US 1473427 A
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Nov. 6,1923; 1,473,427 7 W. HANDLEY ELASTIC FABRIC Filed June 20, 192:5
Patented Nov. 6, 1923. Q
unman- STATES rarsu'r GFFICE.
WILLIAM HANDLEY, OF CAMDEN, NEW JERSEY.
Application filed June 20, 1928. Serial'No. 846,568.
Tmall whom it may concern v or elongated form it may be drawn out with- Be it known that 1, WILLIAM HANDLEY, a out tending to decrease in width. citizen of the United States, residing in The fabric itself consists of two separate Camden, New J ersey, have invented an Elasweaves connected together by binder threads 5 tie Fabric, of which the following is a specito form parallel tubular sections, and is of fication. I the same construction on its two faces, being One object of this invention is '0 provide. longitudinally-elastic but laterally inelastic. a novel form of Woven fabric particularly In the above drawings, 1 1 represent the adapted foruse in the manufacture of garweft threads of my fabric which are relaters, corsets, brassieres, bandages, etc, where tively straight and are madewith but a relit is desirable that the article shall be pracatively slight twist therein so that they are ticall non-elasticin one direction and relpractically non-elastic. The ground fabric ative y elastic in a direction at right angles is made up of warp threads 2-2, 33 and thereto. -Said fabric may be made of silk, 4-4 all made of excessively twisted threads 15 cotton or a mixture of these materials and so that they tend to assume a crinkled form, consists of any desired number of parallel may be greatly elongated and are highly tubular stripes whose width, size and dielastic. Moreover, said warp threads are rection may be varied'between wide limits preferably so arran ed as to give a herring without departing from my invention. bone'effect to the finished fabric, and further Th bj t a d th d nta ous increaslng ItS longitudinal elasticity. As ends I attain ashereinafter set forth, referabove indicated, the ground warps 2 and 4 once being had to the accompanying draw are woven about the two sets of weft threads i i hi to form two separate weaves which are con- Fi 1 i a l on n nla g d scale and nected at intervals by the binder warps 95 to some extent diagrammatic, illustratingan 3, so that the complete fabric is made up elastic fabric made in accordance with my of parallel tubular sections which in the ti case shown extend longitudinally of said v Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section on the line fabric and give it a'striped appearance. As
2-2 Fig, 1; and, a result of the use of non-elastic weft 30 Figs. 3 and 4 are vertical sections on the threads and highly elastic warp threads, the line 3-3 and 44, Fig. 1. fabric is practically non-stretchable in a 'In the construction of the fabric, I emtransverse direction, i. e., in the line of the 80,
ploy a loom using for example six harnesses weft threads, but may be greatly elongated or any multiple of this number, and of in the direction of the warp threads. Owthese, the yarns of four harnesses constitute ing to the highly twisted condition of the the ground and those of two harnesses consti latter, these tend to return to their original tute the binders. While the weft threads are length and form after the elongating force as relatively straight and non-elastic, with but' has been removed.
a slight twist, the warp threads are exces- I claim:
si-vely twisted or crinkled. They are thus -A fabric consisting of two sets of relanot only capable of great elongation but by tively non-elastic Weft threads; two' sets virtue'of the natural elasticity of the mateof independent excessively twisted warp 9o rial of which they are made and of its exthreads interwoven respectively with the cessivelytwisted condition they are high- .weft threads of said two sets; and binder is l'y elestie, so that after an elongating tenwarps connecting said weft threads of the sion' is removed, they will return to their two sets to form a fabric having, tubular original len h. The fabric, moreover, is stripes.
c WILLIAM HANDLEY.
characteriz' by the fact that when in band