|Publication number||US1473432 A|
|Publication date||Nov 6, 1923|
|Filing date||Dec 4, 1918|
|Priority date||Dec 4, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1473432 A, US 1473432A, US-A-1473432, US1473432 A, US1473432A|
|Inventors||Huye Joseph G|
|Original Assignee||Huye Joseph G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 4, 1918 WITNESS:
JGSQFH Ggge IWW ATTORNEY.
J; G. HUYEv Box FiledDec. 4, 1918 2 sheets-sheet 2 WITNESS:
Joseph INVENTORL @um e;
A TTORNE Y.
i Patented Nov. 6, 1923.
JOSEPH G'. HUYE, 0F NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA.
applicati@ mea' December 4, 191s. serial No. 265,228.
To all whom, 'it/may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH G. Hm, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Orleans, in the parish of Orleans and State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful. Improvements in Boxes,of which the following is a specication.
This invention is an improvement on vmy invention forming the subject matter of U.
S. Patent 1,249,097 granted December 4th,
1917 and relates to collapsible set-up boxes, more especially to corrugated paste-board shipping boxes or cases, paste-board hatboxes, candy-boxes, and similar receptacles, and may be made in any desired form, it being understood that the noutline of the top and bottom or end pieces or sections shall correspond to the cross-sectional form of the body section.
The primary` objects of this invention are -to provide means for locking the top of the box to the upper portion of the body section to .seal the same in such manner that it cannot be openedl Without mutilation readily discernible at a glance, giving notice that Figure 5,' an enlarged vertical sectional view with the end section in intermediate position, the body being broken away;
Figure 6, a view similar to Figure 5, the end sectionbeing in final or locked position; i
Figure 7, a detail superposed view ofthe parts of the box in the condition in whichV theay are .to be shipped fron the box factory; an i F igure- 8, a horizontal sectional yiew, on an enlarged scale, taken through one corner of one of the end sections and looking toward the engaging edge of the locking ange thereof.
Referring now in detail tothe drawings, the box illustrated consists of three sections,
-the top A, the body B andthe bottom C. f
i the box has been robbed or an attempt to pilfer has been made; to provide a sectionable collapsible set-11p box consisting of three sections, which may be easily assembled and securely locked together; .to provide simple bracin` and spreading means-for each' end of the oox to hold it in normal locked position when in assembled relation to the respective end section, and to reduce the cost of manufacture' of such boxes, all of which objectsare accomplished by the construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all as hereinafter more particularly set forth, described and claimed. J
ln the accompanying drawings: y
Figure 1 represents a pers estive view of a box in which my invention 1s embodied, the upper and lower 'portions being partially broken away; Y
Figure 2, a lateral sectional view, on an enlarged scale, broken away, showing the construction and locking action of the locking flanges and the integral construction. of the body B', locking flanges 1 and spreading flanges 3;
- Figure 3, a similar View of a modied form, wherein corrugated m-aterial. is used,l in order to make a very strong caseV for slupv ping goods by-freight and express;
Figure 4, a perspective view of the. preferred form, both end sections belng omitted;
The body has each end portion cutout at its corners and is folded back on itself and then toward the respective ends Vof the body section, forming on each endl portion of said section a locking Iiange l held securely in place by means of staples 2v or other suitable means passing through the three thicknesses of material thus folded and clenched on the interior face of the body section A. The ex' treme portion ofthe ends of the blank ofthe. body section A Vare then scored to fold right along the outer edge of these locking ianges 1 and at right angles to the vertical sides of the body section to form bracing and spreading ianges 3. As ,the ends of these fianges 3 are cut at an angle of 45 degrees in a square box the end edge of one will engage the correspondingend edge of the adjacent ange 3 when said iianges are folded at right angles to the body A, thus con stituting in themselves spreading and bracing means preventing the collapsing of the sides of the body so long assaid spreading and bracing flanges 3 are at right angles to the body B. A C The end sections A and C are identical,inl construction and are each, preferably, made of an integral piece of materiai having its corners .cut out to allow its edge portions to be folded up to form the lip 4, the outer po",- tion of which is folded inwardly Lon itself to form a locking ange, which is held to the inner face of its respective lip 4; by means of staples 6 or any other suitable means. f
The corners of these. sections Af and C are to be stayed by means of -a light tint strap 7 having teeth 8 formed on its ends soy and driven through the lip 4 and the liiange l 5 and clenched against the inner faces .thereof so that the corners thereof cannot be mutilated and then repaired to have the same appearance as before unless the pilferer has unlimited time and a box factory or a large assortment of special tools at his disposal. Any other suitable method of reinforcement having the same advantages and objects in view may be substituted.
Preferably the flanges' `1 and 5 are throughout of the same width, which will be, preferably, slightly less than one half of the height of the lip 4 of the respective end sections A andC.
To assemble, the spreading flanges 3 are folded down on both ends at right angles to the body section B, when the top A isslipped on laterally until it assumes the position shown in Figure 5, with one side of its locking flange 5 in engagement with the inner edge of the corresponding side of locking flange 1, when the opposite side of the top A istobe depressed, snapping into the position shown in Figure 6, wherein it 'is securely locked. The bottom section C is then applied in the same manner and the boxis securely `sealed and can 'only be opened by mutilation easily detected at a glance.
, The top. and bottom sections Aand @will be of the same dimensions Aand identical in construction so as to be interchangeable.
