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Publication numberUS1472335 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 30, 1923
Filing dateMay 1, 1922
Priority dateMay 1, 1922
Publication numberUS 1472335 A, US 1472335A, US-A-1472335, US1472335 A, US1472335A
InventorsAntoine Luzy
Original AssigneeAntoine Luzy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magneto flash light
US 1472335 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 30, 1923. 1,472,335

- A. LUZY Munro FLASH LIGHT Filed May 1, 1922 F191 H922 Patented Get. 39, 1923.

ANTOINE L'UZY, 0F PARIS, FRANCE.

MAGNETO FLASH LIGHT.

Application filed May 1, 1922. Serial No. 557,592.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ANTOINE LUZY, a citizen of the French Republic, residing 34 Rue Sorbier, Paris, France, have invented new and useful Improvements in Magneto Flash Lights, of which the following is the specification.

The present invention relates to a device for miners electric lamp and other applications, in which the light is obtained by means of an electro-magnetic generator forming a part of the mechanism of the lamp.

This device is characterized in that it can give a lighting of long duration and, although its principle is applicable to portable lighting apparatuses of very varying dimensions, the present lamp device cannot in any way be assimilable to electro-mechanical lamps of very small dimensions, commonly designated under the name of pocket lamps.

In this device are combined:

1. A generator of electricity ofthe magneto type, with a permanent rotating bipolar or multipolar, monoblock or polyblock magnet;

2. A driving mechanism acting under the action. of a powerful spring or, generally speaking, of any device for accumulating mechanical energy.

This device allows of realizing various designs of lamps for domestic lighting and which may be placed on a table. By actuating these lamps by means of a weight, this device allows also of-realizing varied designs of wall lamps.

In the accompanying drawing is illu"- trated, by way of example, a form of carrying out the invention:

Fig. 1' is an elevation of this device. Fig. 2 is a vertical and cross section thereof.

Near the metallic frame 1 is placed the generator, of electricity suspended by a hanger 2 secured under the upper plate 4. The hanger 2 carries a cylindrical part 5 on which is mounted the armature 6. In the part 5 is provided a central hole in which the shaft '2 of the magnet 8. The shaft 7 is in relation through a flexible connection 9 with the shaft of the last pinion 10 of a speed multiplying mechanism. This flexible connection allows of not taking into account the alinement of the shafts 8 and 10, to render the magneto independent of the mechanism and to'ensure the easy fitting up and removal of the same.

The pinion 10 receives its movement from the rack 12, through the medium of the pinion 13, wheel 14, pinion 15, wheel 16, pinion 17 and finally of the wheel 18. The rack 12 is itself'driven by the spring 19 and the pinion 13 transmits the movement from the rack to the wheel 14 through the ratchet 20 which acts on the pawl 21.

The spring 19 being very powerful requires in order to be stretched a high pressure stress. For stretching this spring, the detachable lever 22 is pressed down, this lever actuates the socket 23 carrying the pawl 24 pressed by the spring 25.. The pawl actuates the ratchet 26 carried by the shaft 27 on which is rigidly secured the pinion 28 which controls the pinion 29 carried by the shaft 30. The pinion 29 engages with the rack 12 which is provided with teeth on its two opposite faces.

For the system of winding the spring through a lever, might be substituted any suitable winding system, either through a screw or otherwise and the spring might have any shape whatever, either a spiral, spiral conical or other shape.

During the time the spring 19 is stretched,

the rack moves down, the multiplying mech- '26 and the pinions 28 and 29 can rotate freely under the action of the rack which again'moves upward. The pawl 24 may be released from the ratchet by any other suit able method. The bearings 33 and 34 support the spring winding mechanism.

The spring 19 is guided by small columns 35 and is held between the lower plate integral with these small columns and the guide plate 38 secured at the lower end of the rack.

When the spring slackens, the magnet 8 rotates and the current generated in the armature 3 is conveyed to the lamp 3'? through the connections 3 one of which may be in lift pass into the interior body connection with the apparatus or through any suitable system of connections.

As in all miners lamps, the lamp 37 is protected by any suitable means, comprising or not a glass globe 38 and a covering plate carrying the suspension ring 39.

The present device may be completed by any suitable stopping and starting system so that the operation f the lamp may be interrupted at will, although the spring is stretched. The present device may also be provided with a regulating system adapted to regulate the speed of the said device and to maintain constant the electromotive force. I

When .the socket 23 is raised so as to of the casing 40, a bolt 23' pivoted on the casing around an axis formed by the shank of a screw 23", folds over so as to retain said socket in the position shown in dotted lines on Figure 1 of the drawings.

This device is finally enclosed in a casing 40 the shape and dimensions of which are designed in view of the use to which the lamp is to be put.

The advantages of the present, invention clearly appear if it is considered that the miners lamps actually employed, whatever may be the system of the same, necessitate for their maintenance complicated and costly means and for their use charges of 011, petroleum or electricity the cost price of which becomes at length very high. These inconveniences do not exist with the device which has just been described the life of which is very long, the maintenance practically null and the charging free since it is supplied by the miner himself by means of his muscular energy.

at I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In an electro-mechanical lamp, an electric incandescent lamp, a current generator of the magneto type with a fixed armature and, a rotary inductor, a coil spring, a oasing with a flat bottom enclosing the said spring, a plate capable of moving in a rectilinear manner in the said casing, peripheral notches in this plate, guide columns secured on the bottom of the casing and combining with the said notches, a rack secured at right angles on the said plate, a pinion gearmg with this rack, a second pinion gearing with the first one, a ratchet lever pivoted on the axis of this latter pinion and passing through the casing, means for transmitting the movement from the said movable plate to the field magnet of the generator.

