|Publication number||US1466372 A|
|Publication date||Aug 28, 1923|
|Filing date||Apr 9, 1920|
|Priority date||Apr 9, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1466372 A, US 1466372A, US-A-1466372, US1466372 A, US1466372A|
|Original Assignee||Artemas Ward|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2a, E23., 4 www2 H. 'GLES COIN GONTROLLED VENDING MACHINE Filed April 9 1920 10 Sheets-Sheet 1 INS ERTI DN BENT mg. 28, E923.,
. H. GEF-ES com CQNTRQLLED VENDING MACHINE Filed April 9. 1920 l0 Sheets-$11981'l '.2
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H. GBLES GOIN CONTROLLED VENDING MACHINE Filed April 9:, 1920 1o sheets-sheet Aug. 28, B923.
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.l Aug. 28, i 923.
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Aug. 28, E923. v 66372 H. GILEs COIN CONTROLLED VENDING MACHINE Filed April 9. 1920 l0 Sheets-Sheet 10 M wf' 7 l/49 Af@ i /f fa ,/42 May four compartments.
Patented Aug. 28, i923..
meten narran sraras earner erstere.
HARVEY GILES, Fl BROOKLYN, YGRK, SSIGNOR T0 RTEBES WARD, 0F NEW YORK, N. Y.
COIN-CONTROLLED- VENDEN@ MACHINE.
Application led .april 9,. 1920. erial No. 372,491.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, HARVEY GILES, a citizen of .the UnitedStates, and a resident of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in* Coin-Controlled Vending Machines, of which the following is a specification'.
The invention pertains more particularly w to coin-controlled vending-machlnes for the exposed at its"outer end,means operable from said handle in cooperation'with introduced coins for ejecting the bottom pieces of confection from the tray, means for directing the sold pieces of confection to an exposed position for removal by the purchaser, means for collecting the proper coins introduced to the machine, such as one cent pieces,` and other features which will be hereinafter fully described.
Usually the vertical trays provided in coin-controlled vending machines designed for'selling pieces of confection have had a series of vertical compartments for holding columns or stacks of the confection, and more frequently these machines have had four of such compartments and the pieces of confection have been so placed in them that their side edges faced frontwardly and rearwardly and were engaged by the ejector means. One feature of my present invention is to provide a machine having six compartments for six columns of the merchandise arranged within the same width that has heretofore been occupied by atray having In carrying out this portion of my invention I so arrange the compartments that the side edges of the pieces of confection extend laterally and that the ejector means engage the ends of said pieces instead of the sidesthereof, my ejector mechanism, rendered opera-tive when a coin is present, being adapted for a machine having the merchandise com artments arranged in the manner I have ]ust mentioned.
It has been found that machines of the class to which my invention pertains are so complex and delicate in their mechanisms as to entail considerable loss to the owners for repairs and annoyance to purchasers 1n the loss of coins introduced to the machine which have become out of order. One ob- ]ect of my invention is to provide a vendin machine of thefclass referred to which wi bey of such particular' construction and durable character as to minimize the necessity for repairs and also minimize the danger of disarrangement 'of the mechanism by persons violently actuating the exposed operating rod or handle. In carrying out my invention I not only economize space wlthin ,the exterior casing or cabinet by my particular arrangement of the compartments for the merchandise, but'I seek to provide a.
thoroughly operative and reliable mechamsm havlng `lout few moving parts, these parts serving to position the introduced coins to be used as coin ejectors and to carry the coins against the bottom pieces of confection in the compartments of the tray, for the purpose of ejecting such pieces from the tray, whence they descend to the purchaser.
