US 1469859 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Get. 9 1923.
A. VEILLETTE l BUCKLE ed Aug- 17 1923 Fil Patented @et 9, 1923.
. .irs sr trasse ics.
. -m Y 1 a i nnrnnn vnrmsn'rrs, or n'rrnnnono, MASSACHUSETTS, .assit-inca 7ro sanar BaorHn-ns coureur, or Arrrinsono, MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATION or nnonn rsnnnn.
Application filed August 17, 1923. Serial No. 657,835.
To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I,ALFRED VEILLETTE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Attleboro, of the county of Bristol and State l'of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Buckles, Yof which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in Y buckles.
Une object of my invention is to provide a spring buckle of improved construction especially adapted for use-with belts. Not only is the life of the buckle lengthened by easing the strain, vibration, resistance, and jar incident to its use, but much comfort is given the wearer by easing the strain o-f the belt on his waist. Variation of the strength of the spring may be readily made to vsuit the needs of the wearer. My invention is peculiarly adapted for men and women en-l gaged in athleticsor strenuous professions where much movement of the body isnecessary, and is further adapted to giveV to ease and aid the digestion of a good meal without strain or embarrassment to the wearer, and generally to conform automatically to the varying circumference of the wearers waist.
A further object of my invention is to dispense with'the necessity of material to give elasticity in Suspenders, garters, etc., permitting the use of plain cloth, leather, etc., therein, suflicient elasticity being vprovidedby the buckle itself.
A 'further object of my invention .is to provide Va spring buckle that may be more readily attached than former types.
A further object of my invention is to provide a buckle of the general type shown provided with means for automatic adjustment thereof for varying strains on the belt and for varying thicknesses of belt.
These and such otherobjects of my invention as may hereinafter appear will be bestv understood by the description of one embodiment thereof, such as is shown-in the accompanying drawings. Y
AIn the drawings, Fig. 1 is a front elevation of my invention with a waist belt attached.
Fig. 2 iS a longitudinal section taken along Y .plate 11.
Fig. 5 isa perspective view of the beltk locking plate.
Fig. 6 is aV perspective view of the slidable bail plate.
. Figure 7 is a perspectiveview of the modification of the back plate.
In the drawings, wherein like characters toothed of lreference indicate like partsthroughout, y
10 generally indicates the buckle. V11` is the back plate thereof with its longitudinal side edges 12 and 13l and ends 14y and 15 flanged outwardly in general -V vboXelike formation.A One flanged endl 14 thereof 'is provided near therear portion thereof with a transverse slot 16 for a purpose to be described. 'An outer shell 17 having longitudi. nallyflanged edges 18, common in buckles of. this generaltype, .in the embodiment shown is pivotally mounted onthe back Said outer shell 17 is adapted to cover' up the free end 19 of the belt 20, and
may be ornamented, or curved as shown atV 21, to conform tothe shape of the wearers body.` Arpivot bar 22 is mounted in holes 22a in the flanged side edges12 and 13 of the back plate 11, the projecting ends 23 of said bar 22 projecting into holes 2am the side flanges 18V of the outer shell 17. 'lhough I haveshown the outer shell pivot# ally attached to the back plate, it is obvious that it may be detachably orA otherwise fastened thereto. I provide means to lock vthe free end of theouter shell 17 to the back plate 11. In the embodiment shown, these comprise thelugs 25 on the side flanges 18 of the outer shell17 adapted to register in the holes 26 on the side flanges 12 and 13 of the back plate 11.
I` also provide in bucklesof'this general Y type means Slidably- Amounted on the back plate to lock the free end 19 ofy the belt 20 against the outer shell 17 to further engage the belt on tightening thereof and to provide adjustable meansto tightly engage the belt with varying thicknesses of belt. j To obtain a more perfect jadjustmentI preferably pivotally mount said sli'dable means on the back plate 11 as follows: I pivotally mount aguide plate 28 on the'back plate 11. Said plate 28 has the sidewise projecting lugs 30 .extending from Y one end thereof adapted to project into suitable holes 31 in the side flanges 12 and 13V on the back plate 11. At each side of the opposite ends there-v of I provide projecting' straps 33 bent over from one end thereof, and the o-the-rr end thereof beingV bent outwardlyr to form the locking lip 39. To more'fper'fectly engage the rough surface of the belt 20, said lip '39 ispreferably yprovidedwith the teeth 40. A nail rest 4l may be provided'on said locking plate 36 to move it readily inthey guideways 34. Though l have shown the locking plate 367 slidably p-ivotally mounted on the-back plate 1l, it is obviousthat fairly good ref suits may be obtained; byslottingl 'the guidef ways 34' longitudinallyfof the side flangesv ,12 and 13 ofthe back plate-11, and mounting t thelu'gs .33 ofl the locllzing.l platen 3.6 therein,
and providing a short top, reference" charL acter'42, on thelback plate l1 for-the locking plate 36 to bear against as shownin Fig. 7.
