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Publication numberUS1469233 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 2, 1923
Filing dateJan 2, 1923
Priority dateJan 2, 1923
Publication numberUS 1469233 A, US 1469233A, US-A-1469233, US1469233 A, US1469233A
InventorsJoseph Messina, Messina Angelo C
Original AssigneeJoseph Messina, Messina Angelo C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1469233 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 2, 1923. 1,469,233 l A. c. MESSINA ET AL LOCK Filed Jan. 2, 1925 WrrNEss Patented Oct. 2, 1923.

' UNiTgED err Loon'. 4

application .me'fiinaafy 2, 192s. serial:iniciarse.`

To @ZZ/whom t may concern.' Y

Be iVV known that we, ANGELO C. MESSINA and JOSEPH Mnssiinncitizens Aof the United States, residing at Pittsburgh, in they county of Allegheny and State of. Pennsylvania, have invented certain neW `and iiseiiilliri-y proveniente in Locks, of which the fwollowing is a specilication. l

l`his invention relates to certain useful improvements in locks of 'a type somewhat similar to the constructiondisclosed in United States Patent No. 1,435,320.

various uses, which includes a hinged cover plateA having disguised lat'hing means operable only by'persons acquaintedwith its construction, which is simple in its construction and arrangement, strong, durable andl efficient in its use, and comparatively inexpensive to manufacture. Y

To the accomplishment of these and suoli other objects as may hereinafter appear,the invention consists of the novel construction, combination, and arrangement of parts hereinspecically described and illustrated in the accompanyingl drawing, wherein is shown", an embodiment ot' the invention but it isvtoV he'nnderstoood that changes, variations 'and modiications may be resorted to rwhich .come within the Scope of the claimsy hereunto ap-A pended. r r l In the drawing forming a portion otl this specification 'and wherein like numerals or throughout the Several vieW-s:-

reference desivnate corres Ondine artsV z: La p Figure'l is aV front. elevationof a lock in accordance with this invention.

f FigureZ is a similar view with the casing cover removed and theicoverplate and haspV elements inthe open position.

Figure is a rontvieiv of the casingr cover.

Figure 4 is laV perspective vview of the locking bolt.

Figure 5 is a side view of one ofthe hasp elements. f I

1 Figure 6 isa perspectiveview of la tuin-l and the spring associated bler element therewith.

Figure 7 is a. perspectivevie-W ot the latching1 device for securing the cover plate;V

Figure Sis anelevation' of the key foi: operating the tumbler elements as illustrated. i

new' andV Figure 9,is a modified 'forni of attachment device adaptable for use inconnection with the hasp elementsv of our improved i lock r`necha'nism.w i 11' 'Y j'A VReferring in'detail to the drawing 1 de Vnotes the "lock casing provided at its upper end with an integrally Vifor'i'ned barv 2. having Y projectingV ends: 3 and respectively. u The l.

bar end 4is formedwith anfarm'Y disposed at rightiangles thereto, whichflatter carries a ,fixed sliaclrle.A ,extending Vin parallel casing 1 is preferably circular. in @contour with the exception of the straight Vupper end,"

j Auer the tumeurs 9,'io,`ii midieare 1 identical Vinl construction with the exception oi th eircurved operating lips 13, which vary iii .vidthtofonicormto the ward14 designed therefor, Vofthe-key 'The tuinblers inay. be

transV` osed or interchan'ed inthe order of( C Y mountingl th'emfuponfeach other, so as to l Y v witlifrespect- 'to-the bar-2. -While the The objects of the invention are to provide a Substantial lock whicliis adaptable forV ,l

require differentlyarranged key Wardsz'to f effect theirsliiiiting to the unlockingposi-v tions. Y be varied'fas desired, to; provide manifold lkey designs toeiect the ,unlocking operationl .iE-ach Ofihecumbierse, io, ii and i2 is VJEormedrvon one edge thereof .with-*a curved recess 16, open atv its lower end and 'forming thev noself'ffor the purpose to be described.

