|Publication number||US1462850 A|
|Publication date||Jul 24, 1923|
|Filing date||Feb 28, 1922|
|Priority date||Feb 28, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1462850 A, US 1462850A, US-A-1462850, US1462850 A, US1462850A|
|Inventors||Clark Egbert N|
|Original Assignee||Clark Egbert N|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 24, 1923.
E.N.CLARK PROFILE DEFINING APPARATUS Filed Feb. 28,
1922 2` Sheets-Sheet l R. .Y yS m w N N E R V 0 N n IVN. .M mM/Y B E. N. CLARK PROFILE DEFINING APPARATUS July 24, 1923. l@
Filed Feb. 28 1922 2 SheetS=ShaBLL INVENTOR.
Patented July 2li, i923.
narran EGBERT N.' CLARK, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK.
Application filed February 28, 1922. Serial No. 539,894.
To all wfiom` it may conce/"a:
Be it known that l. Fcennr N. Cninn, a citizen of the United States; and resident of Rochester, in the county ot Monroe and .State of' New York, have invented certain new andv useful improvements in Profile-Deiining Apparatus, of which the tollowing` is a specification.
The present invention relates to a. profile defining apparatus and while more particularly designed for teaching` characterology;
itis also capable ot use for amusement pui`- poses or tor the teaching ot drawing. An object of this invention is to provide a pro file defining' apparatus capable ot adjustment to produce, from a number ot relatively adjustable profile segments. a large variety ot complete outlines or profiles. Another object of the invention .is to malte the profile segments interchangeable with other ksegments whereby may be obtained a substantially unlimited number oit different complete outlines or profiles. Still another object is to provide in connection with each of the profile segments, an indicating means which may be used in connection with a chart to point out the general character of a person having a profile corresponding to the one delineated hy the adjustment.
To these and other ends, the invention consists of certain parts and combinations ot parts, all ot which will be hereinafter described: the novel features being pointed out in the appended claims.
ln the drawings:
Fig. l is a face view of an apparatus constructed in accordance with this invention;
Fig. 2 is an edge view ot the apparatus;
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-8, Fig. l;
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4 4, Fig. l;
Fig. 5 is a detail view ot the tool through which adjustments may be made;
Fig. 6 is a detail view oit the slide on which the chin and mouth defining member is mounted to turn;
Fig. 7 is a detail view ot' one ot the crown defining members;
Fig. 8 is a detail view of one of the torehead defining members;
Fig. 9 is a detail view of one ot the nose defining members;
Fig. 10 is a detail view ot one ot the mouth and chin defining members;
Fig. l1 is a detail view of one of the ear defining members;
Fig. l2 is a detail view of the base showing the proiiling members removed;
Fig. 13 is a section on the line 153-13,
Fig. 1.4L is a fragmentary view showing some ot the profile defining members in position on the base;
Fig. l5 is a detail view of one off the rear head and neck defining members; and
1G is a fragmentary view showing'the manner in which the forward crown piece is connected with the rear head and neck defining member; when the profiles on these two members do not coincide.
in the illustrated embodiment ot the invention there is employed a base member 1 and frame 2 with an opening through which the profile is viewed. Arranged on the base member l under the 'frame 2 is a sheet 8 formed with a circular opening 4, part oit which extends under the frame while the major portion of it lies within the open- .ing ot' the frame 2. ln this circular opening 4t is adapted to be received, a circular disk 5 formed on one or both sides with a. line or other mar; 6 which will form on each side of the center ot said disk a forehead defining line. This disk with the line 6 thereon will be termed a forehead defining member. It is obvious that the portions ot' the line on each side the center of the disk may be employed for forming or defining the forehead ot two profiles, and, by inverting the disk a similar line on the opposite side may be employed for giving two other profiles of the torehead. Other disks may be employed having still. other profiles for the forehead. Fach profile defining portion with the line (i is given a number indicated at 7 and on the sheet 8 at the perimeter oit' the disk, graduations 8 are provided. with which the end of2 the profile being delineated may co` operate. lThe number ot the profile with the position of the prole with reference to said graduations can, by reference to a chart which may be used in connection with an apparatus, give in a general way the character oi a person provided with such profile at the forehead.
The sheet' 3 may also be provided with an arcuate recess 9 of less depth than the opening 4t and of greater diameter than the said opening. the center oit said arcuate recess being coincident with the center of turning of the disk 5. A nose defining member 10 is adapted to be received in the opening et to extend into arcuate recess 9 over the forehead defining member 5, so that a nose prolile l1 on said member 10 may have the upper portion thereof, coincident with the lower portion of the profile G on the iorehead deiining member while covering` that portion of the disk 5 not being` used at this time. ltwill thus be seen that the toreM head defining member and the nose deiining' member turn about a common axis which is coincident with the point or junction between the two profiles on the two members. It is apparent thatthe nose defining; mem ber may have a profile on each side thereof, and that other members with other profiles may be substituted. Each nose deiining member 10 may be provided with character 12 and an index or pointer 13., the latter cooperatingwith graduations 1-1 formed on the sheet l) adjacent the perimeter of said nose defining member 19. The character 12 together with the teraduations 1er are employed in connection with4 the chart hereinbefore mentioned :tor determining` the character of a person having' a profile corresponding to the profile delineated by the nose forming member.