The details of construction of my machine are such that although I provide a machine 'having six vertical compartments for merchandise, the casing of the machine requires but three entrance slots for coins, one slot serving for coins for two of the vertical compartments. 1
The coin-controlled mechanism of my invention comprises various features and details of construction and arrangement, all of which will be better understood from the specific explanation thereof hereinafter presented, with reference 'to they accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a front elevation, partly broken away, of a coin-controlled vending machine y constructed in accordance with and embodying my invention;
Fig; 2 is a. vertical section, partly broken away, through the same, taken on the dotted line 2-2 of Fig. l;
Fig. 3l is a substantially corresponding view illustrating the several removable sections of the machine as separated from the exterior casing or ready to be introduced into saidfcasing, said removable sections consisting of the coin mechanism to be handled as a unit, they coin receiving receptacle lolower portion of the machine, taken on the doted line lt-4f of Fig. 11 and showing all the parts of the mechanism in their normal inoperat/ed position but with a coin shown as having been fed to the machine and becomev arrested in position for use in ejecting the bottom piece of confection from the compartment of the tray in line with it on the subsequent operation of the machine by anl outward pull on the exposed end of the operating rod or handle;
Fig. 5 is a corresponding section through a portion of the machine and illustrates the mechanism as havin been partly operated and the lower piece of confection as having been partly ejected by the movement of the coin against the end or the same;
Fig. 6 is a section corresponding with Fig. 5 but illustrating the mechanism as having been completely operated by the outward pull or the operating rod or handle, the ejected piece of confection being indicated by dotted lines and the coin being indicated asy havin been released and descending into the com box; Fig.. 7 is a'vertical section, partly broke away, through the front portion of the machine, talren on the dotted line 7-7 of Fig. 6 and 'illustrating the several parts of the mechanism in their operated position, shown in Fig. 6; l
Fig. 8 is a vertical section, partly broken away, through a portion of the machine, and said section is taken at the front of the tray and on the dotted line 6--8 of Fig. 9;
Fig. 9 is a horizontal section through the machine, talren on the dotted -line 9 9 of Fig. d, the mechanism being shown in its normal inoperated position;
Fig.. l0 is a sectional View corresponding with Fi 9, but showing the mechanism as having been operated by an outward pull of the operating'rod or handle;
'Fig ll ris a horizontal section through a portion of the machine, taken on the dottedY line ll-ll of Fig. 4e;
Fig. l2 is a horizontal section through the lower portion of the merchandise tray,
shown as empty,'the section beingv on the v dotted line 12-12 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 13 is a detached rear face View of a hinged .plate down which the coins slide from the coin entrance slots to the means for .supporting-them to serve as goods-ejectors; l
Fig. ll is a horizontal section through an np er left hand portion or the mechanism an is presented to illustrate more particuincedere larly the mechanism for preventing the entrance of washers to the machine, without interfering with the entrance of proper coins thereto, a coin being shown in position in Fig. la as being moved through the coinslot and by the washer catcher;
Fig. 15l is a view artly broken away and partly in section, o certain details, hereinafter indentilied, servin as a. coin gauge and support for the coin during its use as a goods-ejector, and
Fig. 16 is a cross-section through a portion ot the mechanism at a washer catcher, taken on the dotted line 16-16 of Fig. 14.
ln the drawings, 30 designates the exterior casing of the machine as a whole,`said casing comprising a back 31, sides 32, a top l33, al bottom 3e, a lower hinged rontdoor or section 35, and a removable front or door 36. ln the rear of the door 36 is formed a chamber for a tray, numbered as a whole 37, for holding the stacks or vertical columns ot confections, and within Vthe lower portion of the casing is formed a, chamber for the operative mechanism or the machine and also for a coin receptacle 36 which receives the coins after they have left the operative mechanism .and from which coins may be removed, when desired, after the front 36 has been removed to free the lower front section 35 so that it may be turned downwardly and forwardly, or to the position shown in Fig. 3, which also shows the coin receptacle 38 as having been withdrawn from the casing ot the machine.v ll hen in the machine the coin-receptacle 38 rests upon inwardly turned llanges 39 formed at the lower ends of cheek plates d() secured to the sides 32 of the main casing. At the rear ot the coin box or receptacle 38 is provided a chute ll down which the pieces or confection dislodged from lthe tray may slide to an opening 42 below the front section 35 of the' casing and from which opening said pieces may be removed by hand.
The lower 'front section 35 is preferably of metal and faced on its exterior by a block of wood, as shown, having a lrecess d3 therein for the lingers of the operator and a slot el through which the operating rod or handle d5 may be moved forwardly and rearwardly. The metallic portion oil the iront section 35 is numbered 46, and it has a slot 4:7 in line with the aforesaid slot all through which the operatin rod or handle d5 may have its movement. he lower opposite edges of the plate 46 are formed or provided with ears 4:8
to engage headed pins 49 secured to the sides of the `main casing 30, said ears being slotted to pass upon sai pins and therewith serve to hinge the Jtrent section 35 to the casing, said section being removable, however, by reason of the formation ol' the slots in said ears d8. The upper endet the platey portion 4:6 of the front section 35 is bent rear- Masera wardly, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, to close over the operative mechanism of the machine and to a'ord a shelf receiving the lower edge of the. front 36.. The side portions of the plate 46.have secured thereto angle iron slotted or recessed plates which, when the lower ,section 35 is in :its upper or closed position, pass upon stud pins 51, as shown in Fig. 4. `When the section 35 is in its upper or closed position the face of the late 46 engagesa pin 52 fastened tothe ront of the coin box 38 and thereby serves' to retain said coin boX in position between the cheek plates 40.
The upper-portion of the plate 46 has a bar 53 secured to it, and a-t the rear of said bar 53 said plate 46 is bent rearwardly to form a horizontal shelf 54 from which the ears 55, two ears being sufiicient, extend upwardly to stand substantial] parallel with the bar 53. The front 36, w en in'position, rests upon the shelf 54 and is rigidly held against forward and backward movement between the bar 53 and ears 55. The sides 32 of the main casing are provided in line with the space or opening formed between the bar 53 and ears or lugs 55 with recesses 56 (Fig. 3) adapted to receive the lower side edges of the front 36 and thereby act to lock the lower edge of said front' 36 in position, said front when in position serving, by its engagement with the pla-te 46, to lock the front section or door 35 in closed position. After the front 36 has been moved downwardly into the recesses 56 and upon the seat 54 afforded by the plate 46, said front will, at its upper portion, be pressed inwardly be.- tween the sides 32 of the main casing and against vertical shoulders 57 forme-d thereon, andfinally said front 36 will be,secured at its upper end to the casing by means of any suitable lock 58, as is customary.