As stated, l providemyimproved buckle w-ithispriing means-'to ease the functioning thereof. `r^rsshofwnin Fig'. 6l provide the bail plate 43 adapted to slide longitudinally c in the base'of the back plate 11. VTheenclosed end 45 thereofis bent" outwardly to form Vthev flange 46, and the opposite end thereof terminates in a bail 47 for permanent attachment thereto ofl one end 49 of the belt 2O.V When assembled, thebail end 47 of the haill plate 43 projects through the transverse'slot lr6Vv in the end flange 14 of the back plate v11, said plate 43 beingthus slidable on the back plate 11. I provide spring .means to permit resilient movement of the bail plate 43 o-n the back plate 11, one'end of said means registering against the outwardly hanged end 46 of the bail plate 43, and the other end thereof registering against the transversely slotted flanged end 14 of the back plate 11. In the embodiment shown,` said 'means comprises the coil springs 52 and 53'. These' are preferably provided with guiding means, which in the embodiment shown comprises the bars 55 mounted in'holes 56`in the end'flanges 14 and l5 of the back plate 11, thus extending longitudinally thereof and through the holes V57 in theV outwardly bent flange 46 of the bail plate 43.
The operation of my device is obvious from the above description. As stated, one
end; 49 of the belft20` is permanently fastened tothe bail 47' ofthehailplate 43. The free endl 19 of thebe-'lt 20'is placed around the wearer. The flanged' outer shell 17 is re'- leasedf from yitsl locking` means to the back plate- 11 and swung-open'. rlSl'ie-freeend 19 of the'fbelt 20`=is then insertedlbetweenthe toothedL outwardly;projectinglip' 3'9 of the loclring'plate: and the pivotedend of the outer shell i7." The bell-'t E29 ris then'tightened asfdesired, .y the locking plate'f-36v`v pushed forward l in the guideways 34, and' the outer shell 1f? swung down and locked to the back plate 11. To detach a mere reversalofsaid `operations is necessary.
wardiy with reference'to the position of the belt onV the wearersbo'dy; I; usev the word belt tol cover' generally any' bindingk memberv whether itk be a; garter'l stra-p', susponderl strap, waist belt, or otherwise.l Y
It is understood that my Vinvention isu n otl limitedV to the specific embodimentv shown, andthat various deviations may be" made' therefrom without departing from vthe spirit' andscope' of the appended claims.
What I claimras new-'and desire'to secure by Letters Patent., is:
1. In a: spring buckle', the combination of aY back plate having an outwardlyy flanged: end pr vided with a transversesslot.therein, an outer shell xed'ly engageable therewith, a guide plate pivotally mounted on said back plate having'longitudinal guid'ewaysr therein, a locking plate slid'ably longitudinally mountedy in saidfguideways having a toothed lip to lock the free end ofthebelt against' said outerA shell, a bail plate longitudinallyl yslot in said flanged end of the baclrplate,
and terminating in a bail for permanent attachment thereto of a belt end, and spring;` means extending' .between the outwardly flanged end of, th'ejbail plate and the outwardly flanged end ofthe back plate.
