|Publication number||US1468354 A|
|Publication date||Sep 18, 1923|
|Filing date||Dec 7, 1922|
|Priority date||Dec 7, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1468354 A, US 1468354A, US-A-1468354, US1468354 A, US1468354A|
|Inventors||Caretto John F|
|Original Assignee||Caretto John F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (23), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 18 1923. l 1,468,354
J. F. CARETTO ADJUSTABLE GUN STOCK Filed Dec. 7. 1922 INVENTOR 5 M @Quim By Attorlwys,
Patented Sept. 18, 1923.
JOHN F. CARETTO, 0F BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.-
ADJUSTABLE GUN STOCK.
Y Application filed December 7, 1922. Y Serial No. 605,435.
T o all whom t may concer/n Be it known that I, JOHN F C inn'r'ro, a citizen of the United States of America, and
lresident of the borough of Brooklyn, county .of Kings, city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Adjustable Grunv Stocks, of which theV following is a specification.
The present invention relates to guns and aims to provide' certain improvements there- In the'4 use of guns by sportsmen and others it has been heretofore necessary when, sighting at avmoving target, for the gunner to either shift the position of the butt Y end of the-gun with respect to his shoulder or to move bodily with the gun, S'uch movementsv have the tendency of throwmgthe gun l out of true aim at the time of firing. To overcome this tendency; I vhave provided means by which both'the butt end of the gun and 'tures of improvement are also the gunner may remain sationary while permitting the proper sighting at a moving target.
According to the present invention I accomplish this result by making the gun universally adjustable with respect to the butt end thereof and preferably by forming'the gun stock in two parts connected together by a universal joint. I also provide means for maintaining the gun in its normal position with relation to the stock so that the handling thereof is no different from the standard guns now in use. My invention also contemplates the combination of an adjustable stock with means for cushioning the recoil of the gun. Certain other feaprovided, which will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
In the accompanying drawings whereinv I have illustrated the preferred embodiments of my invention;
Figure l shows a side elevation of a gun ,stock embodying my invention, a part being broken away to more clearly disclose the construction.
Fig. 2 is a transverse section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. l.
F ig. 3 is a longitudinal section taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. l and showing the parts in angularY adjustment.
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showy 1 ing a modificati-on.
VReferring to the drawings let A indicate the gun stock as a whole which comprises a fore-stock section B, arear-stock section C and an intermediate section D. The forestock sectionB carries the gun barrel and firing mechanism (not shown); the rearstock section C is provided with the butt end of the gun and the intermediate section D provides a connection between sections B and C whereby said sections are rendered movable and adjustable angularly and pref erably universally with respect toA each other. IfY desirable the rear-stock vsection may be dispensed with and the connecting section formed with an Iend adapted to serve as the butt end of the gun.
'The universal movement between the stock sections may be `y provided by any suitable means and by way of example Iv have shown'such means in the forni of a ball and socket joint designated in the drawings by the reference letters E and F, respectively. The ball E is herein shown as connected to the stock section B through the medium of a plate G and the socket F connected to the stock section C by the plate H. These plates may be fastened to the respective stock sections in any manner, such as by wood screws I'. It is to be understood, however, that the universal joint between the stock sections may be provided in any other manner found to be desirable. As herein shown, the socket F is formed integrally with the plate H and ascrew plug J employed to retain the ball within the socket while the ball E is secured to the plate G by being screw threaded into a socket K formed thereon.