The upper portion of the plate 46 is formed wthcoin entrance slots 59. three of said slots in the present instance being made use of, and one slot being for each two vertical sections or compartments of the main tray 37.
The tray 37 has a back and sides, as usual, and also front laterally extending Hanges 6() to aid in retaining the stacks of pieces of confection, numbered 61, in position. In the present instance the tray 37 contains six vertical compartments numbered, respectively, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 and 67, these compartments being arranged in pairs, as shown in Fig. 7, and each pair being separated by a vertical plate 68. The compartments of the tray 37 are narrow, andthe pieces of confection 61 placed therein are arranged endwise instead of sideways, the
ends of the pieces facing frontwardly and rearwardly, whereby as compared with the usual arrangement'of confection in theA trays of vending machines, I economize space, and in thepresent instance secure six vertical compartments in the width of tray ordinarily aording only four com-partments.. lt is advantageous, outside of the question of economy of space, to arrange the pieces of confection endwise, because thereby the ejector means is enabled to engage a substantial part of the exposed end of the piece to be ejected instead of engaging said piece at the middle of one of its longer Side edges. 'llhe action is more efficient and less liable to derangement when the ends of the pieces of confection are engaged by the ejector means, than when the side edges of said pieces are so engaged, and this advantage, in addition to the economy of space secured by my invention-,is quite important.
At the bottom of the tray 37 l.' provide separated flanges 69, as shown in Fig. 12,
to serve as supports'fog the' stacks of pieces 85 ofconfection 61, and these flanges 69 at' their forward portions are recessed out on curved lines, as at 70. The enlargement by the recesses 70 in the flanges 69 permits acoin, facing rearwardly, to pass between the flanges 69 until the rear ends o f the recesses are reached by a coin, and when the coin passes against the rear edges of said recesses 70, the flanges 69 thereat will cause the coin to be presseddownwardly so that the smaller upper portion of the coin only may pass-btween the rearl parallel portions of said flanges 69. 'lt isfdesired that the coin shall take a certain position when moved inwardly against the goods to be ejected, and while the coin may always take this position, it is possible that the coin may project upwardly beyond such position to a slight extent. and in .this event the edges of the coin would be carried against the rear edges of the recesses 70 and be by them depressed to the desired predetermined position, as will be hereinafter explained. The new features about the tray'37 reside in the arrangement of the compartments 62 to 67 inclusive, and in the provision of the recesses 70 in the bottom supporting flanges 69. The tray 37` has one other feature of advantage, and that resides in the provision on the lower front portion thereof of small studs or pins 71, 72, 73, and pins 74, 75. The studs or pins 71 to 75 inclusive proiect frontwardly, and they are utilized in the manner hereinafter described forl deflecting the coins into alignment with the proper compartments in the tray 37 from which the goods are to be sold. A coin introduced through the left'hand coin slot 59 will, by the means hereinafter described, be deflected to strike the left hand pin 71 and caused to pass to the position in which l indicate a coin 76 in Fig. 8, said coin being then in posit-ion to be used as a means for dislodging the bottom piece of confection from the compartment 62. After the. pieces of confection have been dislodged lfrom the compartment 62, a coin introduced through the left hand coin slot 59 will, with the aid of the pin 71, be positioned in line with the vertical compartment 63 so that the goods may, piece by piece, be sold from said compartment after the compartment 62 'has loecome empty. Coins introduced through the middle coin slot 59 will, by means-orl the pin 72 Abe caused to become positioned in line with the vertical compartment 64 until all of the goods therein have been sold, and thereafter said coins will become positioned in line with the compartment 65 for the sale of goods from said compartment.4 Coins introduced through the righthand coin slot 59 will first sell the goods from. the right hand compartment. 67 and thereafter when that compartment has become empty, be used'to effect sales from the compartment 66, the pin 73v first deflecting the coins intoline with the compartment 67 and thereafter cooperatingl with other means, deflecting the coins into line vwith the compartments 66.