2'. In a springbuclrle, the combination of a back plate having an outwardly' flanged endprovided with a transverse slot therein, an outer shell li'xedflyV engageablel therewith, means slidably Y longitudinally pivotally inountedcon said backv plate for locking the free end of the belt againstlsaidouter shell, a bail plate longitudinally slidable on said back plate having one'end thereof outwardly flanged and the otherend thereof project@ ing through saidV transverse slot irrsaid lflanged end of the` hack plate, andterIn-i-Y natifng inA 'a hail for. Vpermanent attachlment"theretoofa belt'end, an-dspri'ng means extending between the*i0ntvvardly` 'llanged end of the hail platea-inl the outwardlyY provided' vwithA i a f transverse' vslot therein; an
outer shell tlxedly engageariletherewith,
-slidable onv said back plate having oneY end locking said outer shell against said back4 .the back plate, and terminating in a bail for permanent attachment thereto of abelt end, and spring means extending between the outwardly flanged end of the bail4 plate and the outwardly flanged end of the back plate.
l. In a buckle, the combination of a back member provided with means for attachment thereto of a belt end, an outer shell engageable therewith, means for detachably member, and means slidably pivotally mounted on said back plate for locking the free end vof the belt against said outer shell.
5. ln a buckle, the combination of aback member provided with means for attachment thereto of a belt end, an outer shell engageable therewith, means for detachably locking said outer `shell against said back member, and means slidably mounted on said back plate for locking the free end of the belt against said outerfshell. Y
6. ln a spring buckle, the combination of 'e back plate having an outwardly flanged end provided with a transverse slot--thereim an outer shell firzedly engageable ,therewith to lock the free end of a beltv therebetween, a bail plate longitudinally slidably mounted on said back plate having one end thereof outwardly flanged and the other end thereof projecting through said transverse slot `in said outwardly flanged end of the `back plate, and terminating in a bail for permanent attachment thereto of a belt end, and spring means Vextending between the outwardly flanged end of the bail plate and the outwardly flanged end of the back plate.
' 7. ln a spring belt buckle, the combination of a back plate having its side edges and ends flanged outwardly, and one flanged end thereof transversely slottedA near the rear edge thereof, a longitudinally,flanged outer shellpivotally attached thereto near the opposite flanged end thereof, lugs on the V side llanges of said shell adapted to register in holes in the side flanged edges of said back plate to lock said outer shell thereto, a guide plate pivotally mounted von the side flanged edges of the back plate near the pivot points vof said outer shell, providedV with straps projecting from the opposite end thereof bent over ovally to form guideways, a belt locking plate provided with lugs proj ecting from one end thereof adapted to slide in said guideways, and having its opposite end bent outwardly to form a toothed lip to engage the free end of a belt against said outer shell, a bail plate longitudinally slidable in the base of said back plate having its enclosed end outwardly flanged and its opposite end projecting through the transverse slot in the aforesaid flanged end of the back plate,v and terminating in a bail for permanent attachment thereto of a belt end, coil springs extending.longitudinally within said back plate between said outwardly flanged end of the bail plate and the trans'- versely slotted llanged end of the back plate to permit resilient sliding of said bail plate and attached belt end longitudinally of said back plate and guide bars for said coil springs mounted Vin said flanged ends of the back plate and extending longitudinally of said back plate through holes therefor in the anged end ofthe bail plate.
8. ln a spring belt buckle,the combination ofV a back plate having its side edges and ends flanged outwardly,fand one flanged end thereof transversely slotted near the rear edge thereof-,1a longitudinally flanged outer shell pivotally attached thereto near the opposite flanged end thereof,
lugs on the side flanges of said shell adapted to register nin holes in the side flanged edges of said back plate tovloc'k said outer shell thereto, a belt-lockingfpl'ate ypiv otalily slidably longitudinally mounted on said back plate and lhaving its opposite end bentoutwardly to form-a toothed lip to engage the free end of a belt against said outerv shell, a bail plate longitudinally slidable in the base of said back plate having its enclosed end outwardly flanged and its `/opposits end projecting through the transverse slot in the aforesaid flanged end of the back plate, and terminating in a bail for permanent attachment thereto of a belt end, coil springs extending longitudinally within said back plate between said outwardly flanged end of the bail plate and the transversely slotted flanged end of the back plate to permit resilient sliding of'said bail plate and attached belt end longitudinally of said back plate 'and guide bars for said coil springs mounted in saidV flanged ends ofthe back plate and extending. longitudinally of said back plate *through* holes therefor .in the flanged end of the bail plate.
