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Publication numberUS1466077 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 28, 1923
Filing dateMay 15, 1922
Priority dateMay 15, 1922
Publication numberUS 1466077 A, US 1466077A, US-A-1466077, US1466077 A, US1466077A
InventorsHenry R Wardell
Original AssigneeManville Johns Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Roof covering
US 1466077 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. '28, 1923.

- H. R. WARDELL ROOF COVERING .7 MGWW Filed May 15, 1922 INVENTOR.

BY v a ATTORNEY.

Patented Au 28, 1923.

rare

HENRY a. WARDELL, OF NEW YORK, n. Y., AssIGNon .ro aoims-Manvrntn mconronarnn, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

. noon COVERING.

Application filed May 15,

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HENRY R. WARDELL,' a citizen of the United States of America, residing at New York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Roof Coverings, of which the following is a specification. 1

My invention relates to roof coverings in general and more specifically comprises a form of shingle-strip of waterproof material for use in producing a waterproof covering which shall simulate an ordinary shingled roof. a

One embodiment of the preferredforin of my invention is illustrated'in the accompanying sheet of drawings in which:

Fig. .1, is a plan View of my improved shingle strip, and

Fig. 2, is a plan view of a portion of a roof with my invention applied thereto, parts being broken away.

Throughout the drawings likereference characters indicate like parts: 1, indicates a. strip of waterproof fabric which may be asbestos felt, rag felt or any other fibrous felt or similar material heavily saturated or impregnated with a hydrocarbon, such as asphalt or other suitable waterproof com pound, which is preferably dark in color and forms an adhesive surface on the material, at least when hot.' This strip has a width approximating the length of a standard shingle, say ten inches, and a length equal to the combined widths of a predetermined plurality of standard shingles plus that of a similar number of narrow interspaces, each, for instance, one-half inch in width.v- Preferably the strip should have a length of about 32 inches and take the place of four separate shingles as shown. 2, 2, represent a plurality of delimited sections of the surface area of each strip 1, each said space conforming to the outline of a standard shingle, which sections extend across the strip, and throughout each of which alayer of crushed mineral material, such as slate or serpentine rock of lighter color, contrasting with that of the saturated fabric, is embedded in the adhesive surface of the fabric. This may be applied and'rolled in while the surface is hot. These areas, 2, 2, are separated by narrow spaces, 3, 3, each, for instance, one-half inch in width, where the surface of the saturated fabric is left 1922. Serial no 5si,155.

bare and exposed without any mineral layer superposed thereon. These alternate coveredand exposed areas extendacross the strip ,1 as shown. 1 I

Preferablyeach end of each strip of fabric 1 has its saturated surface also exposed and free from mineral covering as shown at 4, 4, for a distance equal to half the width of the intermediate exposed spacesv3, 3, say each one-quarter inch wide so that when the ends of adjacent strips 1, 1, are abutted the markings will be uniform throughout the roof.

Preferably also each strip 1 a plu rality of V-shaped notches 5, 5, along one of its longer edges and 'an-oppositely disposed plurality of similar V-shaped tabs 6, 6, along the other longer edge, the apices of the Vs registering with the ends of the exposed narrow spaces 3, 3. Two of the corners of the strips ,1, 1, are clipped at 7 7 to form half Vs and the other corners are provided with half tabs- 8, 8,-to produce a uniform effect when the ends of adjacent strips are abutted to cover-a roof. In applylng my invention to a roofflsuc ce'ssive series of abutting strips 1 1, are

overlapped, as shown in Fig. 2, to simulate the usual appearance of a shingle roof.

The advantages of my invention comprise a reduction of the usual tendency to curl at the edges developed in the use of ordinary sO-called asphalt shingles, and in the reductionof Open spaces between shingles, up

through which rain may be driven' by a strong .wind.

The exposed spaces 3, and 4, may be formed by scrapingoif'the layer of mineral covering from thecompletely covered strip,

or, before applying the mineral layer, paper ribbons may be laid over the adhesive surface so that the mineral material will not adhere at those parts when being sprinkled over the fabric 1.

Having described my invention, I claim:

As a new article of manufacture a shingle strip having a width approximately equal to the length of standard shingles and a length equal to the combined widths of a. predetermined plurality of standard shingles plus that of a similar number of narrow interspaces, said strips being composed of a suitable fabric saturated with a waterproof compound of a dark color and adhesive character and having crushed mineral par was ticles embedded in the adhesive surface so equally spaced apart and extending across the strips, and the narrow, intervening spaces of the bare surface of the saturated fabricof darker color, being exposed and devoid of mineral covering between the-continuous areas so delimited, said shingle strip 10 having a plurality of ll-shaped notches along one of the longer edges and an oppositely disposed plurality of similar V- shaped tabs along the other longer edge, the apices of the Vs registering with the 15 ends of the exposed narrow spaces.

HENRY R. WARDELL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5369929 *Feb 1, 1994Dec 6, 1994Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5611186 *Nov 30, 1994Mar 18, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5666776 *Aug 30, 1995Sep 16, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US9212487Sep 28, 2005Dec 15, 2015Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.Enhanced single layer roofing material
USD369421Mar 17, 1995Apr 30, 1996Elk Corporation Of DallasRandom cut laminated shingle
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/558
International ClassificationE04D1/26
Cooperative ClassificationE04D1/26
European ClassificationE04D1/26