Upon the' stacks of confection 6l ll place weights 77 having forwardly projecting hook-like arms 78. The weights 77 serve to press the pieces of confection downwardly, and whenthe last piece of confection in any compartment has been sold,
the arm78 of the weight in said compartment will project forwardly of and closely overhang the lower front portion of the' tray 37, as l indicate in Fig;i 8. The arms 78 cooperate with the pins 7l, 72, 73, in deflecting the introduced coins into a position in line with a vertical compartment which has not become empty, and when two adjoining compartments have become empty, the arm 78 of the weights in said two compartments s'tand in a position to receive an introduced coin, as l indicate by dotted lines at the right hand side of lig. 8, said coin on the movement of the operating rod or handle 45, being freed to return to the purchaser. The pins 74, serve as gua-rds to prevent a coin intended for the compartment G3 or the compartment 66 respectively from becoming positioned in line with the compartment 64 or the compartment 65, respectively. rllhe pins 7d, 75 serve merely as partitions tofconine the coins at the foot of the compartments 63, 66 when the coins are intended to be positioned in those locations. rllhe coopera-tive action of the arms 78 and pins 71 to 75 inclusive will be referred to hereinafter in describing the operation of the machine. At this place lit has been intended 4more particularly to describe the mechanical details connected with the tr-ay.
That portion of the machine which may be designated as the operative mechanism and which is located above the coin recepvtacle 38 -and partly below the upper 1nwardly turned portion of the lower front maaar/a door 35 and partly below the main tray 37, may be handled as a unit, and this mechanism comprises a stationary main supporting frame numbered as a whole 7 9, a slidable otal connection with the main operatingrod or handle 45, a hinged shutter plate 82 hung at its upper edge from the main frame 79 and a hinged coin-plate 83 hung from its upper end from the upper forwardportion of the main frame 79. The carriage 80 is equipped with means, hereinafter described, for supporting and carrying the' coins against the pieces of confection at the bottom of the tray 37, and said carriage 80 has a direct rearwardly and forwardly movement, the movement toward the rear and toward the lower end of the tray 37 being caused by an outward pull on the operating rod or handle 45 and the return movement toward the front of said carriage being caused by two coiled springs 84 whose forward ends are connected to the levers 81, as shown in Fig. 10 and whpse rear ends are connected to a stationary member of the main frame 79.
The main frame 79 comprises two corresponding vertical side plates 85 which are connected together at their lower front ends by a plate or bar 86 through which the operating rod or handle d5 passes. 'llhe plate or bar 88has secured to its rear face right angle bracket plates 87 upon which the levers 8l are pivotally mounted, as shown in Figs. 9 and l0. The bar 8,6 also has secured to it a right angle bracket member 88 which extends rearwardly, as shown in Fig. a, and is bent upwardly at'its inner end to form a stop 89. 'llhe body of the oper-ating rod or handle d5 slides on the plate k88 an when said rod or handle is returne wardly or toward the rear by the springs 8a, a shoulder 99 thereon engages said stop 89 and arrests said rod or handle lin its predetermined position for subsequent operation. The inner end of the rod or handle l5 guides within a loop 91 secured to the lower side of a .stationary bar 92. se-l cured at its ends to the sides 85 of the main frame 79. The inner end of the operating rod or handle 45 is also adapted to slidethrough an openin 93 formed in a depending rear skirt portion 9a of the main stationary' frame 79. The rod or handle d5 carries two pairs of laterally extending upper and lower ears 95 98, respectively, (Figs. 6 and 7 through which pins 97 extend, and behind the pins 97 are inserted reduced end portions 98 of the adjacent ends of the levers 8l these end portions 98 of said levers being hept against said ins 97 by the tensionjof the springs 8l." he
inl acera when said rod is at its inner position, en-
gages the lower portion of the hinged coinplate 83, as shown in' Fig. 4, and serves to retain said coin plate in its operative position Afor guiding Acoins from the coin entrance slots to the means mountedon'the carriage for receiving said coins. When the operating rod or handle 45 is pulled forwardly, it carries the arm 99 from engagement with the hinged plate 8,3 and at that time said plate will turn downwardly by gravity, as shown in Figs. 5 6, and release any paperor the lilre that mlght have become arrested thereon, anything arrested and then released by the plate 83 being discharged downwardly to t e front of the coin-boa 38 and nding its way to the 'discharge opening 42. g
The sides 85 of the main frame 79 for the operative mechanism are connected at their lower front ends by the bar or plate 86 hereinbefore referred to, at their upper forward portions by a downwardly and' rearwardly inclined plate 100, which is stationary, at their upperrear portion by a downwardly and rearwardly inclined plate 101 which serves to strengthen the frame for the mechanism and as a support for a rod 102 on which the upper edge of the shutter plate 82 is hinged, and at their lower rear portions by a plate 103 which hasthe downwardly and rearwardly inclined member 94 hereinbefore referred to and a horizontal floor member 104, above which the carriage 80 has its sliding movement and carries the coins fed to the machine.