2. In an electro-mechanical lamp, an electric incandescent lamp, a current generator of the magneto type with a fixed armature and a rotary inductor, a coil spring a casmg with a flat bottom enclosing the said spring, a plate capable of moving in a rectilinear manner in the said casing, peripheral notches in this plate, guide columns secured on the bottom of the casing and combining with' the said notches, a rack with two opposite series of teeth secured at right angles on the said plate, a pinion gearing with this rack, a second'pinion gearing with the first one, a, ratchet lever pivoted on the axis of this latter pinion and passing through the casing, a toothed wheel gearing with the op osite series of teeth of the rack, a second w eel gearing with the previous one through a ratchet, a reduction gear connectingthis latter wheel with the field magnet.

3. In an electromechanical lamp, an electric incandescent lamp, a current generator of the magneto type with a fixed armature and a rotarv inductor, a coil spring, a casing with a flat bottom enclosing the said spring, a plate capable of moving in a rec- 'tilinear manner in the said casing, peripheral notches in this plate, guide columns secured on the bottom of the casing and combining with the said notches, a rack with two opposite series of teeth secured at right angles on. the said plate, a pinion gearing with this rack, a second pinion gearing with the first one, a ratchet lever pivoted on the axis of this latter pinion. and passing through the casing means for disengaging the said ratchet during the operation of the lamp, a toothed wheel gearing with the op posite series of teeth of the rack, a second wheel gearing with the previous one through a ratchet, a reduction gear connecting this latter with the field magnet.

4:. In an electro-mechanical lamp, an electric incandescent lamp, a'current generator of the magneto type with a fixed armature and a rotary inductor, a coil spring, a casing with a flat bottom enclosing the said spring, a plate capable of moving in a rectilinear manner in the said casing, peripheral notches in this plate, guide columns secured on the bottom of the casing and combining with the said notches, a rack with two opposite erie of teeth secured at right angles on the said plate, a pinion' gearing with this rack, a second pinion gearing with the first one, a socket pivoted on the axis of this latter pinion and passing through the casing, a two-branch ratchet carried by the said socket, a lever removably fitting in this socket, a fixed abutment permitting the disengagement of the ratchet when the socket, after removal of the raised, a bolt holding the position, a toothed wheel gearing with the opposite series of teeth of the rack, a second wheel gearing with the previous one through a ratchet, a reduction ear connecting this latter wheel with the fie d magnet.

In an electro-mechanical'lamp, an electric incandescent lamp, a current generator said socket in this lever, is completely of the magneto type with a fixed armature and a rotary inductor, a coil spring, a casing with a flat bottom enclosing the said spring, a plate capable of moving in a rectilinear manner in the said casing, peripheral notches in this plate, guide columns secured on the bottom of the casing and combining with the said notches, a rack with two opposite series of teeth secured at right angles on the said plate, a pinion gearing with this rack, a second pinion gearing with the first one, a socket pivoted on the axis of this latter pinion and passing through the casing, a two-branch ratchet carried by the said socket, a lever removably fitting in this socket, a fixed abutment permitting the disengagement of the ratchet when the socket, after removal of the lever, is completely raised, a bolt holding the said socket in this position,a toothed wheel gearing with the opposite series of teeth of the rack, a second wheel gearing with the previous one through a ratchet, a reduction gear connecting this latter wheel with the field magnet, a cover closing the leasing and secured on the same, a protecting member for the lamp, secured on the said cover, and a handle also secured on this cover.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

ANTOINE mar.

Referenced by
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US5975714 *Feb 11, 1998Nov 2, 1999Applied Innovative Technologies, IncorporatedRenewable energy flashlight
US6220719 *Jul 22, 1999Apr 24, 2001Applied Innovative Technologies, Inc.Renewable energy flashlight
US7090779Oct 20, 2004Aug 15, 2006Lawrence Allen BernsteinManually operable water purifying device
US7652386Apr 30, 2008Jan 26, 2010Bionic Power Inc.Method and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US7659636Apr 30, 2008Feb 9, 2010Bionic Power Inc.Methods and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US8299634Aug 10, 2006Oct 30, 2012Bionic Power Inc.Methods and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US8487456Oct 10, 2012Jul 16, 2013Bionic Power Inc.Methods and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US8736087Sep 1, 2011May 27, 2014Bionic Power Inc.Methods and apparatus for control of biomechanical energy harvesting
US8944629 *Oct 6, 2011Feb 3, 2015Shen-Ko TsengPower generating device
US9057361Jun 27, 2013Jun 16, 2015Bionic Power Inc.Methods and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US9222468Apr 30, 2014Dec 29, 2015Bionic Power Inc.Methods and apparatus for control of biomechanical energy harvesting
US20050082235 *Oct 20, 2004Apr 21, 2005Bernstein Lawrence A.Manually operable water purifying device
US20080277943 *Apr 30, 2008Nov 13, 2008Donelan James MMethod and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US20100276944 *Aug 10, 2006Nov 4, 2010Simon Fraser UniversityMethods and apparatus for harvesting biomechanical energy
US20120056563 *Oct 6, 2011Mar 8, 2012Shen-Ko TsengPower generating device
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/192, 185/29, 185/40.00B
International ClassificationF21L13/08, F21L13/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21L13/08
European ClassificationF21L13/08