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Publication numberUS1469918 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 9, 1923
Filing dateFeb 6, 1923
Priority dateFeb 6, 1923
Publication numberUS 1469918 A, US 1469918A, US-A-1469918, US1469918 A, US1469918A
InventorsDe Maine Ernest M
Original AssigneeDe Maine Ernest M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Recoil-controlling device
US 1469918 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 9 1923.

. E. M. DE MAINE RECOIL CONTROLLING DEVICE Filed Feb. 6, 1923 mm NW %//X// N S w ?atented Dot. 9, 1923.

ATENT ERNEST m. DE MAINE, or ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA.

BECOIL-GONTROLLING DEVICE.

Application flied February '8, 1923. Serial No. 617,307.

To all whom it may concern.

Be it known that I, ERNEST'M. DE MAINE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Alexandria, in the county of Arlington and State of Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Recoil-Controlling Devices, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to means for absorbing the shock of recoil of guns or cannon and has for an object the provision of means whereby the rapidly expanding gases of the exploded ammunition charge are utilized to coact with provided instrumentalities to exert a pressure upon the gun in a direction opposite to the direction of recoil.

Another object of this invention is to provide means for utilizing the force of the expanding gases of the ex losive charge to create a gas pressure exterior of the gun body to counteract the pressure of the exploding charge within the gun barrel.

With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts{'and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment oi the invention herein disclosed, may be madwithin the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The invention has been illustrated in its preferred embodiments in the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a cannon showing the invention applied thereto; and A Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view takenon the line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Referring specifically to the drawing there is shown a gun or cannon 5 of usua construction and including the bore 6, firing chamber 7, and breech block 8, which is provided with the usual gas check or obdurator 9. A portion of the exterior of the cannon barrel 5 is cylindrical in shape, as shown at 10, and slides within the bore 11 of an annular end wall or head 12 of a' cylinder or cradle 13, which surrounds a portion .of the cannon barrel 5. An annular ring or piston 14 is carried by the cannon 5 and slides lon 'tudinally within the cylindrical bore 15 ot the cylindrical cradle 13. A stop member or ring 16 is screwed or otherwise secured to the cylinder 13 and any counterrecoil meansmay be provided,'and, in this illustration, there is shown a helical spring 17 mounted within the cylinder 13 and positioned between the stop member 16 and the piston 14. Mounted within the cylinder 13 and interposed between the piston 14 and cylinder head 12 is a recoil spring 18, which normally holds the piston 14 into engagement with the counter-recoil spring 17.

A series of passages or ports 19 extends radially from the bore 6 and firing chamber 7 of the cannon which ports communicate with a longitudinal port or conduit 20, and a radially disposed port 21 communicates with the interior of the cylinder 13 and the longitudinal port 20 The port 21 is controlled 'by avalve 22, which is operated from the exterior of the cannon, as shown at 23. The cylinder or cradle 13 is provided at diametrically opposed points inter mediate its ends with radiall extending trunnions 24 which are pivota ly mounted within the usual gun sup orts 25 carried b the usual carriage, not s own.

Any referred means may be'employed to check t 'e escape of the gases from within the cylinder 12'and in this instance there are shown suitable packin rings 26 carried by the cylinder .head and positioned to slidably engage the c lindrioal ortion 10 of the cannon, and simil ar rings 2 carried by the piston 14 and positioned to cooperate with the bore of the c linder 13, although it is to be understood t at any other type of gas check may be employe in operation, the usual fixed or loo se explosive charge 28 is positioned between the breech block 8 and the conventional projectile 29, and this charge is fired in the usual manner, according to the type of cannon or gun used. The rapidly expanding gases will rush into the cylinder 13 throug the ports 19, 20 and 21 and exert a pressure upon the piston 14 in a direction toward the muzzle of the gun, thereby counteracting the recoil.