The shutter plate 82 hinged to the frame member 101 hangs downwardly, as shown in Fig. 4, at the rear of the lower .end of the tray 37 and protects the goods in said tray from being interfered with by a wire which might be inserted upwardly along the chute 41. When the machine is in operation and in the act of ejecting a piece of confection, the shutter plate 82 will be by such piece turned rearwardly, as shown in Fig. 5, and after the descent of the ejected piece of confection, as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 6, said shutter Aplate 82 will return to its normal hanging position, shown by solid lines in Fig. 6. The depending member 94 of the rigid frame 103 has an undercut ledge 105 provided on it to aid in catching the end of a wire which might be 'insertedupwardly. along the chute 41 with the view of dislodging pieces of confection from the tra 37.
ne of the more important features of the floor or platform section 104 o-fthe connecting member 103 resides in a Special formation thereof and in the provision thereon of vertical stop lugs 106 (Fig. 9), and the formatmn therein' of coin slots 107 .down thro-ugh which the coins finally pass to the coinfreceptacle 38', as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 6 denoting a descending coin. l.
'ljhe floor section 104 is formed with depressions 108 leadmg to the coin-slots 107 and forming at their forward endsl shoulders 109.
The forward edge of the floor member 104 is v i I recessed out on curved lines as at 110, as shown in' Fig.` 10, and said member 104. is concaved between said recesses 110 and the depressions or recesses 108, as at 111, and these recessed portions 110 and 1-11 are to facilitate the passage of the coins rearwardly over said floor` member 104 and' against the lower pieces of confection in thetray 37. 1t may be mentioned that after the coins pass into vertical alignment with the forward ends of therrecesse's'lOS, said coins are depressed by their'engagementwith the edges of the concaved recesses 70 in `the flanges 69 -at the bottom of the tray 37 so that said coins at their lower edges will enter said recesses i 108 and move rearwardly along the same Whlle carried by the coin carrying features connected with the carriage 80 and hereinafter described. vThe purpose of causing the depresslon of the coins into the recesses 108 is to compel a complete rearwardmovement of said coins and carriage 80. 1f, after the handle or operating rod 45 has been started forwardly and the carriage 80 has moved .rearwardly far enough to carry the coins to the recesses 108, said handle is released, the springs 84 will start the carriage forwardly and the handle 45 rearwardly and at this time the lower edge of the coins which may be on the carriage will strike a shoulder' or shoulders 109 ofthe recesses 108 and arrest the carriage 80 so that it cannot move forwardly to any great extent under the action of the springs 84. The shoulders 109 thus cooperate with the coins incompelling a full outward stroke of the handle 45 ,and a coinplete inward movement of the carriage 80 with each operation of the machine, the coins being held by said carriage 80 until said coins pass into vertical alignment with the coin slots 107, at which time, by the means hereinafter described, said coins are released to descend through said slots and the carriage 80 is permitted to return t-o its forward position. The forward edgesof the slots 107 are preferably formed with sawteeth 112, which are intended to. engage a thread that might be attached to a coin fed Lacasse rearwardly inclined edges 137 on the-coin supporting and gauge plate 130, said plate 130 having at its ends two of said rearwardly inclined or converging edges 137 and at its middle portion two rearwardly inclined or converging edges 137. The space between one of the fingers 136 and the adjacent edge 137 on the plate 130 'constitutes a space less in diameter than that of a proper coin fed to the machine, so that said coin may rest on the inclined edge of the finger 136 and the adjacent inclined edge 137 of the plate 130. The inclined edges of the fingers 136 and the inclined edges 137 on the plate 130 will permit a coin of too small di ameter for the machine to slip by them, while a coin of proper diameter will be retained and supported by the cooperating` finger 136 and adjacent edge 137. In the present instance, as shown in Fig. 10, I provide spaces for six coinsv between fingers 136 and inclined edges 137, there thus being one coin space for each vertical compartment in the tray 37. The coins supported on the inclined edges of the fingers 136 andthe plate 130 and between the bars 120 and 122 are carried rearwardly on the movement of the carriage 80 against the lower pieces of confection in the tray 37 and finally descend through the coin slots 107 hereinbefore described. The plate 130 serves for cooperation with all of the fingers 136 on the plates 134 for supporting the coins fed to the marchine preparatory to said coins being moved rearwardly by the carriage 80.
The carriage 80 thus comprises the bar 120 having forwardly extending ends 121,the bar 122, which is parallel with the body of the bar 120 and properly spaced rearwardly therefrom, the small gauge plates 134 secured against said bar 122 and each having the coin supporting finger 136, the coin gaugeA plate 130 and the springs`133 normally keeping the plate 130 against the bar 120 and yieldingly permitting said plate 130 to move forwardly when the fingers 132 on said plate are pressed against the stops 106 on the platform or floor 104, the forward movement of said plate 130 serving to release the coins to descend bj, gravity through the comslots 107.