. A flat spring 18 is iixedto the edge of each ofthe tumblers at a pointbelowtheopening ofthe recess 16,. The upper end .offeach spring-18..rests .against the guide post 4i139 .Y

which latter -isforniedintegralfwith the caseV The 'j number of tuinblersinayfalso 90 ingl.v The Vnorinalaction of the springs 118 a Y is to force respectivetumblers',againstfthe :j The locl'ringbolt 21 is pivotally mounted on the spindle-.20,whichengages in the aperl4 ture, 20', and "is formed with curved ends- 29)' Aand 23 extending` in opposite directions -I downwardly and the latter upwardly. The i bolt 21 carries a pin24 on its inner face eX- tending into the recess 16 formed in the superposed tumblers 9, 10, 11 and .12 as herein before described. Y. a Y When the bolt 21 isV in thelocking. position, as shown 1n Figure 2 ofthe drawing,V the pin 24 will Ybe engaged by the'nose 17j of each of the tumblers holding'the bolt 21 fixed in the locked position until the tuinbl'ers are shifted bythe key to cause the travel 1 of thepin 24`in the'cur'ved recesses 16.:l The locking' bolt 21 is controlledfby a fiat spring V25 which is mounted on the spindle 8. One

legof the spring 25 engages the innerivall of the barf2 While thefother'leg thereof lengages the edge .ofthe lockingzbolt 2L; The

Vspring 251. normally functions to return the bolt' 21ytoj they looking position. Y

shackle G. The upper end of each oflthe hasp members 'andi is formed with av Centrally disposed slot 33 andY a ylinlr 34 is pivotally mounted thereinon the sleeve shaft 32. EachV ofithe hasps-'SO and 31 is provided onfits .inner face with a staple-35 adapted to Vextend 'through respective slots 86I provided therefor,'in the casing cover 26,

and beengaged byV respective'curved .ends 22- and 28 0f the-locking Ybolt 21'When in the! locked position. Each ofthe staples '35 is yformed With ataperediower portion'? and:

is slightly resilient,so that the haspsf() and 31 may be forced'to the locked positions YWithoutthe use 'of the key if desired.

` portion ofthe 'casing 1: and is'provided With 45 l l l l A- cover plateS is hinge'dxto the lower af'st'aple 39 adapted to Vbe engaged by aydis guised latch member 40`through slot 41 finthe upper portion of the casingcover 26, for Y maintaining the 'cover plate in the closedV position.

JA spring 42 mounted' on the inner face ofthe cover plate 38 and is providedlfor the purpose of {throwing-the latterto theV yopen position Whenthe latch member 40 is released. The cover plate 38 is provided for concealingthe key hole 43 and can be .released only by the manipulation of the operating arm 45 Which forms a 'portion of the latching Vmember The operaringzarm the top edge of the casing- Wall 2.' A portion of the latehing` member 40 is disposed With'- inthe casingV 1 and slidably engages a slotV formed in the guide post' 19. The construc- Ytion'of the arm 45 isV such that when inthe n l y i5 of'thefntch 4o; is. v s'lnftably.mounted ina groove 44 formed inY latohed positionit 'ostensibly forms an integral portion Vofthe Wall 2 which is not readily detected byvonenot acquainted with Y Y its construct-ion.V A coll spring 4671smounted in the casingl andengagesthe latching member`40. Y "The action 'off the springY 46 normally holds ythel latching member 40 in the latched position. Y i Y. vThe locking bolt *21 isl formed withv a dependinglug 47.Wliich is adapted for engagenient Y.with the Ward the Key to shift the bolt Y21 lto Vthe unlocking position simultaneously uiit-lrthe shifting of thetumblersf-l, 10.-1ian'd 1213. f

. The embodiment fof Ythefdeviceshown in soY Figure V1 illustrates the'linlrs34 attached with a chain 48 primarily adapted forse-4 curing a spare automobile tire to prevent the possible theft thereof..

The modification shoWninFigur-e'i) illus- `trates the attachment'jof the device for securing a door 49,01' similar structure.' A .staple'EiO is fixed-to the door 497and an aligned staple 51tothe adjacentstructure 52. Eachof theV `hasp elements `53 carry a .fixed .tubularshaft v55 Which-false passes through respective staples-mand 51. The

fore described.

That we'clairn is z- 1. Aloclr Comprising a casing provided with' a slot, Vand an integrally formed shackle, a' hasp member -provi-ded with a .staple-Which latter is adaptedjto- `extend Vinto vthe Casin@ throueh said slot` a loclinfr D Z b `bolt capable `when shifted. to'locking posi-f tion of extending throughsaid staple Wherebythe liasp member is locked in the casing, means for shifting the said bolt to release the hasp, e sleeve Vslidably mounted on said shackle, said hasp member iixedly connected with Vsaid sleeve. Y .g

2.2i, loclr comprising a easingprovided VvWith a pair 'of .openings and an integrally formed shackle, a) pair VVof haspsliaving staples adapted. to' extend into the casing4 through said openings,' `a locking;.zboltca-V pable when shifted to locking p'ositionto` extend; in opposite 'directions throughV said staples whereby the fhasps are looked to the release thelhasps,y Vsaid hasps v slidablynj'rd hingedly' Connected xivith said shackle.

