Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1468354 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 18, 1923
Filing dateDec 7, 1922
Priority dateDec 7, 1922
Publication numberUS 1468354 A, US 1468354A, US-A-1468354, US1468354 A, US1468354A
InventorsCaretto John F
Original AssigneeCaretto John F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable gun stock
US 1468354 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 18 1923. l 1,468,354

J. F. CARETTO ADJUSTABLE GUN STOCK Filed Dec. 7. 1922 INVENTOR 5 M @Quim By Attorlwys,

Patented Sept. 18, 1923.




Y Application filed December 7, 1922. Y Serial No. 605,435.

T o all whom t may concer/n Be it known that I, JOHN F C inn'r'ro, a citizen of the United States of America, and

lresident of the borough of Brooklyn, county .of Kings, city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Adjustable Grunv Stocks, of which theV following is a specification.

The present invention relates to guns and aims to provide' certain improvements there- In the'4 use of guns by sportsmen and others it has been heretofore necessary when, sighting at avmoving target, for the gunner to either shift the position of the butt Y end of the-gun with respect to his shoulder or to move bodily with the gun, S'uch movementsv have the tendency of throwmgthe gun l out of true aim at the time of firing. To overcome this tendency; I vhave provided means by which both'the butt end of the gun and 'tures of improvement are also the gunner may remain sationary while permitting the proper sighting at a moving target.

According to the present invention I accomplish this result by making the gun universally adjustable with respect to the butt end thereof and preferably by forming'the gun stock in two parts connected together by a universal joint. I also provide means for maintaining the gun in its normal position with relation to the stock so that the handling thereof is no different from the standard guns now in use. My invention also contemplates the combination of an adjustable stock with means for cushioning the recoil of the gun. Certain other feaprovided, which will be hereinafter more fully set forth.

In the accompanying drawings whereinv I have illustrated the preferred embodiments of my invention;

Figure l shows a side elevation of a gun ,stock embodying my invention, a part being broken away to more clearly disclose the construction.

Fig. 2 is a transverse section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. l.

F ig. 3 is a longitudinal section taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. l and showing the parts in angularY adjustment.

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showy 1 ing a modificati-on.

VReferring to the drawings let A indicate the gun stock as a whole which comprises a fore-stock section B, arear-stock section C and an intermediate section D. The forestock sectionB carries the gun barrel and firing mechanism (not shown); the rearstock section C is provided with the butt end of the gun and the intermediate section D provides a connection between sections B and C whereby said sections are rendered movable and adjustable angularly and pref erably universally with respect toA each other. IfY desirable the rear-stock vsection may be dispensed with and the connecting section formed with an Iend adapted to serve as the butt end of the gun.

'The universal movement between the stock sections may be `y provided by any suitable means and by way of example Iv have shown'such means in the forni of a ball and socket joint designated in the drawings by the reference letters E and F, respectively. The ball E is herein shown as connected to the stock section B through the medium of a plate G and the socket F connected to the stock section C by the plate H. These plates may be fastened to the respective stock sections in any manner, such as by wood screws I'. It is to be understood, however, that the universal joint between the stock sections may be provided in any other manner found to be desirable. As herein shown, the socket F is formed integrally with the plate H and ascrew plug J employed to retain the ball within the socket while the ball E is secured to the plate G by being screw threaded into a socket K formed thereon.

It is desirable that the normal position of the stock with relation to the gun be the same as in standard guns, that is to say, the stock, barrel, and firing mechanism should lie in a common plane, and in order to insure this relationship I provide a plurality of springs L between and secured to the relaV tively movable gun stock sections. I have herein shown four such springs disposed about the cross-sectional contour of the stock as best illustrated in Fig. 2, but it will be appreciated that a larger or smaller number of such springs or other means may be employed for this purpose. The tendency of said springs being to retain their normal configuration it will be obvious that when distorted owing to an angular adjustment of the gun, the springs will upon release of such adjustment bring the stock sections scopically connected to the.v plate G by bey In order to prevent the entrance o dirt, moisture andthe like to the"A section D and to enhance the appearance of tlie gun I prefer to enclose the intermediate section D in a suitable flexible covering M'formed of fabric, rubber or the like. The covering M may be secured to the stock sections by' suitable fastening means N. L