The coin-plate 83 is hinged at its upper 'I end on pivotscrews 138 to the upper forward corners of the frame 79, and sald plate has a rearwardly convexed face and in the normal position of the parts-of the machine,
the lower edge of said plate 83 is directly.
over the space between the bars 120 and 122 of the carriage 80. The purpose of the plate 83 `is to direct the coins introduced to the machine to the space between said bars 120, 122 so that they. may fall upon the supporting fingers 136 and inclined edges 137 of the plate 130. The plate 83 is shown in its normal position in Fig. 4 and in the positions 1t of the tray 3 lwardly through the openings 141.
assumes during the movement of the operat- -forwardly,'in the operation of the machine,
the plate 83 swin downwardl b ravit In Fig. 4 I illutsrate a coin, iiihihgl nulli,- ber 139, as having descended down the plate 83 and become supported between the bars 120, 122. The coins which reach the plate 83 are introduced through the coin slots 59 and between the upper edge of said plate 83 and the adjacent edge of the stationary plate 100, which also serves to guide the coins downwardly` and confine them against said plate 83. he plate 83 is shown in front elevation in Fig. 7 and in rear elevation in Fig. 13. At its upper rear corners the late 83 is formed with downwardly and inwardly inclined flanges 140 which serve to deflect the coins introduced through the outer or end coin slots 59 inwardly and downwardly so that said coins may finally strike the ins 71, 72, 73, respectively', on the lower orward portion of the tray 37 and be by them deflected into the proper spaces between the bars 120, 122 for the respective compartments of the tray 37. It may be seen on reference to Fig. 4 that in its normal position the lower portion of the plate 83 is adgacent to the lower front face The plate 83 is cut away to form openings 141, and above these openings the plate 83 is provided with magnets 142 which serve to arrest steel disks which may be fed to the machine in lieu of coins. When a steel disk is fed to the machine and the handle 45 is pulled frontwardly, the plate 83 turns downwardly and the steel disk will be jarred fromthe magnets and descend forwardly of the coin box. At the bottoms,
of the openings 141 I form rearwardly projecting curved lips 143 which serve. to aid in directing steel disks and the like, on the downward movement of the plate 83, frontopenings 141 and lipsr143 are also of advantage in allowingany foreign matter which may have become arrested on the plate 83 to escapethrough said openings, thereby keeping the face of the plate 83 clear and unobstructed. Upon the front face ofthe plate 83 is secured a rod 144 upon which are hung a series of weight testers 145, these weight testers all being alike and consisting of weighted dogs of known character having their lower ends projected through recesses or slots 146 formedv in said plate 83. When a coin of proper weight is fed to the machine, it will descend against one of the weight testers 145 and tilting said weight tester will pass on downwardly to the coin supports between the bars 120, 122. If a coin too light in weight should The ' general character-,are lamlliar in this art.
Upon the upper front edge of the plate 89 ll'provide washer catchers for preventing dog 152 having a a vwasher introduced through .a coin-slot trom passin .downwardly over the 'plate e one washer catcher for each coin entrance slot 59, and said washer catchers are all alike and are clearly illustrated in Figs. I and 1.4L. Each washer catcher mechanism comprises a slidable plate 147 held against the plate 83 by screws 148 which lpass through slotsin said plate 147, this renderin the plate 1l? slidable, @ne end oi the p ate 141? is provided with a pin 149 which projects through a slot in the plate 83 and normally stands in the path ot a coin whichmay be ted through the coin slot and against said pin and against a stationary pin 150 also secured to said plate 89, The space between the pin 149 and the stationary pin 150 is less than the diameter et a proper coin to be `led to the machine, and hence when a coin is ted to the machine between said pins 1419 and 150, the coin will press the pin 149 laterally so as to widen the space between it and the pin 150, rl-heother end ot the plate 1d? has an ear 151 te which is pivoted a pointed short arm 153 which is engaged by a; spring 1545. 'llhe tendency ot the spring 154iis to project the pointed end oli the dog' 152 through a recessor hole 155 in the plate 83, this action of the spring 154italiing place when the pin 1119 and plate 1417 are slid in a direction from said spring" 15l, thereby placing a tensin on said spring and carrying the dog 152 to a position in which 'its pointed end may pass through said hole 155. ln Fig. 13 l show the pin 149 in its normal position, while in Fig. 14C l illustrate the operated position ot said pin and the plate 147, said 'pin' and plate having been moved by the introduction of a coin which, in lig. 1d, l number 150. When the coin 156 is introduced between the pins 149, 150, it forces the pin 149 and `plate 147 to the lett and positions the dog 152 to project its pointed end through the hole 155 and against the coin. The coin 156 being a proper coin, may be pressed on downwardly between the plates 83 and 100 and be caused to slide down said plate 83 to operative position. llt a washer had been introduced between the plates 83, 100 in lieu of the coin 156, the dog 152 would project itspointed end through the hole in the washer and prevent the downward movement of the washer.. The dog 152 is what may be called'a washer catcher, and the upper side of the pointed end of said dog arredare will be dat so as' to prevent a washer being ressed downwardly beyond it while' on its lower surface the pointed end of said do@ ina be beveled upwardly so as to permit ol he withdrawal ot la washer from the tray 37 endwise so that the ends of said pieces may project forwardly and rearwarcll, l.res]1 ae'ctively, and. in this instance l provi` e coniections. 