|Publication number||US1470553 A|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1923|
|Filing date||Sep 14, 1922|
|Priority date||Sep 14, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1470553 A, US 1470553A, US-A-1470553, US1470553 A, US1470553A|
|Inventors||Muncy Church Mary|
|Original Assignee||Muncy Church Mary|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. F. CHURCH EYESHADE FOR WINDSHIELDS oct. 9 1923. y 1,410,553
Filed sept. 14'. 1922 attenua! Patented Oct. 9, 1923.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEe WALTER F. CHURCH, 0F GREELEY, COLORADO; MARY MUNCY CHURCH EXECUTBEX OF SAID WALTER F. CHURCH. DECEASED.
EYESHADE FOR WINDSHIELDS.
Application led September 14, 1922. Serial No. 588,152.
To all whom it may concern:
Be Ait known that I, WALTER F. CHURCH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Greeley, in the county of Weld, Statel ot Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Eyeshades for lVindshields; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact de. scription of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which itappertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in attachments for automobiles, motor-boats and the like, and particularly to eye protecting attachments for the windshields thereof.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a protector or shield for the eyes of the driver, which may be moved into and out of shielding position, and remain in such position, without danger of accidental displacement.
Another objectis to provide a-device of thisl character which may be quickly and easily attached to the windshield without modification to the latter.
Another object is to provide a device of this character which includes a shade consisting of two or more glass plates of dili'erentl color density, arranged to be useditogether or the one of lesser density to be used alone.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is an elevation of the invention applied to the windshield of an automobile, and as viewed from the drivers seat.
Figurey 2 is a vertical section on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, showing the invention in side elevation, and with one of the shield plates in lowered position, and the other one elevated.
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view through the clamp which attaches the device to the windshield.
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the supporting studs carried by the shield plates, and
Figure 5 is a detail perspective view of the means for mounting the studs on an automobile top, or the upper part of a sedan or coup body.
Referring particularly to the accompanying drawing, 10 represents the upper rail, and 11 the glass panel of the upper portion of an automobile windshield, in connection with which the presentinvention is adapted for use.
A pair of plates 12 and 13 are clamped to the opposite sides of the rail 10, and are held in position by the bolt 14 which is disposed therethrough, above the rail. The rear end of the bolt is formed with a dat disk head 15, and on each side of the head are the radial grooves 16, which extend from the central opening 17, to the periphery of the head. Disposed against one side of the head 15 is a dlsk head 18, of a bolt or stem 19, and formed on the'side face of this head 18 is a rib or lug 20 which is adapted to engage in one or another of the grooves 16, on that side of the head 15. A similar stem 19 and disk 21, having a similar rib or lug 22, is disposed against the other side of the disk 15, its' lug being arran ed to engage in the grooves of that side o? the head 15. Disposed through the heads 15, 18, and 21, is a shaft 23, the opposite ends of the same extending to suitable distances beyond the heads, and each end provided with a head 24. On each end of the shaft 23 is a coil spring 25, one end bearing against a head 24, while its other end bears against a disk 18 or 21, t'o hold the heads 18 and 21 in firm engagement with the head 15, and the lugs thereof within grooves of the disk 15.
On the other end of each of the stems 19 and 19 are secured the claimping plates 26 which engage on a piece of rubber 27, disposed over the upper edge and against the opposite faces of a glassplate 28 or 28. 1n the opposite face of each of the glass plates 28 and 28 there is formed a groove 29, and straddling the edge of the plate 28, and having one end bearing against'the platesportion 26, and its other end engaged inthe groove 29, is a bowed spring clip 30, the same serving to retain the parts together, and to permit the glass plate to be swung upwardly land downwardly on the shaft 23.
The glass plate 28 is not uite as dense, in color, as the plate 28', so t at the glare ot approaching headlights CM1 be dimmed by dat y the stems 19 and 19 are offset s0 that the this plate, but when a stronger light is encountered, such as the sunlight, the plat-e 28 is swung,r down at the rear of the plate 28, thus combining its shielding elt'ecty with that of the plate 28. lt will be obvious from the construction shown and described, that the plate 28 cannot be used alone, as neither it no1' the plate 28,ean be swung past the other.
It will be noted that the upper portions of lower portions lie in advance of each other, when both of the plates are swuinglf (jle-wn to dispose the plates in t'ront ot' the driver.
'lhe operator grasps one end of the shaft 23, and pulls the same longitudinally through the disks, so tha-t the tension of the adjacent spring is relieved while the tension of the other spring it tightened with the result that the disk held by the loosened spring will be permitted rotary movement, with respect to the disk 15, and thus allow the glass shield plate te be moved into or out of shielding position. By moving the shaft 23 in the opposite direction the other glass plate will be permitted movement. When released, the springs serve the purpose of maintaining the ribs in the grooves and thus permitting the glass plates to be held at di'erent angles.
It will be understood that While I have described the device as applied to the windcludinpr a stem formed with a centrally a pertured and flat head, said head having radial grooves in its opposite side t'aces, a disk disposed on each side of the head and each having a radial rib for engagementI selectively in the grooves, each of the disks having` an offset stem, translucent plates of different density carried by the said stems and movable therewith, a holt disposed through the head and said disks and having heads on its opposite ends, and springs on the bolt between said heads and said disks, whereby one or both of the translucent plates may be swung into and out of operative position.
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.
VALTER F. CHURCH. Witnesses:
G. M. DAY, A. W. FERGUSON.
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|U.S. Classification||296/97.2, 248/292.13, 248/229.16, 296/97.9, 359/614, 359/889|