Arranged to cooperate with the nose dening. member is a chin and mouth defining' member 15. which has a chin anu mouth pror'ile 16 thereon. This member is, in this instance, in the form 0i a segment et a disk and may have on either or both sides thereof a profile. Other member-s with different shapes oit profiles may be substituted tor the illustrated member 16. Tn order that this member may move about an axis and also shift bodily, so that the position of this axis may be changed to correspond to the position ot the lower portion or the profile onthe nose deiining member 10, a slide 17 may be provided. This slide. in this instance is mounted to operate in a uideway formed between the traine 2 and the base 1. Two curved recesses 18 and 19 are provided in the slide, these recesses having' the saine radius but having their centers so arranged that the center of rotation may be shiii'ted with reference to the nose delining;
iember thus still further increasing the 'range or scope of the apparatus.
` A chin or mouth defining' member 15 is received within either ot said recesses and is mounted to turn in engage ient with the curved walls ot the recess so that the desired angle for the vchin may be obtained. The slide is moved so that the lip portion of the member 15 may coincide with the lip portion on the nose defining' member 10. Each chin and mouth deiining member 15 has a character 20 thereon and a pointer or index 21 which is adapted to cooperate with graduations 22 formed on the slide 1? adjacent. the recess 18. Graduations ior the recessI 19 are provided on the opposite side of said slide, which is removable from the guideway and invertible so that the recess 19 may be employed when desired.
The 'forward crown, in `this instance, is deiined by a` member 23 which has a crown profile 2e on either or both sides thereof. Other forward crown defining members may, of cour Je provided to give other :forward crown profiles. This forward crown deiining member 23 rests upon the sheet 3 and is preferablyy held thereon by a siningg` linger The forward crown profile extends to opposite ends et the, member, one end being adapted to be positioned to coincide with the upper end of the profile (5 of the forehead delining` member 5. The opposite end of the profile 2e on the proiile defining; member is adapted to term an index to cooperate with graduations 26 on the sheet S. Each forward crown delining member 23 has a marl: or character 2Ta thereon, and this character with the graduations 8 and 26 may be used in connection with the chart heretofore mentioned tor the purpose of ascertaining the character of a person having such a :forward crown profile.
For deiining the rear head and neck, any number ot members 27 may be employed having` a. rear crown and neclr profile 28 thereon. This member 2T is movable bodily so that one end oit the profile 28 may coincide with a portion of the prole 24 on the forward crown defining member 23. 1n this instance, the `auichaway 29 is provided beneath the frame 2 so that the member 27 may be moved toward and 'from the tace portion oit the profile. Graduations 30 may be provided on the sheet 3 for cooperation with each ot the members 27. and these yejradnations together with the character 31 on the member 27 may be employed in connection with the chart heretofore mentioned for the purpose of determining the probablecharacter of a person having a profile defined by the adjusted position of the member 27. The member 27 .is flexible laterally so as to be withdrawn 'from its position bver the sheet 3. A spring` clip 32 carried by the frame 2 may cooperate with the member 27 to hold. the latter in its adjusted position.
Tn some instances the profile on the forward crown deiininfr member will not coincide with the profile on the rear head and neck deiininrf member, and in order to provide -the connection between these parts, there may be employed a rear crown defining' member 45 which may also be held in position by the clip 32.
VFor deining the ear any number ot members 33 may be provided havin(r an ear protile 3ft thereon. This member 33 is mounted to move with the member 27 and is preferably removable from said member and also adjustable thereon. This result is secured ith) by providing the member 27 with a curved notch 35, the walls ot which form the segment of a circle. The member 33 has its edge curved to conform to said wall. so that the member 33 may be turned to secure the proper angle for the ear. Graduations 36 are provided on the mei'uber for cooperation with a pointer 37 on the member 33. These graduations together with the character 38 on the member determine approximately the character of a person whose profile is defined by the member and the adjustment thereof. A spring` clip 39 on the frame 2 cooperates with the ear deiining member 33 to hold the latter in its adjusted position.
if desired some or all of the profile defining members may be provided with openings ei() and', into these openings the pointed end l-l of an instrument l2 may be introduced to effect the adjustment of the members, the instrument also having a pointed end 43 which may also be used. for adjusting the apparatus. The instrument, in order to preventl the loss thereot may be connected by the chain i4 with the apparatus.