B providing a number of ports 19 extending from the bore and chamber ofthe gun, it is obvious that the gases will be delivered to the cylinder 13 very quickly, thereby checking the recoilbefore it has moved the gun rearwardly suficient to create excessive momentum, and these gases with the aid of the recoil spring 18 will return the gun to its normal or battery position and this movement is checked by the counter-recoil spring 17. The flow of the gases from the cannon into the cylinder 13 may readily be controlled by the valve 22, and the degree which this valve is to be adjusted is determined by the type of explosive charge employed, such as a fast or slow burning charge, and other consideration readily appreciated by those familiar with the science of interior ballistics and other phases of the art to which this invention.

ing a cylinder, a gun slidable within the cylinder, :1 piston carried by the gun operable within the cylinder, and means for communicating the bore of the gun with the interior of the cylinder to permit the flow of the gases from the gun into the cylinder to check the recoils of the gun.

a 2. A device of the class described including a gun, a cylinder, a piston slidable within the cylinder and connected to the gun,

said gun having a port leading through the barrel thereof into the cylinder to permit the flow of the gases from the gun into the cylinder to thereby check the recoil of the gun.

3. A device of the class described including a gun, a cylinder, :1 piston slidable within the cylinder and connected to the gun, said gun having valve-controlled -ports leading from the bore of the gun through the barrel thereof into the cylinder to permit the How of the gases from the gun into the cylinder to thereby check the recoil of the gun.

ing a gun, a cylinder, a piston slidable within the cylinder and connected to the gun, said gun having ports leading from different longitudinal points of the bore and firing-chamber thereof and communicating with a "alve-controlled port which communicates with the interior of the cylinder to permit the flow of the gases from the gun into the cylinder, to thereby cooperate with the cylinder and pistonto check the recoil of the gun.

A device of the class described including a cylinder, a gun slidable within the cylinder, a piston carried by the gun, said gun having ports leading from the bore 4:. A device of the class described includand firing chamber thereof and communicating with the interior of the cylinder to permit the flow of gases from the gunfinto the cylinder to there cooperate with the cylinder and the piston to thereby check the recoil of the gun, said cylinder surrounding a portion of the bore and firing-chamber of the gun to permit the pressure communicated to the cylinder to counteract the pressure within the bore and firing-chamber of the gun.

In testimony whereof I afiiX my signature.

ERNEST DE MAINE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2420492 *Jan 30, 1945May 13, 1947Marseilles William MRecoil absorber for guns
US2628536 *Oct 10, 1945Feb 17, 1953Schaich Wilbur AGas-operated automatic firearm with forwardly moving barrel
US2679192 *Mar 23, 1949May 25, 1954Petri Edward WRecoil reducing device for firearms
US2791940 *Apr 28, 1948May 14, 1957Mazur Wilfred EDevice for purging guns
US2894347 *Jun 22, 1956Jul 14, 1959Henry Woodcock FrancisFluid cylinder surrounding a stationary barrel
US2900752 *Feb 3, 1958Aug 25, 1959Browning Ind IncChoke control device for shotgun barrels
US2924149 *Oct 7, 1957Feb 9, 1960Musser C WaltonRecoilless gun with reverse gas flow
US3255668 *Jun 11, 1964Jun 14, 1966Contigea SaLight anti-tank weapons
US4126077 *Jan 18, 1977Nov 21, 1978Quesnel Henry RRecoil reducing system for rifles, guns, cannons and the like
US4682528 *Feb 25, 1985Jul 28, 1987General Dynamics Land Systems, Inc.Active protection system
US8056464 *May 11, 2010Nov 15, 2011Nexter SystemsFiring brakes for cannons or mortars
US8065949 *May 24, 2007Nov 29, 2011Remington Arms Company, Inc.Gas-operated firearm
US8176671 *Nov 24, 2008May 15, 2012Diehl Bgt Defence Gmbh & Co. KgWeapon barrel and damping device
US8443712 *Sep 30, 2011May 21, 2013Ra Brands, L.L.C.Gas-operated firearm
US20080236380 *Mar 16, 2006Oct 2, 2008Jozsef TothFirearm with a Pressure Accumulator
US20090133570 *Nov 24, 2008May 28, 2009Diehl Bgt Defence Gmbh & Co. KgWeapon Barrel and Damping Device
US20100288118 *May 11, 2010Nov 18, 2010Nexter SystemsFiring brakes for cannons or mortars
US20120017755 *Sep 30, 2011Jan 26, 2012Remington Arms Company, LLCGas-Operated Firearm
EP2428761A3 *May 24, 2007Mar 27, 2013Remington Arms Company, Inc.Gas-operated firearm
Classifications
U.S. Classification89/43.1, 89/193, 89/177, 89/42.1, 89/14.3, 89/44.1, 89/191.2
International ClassificationF41A25/02, F41A25/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41A25/02
European ClassificationF41A25/02