It is desirable that the normal position of the stock with relation to the gun be the same as in standard guns, that is to say, the stock, barrel, and firing mechanism should lie in a common plane, and in order to insure this relationship I provide a plurality of springs L between and secured to the relaV tively movable gun stock sections. I have herein shown four such springs disposed about the cross-sectional contour of the stock as best illustrated in Fig. 2, but it will be appreciated that a larger or smaller number of such springs or other means may be employed for this purpose. The tendency of said springs being to retain their normal configuration it will be obvious that when distorted owing to an angular adjustment of the gun, the springs will upon release of such adjustment bring the stock sections scopically connected to the.v plate G by bey In order to prevent the entrance o dirt, moisture andthe like to the"A section D and to enhance the appearance of tlie gun I prefer to enclose the intermediate section D in a suitable flexible covering M'formed of fabric, rubber or the like. The covering M may be secured to the stock sections by' suitable fastening means N. L
In Fig. 4 I have disclosed a slightly' modified form of universalk joint connection. Here the extension on the ball E is teleing movable in a recess in the socket K thereon. If desirable. said recess may eX- .te-ndvinto-the stock section as above shown at O. B v this arrangement the stock secso- While` rhavwhown andfdescribedfthe,
tions B and C are also adapted for relative longitudinal movement with respect to eachv other, which' movement enables the springsL to also `function ,as cushioning meansto absorb the recoil ofi the gun after firing. Aspring VP encirclingthe socketV K and seating against the top ofsocketF may also .be employed as additional cushioning.
means for this purpose.-
In view of, he foregoing' description itis thoughtfthat the .operation of the device is so 'clear asto not necessitate further detzflliledv explanation.
preferred will part of which isl movable angularlyfivith., respect to the other and resilientmeans be-v tween said parts' adapted to cushion the recoil of-thegun, A Y
4c, A gun liaxfiiigf an adjustables'tock and means tendingff to maintain the" un` and i stock in their normal position, said kmeans being also adapted tocushion the recoil'of the gun.
alineinent, said in'e'ans being also adapted to cushion the'reco'il ofthefgfu'n.v l K In Witness WhereofI have'her'eunto signed j JOHN iF; Gammo;
havingr a tivo-part stock, va juniversal joint; between said parts andre'silientV means terndni'g Vto 4 ina inta1`n said parts'A mW
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2453394 *||May 22, 1946||Nov 9, 1948||Wittman Emil R||Adjustable gunstock|
|US2667005 *||Sep 30, 1950||Jan 26, 1954||Weis Gilbert C||Shock pad for gun butts|
|US3388494 *||Mar 25, 1966||Jun 18, 1968||John W. Kimball||Gunstock of two sections pivotal relative to each other|
|US4316342 *||Apr 28, 1980||Feb 23, 1982||Griggs Jay P||Recoil absorber and redirector mechanism for gun stock|
|US4887374 *||Feb 10, 1989||Dec 19, 1989||Mario Santarossa||Recoil pad for rifle|
|US5001855 *||Dec 12, 1986||Mar 26, 1991||Griggs Jay P||Adjustable mounting device for recoil absorbers and redirect mechanisms|
|US5979098 *||Jun 22, 1998||Nov 9, 1999||Griggs; Jay P.||Recoil absorber and redirector mechanism for gun stock|
|US6684549 *||Feb 21, 2002||Feb 3, 2004||Elmore J. Bragg||Recoil apparatus for a firearm|
|US7386952 *||Jan 16, 2007||Jun 17, 2008||Chris Henretty||Modular gun stock|
|US7536819 *||Feb 2, 2006||May 26, 2009||Blaser Finanzholding Gmbh||Adjustable recoil pad for a small arm|
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|US20110083353 *||Oct 11, 2009||Apr 14, 2011||Alex Rowley Mitchell||Assault rifle buttstock aiming and stabilization system|
|US20140109452 *||Sep 14, 2012||Apr 24, 2014||Travis Baker||Recoil reducer|
|USD685873||Jan 5, 2012||Jul 9, 2013||Ra Brands, L.L.C.||Recoil reducer|
|EP2541188A1||May 14, 2012||Jan 2, 2013||Browning International Société anonyme||Stock with butt plate for a long gun|
|WO2005079352A2 *||Feb 14, 2005||Sep 1, 2005||Dark Horse Arming Construct Llc||Weapon ball stock with integrated weapon orientation|
|WO2005079352A3 *||Feb 14, 2005||Aug 10, 2006||Dark Horse Arming Construct Ll||Weapon ball stock with integrated weapon orientation|
|International Classification||F41C23/00, F41C23/14|