In Fig. 4 I have disclosed a slightly' modified form of universalk joint connection. Here the extension on the ball E is teleing movable in a recess in the socket K thereon. If desirable. said recess may eX- .te-ndvinto-the stock section as above shown at O. B v this arrangement the stock secso- While` rhavwhown andfdescribedfthe,

tions B and C are also adapted for relative longitudinal movement with respect to eachv other, which' movement enables the springsL to also `function ,as cushioning meansto absorb the recoil ofi the gun after firing. Aspring VP encirclingthe socketV K and seating against the top ofsocketF may also .be employed as additional cushioning.

means for this purpose.-

In view of, he foregoing' description itis thoughtfthat the .operation of the device is so 'clear asto not necessitate further detzflliledv explanation.

vmy name.-

preferred will part of which isl movable angularlyfivith., respect to the other and resilientmeans be-v tween said parts' adapted to cushion the recoil of-thegun, A Y

4c, A gun liaxfiiigf an adjustables'tock and means tendingff to maintain the" un` and i stock in their normal position, said kmeans being also adapted tocushion the recoil'of the gun.

alineinent, said in'e'ans being also adapted to cushion the'reco'il ofthefgfu'n.v l K In Witness WhereofI have'her'eunto signed j JOHN iF; Gammo;

havingr a tivo-part stock, va juniversal joint; between said parts andre'silientV means terndni'g Vto 4 ina inta1`n said parts'A mW

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2453394 *May 22, 1946Nov 9, 1948Wittman Emil RAdjustable gunstock
US2667005 *Sep 30, 1950Jan 26, 1954Weis Gilbert CShock pad for gun butts
US3388494 *Mar 25, 1966Jun 18, 1968John W. KimballGunstock of two sections pivotal relative to each other
US4316342 *Apr 28, 1980Feb 23, 1982Griggs Jay PRecoil absorber and redirector mechanism for gun stock
US4887374 *Feb 10, 1989Dec 19, 1989Mario SantarossaRecoil pad for rifle
US5001855 *Dec 12, 1986Mar 26, 1991Griggs Jay PAdjustable mounting device for recoil absorbers and redirect mechanisms
US5979098 *Jun 22, 1998Nov 9, 1999Griggs; Jay P.Recoil absorber and redirector mechanism for gun stock
US6684549 *Feb 21, 2002Feb 3, 2004Elmore J. BraggRecoil apparatus for a firearm
US7386952 *Jan 16, 2007Jun 17, 2008Chris HenrettyModular gun stock
US7536819 *Feb 2, 2006May 26, 2009Blaser Finanzholding GmbhAdjustable recoil pad for a small arm
US8215045 *Oct 11, 2009Jul 10, 2012Alex Rowley MitchellAssault rifle buttstock aiming and stabilization system
US8499483Jun 27, 2012Aug 6, 2013Browning International., Societe AnonymeButt with recoil pad for a shoulder-held firearm
US8910410Mar 14, 2013Dec 16, 2014Tactical Solutions, LlcSling-less firearms carrying device
US9441910 *Nov 11, 2015Sep 13, 2016Steven J. FogorosAdjustable gun hand grip
US20060174532 *Feb 2, 2006Aug 10, 2006S.A.T. Swiss Arms Technology AgAdjustable recoil pad for a small arm
US20090229160 *Feb 14, 2005Sep 17, 2009William ElliottWeapon Ball Stock With Integrated Weapon Orientation
US20100107466 *Oct 29, 2009May 6, 2010Jeffery WhittleAnchor for vest mounted assault weapon
US20110083353 *Oct 11, 2009Apr 14, 2011Alex Rowley MitchellAssault rifle buttstock aiming and stabilization system
US20140109452 *Sep 14, 2012Apr 24, 2014Travis BakerRecoil reducer
USD685873Jan 5, 2012Jul 9, 2013Ra Brands, L.L.C.Recoil reducer
EP2541188A1May 14, 2012Jan 2, 2013Browning International Société anonymeStock with butt plate for a long gun
WO2005079352A2 *Feb 14, 2005Sep 1, 2005Dark Horse Arming Construct LlcWeapon ball stock with integrated weapon orientation
WO2005079352A3 *Feb 14, 2005Aug 10, 2006Dark Horse Arming Construct LlWeapon ball stock with integrated weapon orientation
U.S. Classification42/74
International ClassificationF41C23/00, F41C23/14
Cooperative ClassificationF41C23/14
European ClassificationF41C23/14