'lhe tray 37 is seated upon the general trame 7 9 for the coin mechanism and proects downwardl between the sides ot sai trame, and in t e position of said tray 37 withv respect to the other 'features pre-- sented, the pins? 1 to 75 inclusive on the iront lower portion et said tray projecttoward and rather close to the lower-.portion el the coin-plate 83,- as shown in Fig. d. When a'coin is ted through, for instance, the lett hand coin slot 59 it will slide down the plate 83 and striking the pin 71 on the tray will be dedected to the position between the bars 120, '122 in which l indicate a coin 76 in Fig. 8. Thereupon the operating rod or handle l5 will be pulled outwardly, and this will result in the carriage 80 being moved rearwardly' and in carrying said coin 76 against the lower piece of confection in the le'lt hand compartment, causing said piece to move rearwardly against the shutter plate 82 and linally descend to the chute Ll1 as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. tl. The coin 76 carried at the left hand end ot the hars 120, 122 and supported upon the inclined nger 136 and inclined edge 137 thereat (Fig. 15) will move against the left hand curved recess 110 in the platform 10d and be caused to ride upon said platform and along' one ot the grooves er recesses 111 therein. 'lhe movement of the coin 76 over the iront edge of the table or platform 10d serves to slightly elevate the coin from the coin-partage edges between the bars 120, 122,
and then alter the coin has passed to the lett hand recess 108, the coin is intended .to descend by gravity and enter'said recess, so as to cooperate with the front shoulder 109 thereof in preventin reverse movement of the carriage 80. lt ille coin should not fall .by gravity into the recess 108, it will be assisted in such movement by the upper edge of the coin being; carried against the curved edges ot the recesses in the Hanges) at the bottom of the tray 37, and hence if for any reason the coin should not automatically lower into the said recess 108 so as to operate as a dog tor preventing reverse movement of the carriage 80, it will be forced downwardly into' said recess by its engagement sin vcompartments for the stacks of' llll lll?) @being ejected from the eft hand compart- `'nient 62, as will be understood without maeva with the edges of the aforesaid recesses 70 in the flanges 69. The continued rearward4 further description. All of the coins fed throughthe left hand coin slot 59 will ass to the position of the coin 76, shown in gig. 8, until all of the oods in the compartment 62 have been soli? and the weight 77 has descended to carry its arm 78 downwardly to a position nearly in vertical line with the pin 71. When the arm 78 is in this position, with the compartment 62 empty, it prevents the pin 71 from deflecting a coin introduced through the left hand slot 59 intd position at the foot of the compartment 62 and cooperates with said pin in deflecting any coins then introduced through the left hand coin slot 59 to a position at the foot of the tray compartment 63, all of the coins fed through the left hand coin slot 59 reaching such position at the foot of the tray column 63 until that column has become exhausted of its merchandise. After that any coins fed through the left hand coin slot 59 would fall upon both arms 78 and, upon the outward movement of the coin plate 83, would fall downwardly at the front of the coin box and be returned to the purchaser.
All coins fed through the middle coin slot 59 will pass down the plate 83 and striking the pin 72 on the tray, will 'be dedectedto position at the bottom of the4 compartment 64 until said compartment becomes empty of its contents, and thereafter the arm 78 of the weight 7 7 belonging to the compartment 64, having descended to its lower position,- any further coins introduced through the middle coin slot will be by said arm and the pin 72 dedected to position at the foot of the compartment 65` so asl to sell the goods from that compartment. Coins introduced through the right hand coin-slot 59 will be deflected by the pin 73 to position below the compartment 67 until all the goods have been sold from said compartment, and thereafter any further coins introduced through the right hand coin-slot 59 will be by the arm 78 of the weight for the compartment 67, in connection with the pin 73, directed to position at the foot of the compartment 66, so that the goods in said compartment 66 may be sold. When all oi the goods in the compartments 66, 67 have been sold, an introduced coin would become arrested on the two arms 78 of the weights belon 'ngto .said compartments, as
l indicate in ig. 8 by dotted lines, and this coin, on the forward pull of the handle 45, would be returned to the purchaser. lt is not necessary that I should provide the pin 71, 72, 73 for defiecting the coins to definite positions for one compartment or another,
but I prefer to rovide said pins so that all` of the oods o one compartment shall be sold be ore the sales commence oi the goods from the next adjoining compartment. Each pair of the compartments will contain the same character of goods. As hereinbefore mentioned, the pins 74, 75 serve mainly as partitions to prevent the jumping of the coins laterally from position at the foot of the compartments for which they are intended. The arms 78 on` the weights 77 coo rate with the pins 71, 72, 73 in ro rl diiieecting the coins to position at there) fold?) ci the respective com artments and said arms perform no other uty.
