear edge of the wall member 4, the distance between the walls 23 and 24 being substantially the thickness of the wall 4 so that the member 22 can be slipped over the edge `of the same, asl shown in Fig. 3.
The lower end of the wall 23 terminates in a sleeve or barrel-shaped portion 34, which is engaged by a rod 35, fastened to the case in substantially the saine manner as the rods 13; the rod 35, therefore, constituting a hinged securing means as well asa tension or bracing member for the case.
`When the parts or hinged members are in the positions shown in Figs. 3 and 4, it is apparent that the two hinged members 22 will constitute an eficient means for hingedly securing the cover 21 to the case.
At the forward edge of the cover 21 is a plate 36 having its end extending slightly beyond the forward edge of the cover 21 and `provided. with a seal-wirereceiving opening 37, adapted to align with the sealwire-receiving opening 38 of a lock member which consists of a U-shaped member having a rear plate 39, a front plate 40 and a connecting web 41. The plates 39 and 40 lie against the opposite sides of the front `Wall or panel 5 of the box.
There is a tongue 42 struck vout from the wall 40 and bent up so as to lie parallel with the forwardly projecting end of the plate in which is located the opening 38, the
tongue 42 lying parallel with the projecting.
end of the plate 36 when the parts are together, as shown in Fig. 2.
4The` lovverA edge of the Wall 39` bent back upon itself to form a barrel 43 to receive la tie rod 44, correspondingto the tie rod 35 so that the U-shaped latch member Will be heldlin place. The U-shaped latch member carriesa laterally projecting lock ing bolt 46, which extends through the plates 39 and 40 and is provided With a hook-shaped extension 4T at one 4end `-and a push knob 48 at the other end, there being a collar 49`adjacent to the plate 40. 'One en d of a coil spring 50 bears against the collar and the other against the inner face of the plate `39. Therefore, the hook-shaped portion 47 may be moved out of engagement With the hook-'shaped Aflange 51,l 'formed by striking out a portion from the plate 36, as clearly seen in Figs. l and 2.
j When the partsaie in the position shown in Fig.. 2 and it is desired to unlock the locking bolt 47 from the keeper or flange 5l, the operator may press on the end 4S, moving the locking bolt against the action of y the spring 50 so that the hook-shaped end 47 Will move out of engagement Withthc latch fiange 51. Then if the seal 52 is broken, the top of the box or lid can be raised from the box or case proper, it being understoodthat the openings 37 and 38 are for seal Wires which may be introduced therethrough vvith their ends sealed for the purpose of shipping, etc. n
,pl-land engaging openings 53 and 54 may be provided in the ends of the box, if desired. j
it Will be apparent that the ends Will be efiici'ently braced, that the tie rods `12 and 13 will hold/the parts together, that the hinges may be` easilyapplied to the box and that an efficient lock or fastening means may be When the parts are assembled as shown provided, adapted to be readily unlatched if desired.
From the drawings it Will be observed that the members 9 extend from the top to the bottom ofthe boX and, together With the sides 4 and 5, prevent the bottom from sliding laterally, the longitudinal movement of the bottom` l being prevented by the end members 2 and 3.
There is a special advantage in providing the locking ineanson the front of the 'box vvi'th the seal `portions 37 and 38 projecting outwardly. YWith such a` construction, the boxes can be filled and piled one upon the other, then the sealer can have access to the projections so that the seals can be put on the boxes While they are in piles or tiers.
This is a material advantage over those forms of locks Which have the seals on the top, as will be clearly apparent.
It will also be apparent that the entire case may be vout and assembled `Without the necessity of employing nails and that the finished product Will be quitestrong and durable.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters-Patent is: v v
lv. A box fastener comprising a bolt, sup porting means to fit over the edge of a bon,
said means having astay Wire engaging :f-
loop, a springpressed bolt extending trans versely through said means and having va hooked end, and a complementary plate j for attachment to thelid of the box and having a lip for engagement withthe bolt.
2. A box fastener consisting of a plate bent in inverted l) forml and having a stay rod engaging loop, an outstanding lip struck from the plate and having an opening through which a seal Wire may be threaded, a spring-pressed bolt extending through the U-shaped plate and having a hooked end,
and a complemtnary plate having a lip to be engaged by the hook on the bolt Vand an end provided v'vith an opening to align with the opening in V`tlie outstanding lip of the Plate.
I" testimony whereof I aliX my signature. ,j i