9. ln a spring belt buckle, the combination of a back plate having its side edges and ends flanged outwardly, and one flanged endthereof transversely slotted near the Yrear edge thereof, a longitudinally flanged outer; shell pivotally attached thereto near the opposite,flangedv end thereof, meanslto lock said outer shell to said back plate, a
belt locking plate slidably longitudinallyy mounted Von said back plate and having its opposite end bent outwardly to form a toothed lip to engage the free end of a belt against said outer shell, a bail plate longitudinally Vslidable Ain the base of said back plate havingits enclosed end outwardly flanged and its opposite end projecting lll)` Y throughfthe tranererseelot in. theaforesaid flanged end ofgthe' back.plate,y and .terminating` 1na:bail tor permanent attachment thereto `oa .belt .end, -coileeprings.'extending longitudinally withineaichbaclr ;plate..be
outer 4shell I.piaf-@tally attached thereto f nearY the f oppositeifflaniged end thereof, means to lock said outer shell'to said haelt plate, a
Vguide plate\pivo-tally;mounted on the eide flanged edges o-the baclrplate -near 4the piyotepoints otzsaijd outer rShell y'provided with straps Aproj eetingffrom; the loppositeend Y thereojran bent over oyally Vto form gui'deways,
and aI beltilocling plate provided with lugs projectingrffromon'egend thereofY to slide in eaidvguidewaysland having` 'its opposite end bent outwardlyto form atoothed lip to engage the free end of a-belt againstgsaidouter shell. v f
il. ln a belt buckle, the Vcombination ont a back plate* hayingrits side edgee Aand, Vends langed outwardly, provided with means on One endthereorn orpermanent attachment c thereto eta belt,endea.longitudinally,hanged outer ehell piiotally attached thereto near the opposite'flanged.endjthereoi means t0 lool: said outer shell .to Said `back plate,v and a belt ,locking plate longitudinally" sli'dably mountedv on @said backplate, .and haring its opposite Vend bent outwardly'to form a toothedlip tokv engage the free endet a belt Vagainst said outer shell.V
l2. 'ln a springy belt: buckle,A the combina? Y tion o1 a back plate having itsvslde edges and ende flanged outwardly, and one flanged end vthereorn transversely Slotted near the rear Yedge thereof, alongiitudinally langedouter shell pivotally.attachedthereto near the oppoeite -flarnqed end thereof, and iixedly engageable 'therewitharto" lock the free .end of a beltvtherebetween, a-bail plate longitudinallff'Y-slidable in the'baee of said bac-lr'plate end,y coil epringszextending longitudinally within lsaid back rplate between said outwardly :flanged end ,of therbail plate, and the transvr1eely;slotted lianeed end of V.the bac-lr platev topermitf-resiilient sliding of said bail plate and .attachedbelt end longitudinally of the` saidY bach plate andi-guide barsor said -coil springs mounted in ksaid Iflanged ends of the back :plate and extending longitudinallyofeaid .bach plate through holes therefor in the: flanged end o the bail plate.
13. lnza buckle,"the combination olf-a back plate-.provided withfmeans vfor attachment theretoeofa belt. end, and having' -a toothed lip projecting .outwardly thererrom,4 an Outer ehell,V and-:means for detachably locking Said outershellto saidbaclrfplate and against tootliedlip, whereby the free'end of a belt may-be .locked betweensaid toothed lip and said..outer.elie'll. J Y
141-. vlna'lbuclle, thecombination of a back memberprovided'wth means 1' for attachment thereto ofV la belt. end, y andy lamine;Y a
toothed lip projecting outwardlyftherefrom,v` an outerV shell pivotally attached thereto, and
means to"lockithelnnpiyoted end of'said outer shellto Said back plate whereby the tree end of the belt may be locked between said outer shell and the toothed'lip of the back member.
l5. ln a buckle.l thecombination of aback vplate provided-,with meaneor attachment thereto ota'beltencLand' having a lip projectingg` outwardly therefrom, an outer shell and -means for detachably locking said outer shell to said baclrplate and against'lv said toothedrlip,r whereby the free-end cfa belt may be locked between said lip and said outer shell. y v
VY16. In a'buclfle. the combination of a nach member v provided with means for attachment thereto of a-beltend, and having; a lip projectingr outwardly therefrom, 'an' outerV Shell pivotally rattached thereto, vand -meane tov lock the rnnpivoted end of Said outer shell to said baclr plate whereby tie free ,end of thebelt may be'loelred Abetween said outer shell and the lip'o thebaok member. l
Inlteetinony whereof a'llix my signature. ALFRED VELLETT-E.