US 1466438 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. o.`LANDls MANICUREl IMPLEMENT .Filed Sept. 22. 1922 Patented Aug. 28, 1923.Y
.JOHN oLIN Aharnais, or :wAYNEsB'oRoj PENNsYLvAnA.
k.ivrnivrotmn Application iled 'September To azz awma may Canam;
Be it known that I, JOHNY GLEN LAN:Disa citizen of the United States, and aresident or" Vifaynesboro, in the county ofv'Frfanklin and State of Pennsylva1i1a,'have YinventedA certain new' and useful Improvements4V in ing' is a specification.` Y 1 Y- Y My invention relates toimprovement's 1n Manicure implements, of which the followmanicure implements and it cojnsistsjof -the construction, combination and manner vol use herein described and claimed..."V` f 4 Anobject of the invention is to provide a safe and convenient implement for: cleaning the finger nails. which can be carried inthe pocketwithout injury to itself,-the -person of4 thecarrier, orfotherarticles that mav be contained within therpocket, .purse or otherreceptacle.
Another ob eet of the invention. is to lprojvide aY combined finger nail-cutting and Cleaning implement, the blade wh-chperL forms the latter functionbeing Vn iounted upon the body which performs the for-mer function so that'it bemoved tov either an extended or retired position, the cleaning member being so-disposed in the latter position thatV it can dov no harm to objects coming` in. contact with vthe implement. Y
@ther objects and advantages will appear, in the following specification, Vreference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, in
which: Y v Y Fig. 1 is an elevation ofthe improved manicure implement showing the cleaning blade in the extended position. f; Y l Y. Fig. 2 is a cross section on the line 2-1-2 of Fig. 1,
Fig. Bfis an elevation -of'th'eiinplement showinpgthev cleaning blade in the retiredror inoperativeposition, v Y j Fig. 4 is an elevation ofthe body or disk by which the cleaneris carried, Fig., 5 isa detail cross section on the' line 5 5 of Fig. 4,' l f *y Fig. 6 is a detail elevation'of the cleaning blade, y
n Fig. 7 is a cross section on the line 7-7 of Fig. 6, and
Fig. 8 is a pivot stud.
In carrying out the invention, provision is made of three parts, namely, the cleaner 'blade' 1, the circular disk or body 2 which carries and houses the cleaner blade and the pivot Stud 3 by vwhich the blade is mounted.
detail perspective view of the IMPLEMENT;
22, 1922..A serial no.l 589,823.
` upon thedisk-x2.,k The cleaner consists a picce'o'fsteel orV othersutable metal whichv ls capable of being hardened ortempered and ,whichwhile inthe soft/state hasbeen blanked from a Isheet orA strip of metal and f has been pierced and `formed in such amanneras to providean edge and point 4lY simi? Y lar tofthe end of a pocket knife blade or Ya. nail iilef Theicleaner l'includes any eX-ten-.I
sion 'which has av round hole 6 to, receive VI the shank 7 vot the pivot or .stud 3.
1. In formingV the;, cleaner 1,. an elongated" y hole 8Y is produced-,by cuttingthrough the.l
metal on three sides, the resultant tongue Q being.v curled over to ,act as" a` stop-I when the cleaner is VVextended as" in Fig... 1, as a r.,
means to ,propel the'hcle'aner backA and f forth on. the pivotvr fandas anabutment to *hold thel cleanerin the extended. position while4 using lthe implement. `-The second member 2 ojthe manicure-implement consistsfpfa fiat circular disk of steel -orgother suitable metal, having acurledv edgeV 10 with ai slot f V11y of suflici'ent .lengthland width to permit. the cleanerblade 1- to' project through a short distance, about-as sho-wn in Fig.l 1. j
Le." plurality of' ground surfaces 12, equi# distantly spaced on the curled edge 10 form openings (Fig. l2) which provide cuttingV or scraping membersrby whichthe edgesf the I iinger nails,A may be trimmed The .furled edge of thedisk 2`neatly houses the cleaner blade-1 when inthe retired' position (Fig. 3) and also serves to. protelctcth-e hand ofthe user from 'comingv .in .Contact with any ofthe Vinnermost parts ci' thel implement... y
j A hump' lorprotuberance-13 isformed inwardly of the disk 2 at one sideofa centralY opening,r` 14C. VThis Acentral opening'. be
ci" any shapefand Vis provided for"convlen-v` Y ience in manufacture and also vto facilitate operations which are vfollowed 1n the procy ess Vof making the implement. 'lhen the implement lis-in the lclosed postonjas in ',Fig. 3', the humpv 13 occupies one end of the opening` Sand acts as a snap to hold the blade. -As the 'blade lisinherently resilient,v it follows that the adjacent side 15 will Kvield when forced into contact with.V the hump 13 and spring back in position when the hump reaches the opening 8.
