Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1470409 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 9, 1923
Filing dateDec 11, 1920
Publication numberUS 1470409 A, US 1470409A, US-A-1470409, US1470409 A, US1470409A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1470409 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 9 1923.

M. M. WILCOX TAPPET Filed Dec 11, 1920 1 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Get. 9, 1923.



Application filed December 11, 1920. Serial No. 430,030.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, MERRILL M. W ILCOX, a citizen of the United States, residing at Saginaw, in the county of Saginaw and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tappets; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to tappets such as are commonly employed to actuate the valves of internal combustion engines and the provement relates more particularly to certain new constructions and combinations of parts whereby the objects of my invention are attained.

These objects are, first, to provide a tap pet of such construction that the body of the tappet can be easily and quickly formed of a single piece of metal, while the end of the tappet which receives the impact of the engine cam is made of a separate piece of metal, preferably case-hardened so as to form a bearing surface that will resist the wear which would otherwise be caused by the impact of the cam.

A tappet of the kind referred to is shown and described in my application, Serial No. 324,959, filed September 19, 1919.

A further object of my invention is to provide in combination with a tubular body of light weight, a hard metal head of such construction as to combine lightness with great strength and to unite the head and the tubu lar body by means of electric welding so that the finished tappet will in effect be formed of a single piece of metal, the head end of the tappet being of very hard material, while the body is tough, yet light in weight.

My invention is illustrated in the drawing-s, in which Fig. 1 is a side view of a complete tappeathe interior walls of the tappet being indicated by dotted lines.

Fig. 2 is a similar view, showing the tappet of Fig. 1 as it appears when viewed in the direction of the arrows in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a central longitudinal section of the case-hardened head.

Fig. 4 is a similar section of the tubular body.

Fig. 5 is a central longitudinal section of a modified form of head.

As is clearly shown in the drawings, the body consists of a hollow tubular shell 1,

' which may preferably be formed by axially boring a bar of metal; or if desired, the tubular shell may be made of a length of drawn or pressed tubing, one end of which is swaged or upset in such a manner as to thicken the walls of the tube, thereby form ing the guide opening 9 to receive a push rod or an adjusting screw, or similar part, not shown, which is interposed between the tappet andthe valve in certain types of engine construction. At one end of the shell, as indicated at 2, the bore may, if desired, be reamed somewhat larger to receive the tubular shank 3 of the case-hardened end, the end of the head, as indicated at 4 in Fig. 3, being substantially the same diameter as the outside diameter of the tubular body 1.

The head is preferably bored as at 5 to reduce the weight and to leave a relatively light and thin tubular wall that can be readily welded by spot-welding or otherwise to the interior wall oi the tubular body 1.

In Fig. 5 the face of the head is illustrated as a wider flange 6, this being a modified form of the head shown at 4 in Fig. 3.

In Fig. 3 the head t is formed with a shoulder 7 and in Fig. 5 the head is shown with a similar shoulder 8, the shoulders 7 and 8 being adapted to bear against the tu bular end of the shell 1 to form a solid hearing for the head against the tubular shell.

After the parts are assembled as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the body and the head are secured together by electric welding, or in any other suitable or equivalent manner.

In practice during the first half of the lift of the tappet the revolving of the engine cam causes a strong sidewise thrust against the tappet, tending to force the tappet against the guideway in which it slides up and down. Consequently if the shell of the tappet at the point where it enters the .guideway at the time the sidewise thrust is brought upon it, has a thin wall, this thin wall will buckle, distorting the tappet and finally causing it to stick in the guideway. This trouble has frequently put engines out of operation.

My hardened tappet head has a long shank 3 and this elongated shank has its upper end always in the guideway of the engine and consequently the side thrust above referred to withstood by that part of the tappet shell which is reinforced by the long shank 3, eliminating danger of distortion and preventing the tappet from sticking In practice I prefer to. make, the head 4.

of alloy steel in order to avoid wear caused by the, impact of the engine cam and by so doing I am enabled to employ this rela ti'vely' expensive material for the wearing part of thetappet and to make the body of the tappet of less expensive material. Thus I may employ cheaper grades of metal for those, parts of thetappets where wear is not excessive and employ a small amount of more expensivev material in those parts that are subjected to excessive wear.

the means above described I have produced a sirnple and light,"yet strong and very durable tappet having a body of tough material and case-hardened head, the con structi'on of the tubular body being such that it can be readily formed by. boringa cylindrical bar of metal and the head being of such construction that it can be easily and quickly formed in a turning lathe or upset by a forging. operation.

After thepartsare assembled and welded as indicated in Figs, 1 and the exterior surface of the tappet uay betrued by grinding orotherwise. 1 i

In Fig. 5 diameter at shoulder 8. is preferably lessthan the body diameter Y, Fig. {11, so that the exterior of the shell canbe ground to size upon a grinding wheel With,- out necessity of undercuttinq. the shell as is indicated in Fig. 1 of application Serial No. 3249.59 abovefreterred to. The op eration of undercutting the end of the shell is thereby rendered unnecessary.

While have shown and described my improvement as applied to the specific form of tappet illustrated in the drawing, it will be understood that my construction may be also applied to tappets of the so-called mush I at one end thickened, a cam-contacting head of hardened metal adapted to be received in one end oi said body, said head having an elongated cylindrical shank formed with a recess, the recessed portion secured to sa d tubular body by welding.

3. A tappet comprising a tubular body, an

independent cam-contacting head of hard ened metal, said head termed with an elongated shank adapted to be received within the end of said tubular body, said shank v axially recessed, the exterior walls of said shank fixed to the interior walls of the body,

for the purpeses, set forth.

4. A tappet comprising a tubular body, an independent cam-contacting head of hardened metal, said head formed with an elongated. shank adapted to project Within said tubular body, said elongated shank axi; ally-recessed, the exterior walls of said shank fixed to the interior walls ofthe body, a

shoulder formed on said headand adapted to abut against the end of said tubular body,

for the purposes set forth.

In testimony whereof, I afiix my signature. MERRILL. M WILCOX.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3131470 *Dec 9, 1960May 5, 1964Burgess Norton Mfg CoMethod of making valve lifters
US4850095 *May 20, 1988Jul 25, 1989Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd.Method of forming crowned sliding surface in mechanical part
U.S. Classification123/90.51
International ClassificationF01L1/14
Cooperative ClassificationF01L1/14
European ClassificationF01L1/14