From the foregoing it will be seen that it is possible with this construction to substantially delineate the profile of any human head. The profile of the head is divided up into a number of sections, each section being arranged upon a movable member. These members are so mounted that the angle of the profile section on the members may also be obtained.I The face portion of the profile is formed by sections of three diiterent members, two of which are mounted to turn 'about a coincident axis at the junction between said sections, while the other is movable bodily so as to be made to coincide with the profile section of one of said pivoted members while at the same time also pivotally mounted to obtain the angle of the profile section.
The members containing the facial sections of the profile, and a member containing the rear crown and neel; sections of the profile are relatively adjustable so as to vary the distance between these parts. An intermediate front crown defining member connects the rear crown defining member and the members 'forming` the facial sections et the profile.
Vfhile the invention has been described for delineating the profile to determine the character of a person, it is apparent that it is not limited to this use as it may be employed for amusement purposes, for the teachinga of drawing, or for the delineating or defining of profiles other than that of the human head.
lV hat lelaim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is l. A profile defining apparatus comprising a plurality of relatively adjustable members, each having a section of a profile thereon. two proximate members being mounted to turn about a common axis at the junction of the profile sections thereon. and the other members being shiftable bodily with reference to said two members.
Q. profile defining apparatus comprisingr a plurality of relatively adjustable members, each havingl a section of a profile thereon, two proximate members being` mounted to turn about a common axis at the junction of the profile sections thereon, and the other members being shiftable bodily with reference to said two members. one of the bodily movable members being` also mounted to turn about an axis coincident with that portion` of its profile section which meets the proiile section on said pivoted member.
3. .si profile defining apparatus comprising plurality of relatively adjustable memliiers, each having a section of a profile thereon, two proximate members beineY mounted to turn about a common axis at the junction of the profile sections thereon` and the other members being shiftable bodily with reference to said two members, and a slide on which one of said bodily movable members is mounted to turn about an axis which is adapted to be positioned in coincidence with the profile section on one of said pivotally mounted members.
4L. A profile defining; apparatus comprising1 a plurality of relatively adjustable members, each provided with a profile section, one of said adjustable members having another of said adjustable members adjustable thereon.
5. A profile defining` apparatus comprising' a plurality of relatively adjustable members. two of said members being adjustable about a common axis coincident with the junction oi the profile sections on the two members and another ot said adjustable members beine; mounted to move toward and from said axis.
6. A profile defining' apparatus comprising a plurality of relatively adjustable members, two of said members being adjustable about common axis coincident with the junction ot the profile sections on the two members and another of said adjustable members being mounted to move toward and from said axis and havingstill another of said members adjustable thereon about a suitable axis.
7. A profile definingf apparatus comprising` a plurality of members each having a profile section of a human head. means vfor supporting' said members so that each member may assume a plurality of different positions with reference to an adjacent member to form different profiles, and means tor indicating` the adjustment of each member with reference to its adjacent member to permit the determining of the character of the head deined by the dili'erent adjustments.
8. A profile defining apparatus comprising a plurality of adjustable members, each havingr a. profile section of a human head, one of said members` on which is provided the rear head section and neck of the' prole, being adjustable toward and from the members on which the facial sections ot the proles are delineated.
9. A profile defining apparatus comprising a plurality et adjustable members each having' a. profile section of a human head, one of said members on which is provided the rear head section and neck et the profile7 being adjustable toward and from the members on which the facial sections of the profile are delineated and another of said members on which the ear is delineated beinp; adjustable on the last mentioned member about a suitable axis to define the angle ot the ear.
l0. A. profile deining apparatus comprising a plurality of adjustable members, each having a proiile section of a human head, two of the members forming sections of the facial part of the profile sections on said members and another of the members forming` part of the facial portion of the prole being' shiit'table bodily so that its proiile section may be made to align with the. profile section of one of said pivotally mounted members, said last mentioned member be ing adjustable about an axis coincident with the portion of the profile section which coincides with the portion on the said one of the first two named pivotally mounted members.
ll. A profile defining apparatus comprising a plurality of relatively adjustable profile defining` members for delineating a human head, each provided with a profile section, two of said members forming sections of the facial portion oic the profile being mounted to turn about a common axis at the junction of the two sections on the prei-ile of the two members, and the two members on opposite sides of the said pivoted members beine,4 bodily adjustable in order that the profile sections thereon may be made to coincide with the proiile sections on the pivotally mounted members. EGBERT N. CLARK.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3529366 *||Sep 5, 1967||Sep 22, 1970||Le Roy V Alwin||Device for correlating three input variables|
|US4508509 *||Feb 4, 1983||Apr 2, 1985||Cpg Products Corp.||Device for making preselected composite designs|
|US5174037 *||May 28, 1991||Dec 29, 1992||Marilyn Curtin||Method and apparatus for measuring physical attributes of a human body|
|U.S. Classification||434/155, 33/551|