- The `structure of the third member,
namely; the pivot 3, requires but little. additional explanation, it being seen Y-in Fig'. 8 that the `shank 7 terminates Vin aY reduced part 16 which'is adapted to be upset upon the cleaner eXtension' 5 as "is 'any ordinary rivet. The head 3 of the'piv'ot or stud is flattenedV as in Fig. 2 so that but very little is added to the total thicknessof the instrument.
' YIn operation, the cleaner bladeis swungv Vout on theV pivot 3 by merely 'pushing on .the curled lip 9 until it comes intoengagement.
with the curled flange 1Q ofV the disk 2. As stated before,'tli'isfcurled flange acts as a stop andli'mits the extension otftheblade 1.
Yof the improved manicurin'g implement as Y herein described and cifiimed, is time of a generally preferred form, obviouslyV modi! iications and changes may Vbe Ymade Without dep l?. manicure implement comprising a base@liaviiizgi` ajfiang'e With Vvan opening, a C laninfgbIade, means by which they blade is pivote'd'` tofthe basel Withinthe. confines of the'iiange,"nieans`on the baseto'retain the blade" in a position eompletelyf'witliin said confines when closed, and means carried by Yth blade eiiablingmoying it upon the pivot 'to cause" itto protrude through saido'pening A until 'said means engages t'liefiange and is stopped thereby.
2. A manicure implement comprising a .flanged disk'having'an opening in the flange,
meansfon" the Vdisk andvv'ithinthe donfines y oi" the flangeV forming 'a pivot, and a blade` mounted upon theipivot Vhaving a shape of il (-V,.. .v i* such design that Whenrotated across the disk the point xofthe blade will `olloiv'a path Vleadingr tl'irough said 'opening to an extended and operating position.Y
'3.' YA manicure fimpleinent comprising a means on Athe disk and Within the con'liiies ot upon' thev pivot Vhaving a Shape of such'de sign'fthat AWhen iotated'acrossthe disktheV Ypress against the Alip'l) so as tohold 'rting rom'thespirit oi.Y the invention pointof theblade Will olloiva path leading throughsaidopening to an extended and opneratiiiigfA position, and means on Ythe `blade by which itis moved throughv said path and which isadapted toengage the flange to limit the `extension of the blade point.
4. A manicure implement comprising a fdisk `having .arcurled :flange with portions ground away to form openings, means providinga pivot carriedbythe disk, a blade Vmounted to rotate vonthe pivot so that'its point'iiioves in a-pafth leading through one of said openings lintofan extended and'operating position.. means embodied by the blade 'Whichelorms an y:abutmentV to propel V the bladeinto said position andto engage the ange to limit the extension, and meansV carried bythe diskY to engagesaid means `to lock thefbladein'a retii'edfpositi'on 'Within theconiineslof'said flange. y
5. A manicure*implementcomprising` a circular 'disk havingja 'curledfpeiipheral angej With ground surfaces at apliirality oit places forming openingsof vwhich/one is' larger than the others, a 'shouldered stud Ycarried by the disk andiornnng a'pivot, a
blade having `a portion formed intoy a Vcleanv ing-'point and Van extension with a peri'ora- Y OII Seated uponV lthe shouldered studfa curledlipbacl; Yfrom the blade for tliepurpose of *swingingthe` blade in an arc of a circle 'from a retiredf position Within the confines of the disk t'oa'p'ositionwhen said Y lip engages the flange raiidlimits the eXtension of the cutting edge tliroughsaid large opening, and a protuberance formed on'thc' bacliof the dislrla'dapted to occupythe opening Jornliedby stamping,- said lip. to hold the blade in Ia retired fan dinoperativc position;
Vmanicure vimplement comprising a base,'a flange 'oiithe'periphery of the base toobviate sharp edges, said flange having Yan opening, ablade mounted (inthe base fto swing intofand 'outof lthe opening, inea-ns formed on the blade to eno'afre the flanffe an dVv limitY the? outivard'movcinent, and meansY on lthe base to Vengage the aforesaid means' and holdthe blade in the retired position. u
' JOHN OLlN LANDS.