. Y3. A lock comprisingl acasing provided lockingrboltY capable when shifted tothe locking position tof-extend throughsaid staples7 means "for `shifting said bolt to release said hasps, Vsaid-:means including a k*plurality of superposed tumblers' formed yshackle 541is Withdrawn from thefsliafts 50 in a manner identical to the form hereinto-V llO easing, means forl shifting the said Vbolt to Y with a pair of openings andaXed-sha-okle, Y pair of sleeves slidably mounted'V on theV shack e, a liaspA member fixed to f eaohof said sleeves and VprovidedVV with Y agstapleV adaptedV to extend into'. said openings,"Y a` release the hasp, a sleeve slidablyr mountedifiesiass Y d with recesses engaged by a pin .carried by said bolt.

il. A lock comprising a easing pi'ovided With a slot, and anV integrally formed shackle, a hasp member provided With a staple which latter is adapted to extendA into the easing through said slot,V a .looking boltcapable when 'shifted to locking posi' tion of extending through said staple whereby the Vliasp member is locked in thevr casing, means for shift-ing the said-bolt to on said shackle, said,` hasp member lXedly connected with said sleeve, saidstaple being resilient vto permitot its engagement with said. bolt While the latter is in the looking position.

A'loek comprising a easing provided ivitha pair of openings and an integrally Y formed` shackle, a pair Yot -hasps having staples adapted to extend "into the'easing through said openings, a Ylocking bolt eapable when' shifted to looking' position to extend staples whereby the hasps are locked to the easing, means for shifting'the said bolt to release the liasps, said hasps slidably and hii'ig'edly connected With rsaid shackle, said staples being resilient to'perinit of their engagement With said bolt While the latter is in the looking position.

6. "A lock comprising a easing provided with Va pair oi openings and a iixedshaekle,

a pairof sleevesslidably mounted on the shackle, a hasp member Xed to each of said sleeves and provided with a staple adapted to-extend into said openings, a locking bolt capable when shifted to the looking position Yof extending through said staples. means for'sliitting` said bolt to release said liasps, said means'including a plurality of superposed tuinblers formed With recesses en-.` raged by apin carried by said bolt, said staples being'resilient to permitjot their .in opposite directions a through said f engagement with Said boit Wh aie ai@ naar is in the-looking position.,

7. A loekcomprising in Combination a 1 easing provided with 'a pair otvopeningg aV flat bar formed integral with said easing'V f and having projectingV ends,'onejof said ends havinganangul-arly disposed arm, a'y shackle iXed tof` said verin and' extendine vparallel. withv said han a pair :oi-sleeves said sleeves'an'd provided with a staple slidably androtatably mounted on saidj shackle, -a hasprmeinbei -tiXed to each of` 55 Vadaptedtoextendinto said easing open-.z- 'I ings, a locking-bolt carrying aV laterally positionyaV resilientineinb'er liXed to -said cover plateA for* throwing the latter tothe open position when said lateh is released, said boltA shiftingmeans including aplurality -oit pivoted superposed flat metal tuniblers Vformed with curved recesses aligned relatively to eaeh other, eaeh of s-aidtumblers having,- an operating lip varying in Width with respect tethe Width of the other of said tuinblers, said pin engaging in said recesses ot the tumblers Vfor shitting` the bolt to ythe unlocking position When'said tumblers are shifted and a resilient member for returnm ing thesaid bolt tothe 'looking position, substantially asdeseribedl and for the purpose set lforth. Z- y t In testimony whereof We aflii our signatures.

ANGELO o.v Messina. .iosnrii Messina.

Referenced by
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US7021092Oct 19, 2004Apr 4, 2006Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7424812Jun 18, 2004Sep 16, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7434426May 13, 2004Oct 14, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7694542Jul 21, 2005Apr 13, 2010Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US7712342Oct 21, 2005May 11, 2010Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US7913526Aug 27, 2008Mar 29, 2011Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7934406Feb 12, 2008May 3, 2011Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US8047027Aug 5, 2010Nov 1, 2011Stanton Concepts, L.L.C.Multiple function lock
U.S. Classification70/32, 70/38.00R, 70/49, 70/15
International ClassificationE05B67/36, E05B67/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B67/36
European ClassificationE05B67/36