. It is desirable that when the handle 45 is pulled outwardly, the coin slide plate 83 should turn downwardly into as nearly as possible a vertical position po that any paper or other matter which might have een stuffed through the coin entrance slots and become arrested thereon may fall therep from, and to this end I provide in the coin guide plate 100 a series of holes 170 (Fig. 11) to afford any necessary clearance for the upper inner edges of the coin guide pins 149, 150 when said plate 83 does turn downwardly.
l have hereinbefore described the `martienlar` details of the machine present as embodying my invention, but do not wish to .be limited to all of the details of form and construction shown and described, since l 'am well aware that many of these details may be modified within the spirit of my invention.
What I claim as in to secure by Letters invention and desire atent, 1s:
1. In a coin-controlled vending machine having coin entrance slots, a vertical tray for holding columns of pieces of the mei-, chandise to be sold and an exposed operat' ing handle, incombination, a horizontally slidable carriage provided with means for supporting coins on edge and facing the lower pieces of merchandise in said columns, stops for arresting said carriage in 'its normal forward position ad'aeent to. said tray and to receive the intro uced coins, a pair of pivoted levers connected at their outer ends with said carriage and at their' inner ends with said handle, al spring normally holding in cooperation with said stops, said carriage at its said forward position adjacent to said tray, and means for releasing `said coins on the operation of the machine', said levers at their outer ends serving when said handle is pulled outwardly to iorcesaid carriage rearwardly to carry the corna against and dislodge the lower -pieces OY I .merchandisd and said spring serving to restore the said levers, handle and carriage to their normal position after each sale.
2. In a coin-controlled vending machine having coin 4entrance slots, a.v vertical .tray
' ing and releasably supporting coinson edge and lacing the lower pieces of merchandise in said columns and to be moved against ariel dislod e said pieces when the carriage from said handle, means lor operate etiring a lower support carried by the carriage from and thereby releasing said coins on the operation or the machine, and means to be engaged by said coins on a reverse action oi said carriage before completing its lull strolre for loclring said carriage i against reverse movement and comprisin a platform over which said coins are move and which has recesses to receive the lower edges ol the coins and shoulders at the loi'- `ward ends of said recesses to be engaged by the coins on such reverse action of the carriage. v
3., lin a coin-controlled vending machine having coin entrance slots, .a vertical tray "for holding columns of pieces el the merchandise to be sold and an exposed operating handle, in combination, a horizontally slidable carriage operable from said handle, means on said carriage for receiving and releasably supporting coins on edge and ifac in the lower pieces oi'merchandise in said co umns and to be moved against and dislodge said pieces when the carriage is op` -erated from said handle, means for retiring a lower support carried by the carriage from and thereby releasing said coins on t e operation oi the machine, and means to be engaged by said coins on a reverse action of the carriage before completin its lull stroke `for arresting the carriage an compris` ing a platform overwhich said coins are moved and which has upwardly inclined surlaces to slightly elevate the coins, lontudinal recesses into which the lower edges of the coins may thereafter descend and shoulders at the forward ends oi said recesses to be engaged by the coins on such reverse action of said carriage.
d. ln a coin-controlled, vending machine having coin entrance slots, a vertical tray for holding columns ci pieces oi the merchandise to be sold and an exposed operating handle, in combination, a horizontally slidable carriage operable from said handle, means on said carriage lor receivin and releasably supporting coins on edge an facing the lower pieces of merchandise Lin. said colus and to be moved against and dislod said pieces when the carriage is operated from said hande, means for retiring a lower support carried by the carriage from and thereby releasing said coins on the operation et the machine, a platform over which said coins are moved and which nascere has longitudinal recesses to receive the lower edges of the coins and shoulders at theaterward ends of said recesses to be engaged by the coins to arrest the carriage on any reverse movement thereof before' it has completed its full operative stroke, and means.
for engaging the upper edge oi the coins v during their travel and compelling the coins to enter said recesses.
5. ln a coin-controlled vending machine having coin entrance slots, a vertical tray :ier holding columns oi pieces of the merchandise to be sold and an exposed operating handle, in combination, a horizontal-iy slidalole carriage operable from said handle, means on said carriage lor receiving and releasably supporting coins on edge and lacing the lower pieces of merchandise in said columns and to be moved against and dislodge said pieces when the carriage is operated from .said handle, means lor retiring a lower support carried by the carriage from and thereby releasing said coins .cesses comprisingshoulders formed by en largements in facingl edges of the bottom of the tray, said shoulders standing in the path of the upper edge o the coins and acting to force the coins during their travel downwardly into said recesses in rear of said shoulders.
6. ln a coin-controlledyvending machine having coin entrance slots, a vertical tray for holding columns of pieces oi the merchandise to be sold and an exposed operating handle, in combination, a horizontally slidable carriage provided with means for receiving and carrying introduced coins on edge and iacin the lower pieces of merchandise in sai columns, stops for arresting said carriage in its normal forward position adjacent to said tray and to receive the introduced coins, a pair of horizontally dis osed pivoted corresponding levers norma ly extending inn handle is pulled outwardly to force said carriage rearwardly to carry the coins against andl dislodge the lower pieces of merchandise, and said spring `serving to
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