',Ijhe body section will be creasing scored on .its interior face at the corners to facilitate folding while at the same time guarding against cracking at this point on its exte! rior face.
For the purposes of "shipping from the factory the end sections A and C will have their lips 4 folded flat, as shown in Figure 7, and to facilitate this each of the corner straps 7 is scored on one side, Vas shown in Figure l, in' order that 'the lip 4 may be folded down at this point. Likewise, the body B for purposes of shipment from' the box factory will be flattened out as shown 1n said gure.
In the modified form shown inlFigure 3 the construction and operation are the same as 1n the preferred form, except that it is not feasible to fold heavy corrugated material twice to make the lockingflangeN on .the end portions of the body "sec-tion B and instead locking flanges 9vformed of separate str1ps of corrugated material are secured to the exterior side faces of the body section in correct position by means of the staples 2, or in any other suitable manner, and also, as the weightvof the goods in these shipping cases will beheaver than 1n those of the preferred form` and they will have harder wear, I make the locking flanges 5 and 9 wider in proportion to the size o f the box or case to withstand this additional wear.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A box comprising a body section and an end section, said sections being provided with interlocking means on all'sides ofits exterior face, the end section receiving the 2. A bo-x comprising la body sectionI of unbroken area and two end sections, each end section being of unbroken area and having a permanently continuous lip re-A ceiving the respective end of the body section in combination withv interengaging locking means carried by each end portion of the body section and the lips of the respective end sections for locking the respective end sections on the respective end portions of the body section and preventing removal thereof so long as said elements are in interlocking relation Without mutilation of any portion 'of the box, and spreading flanges extending from each end portion of the body section and having their end edges lying in the same horizontal plane 'when folded at right angles to said body section, the adjacent end edges being adapted to engage whereby the body portion will be braced'against lateral pressure at any one or more points to prevent the body portion being deformed to such an extent as would permit the disengagement of the locking means carried by said body section and vsaid end sections without mutilating. at least one of said sections.
3. A body section for a box having one of its end portions provided-with exterior lockingl flanges adapted to be engaged by a 'cooperating interior flange of an end sec- Athe respective looking flanges thereof inv correct relation to the cooperatingr interior locking flanges of the respective end sections adapted to'be applied thereto.
5.Or A box comprising a body section and an end section, said sections being provided with interengaging 'means, the end section receiving the end portion of the body section and having av lip, in combination with spreading flanges formed integrally with the engaging means of the body section and, in assembled position, lying on the inner face ofthe endsection, the edges of the ends of said spreading flanges engaging each other to hold said body section 1n locking engagement .with the end section.
6. A box comprising a body section and an end section, said sections being "pro' vided with interengaging means, the endl section receiving the end portion ofthe body section and having a lip, the engaging means of the body section comprising aportion adjacent an edge folded outwardly and upwardly and then back downwardly upon itself, in combination withvspreading fianges formed integrally with .the last named engaging means and extending inwardly across and beyond the edge of the body section, and, in assembled position, -lying on the inner face of the end section, the edges of the ends of said spreadingvanges en*- gaging each other to hold said body section in locked engagement with the end section.
7. A box comprising a body section of unbroken 'area and end sections of unbroken area. and each having permanently conti-nvnous lips, each end section lip and the respective end portions of the body section being provided with interlocking elements for locking the respective end sections on the respective end portions .of the body section and preventing removal thereof so `name to this speciication in the tion of the body section to prevent a lateral deformation of the box such as would. permit the disengagement of said interlocking elements.
8. A box comprising a body section-of unbroken area and end sections of un-` broken area and each-having a -permanently continuous lip receivingthe respective end of the body section, said body section and said lips being provided with interlocking means for locking the respective end sections on the respective end portions of the body section and preventing removal there-V of so long as said elemlents are in interlocking relation without mutilation of any portion of the box, and spreading flanges carried by the ends of said body section, and, acting to spread said body section to force and holditsengaging means in locking relation with respect to the cooperating means ofthe other sections, said' anges, in assembled position, lying on the inner faces of the adjacent end sections, the edges of the ends of said spreading flanges engaging each, other to spread and brace said Abody section and hold the same in locked engagement with both end sections.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my of a subscribing witness.
Witness I W. R. Bama.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2474523 *||Jun 16, 1945||Jun 28, 1949||Waldorf Paper Prod Co||Triple-edge reclosing carton|
|US2549682 *||Aug 15, 1946||Apr 17, 1951||Alice J Grossniklaus||Foldable box|
|US2615613 *||Mar 25, 1949||Oct 28, 1952||Patent & Licensing Corp||Container with telescoping closure|
|US2620119 *||Jul 23, 1951||Dec 2, 1952||Gaylord Container Corp||Shipping container|
|US2800266 *||Dec 14, 1953||Jul 23, 1957||Waldorf Paper Products Co||Ice cream container|
|US4127230 *||Jul 18, 1977||Nov 28, 1978||Olinkraft, Inc.||Bulk container with hinged locking top|
|US4915291 *||Jun 2, 1988||Apr 10, 1990||Galber Maria A||Packaging modular envelope including self-sealing closure means|
|US4992068 *||Dec 28, 1989||Feb 12, 1991||Conrad Peter M||Educational play house|
|U.S. Classification||229/125.21, 229/169, 229/125.26|
|International Classification||B65D5/02, B65D5/64, B65D5/12, B65D5/68|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/12, B65D5/685|
|European Classification||B65D5/68B, B65D5/12|